List of active separatist movements in Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Pashtunistan movement: Tarin sub-tribe of the Hazara district in the Frontier


Breakaway state:


Azerbaijan is geographically in Asia, but politically in Europe


Flag of Rakhine.svg Arakan

Flag of Chin State.svg Zo Asia

Flag of Kachin State.svg Kachin

Karen National Union Flag.png Kawthoolei

Flag of Kayah State.svg Karenni


Flag of Mon State.svg Mon State

Northern Arakan

Flag of the Shan State.svg Shan States

Wa nationality flag.png Wa State

Flag of Bnei Menashe.svg Zale'n-gam

Flag of Zomi Re-unification Organisation.svg Zogam


Breakaway state:

 Northern Cyprus

Cyprus is geographically in Asia but politically in Europe


The People's Republic of China (China, PRC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The PRC's territory consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The PRC also claims the ROC-controlled area to be its territory. The PRC established the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong and Macau under one country, two systems policy.

The Republic of China (Taiwan, ROC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The ROC's territory consists of the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and nearby islands. The ROC also formerly claimed the PRC-controlled area to be its territory.

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region[7][8]


Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg


 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

Azerbaijan Azerbaijanis in Georgia






  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa


  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

Morning Star flag.svg Western New Guinea


Azerbaijan (Iran)

Turkmen Sahra





See: Minorities in Iraq

Proposed states:



Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli



Proposed states:

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Disputed Territories






Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization


Sarawak Sarawak[25][26]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[25][27]

Sabah Sabah[25][26]




Flag of Balochistan.png Balochistan[29]

Flag of Sindhudesh.svg Sindhudesh[30]

Flag of Pashtunistan.png Pashtunistan



See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea


Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Visayas, Palawan, Romblon, Masbate

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[37]

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam


Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Rojava

Proposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda



Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg Syrian Turkmen

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)




Flag of Pattani.svg Patani


Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[43]


Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khorezm


South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam



Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

Al Mahrah and Socotra

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Roots of the Conflict". El Gringo. Archived from the original on 2009-10-23. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ ""Inner Mongolian People's Party" and the basic facts about its key members". Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  4. ^ "モンゴル自由連盟党". Retrieved 2010-11-22. (JP)
  5. ^ "Speech of His Holiness the Dalai Lama to the European Parliament, Strasbourg". The Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama. 2001-10-14. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  6. ^ "INTERNATIONAL TIBET INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENT". International Tibet Independence Movement. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  7. ^ "HK 'Independence' party slammed, could cause trouble in the region". Global Times. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  8. ^ "Determined". The Economist. Retrieved 26 November 2015. 
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ "South Ossetia, former part of Georgia, to hold 'special' referendum to join Russia". RT. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Russia's Javakhk Diaspora demands autonomous region status for Samtskhe-Javakhk". Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  12. ^ "US State Department and Javakhk: The WikiLeaks Cables Part I". Asbarez. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ The Jakarta Post (2000). People’s Congress votes for Riau independence. February 2. [3], accessed July 2, 2009.
  16. ^ Saha, Santosh C. (2006). Perspectives on Contemporary Ethnic Conflict. Lexington Books. p. 63. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  17. ^ Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2055. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ National Libration [sic] Movement of Ahwaz
  20. ^ "Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan". Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  21. ^ Madiha Rashid al Madfai, Jordan, the United States and the Middle East Peace Process, 1974-1991, Cambridge Middle East Library, Cambridge University Press (1993). ISBN 0-521-41523-3. p. 21:"On 28 October 1974, the seventh Arab summit conference held in Rabat designated the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and reaffirmed their right to establish an independent state of urgency."
  22. ^ Geldenhuys, Deon (1990). Isolated states: a comparative analysis. Cambridge University Press. p. 155. ISBN 978-0-521-40268-2. ISBN 0-521-40268-9. 
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ a b c d "Group draws up self determination petition for Sarawak and Sabah". The Borneo Post. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Many in Sabah, Sarawak don't want to be part of Malaysia, claims analyst". The Rakyat Post. 16 February 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Sabahan secession instigator unfazed by impending probe". The Star. 6 September 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  28. ^ "Madhesis in Nepal to continue protests till next election, says separatist leader". Catch News. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2016. 
  29. ^
  30. ^ Bansal, Alok. "Violent Sindhi nationalism raises its head again". South Asia Monitor. Retrieved 23 November 2015. 
  31. ^ Regelado, Edith (4 November 2014). "MILF organizing political party for 2016 and beyond". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  32. ^ Pike, John. "Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)". FAS Intelligence Resource Program. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  33. ^ Chido, Diane. "Intel Brief: The Abu Sayyaf model". International Relations and Security Network. International Relations and Security Network. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  34. ^ a b "BIFF, Abu Sayyaf pledge allegiance to Islamic State jihadists". GMA News. Agence France-Presse. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  35. ^
  36. ^ a b Sabillo, Kristine Angeli (20 February 2015). "BIFF only wants Islamic state". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  37. ^ "Cordillera Solons expressed views on regional autonomy". National Economic and Development Authority - Cordillera Administrative Region. 12 August 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  38. ^
  39. ^ "Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO)". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  40. ^ G Vinod (4 September 2012). "Thai insurgents raise Malaysian flag". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  41. ^ Aulia Akbar (31 August 2012). "Pemberontak Thailand Kibarkan Bendera Malaysia" (in Indonesian). Okezone. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  42. ^ "Phiến quân đốt cờ Thái ở miền Nam bất ổn" (in Vietnamese). Bao Binh Dinh. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  43. ^ Pike, John (21 May 2004). "Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  44. ^ "Uzbekistan: Shadowy Group Agitates For 'Free Karakalpakstan'". Radio Free Europe. 2008-04-05. Retrieved 2009-04-11. 
  45. ^
  46. ^ "Five killed at secessionist protest in south Yemen". London: BBC. 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  47. ^ a b
  48. ^
  49. ^