Iosco County, Michigan

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Iosco County, Michigan
Seal of Iosco County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Iosco County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840, organized in 1857[1]
Seat Tawas City
Largest city East Tawas
Area
 • Total 1,890 sq mi (4,895 km2)
 • Land 549 sq mi (1,422 km2)
 • Water 1,341 sq mi (3,473 km2), 71%
Population
 • (2010) 25,887
 • Density 47/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website iosco.m33access.com

Iosco County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,887.[2] The county seat is Tawas City.[3]

Etymoloogy of Iosco[edit]

Iosco is traditionally said to be a Native American word meaning "water of light,"[4] though it is actually a pseudo-Native American name coined by Henry Schoolcraft, a Michigan geographer and ethnologist.[5]

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Iosco County as Kanotin, the county's name from 1840 to 1843.[6] Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county was created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Kanotin County, and renamed Iosco County in 1843. It was administered by a succession of other Michigan counties prior to the organization of county government in 1857.[6][1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,890 square miles (4,900 km2), of which 549 square miles (1,420 km2) is land and 1,341 square miles (3,470 km2) (71%) is water.[7] The county is considered to be part of Northern Michigan.

Geographic features[edit]

  • Tawas Bay
  • Pine River, rises in Alcona County and flows into Iosco County, where it empties into Van Etten Lake at [show location on an interactive map] 44°29′38″N, 83°23′16″W northwest of Oscoda
  • Au Sable River
  • Tuttle Marsh Wildlife Area
  • Van Etten Lake
  • Tawas Lake
  • Foote Dam Pond
  • The county is part of the Au Sable State Forest, specifically the
    • Grayling FMU (Alcona, Crawford, Oscoda, and northern Iosco counties).

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 175
1870 3,163 1,707.4%
1880 6,873 117.3%
1890 15,224 121.5%
1900 10,246 −32.7%
1910 9,753 −4.8%
1920 8,199 −15.9%
1930 7,517 −8.3%
1940 8,560 13.9%
1950 10,906 27.4%
1960 16,505 51.3%
1970 24,905 50.9%
1980 28,349 13.8%
1990 30,209 6.6%
2000 27,339 −9.5%
2010 25,887 −5.3%
Est. 2015 25,345 [10] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 27,339 people, 11,727 households, and 7,857 families residing in the county. The population density was 50 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 20,432 housing units at an average density of 37 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.92% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 0.98% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.2% were of German, 12.3% English, 10.6% Irish, 9.9% American, 8.3% Polish and 7.1% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.4% spoke English and 1.0% Spanish as their first language.

There were 11,727 households out of which 24.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 28.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.40% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 21.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,321, and the median income for a family was $37,452. Males had a median income of $30,338 versus $21,149 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,115. About 9.50% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

Iosco County vote
by party in presidential elections
[16]
Year Republican Democratic
2016 62.5% 8,345 32.5% 4,345
2012 51.6% 6,909 46.6% 6,242
2008 46.3% 6,583 51.4% 7,309
2004 52.1% 7,301 46.8% 6,557
2000 48.0% 6,345 49.2% 6,505
1996 35.5% 4,410 50.2% 6,240
1992 36.4% 4,912 39.8% 5,369
1988 59.2% 7,234 40.3% 4,929
1984 67.0% 7,907 32.6% 3,850
1980 56.5% 6,680 36.0% 4,255
1976 52.4% 5,500 46.4% 4,875
1972 64.1% 5,750 34.2% 3,065
1968 55.4% 4,068 34.5% 2,533
1964 38.4% 2,704 61.6% 4,336
1960 62.7% 4,308 37.1% 2,549

County commissioners

  • District 1: Robert Huebel III
  • District 2: Jeff Johnston
  • District 3: Bob Cudney
  • District 4: John Moehring
  • District 5: Donald "Jay" O'Farrell

Education[edit]

Iosco County contains four public school districts: Hale Area Schools, Oscoda Area Schools, Tawas Area Schools, and Whittemore-Prescott Area Schools.

There are also 3 private elementary schools in the county: Emanuel Lutheran School in Tawas City, Holy Family School in East Tawas, and Shady Grove School in Whittemore.

Alpena Community College offers college-level courses at its campus on the former Wurtsmith Air Force Base in Oscoda and local public school facilities.

Media[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Iosco County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 165. 
  5. ^ "Michigan Counties". Michigan.gov. Archive.org. Archived from the original on March 13, 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved 2016-11-04. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Picture of M-55 end point.". state-ends.com. 
  9. ^ River Road Scenic Byway at America's Byways.
  10. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 26, 2014. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/
  17. ^ Iosco County News Herald home page
  18. ^ "Iosco County News Herald". Iosco County News Herald. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities. Great Lakes Books. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 978-0814318386. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°17′N 83°20′W / 44.28°N 83.34°W / 44.28; -83.34