List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

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Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray has represented India three times in this competition, the most by any director.
Kamal Haasan
Seven films starring Kamal Haasan were submitted, including a directorial effort.
Aamir Khan
Five of Aamir Khan's films, four as an actor and three as a producer, were submitted, including a directorial effort. Lagaan, which he produced and starred in, received a nomination.

India has submitted films for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film since 1957, a year after the incorporation of the category.[1] The award is given annually by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to a feature-length motion picture produced outside the United States that contains primarily non-English dialogue.[2] The "Best Foreign Language Film" category was not created until 1956; however, between 1947 and 1955, the Academy presented a non-competitive Honorary Award for the best foreign language films released in the United States.[3]

The Film Federation of India (FFI) appoints a committee to choose one film among those released that year to be submitted as India's official entry to the Academy for a nomination for "Best Foreign Language Film" the following year.[4] The chosen films, along with their English subtitles, are sent to the Academy, where they are screened for the jury.[5] The 1957 Hindi film Mother India was India's first submission. The film made it to the final shortlist and was nominated alongside four other films in the category.[6] It came close to winning the Academy Award but lost to Nights of Cabiria by a single vote.[7] Since 1984, India has not submitted a film on only one occasion; in 2003, the FFI controversially chose not make an entry as they felt no film would be in a position to compete with films from other nations.[8][9] As of 2014, only three Indian films—Mother India (1957), Salaam Bombay! (1988) and Lagaan (2001)—have been nominated for the Academy Award for "Best Foreign Language Film".[10] In 2011, the jury of the 58th National Film Awards made a recommendation that films winning Best Film at the annual National Film Awards should be the official entry.[4][11] However, over the next three years, none of the "Best Film" winners was chosen as the official entry.[12] For the 88th Academy Awards, Court, the "Best Film" winner at the 62nd National Film Awards, was submitted by India.

Submissions[edit]

India has sent more than fifty films to the competition. Most of India's submissions were Hindi films (including Hindi-Urdu films), three of which received nominations. Tamil films were submitted by the committee on nine occasions. Three submissions were Marathi films, two were Bengali films, two Malayalam films, one Telugu film, and one Gujarati film.

Bengali filmmaker Satyajit Ray has represented India three times in this competition, the most by any director. Tamil actor Kamal Haasan has most often represented the country as a performer, with seven films submitted—including three consecutive films between 1985 and 1987,[13] one of which he directed himself.[14] Aamir Khan has represented India four times as an actor, including once as a director and thrice as a producer; Lagaan (2001), which he produced and starred in, received a nomination.

