Gothic romance film
The Gothic romance film is a Gothic film with feminine appeal. Diane Waldman wrote in Cinema Journal that Gothic films in general "permitted the articulation of feminine fear, anger, and distrust of the patriarchal order" and that such films during World War II and afterward "place an unusual emphasis on the affirmation of feminine perception, interpretation, and lived experience". Between 1940 and 1948, the Gothic romance film was prevalent in Hollywood, being produced by well-known directors and actors. The best-known films of the era were Rebecca (1940), Suspicion (1941), and Gaslight (1944). Less well-known films were Undercurrent (1946) and Sleep, My Love (1948). Waldman describes these films' Gothic rubric: "A young inexperienced woman meets a handsome older man to whom she is alternately attracted and repelled." Other films from the decade include The Enchanted Cottage (1945) and The Heiress (1949).
The Gothic romance films from the 1940s often contain the "Bluebeard motif", meaning that in the typical setting of the house, a certain part is either forbidden to be used or even closed off entirely. In the films, the forbidden room is a metaphor for the heroine's repressed experience, and opening the room is a cathartic moment in the film. In addition, the layout of the house in such films (as well as Gothic novels) creates "spatial disorientation [that] causes fear and an uncanny restlessness".
In 2015, director Guillermo del Toro released the Gothic romance film Crimson Peak. He said past films had been "brilliantly written by women and then rendered into films by male directors who reduce the potency of the female characters". For Crimson Peak, he sought to reverse this cinematic trope.
- Jacobs, Steven (2007). The Wrong House: The Architecture of Alfred Hitchcock. nai010 publishing. ISBN 978-90-6450-637-6.
- McKee, Alison L. (2014). The Woman's Film of the 1940s: Gender, Narrative, and History. Routledge Advances in Film Studies. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-05370-3.
- Waldman, Diane (Winter 1984). "'At Last I Can Tell It to Someone!': Feminine Point of View and Subjectivity in the Gothic Romance Film of the 1940s". Cinema Journal. 23 (2): 29–40. doi:10.2307/1225123.
- Shoos, Diane L. (2017). "Gaslight, Gaslighting, and the Gothic Romance Film". Domestic Violence in Hollywood Film: Gaslighting. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 39–62. ISBN 978-3-319-65063-0.
- Spicer, Andrew (2002). Film Noir. Inside Film. Longman/Pearson Education. ISBN 978-0-582-43712-8.
An overview of a film genre that is both celebrated and contested. Describes its origin in German Expressionism, French Poetic Realism and its development with American genres: the gangster/ crime thriller, horror and Gothic romance.