Jubail

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jubail
الجبيل
City
Jubail.JPG
Flag of Jubail
Flag
Coat of arms of Jubail
Coat of arms
Jubail is located in Saudi Arabia
Jubail
Jubail
Coordinates: 27°0′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Eastern Province
Government
 • Type Monarchy
 • Provincial Governor Saud bin Nayef
Population (2011)
 • Total 378,949
 • Nationality 
(2011)
33% Saudis
27% Indians
14% Filipinos
11% Pakistanis
11% Bangladeshis
2% Americans
1% Europeans
2.5% Other countries
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
Website www.jubailcity.com

Jubail (Arabic: الجبيل‎, Al Jubayl) is a city in the Eastern province on the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia. It is the host of the largest industrial city in the Middle East and it is also one of the largest industrial cities in the world.It also home to the Middle East's largest and world's fourth largest petrochemical company. It has the world's largest IWPP (Independent Water and Power Project) producing 2743.6 MW of electricity and 800,000 m3 of water daily. Jubail comprises the Old Town of Al Jubail (Jubail Balad), which was a small fishing village until 1975 and the new industrial area. Jubail Industrial City is the largest civil engineering project in the world today.

In 1975, the Saudi government designated Jubail as the site for a new industrial city. Rapid expansion and industrialization ensued. The new industrial and residential areas were named Madīnat al Jubayl aṣ Ṣinā`īyah (Jubail Industrial City). The 2005 Census Report for Jubail Industrial City estimates the resident population at 224,430.

History[edit]

King Abdul-Aziz Naval Base
Jubail from space, June 1996
Aerial view November 2014
Factories in Jubail

The town of Al-Jubail on the Persian Gulf coast of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ancient roots. Human habitation dates back at least 7,000 years, when the people of Dilmun — whose civilization radiated up and down the coast of the Persian Gulf — established a settlement there.

Al Jubail was founded by some families such as Albuainain, Alkhaldi and Aalkhater between the 18th and 19th centuries.

In September 1933, Jubail gained a measure of fame as the landing site for the first team of geologists to explore for oil in Saudi Arabia.

Bechtel began work on the Jubail Industrial City project more than 30 years ago and is still working in Jubail now. Bechtel has managed the Jubail project since it began in the mid-1970s, and in 2004 the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu asked the company to manage Jubail II, a $3.8 billion expansion of the city’s industrial and residential areas.

Transportation[edit]

Highway[edit]

Jubail is directly connected with other cities by two major highways; Dhahran-Jubail Highway and Abu Hadriyah Highway.

One ongoing project is the Jubail-Qassim (Buraidah) Expressway 500 km (310 mi),which will reduce the distance between Jubail and Qassim (Buraidah) to around 331 km (206 mi) from the current 831 km (516 mi).

Railway[edit]

A branch of the Saudi Landbridge Project railway is proposed to connect Jubail to Dammam.

Seaport[edit]

There are two seaports in Jubail—the Jubail Commercial Seaport and the King Fahd Industrial Seaport. As of 2011, Jubail ranks 92nd in the world in terms of Total Cargo Volume with 44,700 tons.[1]

Airport[edit]

Jubail Airport is an airfield 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Jubail City, near the industrial area.

Originally constructed by the Royal Commission of Jubail and Yanbu as part of Jubail project, it was meant to be used for commercial aviation until it was decided to utilize the large nearby King Fahd International Airport. Thus, it was handed over to the Ministry of Defence and has been used as a base for the naval aviation group/eastern fleet of the Royal Saudi Navy since then.

However it was recently announced that the airport will be opened for private aviation operations starting September 2014. A project to renovate the airfield was undertaken since some of the airfield's infrastructure was incomplete, as a result of the previous change for the use of airport from commercial to military. To date, the project and renovations have not been completed.

Main sights[edit]

Jubail is home to a number of big industries, most notably the "SABIC". Jubail has a robust market place, known as International Market. It also has a several malls, such as the Fanateer Mall, Jubail Center Mall, City Max, Hyper-Panda, Panda, LuLu HyperMarket, Jubail Centre, Home Center, Red Tag, Center Point, Nesto, Jubail Plaza ,Center Point and Jubail Mall[2]

Distances to nearby places[edit]

Eastern Province[edit]

Other provinces[edit]

Other cities in Middle East[edit]

Education[edit]

Schools[edit]

  1. ISG Jubail
  2. International Indian School, Al- Jubail (IIS Jubail)
  3. Jubail Academy International School
  4. Hafeez International School
  5. Pakistan International School
  6. Eqra international School
  7. Mariya international School
  8. King Fahd High School
  9. Najd Secondary School
  10. Umm Alqurra Secondary School
  11. Dana Elementary School
  12. Andulas Elementary School
  13. Al Murjan Elementary School
  14. Al Ahsa Secondary School
  15. Fayha Elementary School
  16. Khaleeg Intermediate School
  17. Fanatir Elementary School
  18. Al Deffi Secondary School

Universities and colleges[edit]

  1. Jubail University College
  2. Jubail Industrial College
  3. Jubail Technical Institute

Hospitals, dispensaries and dental centers[edit]

  • Jubail Medical Center ( Mutlaq Al Otaibi Medical Service Group )
  • Jubail General Hospital
  • Almana Medical Center
  • Almana General Hospital
  • Al-Shabani General Hospital
  • Al Fanateer Hospital
  • Mouwasat Hospital
  • Mayo Dental Center
  • Lulu Hospital
  • Kingdom Dental Medical Dispensary
  • Royal Commission Hospital
  • Huda Younis Dental Complex
  • Armed Forces Hospital
  • Al-Shifa Hospital
  • Al-Fayadh Medical Clinic
  • Al-Hijailan Medical Clinic
  • Lulu Dispensary
  • Dina Dispensary for Medical Services
  • Al-Khonaini Dispensary
  • Jubail National Dispensary
  • Gulf Asian
  • Ar Razi Clinic
  • KIMS Medical Center

References[edit]

DCoordinates: 27°00′N 49°40′E / 27.000°N 49.667°E / 27.000; 49.667

External links[edit]