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Year
(Ceremony)
Film title used in nomination Original title Language Director(s) Result
1957
(30th)
Mother India Mother India (मदर इंडिया) Hindi-Urdu[15] Mehboob Khan Nominated[Note 1]
1958
(31st)
Madhumati Madhumati (मधुमती) Hindi-Urdu[15] Bimal Roy Not Nominated
1959
(32nd)
The World of Apu Apur sansār (অপুর সংসার) Bengali Satyajit Ray Not Nominated
1962
(35th)
Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam (साहिब बीबी और ग़ुलाम) Hindi
Urdu
Abrar Alvi Not Nominated
1963
(36th)
Metropolis Mahanagar (মহানগর) Bengali Satyajit Ray Not Nominated
1965
(38th)
The Guide Guide (गाइड) Hindi Vijay Anand Not Nominated
1966
(39th)
Amrapali Amrapali (अम्रपल्ली) Hindi Lekh Tandon Not Nominated
1967
(40th)
The Last Letter Aakhri Khat (आखरी ख़त) Hindi Chetan Anand Not Nominated
1968
(41st)
Elder Sister Majhli Didi (मझली दीदी) Hindi Hrishikesh Mukherjee Not Nominated
1969
(42nd)
Deiva Magan Deiva Magan (தெய்வ மகன்) Tamil A. C. Tirulokchandar Not Nominated
1971
(44th)
Reshma Aur Shera Reshma Aur Shera (रेशमा और शेरा) Hindi Sunil Dutt Not Nominated
1972
(45th)
Uphaar Uphaar (उपहार) Hindi Sudhendu Roy Not Nominated
1973
(46th)
Saudagar Saudagar (सौदागर) Hindi Sudhendu Roy Not Nominated
1974
(47th)
Hot Winds Garam Hawa (गरम हवा) Urdu M. S. Sathyu Not Nominated
1977
(50th)
Manthan Manthan (मंथन) Hindi Shyam Benegal Not Nominated
1978
(51st)
The Chess Players Shatranj Ke Khilari (शतरंज के खिलाड़ी) Hindi
Urdu
Satyajit Ray Not Nominated
1980
(53rd)
Payal Ki Jhankaar Payal Ki Jhankaar (पायल की झंकार) Hindi Satyen Bose Not Nominated
1984
(57th)
Saaransh Saaransh (सारांश) Hindi Mahesh Bhatt Not Nominated
1985
(58th)
Saagar Saagar (सागर) Hindi Ramesh Sippy Not Nominated
1986
(59th)
Swati Mutyam Swati Mutyam (స్వాతి ముత్యం) Telugu Kasinadhuni Viswanath Not Nominated
1987
(60th)
Nayakan Nayakan (நாயகன்) Tamil Mani Ratnam Not Nominated
1988
(61st)
Salaam Bombay! Salaam Bombay! (सलाम बॉम्बे) Hindi Mira Nair Nominated[Note 2]
1989
(62nd)
Parinda Parinda (परिंदा) Hindi Vidhu Vinod Chopra Not Nominated
1990
(63rd)
Anjali Anjali (அஞ்சலி) Tamil Mani Ratnam Not Nominated
1991
(64th)
Henna Henna (حنا) Hindi
Urdu
Randhir Kapoor Not Nominated
1992
(65th)
Thevar Magan Thevar Magan (தேவர் மகன்) Tamil Bharathan Not Nominated
1993
(66th)
Rudaali Rudaali (रुदाली) Hindi Kalpana Lajmi Not Nominated
1994
(67th)
Bandit Queen Bandit Queen (बैंडिट क्वीन) Hindi Shekhar Kapur Not Nominated
1995
(68th)
Kuruthipunal Kuruthipunal (குருதிப்புனல்) Tamil P. C. Sreeram Not Nominated
1996
(69th)
Indian Indian (இந்தியன்) Tamil S. Shankar Not Nominated
1997
(70th)
Guru Guru (ഗുരു) Malayalam Rajiv Anchal Not Nominated
1998
(71st)
Jeans Jeans (ஜீன்ஸ்) Tamil S. Shankar Not Nominated
1999
(72nd)
Earth Earth (अर्थ) Hindi Deepa Mehta Not Nominated
2000
(73rd)
Hey Ram Hey Ram (ஹே ராம் हे राम) Tamil
Hindi
Kamal Haasan Not Nominated
2001
(74th)
Lagaan Lagaan (लगान) Hindi
English
Ashutosh Gowariker Nominated[Note 3]
2002
(75th)
Devdas Devdas (देवदास) Hindi Sanjay Leela Bhansali Not Nominated
2004
(77th)
The Breath Shwaas (श्वास) Marathi Sandeep Sawant Not Nominated
2005
(78th)
Riddle Paheli (पहेली) Hindi Amol Palekar Not Nominated[Note 4]
2006
(79th)
Rang De Basanti Rang De Basanti (रंग दे बसंती) Hindi Rakeysh Omprakash Mehra Not Nominated[Note 5]
2007
(80th)
Eklavya: The Royal Guard Eklavya: The Royal Guard (एकलव्य – दी रॉयल गार्ड) Hindi Vidhu Vinod Chopra Not Nominated
2008
(81st)
Like Stars on Earth Taare Zameen Par (तारे ज़मीन पर) Hindi Aamir Khan Not Nominated
2009
(82nd)
Harishchandra's Factory Harishchandrachi Factory (हरिश्‍चंद्राची फॅक्टरी) Marathi Paresh Mokashi Not Nominated
2010
(83rd)
Peepli Live Peepli Live (लाइव) Hindi Anusha Rizvi Not Nominated
2011
(84th)
Abu, Son of Adam Adaminte Makan Abu (ആദാമിന്റെ മകൻ അബു) Malayalam Salim Ahamed Not Nominated
2012
(85th)
Barfi! Barfi! (बर्फी!) Hindi Anurag Basu Not Nominated
2013
(86th)
The Good Road The Good Road Gujarati Gyan Correa Not Nominated[19]
2014
(87th)
Liar's Dice Liar's Dice Hindi Geetu Mohandas Not Nominated[20]
2015
(88th)
Court Court Marathi Chaitanya Tamhane Not Nominated[21]
2016
(89th)
