State legislative assemblies of Malaysia

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A state legislative assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri, DUN; also known simply as state assembly) is the legislative branch of the state governments of each of the 13 Malaysian states. Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system.

The assemblies have powers to enact state laws as provided for by the Constitution of Malaysia. The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes Menteri Besar (for states with hereditary rulers) or Chief Minister (for states without hereditary rulers) of the state. After the March 2008 general election, the Barisan Nasional coalition were the majority party in eight states, while the opposition won five states. In February 2009, BN regained Perak after 3 Pakatan Rakyat assembly members defected.

The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia. The hereditary rulers or Yang di-Pertua Negeri (governors) are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the menteri besar or chief minister. Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days. Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah.

List of State Legislative Assemblies in Malaysia[edit]

The list excludes Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan as Federal Territories do not have state legislative assemblies and are governed directly by the federal government under the Ministry of Federal Territories together with local authorities, namely the Kuala Lumpur City Hall, Putrajaya Corporation and Labuan Corporation respectively.

State (and Assembly) Seats (2018) Population (2010) Population/seat Majority party Speaker Government Leader Opposition Leader
Flag of Johor.svg Johor (14th) 56 3,348,283 59,791      PH Suhaizan Kayat[1] Osman Sapian Hasni Mohammad
Flag of Kedah.svg Kedah (14th) 36 1,947,651 54,101      PH Ahmad Kassim[2] Mukhriz Mahathir Muhammad Sanusi Md. Nor
Flag of Kelantan.svg Kelantan (14th) 45 1,539,601 34,213      PAS Abdullah Ya'kub[3] Ahmad Yakob Md Alwi Che Ahmad
Flag of Malacca.svg Melaka (14th) 28 821,110 29,325      PH Omar Jaafar Adly Zahari Idris Haron
Flag of Negeri Sembilan.svg Negeri Sembilan (14th) 36 1,021,064 28,363      PH Zulkefly Mohamad Omar[4] Aminuddin Harun Mohamad Hasan
Flag of Pahang.svg Pahang (14th) 42 1,500,817 35,734      BN Ishak Muhammad[5] Wan Rosdy TBA
Flag of Penang (Malaysia).svg Penang (14th) 40 1,561,383 39,035      PH Law Choo Kiang[6] Chow Kon Yeow Muhamad Yusoff Mohd Noor
Flag of Perak.svg Perak (14th) 59 2,352,743 39,877      PH Ngeh Koo Ham[7] Ahmad Faizal Azumu Saarani Mohamad
Flag of Perlis.svg Perlis (14th) 15 231,541 15,436      BN Hamdan Bahari Azlan Man Asrul Nizan Abd Jalil
Flag of Sabah.svg Sabah (15th) 64 3,206,742 53,446      WARISAN Syed Abas Syed Ali Shafie Apdal Jeffrey Kitingan
Flag of Sarawak.svg Sarawak (18th) 82 2,471,140 30,136      GPS Mohd. Asfia Awang Nassar Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Chong Chieng Jen
Flag of Selangor.svg Selangor (14th) 56 5,462,141 97,538      PH Ng Suee Lim[8] Amirudin Shari Rizam Ismail
Flag of Terengganu.svg Terengganu (14th) 32 1,035,977 32,374      PAS Yahaya Ali[9] Ahmad Samsuri Mokhtar Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman

Lists of State Assembly Representatives in Malaysia[edit]



  1. ^ "Johor plans live broadcast of assembly proceedings - Metro News | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  2. ^ Melissa Darlyne, Chow (4 July 2018). "Ahmad Kassim elected as Kedah speaker". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Abdullah kekal Speaker DUN Kelantan". HM Online (in Malay). 2018-06-28. Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  4. ^ Mat Kasim, Sarinah (2 July 2018). "Speaker DUN NS angkat sumpah". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  5. ^ "42 ADUN Pahang angkat sumpah jawatan | Astro Awani". (in Malay). Retrieved 2018-07-04.
  6. ^ Nambiar, Predeep (2 August 2018). "Guan Eng, Saifuddin to make history in Penang assembly". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  7. ^ Ahmad, Saifullah (3 July 2018). "Koo Ham Speaker DUN Perak baharu". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Ng Suee Lim sworn in as Selangor state Speaker - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-07-01.
  9. ^ Hussain, Radhuan. "Yahaya angkat sumpah Yang Dipertua DUN Terengganu". Utusan Online. Retrieved 2018-07-01.