|Barrow and Furness|
for the House of Commons
(Lancashire until 1974)
|Population||88,826 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||69,148 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Barrow-in-Furness, Ulverston, Dalton-in-Furness|
|Member of Parliament||Simon Fell (Conservative Party (UK))|
|Created from||North Lancashire|
Barrow and Furness, formerly known as Barrow-in-Furness, is a constituency[n 1] in Cumbria which has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Simon Fell of the Conservative Party since 2019.[n 2]
History and profile
The seat of was established by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and covers the southwest part of Cumbria. The largest town in the constituency, Barrow-in-Furness, grew on the back of the shipbuilding industry and is now the site of the BAE Systems nuclear submarine and shipbuilding operation. This reliance on the industry aligns many of its columnists and in its community with strong nuclear deterrents, from which Labour has recoiled since its involvement in the Iraq War that removed dictator Saddam Hussain. Labour Cabinet member Albert Booth represented Barrow from 1966 for many years but was defeated in 1983, in the aftermath of the Falklands War, by a Manchester lawyer, Cecil Franks of the Conservative Party, who retained the seat until 1992. Local media attributed this to widespread fears of job losses because the Labour Party was then signed up to doing away with all its nuclear capabilities including the submarines.[n 3]
As Labour revised its policies by favouring the retention of Britain's nuclear capability, and following massive job losses in the town's shipbuilding industry, Labour's fortunes revived in Barrow. John Hutton took the seat back for Labour in 1992 and retained it until the 2010 general election, when he was replaced by John Woodcock, also of Labour. In 2001, Hutton had the support of more than half of all those who voted. Other industries in the constituency currently include engineering and chemicals, and more than a quarter of all jobs are in manufacturing. The 2015 result gave the seat the 10th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. In 2017, Woodcock's majority was reduced from 795 votes to 209 votes, the 16th smallest majority in the country. Conservative, Simon Fell, took the seat in 2019 with a slightly greater margin than John Woodcock had when he first won the seat for Labour in 2010.
1885–1918: The municipal borough of Barrow-in-Furness.
1983–2010: The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness and the following wards from the District of South Lakeland: Low Furness, Pennington, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South and Ulverston West.
2010–present: The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness and the following wards from the District of South Lakeland: Broughton, Crake Valley, Low Furness & Swarthmoor, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South, Ulverston Town and Ulverston West.
Members of Parliament
|1886 by-election||William Sproston Caine||Liberal|
|1890 by-election||James Duncan||Liberal|
|1983||Constituency renamed "Barrow and Furness"|
|2010||John Woodcock||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 19th century
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal win (new seat)|
The election was declared void on petition, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||3,109||58.7||5.6|
|Independent Liberal||W H M Edmunds||15||0.3||New|
|Liberal Unionist||William Sproston Caine||3,212||63.1||16.2|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||16.2|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Herbert Henry Wainwright||1,862||36.6||26.5|
|Independent Liberal||William Sproston Caine||1,280||25.2||New|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||13.9|
|Liberal||Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee||2,355||39.5||7.1|
|Ind. Labour Party||Pete Curran||414||6.9||New|
Elections in the 20th century
Elections in the 1900s
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||Charles Duncan||5,167||60.3||New|
|Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||Francis Hugo Lindley Meynell||4,298||44.8||5.1|
|Conservative||Francis Hugo Lindley Meynell||4,290||47.1||2.3|
General Election 1914–15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||3.5|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||William Hood Wandless||1,931||6.5||New|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||1.9|
|Unionist||Kenneth McDonald Cameron||15,551||44.0||4.8|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||12.8|
General Election 1939–40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||15.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||Herbert Alexander Anderson Jardine||3,678||7.86||New|
|Conservative||Kenneth F. Lawton||20,225||43.09|
|Conservative||Edward du Cann||20,033||46.78|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Richard W. Rollins||15,453||39.69|
Elections in the 1970s
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Clive J. Crane||6,089||10.9||3.4|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||6.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Anne A. Metcalfe||4,264||8.8||2.1|
|Referendum||David Y. Mitchell||1,208||2.5||New|
Elections in the 21st century
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Barry Rabone||4,750||12.2||3.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Barry Rabone||6,130||16.8||4.6|
|Build Duddon and Morecambe Bridges||Timothey Bell||409||1.1||New|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||21,226||48.1||2.9|
|Liberal Democrats||Barry Rabone||4,424||10.0||7.9|
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||18,320||42.3||5.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Clive Peaple||1,169||2.7||7.3|
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||22,592||47.5||5.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Loraine Birchall||1,278||2.7||0.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Loraine Birchall||2,025||4.4||1.7|
|Brexit Party||Ged McGrath||1,355||2.9||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||6.5|
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- See Labour Party and Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Labour Members of Parliament 2015". UK Political.info. Archived from the original on 29 September 2018.
- "Marginal Seats". tutor2u. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
- "Chap. 23. Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885". The Public General Acts of the United Kingdom passed in the forty-eighth and forty-ninth years of the reign of Queen Victoria. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1885. pp. 111–198.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 15 Jan 1914
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated". Barrow Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Barrow & Furness parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Barrow & Furness Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Council, Barrow Borough (12 December 2019). "Turnout was 65.79% with 46,155 votes cast. Counting continues #GE2019". @BarrowCouncil. Retrieved 13 December 2019.