H3 Launch Vehicle
|Manufacturer||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries|
|Country of origin||Japan|
|> 6500 kg|
|Launch sites||LA-Y, Tanegashima|
|First flight||FY2020 (planned)|
|Specific impulse||283.6 seconds (2.781 km/s)|
|Burn time||114sec|
|Engines||2 or 3 LE-9|
|Specific impulse||432 seconds (4.24 km/s)|
|Engines||1 LE-5B|
|Thrust||137 kN (30,798 lbf)|
|Specific impulse||448 seconds (4.39 km/s)|
H3 Launch Vehicle is an expendable launch system in development in Japan. H3 rockets are liquid-propellant rockets with strap-on solid rocket boosters and are planned to be launched from the Tanegashima Space Center in Japan. Mitsubishi and JAXA have been primarily responsible for design, manufacture, and operation of H3.
As of July 2015[update], it is planned that the minimum configuration is to carry a payload of up to 4 tonnes into sun-synchronous orbit for about 5 billion yen, and the maximum configuration is to carry more than 6.5 tonnes into geostationary transfer orbit.
The development of H3 was authorized by Japanese government 17 May 2013. The H3 launch vehicle is a launch vehicle being developed jointly by JAXA and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to launch the wide variety of commercial satellites. The H3 was designed with cheaper engines compared to H-IIA, so that manufacturing the new launch vehicle would be more cost-effective, with less risk, in a shorter period of time. JAXA was in charge of preliminary design, readiness of the ground facility, and the development of new technologies for the H3, while the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is responsible for manufacturing. The main emphasis in design is cost reduction, with planned launch costs for customers are in range 50-65 mln USD.
The H3 Launch Vehicle is a two-stage rocket. The first stage uses liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen as propellants and has none to 4 strap-on solid rocket boosters (derived from SRB-A3) powered by polybutadiene. The first stage is powered by two or three LE-9 engines which uses expander bleed cycle similar to LE-5B. The second stage is powered by a single engine which is an improved LE-5B.
- 新型基幹ロケットの開発状況について (PDF) (in Japanese). July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
- "Development of the LE-X Engine" (PDF). Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Technical Review 48 (4). December 2011.
- 2020年：H3ロケットの目指す姿 (PDF) (in Japanese). JAXA. July 8, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.