Lithuanian Railways

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Lietuvos geležinkeliai
Group of public companies
IndustryRail transport
Founded1860 (First Line)
1919 (Official)
HeadquartersVilnius, Lithuania
Key people
Mantas Bartuska (General Manager)
ProductsRail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Revenue€443.7 million (2017) [1]
€0.1 billion (2007)
€0.05 billion (2007)
Total equity€1.0 billion (2015)[2]
OwnerThe Lithuanian state
Number of employees
7,608 (2017) [3]
Websitewww.litrail.lt/en/home
Lithuanian Railways administrative building in Vilnius
Siemens ER20 CF locomotive (red) and 2M62U locomotive (green) at the central station in Vilnius
TEP70 in Vilnius

Lithuanian Railways (Lithuanian: Lietuvos geležinkeliai) is the national, state-owned railway company of Lithuania. It operates most railway lines in the country.

Lithuanian Railways' main network consists of 1749 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) broad gauge railway of which 122 km are electrified. They also operate 22 km of standard gauge line and a new ~100 km standard gauge line is under construction at the moment[when?] alongside the broad gauge from Šeštokai to Kaunas.[4] A 179 km 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in) narrow gauge network, listed as an object of cultural heritage, was split off into a separate company Aukštaitijos Siaurasis Geležinkelis in 2001. 68 km of narrow gauge, serving five stations, are regularly used, employing 12 locomotives.

In 2006 Lithuanian Railways transported 6.2 million passengers and 50 million tonnes of freight. Oil is the main freight item carried.[5]

History[edit]

In 1851, the government of Russia made the decision to build the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway. The line included a stretch from DaugavpilsVilniusKaunasVirbalis which was started in 1858 and finished in 1860. When the German army occupied Lithuania in 1915, the railway became the main supplier of food stuff and ammunition for the German army. In 1918 Lithuanian independence was restored, and in 1919 the Lithuanian government concluded an agreement with Germany on the handover of the railway assets to the Ministry of Transport.

During the years after World War I, Lithuanian Railways reconstructed the tracks, connecting them into a complete network. In 1923 the Klaipėda region was annexed by Lithuania and the port of Klaipėda became a part of the Lithuanian railway system. In 1940 the USSR occupied Lithuania, and railway activities were reorganized and all the agreements of Lithuania concluded with the neighbouring countries were terminated. In 1941, the Nazi occupying force changed most of the network from broad gauge to standard gauge. This was changed back by Soviets in 1944. During Soviet times all of the Baltic states railways were managed from Riga. In 1991, the railways of the Baltic region were once again divided into separate railway companies.[6]

Rolling stock[edit]

Škoda EJ575 at Kaunas Railway Station
Railcar PESA 620M

Locomotives and trainsets for use on Lithuanian Railways' main network (excluding Panevezys-Rubikiai narrow gauge line) include:[7]

Passenger Locomotives[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Maximum speed, km/h Image
TEP60 Kolomna Locomotive Works[8] 1960 2011 12 Diesel 160

TEP60-0926 Ignalina.JPG

TEP70 1987 Still in service 4 160

TEP70-0332 Nesterov Russia Nov2010.jpg

TEP70BS 2006 4 160 TEP70BS-002 + TEP70-0235.jpg

Freight Locomotives[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Maximum speed, km/h Remarks Image
M62 Voroshilovgrad Locomotive Works 1970 Still in service 40 Diesel 100 Subclass M62K have new engines. M62K-1612.jpg
2M62 1976 74 100 Twin-section version of M62. Locomotives 2M62-0001 to 2M62-0752 are equipped with M62 headlights, 2M62-0756 or later are equipped with DM62 headlights, 2M62-565 or later is equipped with new snowploughs. Subclasses 2M62K and 2M62M have new engines. Diesel Locomotive 2M62-0490.jpg
2M62U 1987 22 100 Updated version of 2M62 based on newer DM62 design. Snowplough and headlights are the same as later 2M62 have. They are also equipped with new fuel tanks and bogies without axle-box. Subclass 2M62UM have new engines.
ER20 Siemens 2007 44 120 Lietuvos Geležinkeliai ER20-001, Vilnius.jpg

Shunters[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Maximum speed, km/h Remarks Image
ČME3 ČKD 1964 Still in service 36 Diesel 95
ČME3M 2008 23 90 Rebuilt ČME3 units. ChME3ME-6750 Vilnius.JPG
TEM-TMH Vilniaus lokomotyvų remonto depas 2009-2015 61 100 TEM-TMH-050.jpg
TEM-LTH 2013 1 90 TEM-LTH-001 (cropped).jpg

Diesel Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Maximum speed, km/h Remarks Image
D1 Ganz Works 1963 2013 24 Diesel 120 In 4-car formation. RAILWAY MUSEUM AT VILLINUS STATION LITHUANIA SEP 2013 (9963294774).jpg
DR1A Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1973 Still in service 5 120 In 5- and 6-car formations. Based on earlier DR1P. Two different shapes of nose were built in different time (the newest one is shown here). Example of older nose shape could be found at DR1AM line in this table. DR1A-450.jpg
DR1AM 1973 12 120 3-car formation adapted from DR1A. Equipped with new driving trailer carriages converted from trailer carriages in 1990s, the same conversions have been also made in other countries (named as DR1AM in Latvia/Ukraine/Georgia, DR1B/DR1BJ in Estonia, DRL1/MDP in Belarus). Kaunas Station (6004806955).jpg
AR2 1997 1 120 1-car Railbus. LG AR2-001 Vilnius 01.JPG
RA2 Metrowagonmash 2008 4 100 In 2- and 3-car formations. RA2-033.jpg
620M Pesa 2009 12 120 1-car railcar based on DR1A design. PESA 620M.JPG
630M 2013 3 140 In 2-car formation. 630М-006.jpg
730ML 2016 7 140 In 3-car formation. Pesa 730ML-005.jpg

Electric Multiple Units[edit]

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Maximum speed, km/h Remarks Image
ER9M Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1976 Still in service 12 Electric 130 In 4-car formation. ER9M multiple unit in Vilnius.JPG
EJ575 Škoda Transportation 2008 10 160 In 2- and 3-car formations. 575 LG ŽZO.JPG

Network[edit]

Electrification[edit]

Lithuania has chosen to electrify using 25 kV 50 Hz AC. Electrification is used only for commuter traffic between Vilnus and Kaunas, Vilnius and Trakai and Vilnius and Minsk as well from the late 2017.

Electrifed lines as in 2016

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lithuanian railways ups 2017 revenue to EUR 444 mln". The Baltic Course. 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ name=http://vz.lt/rinkos/2015/10/14/vertingiausios-baltijos-saliu-imones-sarase-trys-is-lietuvos
  3. ^ "Company Lietuvos geležinkeliai". rekvizitai.lt. 12 January 2018.
  4. ^ The line was scheduled to be finished by the end of 2015. See Rail Baltica project page for more details
  5. ^ Railway Operations in Lithuania
  6. ^ The History Pages of Lithuanian Railways[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "LG locomotives and trainsets". 2014-12-12. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  8. ^ "History: 1959-1977". kolomnadiesel.com. PJSC Kolomensky Zavod. Retrieved 24 March 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Official website
  • Winchester, Clarence, ed. (8 November 1935), "Estonia and Lithuania", Railway Wonders of the World, pp. 1292–1298, an account of the railways of Estonia and Lithuania in the 1930s