Barrow and Furness (UK Parliament constituency)
|Barrow and Furness|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Barrow and Furness in Cumbria for the 2007 general election
Location of Cumbria within England
(Lancashire until 1974)
|Population||88,826 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||69,148 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Barrow-in-Furness, Ulverston|
|Member of Parliament||vacant|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||North Lancashire|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 History and profile
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 Elections 1918-1945
- 6 Elections 1885-1915
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
History and profile
The seat of Barrow and Furness was established by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and covers the southwest part of Cumbria. The largest town in the constituency, Barrow-in-Furness, grew on the back of the shipbuilding industry and is now the site of the BAE Systems nuclear submarine and shipbuilding operation. This reliance on a single industry associated with controversial defence policies has proved politically volatile in a constituency the Labour Party would consider its own backyard. Labour Cabinet member Albert Booth represented Barrow from 1966 for many years but was defeated in 1983, in the aftermath of the Falklands War, by a Manchester lawyer, Cecil Franks of the Conservative Party, who retained the seat until 1992. Local media attributed this to widespread fears of job losses because the Labour Party was then signed up to doing away with all its nuclear capabilities including the submarines.[n 2]
As Labour revised its policies by favouring the retention of Britain's nuclear capability, and following massive job losses in the town's shipbuilding industry, Labour's fortunes revived in Barrow. John Hutton took the seat back for Labour in 1992 and retained it until the 2010 general election, when he was replaced by John Woodcock, also of Labour. In 2001, Hutton had the support of more than half of all those who voted. Other industries in the constituency currently include engineering and chemicals, and more than a quarter of all jobs are in manufacturing. The 2015 result gave the seat the 10th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. In 2017, Woodcock's majority was reduced from 795 votes to 209 votes, the 16th smallest majority in the country.
The newly shaped seat is formed from the following electoral wards, were first contested in 2010:
- From South Lakeland: Broughton, Crake Valley, Low Furness & Swarthmoor, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South, Ulverston Town and Ulverston West
- The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness
1983-2010: The entire district of Barrow-in-Furness and the following wards from the District of South Lakeland: Low Furness, Pennington, Ulverston Central, Ulverston East, Ulverston North, Ulverston South and Ulverston West
Members of Parliament
The current MP is John Woodcock, an independent since 18 June 2018, formally a member of the Labour and Co-operative Parties. He replaced John Hutton, a former lecturer. Hutton had taken the seat from Cecil Franks of the Conservative Party at the 1992 general election. He held the cabinet posts of Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.
|1886 by-election||William Sproston Caine||Liberal|
|1890 by-election||James Duncan||Liberal|
|1892||Sir Charles Cayzer, Bt||Conservative|
|1931||Sir Jonah Walker-Smith||Conservative|
|1983||Constituency renamed "Barrow and Furness"|
|2010||John Woodcock||Labour Co-op|
Elections in the 2010s
Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.
|Liberal Democrat||Loraine Birchall|
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||22,592||47.5||+5.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Loraine Birchall||1,278||2.7||0.0|
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||18,320||42.3||-5.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Peaple||1,169||2.7||-7.3|
|Labour Co-op||John Woodcock||21,226||48.1||+2.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Rabone||4,424||10.0||−7.9|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Rabone||6,130||16.8||+4.6|
|Build Duddon and Morecambe Bridges||Timothey Bell||409||1.1||+1.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Barry Rabone||4,750||12.2||+3.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Anne A. Metcalfe||4,264||8.8||−2.1|
|Referendum||David Y. Mitchell||1,208||2.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive J. Crane||6,089||10.9||−3.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Richard Phelps||7,799||14.3||−7.4|
|Social Democratic||D. Cottier||11,079||21.7|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Richard W. Rollins||15,453||39.69|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Edward du Cann||20,033||46.78|
|Conservative||Kenneth F. Lawton||20,225||43.09|
|Liberal||Herbert Alexander Anderson Jardine||3,678||7.86|
Elections in the 1910s
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing||+3.5|
Elections in the 1920s
|Liberal||William Hood Wandless||1,931||6.5||n/a|
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+1.9|
|Unionist||Kenneth McDonald Cameron||15,551||44.0||-4.8|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+12.8|
General Election 1939/40
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+15.8|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal win (new seat)|
The election was declared void on petition, causing a by-election.
|Liberal||William Sproston Caine||3,109||58.7||+5.6|
|Independent Liberal||W H M Edmunds||15||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist||William Sproston Caine||3,212||63.1||+16.2|
|Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+16.2|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Herbert Henry Wainwright||1,862||36.6||−26.5|
|Independent Liberal||William Sproston Caine||1,280||25.2||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+13.9|
|Liberal||Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee||2,355||39.5||−7.1|
|Ind. Labour Party||Pete Curran||414||6.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1900s
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||Charles Duncan||5,167||60.3||N/A|
|Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1910s
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
Notes and references
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Marginal Seats". tutor2u. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- Thomas, Michael (2 February 2019). "Labour candidate to fight next general election announced". The Mail. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated". Barrow Borough Council. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
- "Barrow & Furness parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Barrow & Furness". BBC News. Archived from the original on 9 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser 15 Jan 1914