Liberalism and radicalism in Spain

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This article gives an overview of liberalism and radicalism in Spain. It is limited to liberal and radical parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having been represented in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties labeled themselves as a liberal party.

Background[edit]

In the nineteenth century, liberalism was a dominant political force in Spain, but the label itself was also used by the conservative current. In the twentieth century, liberal parties tended to name themselves radical, democratic or republican.

History[edit]

From Liberals to Liberal Fusionist Party[edit]

A common grave for six Liberal politicians from the 19th century at the Panteón de Hombres Ilustres, Madrid.

Democratic Party[edit]

  • 1843: The left-wing of the ⇒ Progressives established the Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata) as a rally of left wing liberals and moderate socialists
  • 1868: The republican wing formed the ⇒ Federal Republican Party
  • 1871: The party disappeared and remnants of the party continue as a monarchist party

Liberal Union[edit]

  • 1854: Moderate ⇒ progressives established the Liberal Union (Unión Liberal), led by Leopoldo O'Donnell
  • 1868: The party merged with the conservative Moderates into the Liberal Conservative Party

Federal Republican Party[edit]

  • 1868: The republican wing of the ⇒ Democratic Party established the Federal Democratic Republican Party (Partido Republicano Democrático Federal), also known as the Republican Democratic Party
  • 1878: A faction joined the ⇒ Reformist Republican Party
  • 1879: A faction seceded as the ⇒ Possibilist Democratic Party
  • 1923: The party disappeared due to the Primo de Rivera coup

From Radical Democratic Party to Centralist Party[edit]

Possibilist Democratic Party[edit]

Democratic Progressive Party[edit]

  • 1879: A left wing faction of the ⇒ Progressives with dissidents of the Reformist Republican Party formed the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Progresista Democrático)
  • 1882: The party merges into the ⇒ Dynastic Left

Dynastic Left[edit]

Liberal Democratic Party[edit]

Republican Union (1906)[edit]

  • 1906: A faction of the ⇒ Federal Republican Union seceded as the Republican Union (Unión Republicana), led by Nicolás Salmerón
  • 1908: A faction seceded as the ⇒ Radical Republican Party
  • 1923: The party disappeared due to the Primo de Rivera coup

Monarchist Democratic Party[edit]

  • 1907: A left-wing faction of the ⇒ Liberal Fusionist Party seceded as the Monarchist Democratic Party (Partido Democrático Monnárquico) of José Canalejas
  • 1923: The party disappeared due to the Primo de Rivera coup

Radical Republican Party[edit]

  • 1908: A faction of the ⇒ Republican Union established the Radical Republican Party (Partido Republicano Radical), led by Alejandro Lerroux
  • 1929: A left-wing faction established the ⇒ Radical Socialist Republican Party
  • 1933: Due to the development into a conservative party, the liberal wing sededed as the ⇒ Radical Democratic Party. The original party disappeared in 1939

Liberal Lefts[edit]

  • 1918: A faction of the ⇒ Fusionist Liberal Party seceded to form the Liberal Left (Izquierda Liberal)
  • 1923: The party disappeared due to the Primo de Rivera coup

From Republican Action to Republican Left[edit]

  • 1926: Manuel Azaña established the Republican Action (Acción Republicana)
  • 1934: The party merged with a Galician regional party and a faction of the ⇒ Radical Socialist Republican Party into the Republican Left (Izquierda Republicana)
  • 1939: The party is banned, though there are attempts to revive the party after 1976

Radical Socialist Republican Party[edit]

  • 1929: A left-wing faction of the ⇒ Radical Republican Party established the Radical Socialist Republican Party (Partido Republicano Radical Socialista)
  • 1934: The party is dissolved, members joined the ⇒ Republican Left or the ⇒ Republican Union

From Radical Democratic Party to Republican Union[edit]

  • 1933: Due to the development of the ⇒ Radical Republican Party, the liberal wing sededed as the Radical Democratic Party (Partido Radical Demócrata)
  • 1934: The party merged with a faction of the ⇒ Radical Socialist Republican Party into the Republican Union (Unión Republicana)
  • 1939: The party is banned

Democratic Convergence of Catalonia[edit]

Democratic and Social Centre[edit]

Union, Progress and Democracy[edit]

Liberal leaders[edit]

Liberal thinkers[edit]

In the Contributions to liberal theory the following Spanish thinkers are included:

See also[edit]