Kanva dynasty

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Kanva dynasty
75 BCE–30 BCE
Capital Pataliputra
Government monarchy
 •  Established 75 BCE
 •  Disestablished 30 BCE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Shunga dynasty
Gupta Empire
Part of a series on the
History of India
History of India

The Kanva dynasty or Kanvayana was a Brahmin dynasty[1] that replaced the Shunga dynasty in Magadha, and ruled in the Eastern part of India from 75 BCE to 30 BCE.[2]

The last ruler of the Shunga dynasty, Devabhuti, was overthrown by Vasudeva of the Kanva dynasty in 75 BC. The Kanva ruler allowed the kings of the Shunga dynasty to continue to rule in obscurity in a corner of their former dominions. Magadha was ruled by four Kanva rulers. According to the Puranas, their dynasty was brought to an end by the Satavahanas.[3][4]


The first ruler of Kanva dynasty was Vasudeva. He was succeeded by his son Bhumimitra. Coins bearing the legend Bhumimitra have been discovered from Panchala realm. Bhumimitra ruled for fourteen years and was later succeeded by his son Narayana. Narayana ruled for twelve years. He was succeeded by his son Susharman who was the last king of Kanva dynasty.[5][6]

  • Vasudeva (c. 75 – c. 66 BCE)
  • Bhumimitra (c. 66 – c. 52 BCE)
  • Narayana (c. 52 – c. 40 BCE)
  • Susharman (c. 40 – c. 30 BCE)

See also[edit]



  • Raychaudhuri, Hemchandra Political History of Ancient India, University of Calcutta, 1972.
Preceded by
Shunga dynasty
Magadha dynasties Succeeded by
Gupta dynasty