Lanzhou–Xinjiang high-speed railway

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Lanzhou–Xinjiang high-speed railway
連霍高速 (27177402607).jpg
TypeHigh-speed rail
Heavy rail
SystemChina Railway China Railway
Locale People's Republic of China
TerminiLanzhou railway station
Ürümqi railway station
OpenedNovember 16, 2014 (UrumqiQumul)[1]
December 2014 (QumulLanzhou)
Operator(s)China Railway Lanzhou Group
China Railway Qingzang Group
China Railway Ürümqi Group
Line length1,776 km (1,104 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius7,000 m (22,966 ft)
Operating speed200–250 km/h (124–155 mph)[2][3]
Maximum incline2.0%
Route map

Baotou–Lanzhou railway
Longhai railway
Xuzhou–Lanzhou high-speed railway
Lanzhou West
Lanzhou Zhongchuan Airport ICR
Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Gaojiashan Tunnel
Yellow River Bridge
Fuchuan Tunnel
Chenjiawan West
Gansu / Qinghai border
Minhe South
Ledu South
Huangshui River
Haidong West Xining Caojiabao Airport
Bridge over Lanzhou–Qinghai railway
Qinghai–Tibet railway
Datong West
Dabanshan Tunnel
Datonghe Bridge
Qilianshan 1# Tunnel
Liuhuanggou Bridge
Qilianshan 2# Tunnel
Qinghai / Gansu border
Bridge over G30 expressway
Zhangye West
Linze South
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Gaotai South
Qingshui North
Jiuquan South
Bridge over G30 expressway
Jiayuguan South
Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Jiayuguan Tunnel
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Qingquan South
Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Bridge over G30 expressway
Liugou South
Shibandun South
Liuyuan South
Bridge over G30 expressway
Hongliuhe South
Hongliuhe Bridge
Gansu / Xinjiang border
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Yandun East
Tudun No. 2 Interchange Bridge
Hami Interchange Bridge
Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Liushuquan South
Shisanjianfang Bridge
Hongceng South
Bridge over G30 expressway
Shanshan North
Turpan North Turpan Jiaohe Airport
Dabancheng Tunnel
Dabancheng Wetland Bridge
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Yanhu West
Bridge over G216 expressway
Bridge over Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway
Ürümqi South

The Lanzhou–Xinjiang high-speed railway, also known as Lanzhou–Xinjiang Passenger Railway or Lanxin Second Railway (simplified Chinese: 兰新铁路第二双线; traditional Chinese: 蘭新鐵路第二雙線; pinyin: lánxīn tiělù dìèr shuāngxiàn), is a high-speed rail in northwestern China from Lanzhou in Gansu Province to Ürümqi in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Construction work began on November 4, 2009. The 1,776-kilometre (1,104 mi) railway took four years to complete, of which, 795 kilometres (494 mi) is in Gansu, 268 kilometres (167 mi) in Qinghai and 713 kilometres (443 mi) in Xinjiang. Track laying for the line was completed on November 16, 2013.[4] 31 stations will be built along the line. The project costs 143.5 billion yuan.[5]

Unlike the existing Lanxin railway, which runs entirely in Gansu and Xinjiang, the new high-speed rail is routed from Lanzhou to Xining in Qinghai Province before heading northwest across the Qilian Mountains into the Hexi Corridor at Zhangye. The rail tracks in the section near Qilianshan No. 2 Tunnel is at 3,607 metres (11,834 ft) above sea level,[6] making it the highest high-speed rail track in the world.

Lanzhou–Xinjiang high-speed railway is shown on the map as light-blue color line

The first high speed train traveled over this line on June 3, 2014. This was a test train with a media contingent with full revenue service not due to start until the end of 2014.[7][8][9] The first segment of the line, the Ürümqi-Qumul part, was inaugurated on November 16, 2014.[10] This high-speed railway segment is the first ever railway of that kind to ever exist in the Xinjiang autonomous region. The rest of the line opened on December 26, 2014. The line cuts train travel time between the two cities from 20 hours to 12 hours.

On November 30, 2017, a connection between the Lanzhou–Xinjiang high-speed railway and the "conventional" Southern Xinjiang Railway will open near Daynhe Town (near Turpan Railway Station). This will allow passenger trains traveling from Urumqi to destinations in southern Xinjiang (such as Korla) to use the Urumqi-Turpan section of the high-speed line before switching to the Southern Xinjiang Railway.[11]


City Province Station
Lanzhou Gansu Lanzhou West railway station
Haidong Qinghai Haidong West Railway Station
Xining Qinghai Xining railway station
Menyuan Qinghai Menyuan railway station
Minle Gansu Minle railway station
Zhangye Gansu Zhangye West Railway Station
Linze Gansu Linze South Railway Station
Gaotai Gansu Gaotai South Railway Station
Jiuquan Gansu Jiuquan South Railway Station
Jiayuguan Gansu Jiayuguan South Railway Station
Yumen Gansu Yumen Railway Station


Wind shed risk[edit]

Near Shanshan, the railway passes through the hundred-li wind zone, where desert wind constantly blows most days of a year. In 2007, strong wind overturned a train on the southern branch of Lanxin Railway, and four people were killed.[13] A 67 kilometres (42 mi) long wind-protection gallery has been built next to the tracks in this region.[14]


  1. ^ Xinhua (November 7, 2014). "Xinjiang enters high-speed rail era". State Council of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "兰新铁路第二双线新疆段春节施工热火朝天". Archived from the original on February 23, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ 兰新铁路第二双线今日在乌鲁木齐开工 (in Chinese). November 4, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
  6. ^
  7. ^ "High-speed rail great boost to Xinjiang growth". June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  8. ^ "High Speed Railway Tested in Xinjiang: Urumqi to Lanzhou in only 9 hours". June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  9. ^ "Xinjiang's first high-speed railway goes on trial run". June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  10. ^ Cui Jia (November 5, 2014). "Lanzhou-Xinjiang high-speed line nears completion". Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  11. ^ 30日南疆铁路至兰新铁路联络线开通运行 (On the 30th [of November, 2017], the connecting line between the Southern Xinjiang Railway and the Lanzhou-Xinjiang Railway opens), 2017-11-25
  12. ^ "Lanzhou - Xinjiang High Speed Train". Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  13. ^ "Strong Wind Derails Train, Killing 4". Xinhua News Agency. February 28, 2007. Archived from the original on October 28, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  14. ^