Interrogation Visaranai (விசாரணை) Tamil Vetrimaaran Not Nominated[22]
2017
(90th)
Newton Newton Hindi Amit V Masurkar Not Nominated[23]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The film lost to the Italian film Nights of Cabiria by one vote.[6][7]
  2. ^ The film, India's second accepted nomination in 31 years, lost to the Danish film Pelle the Conqueror.[16]
  3. ^ The film, being India's last accepted nomination to date, lost to the Bosnian film No Man's Land.[17]
  4. ^ Morning Raga, an English-Telugu film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry by its producers; neither film received the nomination.[18]
  5. ^ Lage Raho Munna Bhai, a Hindi film released during the same year, was submitted as an independent entry; neither film received the nomination.[18]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ "History of the Academy Awards – Page 2". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 April 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "Rule Thirteen: Special Rules for the Foreign Language Film Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-26. 
  3. ^ "History of the Academy Awards – Page 1". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 13 April 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Malayalam film Adaminte Makan Abu is India's Oscar entry". The Times of India. The Times Group. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Roy, Piyush (17 January 2008). "India's Oscar drill". The Indian Express. Indian Express Limited. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "The 30th Academy Awards (1958) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Khanna, Priyanka (24 February 2008). "For Bollywood, Oscar is a big yawn again". Thaindian News. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "India's Oscar entry in this decade – Shwaas (2004)". Rediff.com. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "No Indian entry this year for Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. 28 September 2003. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  10. ^ "Nominations for India". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "National Film Awards jury's new plans for Oscars". CNN-IBN. 7 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Dubey, Bharti (23 September 2012). "Barfi! to represent India at Oscars". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Kamal Haasan's Biography". Koimoi. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  14. ^ Pratibha (10 July 2010). "Hey Ram is my discovery of Gandhi: Kamal". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 26 July 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 9780195664621. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. most of the writers working in this so-called Hindi cinema write in Urdu: Gulzar, or Rajinder Singh Bedi or Inder Raj Anand or Rahi Masoom Raza or Vahajat Mirza, who wrote dialogue for films like Mughal-e-Azam and Gunga Jumna and Mother India. So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline, even today. 
  16. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  17. ^ "The 74th Academy Awards (2002) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Saxena, Kashika (25 September 2012). "India's Oscar race: Losers weepers?". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "The Good Road nominated as India's entry for Oscars". The Hindu. 21 September 2013. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  20. ^ Soman, Deepa (24 September 2014). "Geethu mohandas' Liar's Dice is India's official entry to the Oscars!". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 29 September 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  21. ^ "Court is India's official entry for Oscars". Indian Express. 23 September 2015. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  22. ^ "'Visaranai' falls out of the Oscar race". Times of India. 16 December 2016. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  23. ^ "'Newton' is India's official entry to Oscars 2018". Times of India. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 

External links[edit]