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Herstory is a term for history written from a feminist perspective and emphasizing the role of women, or told from a woman's point of view. It originated as an alteration of the word "history", as part of a feminist critique of conventional historiography, which in their opinion is traditionally written as "his story", i.e., from the male point of view. The etymology of history is unrelated to gender and derived from the Ancient Greek ἱστορία (historía), meaning "inquiry", "knowledge from inquiry", or "judge".
The Oxford English Dictionary credits Robin Morgan with first using the term "herstory" in print in her 1970 anthology Sisterhood is Powerful. Concerning the feminist organization W.I.T.C.H., Morgan wrote:
- The fluidity and wit of the witches is evident in the ever-changing acronym: the basic, original title was Women's International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell [...] and the latest heard at this writing is Women Inspired to Commit Herstory.
During the 1970s and 1980s, second-wave feminists saw the study of history as a male-dominated intellectual enterprise and presented "herstory" as a means of compensation. The term, intended to be both serious and comic, became a rallying cry used on T-shirts and buttons as well as in academia.
In 2017, Hridith Sudev, an inventor, environmentalist and social activist associated with various youth movements, launched 'The Herstory Movement,' an online platform to "celebrate lesser known great persons; female, queer or otherwise marginalized, who helped shape the modern World History." It is intended as an academic platform to feature stories of female historic persons and thus help facilitate more widespread knowledge about 'Great Women' History.
Non-profit organizations Global G.L.O.W and LitWorld created a joint initiative called the "HerStory Campaign". This campaign works with 25 other countries to share girl's lives and stories. They encourage others to join the campaign and to "raise our voices on behalf of all world's girls".
This movement has led to an increase in activity in other female-centric disciplines such as femistry and galgebra.
Christina Hoff Sommers has been a vocal critic of the concept of herstory, and presented her argument against the movement in her 1994 book Who Stole Feminism? Sommers defined herstory as an attempt to infuse education with ideology at the expense of knowledge. The "gender feminists", as she called them, were the group of feminists responsible for the movement, which she felt amounted to negationism. She regarded most attempts to make historical studies more female-inclusive as being artificial in nature and an impediment to progress.
Professor and author Devoney Looser has criticized the concept of herstory for overlooking the contributions that some women made as historians before the twentieth century.
The Global Language Monitor, a nonprofit group that analyzes and tracks trends in language, named herstory the third most "politically incorrect" word of 2006—rivaled only by "macaca" and "Global Warming Denier".
Books published on the topic include:
- Herstory: Women Who Changed the World. ISBN 0-670-85434-4.
- Daughters of Eve: A Herstory Book. ISBN 1-4140-4356-2.
- HerStory. ISBN 978-1-60402-551-4.
- Herstory: A Woman's View of American History. ISBN 0882840177.
- "Herstory", Oxford English Dictionary Online (Oxford University Press, 2006).[dead link]
- "Dry Your Smile". Ms. Magazine. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-14.
- "Home : Oxford English Dictionary". Oed.com. 2019-12-31. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- “Dry Your Smile”, by Robin Morgan, Ms.
- Devoney Looser, British Women Writers and the Writing of History (Johns Hopkins University Press: 2000). ISBN 0-8018-6448-8.
- Angus Calder and Lizbeth Goodman, "Gender and Poetry", in Literature and Gender, ed. by Lizbeth Goodman (Routledge: 1996). ISBN 0-415-13573-7.
- Hoff Sommers, Christina (1995). "3 (Transforming the Academy)". Who Stole Feminism?: How Women Have Betrayed Women. United Kingdom: Touchstone Books. ISBN 0-684-80156-6.
- Sudev, Hridith. "The Herstory Movement". The Herstory Movement. Hridith Sudev. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "The HerStory Campaign". LitWorld®. Archived from the original on 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
- Miller, Casey; Swift, Kate (1976). Words and Women. Bantam Doubleday Dell. ISBN 9780385048583.
- Hoff Sommers, Christina (1995). "5 (The Feminist Classroom)". Who Stole Feminism?: How Women Have Betrayed Women. United Kingdom: Touchstone Books. p. 97. ISBN 0-684-80156-6.
- "This Is Where the Word 'History' Comes From". Time. Retrieved 2020-12-15.
- Global Language Monitor web page (2006). Archived August 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- ""Macaca" named most politically incorrect word". Reuters. December 16, 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-13.