Jiangyin

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Jiangyin
江阴市
County-level city
望江楼眺望江阴市区 2017冬.jpg
Jiangyin is located in Jiangsu
Jiangyin
Jiangyin
Location within Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°50′20″N 120°17′42″E / 31.839°N 120.295°E / 31.839; 120.295Coordinates: 31°50′20″N 120°17′42″E / 31.839°N 120.295°E / 31.839; 120.295
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Wuxi
Government
 • Party Secretary Chen Jinhu (陈金虎)
 • Mayor Cai Yeming (蔡叶明)
Population (2010 census)
 • County-level city 1,595,138
 • Urban 1,595,138
 • Metro 3,526,260
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code 214400
Area code(s) 0510
License plates prefix 苏B
Website www.jiangyin.gov.cn

Jiangyin (simplified Chinese: 江阴; traditional Chinese: 江陰; pinyin: Jiāngyīn; Wade–Giles: Chiangyin, Jiangyin dialect: [kɐ̞ŋ.jɪŋ]) is a county-level city on the southern bank of the Yangtze River, and is administered by Wuxi, Jiangsu province. Jiangyin is one of the most important transport hubs on the Yangtze River, it is also one of the most developed counties in China.

Etymology[edit]

Jiangyin's name means "River Shade", from its location on the south or shady side of the Yangtze River.

History[edit]

The walled city of Jiangyin in 1840

Jiangyin was a township of Yanling (later Piling) county initially. Since the township was located in the north of Ji Lake, it was given the name "Jiyang". In 281, it was promoted as a county of Piling commandery. In 558, Jiangyin commandery whose jurisdiction equating to the modern city's was established.

In 1472, the sandbank in the Yangtze River was independent from the county to establish Jingjiang county.[1] In 1645, the draconian enforcement of the decree adopting the Manchu hair style and dress inflamed the local Han Chinese people's spirit to resist. Since the ultimatum "either lose your hair or lose your head" was given, they held the walled city against Qing sieges under a magistrate Yan Yingyuan's leadership. The resistance lasted 81 days. After the city was captured, the Qing army massacred the citizens to vent their anger: there were about 67,000 deaths in the city, and also about 75,000 deaths outside the city.[2]

On 23 April 1987, Jiangyin was approved by the State Council of China to become a county-level city.[3]

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Jiangyin Train Ferry Line is the only one remains across the Yangtze River, it is a part of the Xinyi–Changxing Railway.[4]

A new high-speed railway line has been proposed[5] that would link Jiangyin directly to both Shanghai and Nanjing.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jiangyin (normal temperatures: 1957−1987, extremes and precipitations: 1957−2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
26.8
(80.2)
30.4
(86.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.2
(100.8)
39.6
(103.3)
41.3
(106.3)
37.8
(100)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
23.2
(73.8)
41.3
(106.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
9.0
(48.2)
12.5
(54.5)
17.9
(64.2)
23.2
(73.8)
27.2
(81)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
25.6
(78.1)
21.1
(70)
15.7
(60.3)
7.9
(46.2)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.6
(40.3)
8.9
(48)
14.7
(58.5)
20.1
(68.2)
24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
27.7
(81.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.8
(64)
11.8
(53.2)
5.4
(41.7)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
24.3
(75.7)
20.6
(69.1)
15.1
(59.2)
7.7
(45.9)
0.5
(32.9)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.2
(6.4)
−11.4
(11.5)
−7.5
(18.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.8
(38.8)
11.7
(53.1)
15.5
(59.9)
17.1
(62.8)
9.3
(48.7)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−10
(14)
−14.2
(6.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.3
(1.665)
53.2
(2.094)
74.3
(2.925)
84.0
(3.307)
98.0
(3.858)
172.1
(6.776)
186.7
(7.35)
150.7
(5.933)
95.3
(3.752)
57.4
(2.26)
52.4
(2.063)
32.0
(1.26)
1,098.4
(43.243)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 140.2 128.8 151.5 168.8 186.2 163.0 210.7 220.4 171.5 180.1 153.5 154.3 2,029
Source: Jiangyin Municipal Chorography & Annual of Jiangyin, 2016 [6][7]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Jiangyin Yangtze River Bridge

Huaxi Village

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 14.
  2. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 15.
  3. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 1383.
  4. ^ "新长车务段多管齐下确保轮渡运输安全". www.peoplerail.com. Retrieved 2017-06-18. 
  5. ^ "New high-speed line to join Shanghai, Nanjing". www.chinadaily.com.cn. 2017-06-17. Retrieved 2018-09-06. 
  6. ^ Cheng (1992), p. 135.
  7. ^ "气候概况". 

References[edit]

  • Cheng, Yizheng (1992). Jiangyin Municipal Chorography. Shanghai People's Publishing House. ISBN 7-208-01458-2. 

External links[edit]