List of active separatist movements in North America

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Map of U.S. states and Canadian provinces, or portions, with active separatist movements

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in North America. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with living, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region.
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and do not come from other countries.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


Secessionist movements
Results of the 1995 Quebec independence referendum. 49.42% voted in favour of independence.

Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta[1]

  • Proposed state: Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta or part as Western Canada
  • Political party: Wexit Party

Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia together with the Flag of Cascadia.svg Pacific Northwestern US (United States)

Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador[dubious ]

Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec

Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan

Flag of Alberta.svg/Flag of British Columbia.svg/Flag of Manitoba.svg/Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Western Canada

Autonomist movements

Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta

Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec


Secessionist movements
For other movements in Denmark, see List of active separatist movements in Europe.

Greenland is geographically part of North America, but is politically connected to Europe.

Flag of Greenland.svg Greenland


Baja California [3]

Flag of Sonora.svg Sonora

Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán

Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional, Flag.svg Zapatista (Chiapas)


Flag of Miskito - Minahan.svg Mosquito

Saint Kitts and Nevis[edit]


United States[edit]

Secessionist movements

New Afrika

  • Proposed state: Republic of New Afrika
  • Ethnic group: Afro-Americans
  • Includes Louisiana, Alabama, South Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi

Flag of California.svg California

Flag of Cascadia.svg Cascadia (including Flag of Washington.svg Washington, Flag of Oregon.svg Oregon, and the Canadian province of Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia)

Flag of Hawaii.svg Hawaii[8]


Flag of Texas.svg Texas

Flag of Vermont.svg Vermont


 Puerto Rico


Flag of the Confederate States of America (1865).svg Confederate States of America

French Overseas Departments and Collectivities[edit]

Flag of the Front National de Libération de la Martinique.svg Martinique

FLNG.svg Guadeloupe

Flag of Saint-Martin (fictional).svg Saint Martin

France Saint Barthelemy

France Saint Pierre and Miquelon

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cecco, Leyland; Agren, David (25 November 2019). "Wexit: Alberta's frustration fuels push for independence from Canada". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Independence for Nevis still on the agenda, says premier". Caribbean Net News. 2006-07-16. Archived from the original on 2006-08-08. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Hawaii is not geographically in the continent of North America, but is politically part of it.
  9. ^
  10. ^ Vt. Independence Party to meet in Montpelier, WCAX-TV News, September 12, 2012.
  11. ^ Vermont Independence Party convention, Seven Days newspaper, September 2012.