List of active separatist movements in Asia

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan[edit]

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Pashtunistan movement: Tarin sub-tribe of the Hazara district in the Frontier

Azerbaijan[edit]

Breakaway state:

 Nagorno-Karabakh

Azerbaijan is geographically in Asia, but politically in Europe

Burma/Myanmar[edit]

Flag of Rakhine.svg Arakan

Flag of Chin State.svg Zo Asia

Flag of Kachin State.svg Kachin

Karen National Union Flag.png Kawthoolei

Flag of Kayah State.svg Karenni

Kokang

Flag of Mon State.svg Mon State

Northern Arakan

Flag of the Shan State.svg Shan States

Wa nationality flag.png Wa State

Flag of Bnei Menashe.svg Zale'n-gam

Flag of Zomi Re-unification Organisation.svg Zogam

Cyprus[edit]

Breakaway state:

 Northern Cyprus

Cyprus is geographically in Asia but politically in Europe

China[edit]

The People's Republic of China (China, PRC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The PRC's territory consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The PRC also claims the ROC-controlled area to be its territory. The PRC established the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong and Macau under one country, two systems policy.

The Republic of China (Taiwan, ROC) insists itself being the sole legitimate state representing China. The ROC's territory consists of the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and nearby islands. The ROC also formerly claimed the PRC-controlled area to be its territory.

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region[7][8]

Georgia[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg

Abkhazia

 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

Azerbaijan Azerbaijanis in Georgia

India[edit]

Kashmir

Assam

Indonesia[edit]

Minahasa[13][14]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau[15]

  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

Morning Star flag.svg Western New Guinea

Iran[edit]

Azerbaijan (Iran)

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

 Kurdistan

Balochistan

Iraq[edit]

See: Minorities in Iraq

Proposed states:

 Kurdistan

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel[edit]

Proposed states:

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Disputed Territories

 Palestine

Japan[edit]

Hokkaido[23][24]

Okinawa

Laos[edit]

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Malaysia[edit]

Sarawak Sarawak[25][26]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[25][27]

Sabah Sabah[25][26]

Nepal[edit]

Tarai

Pakistan[edit]

Flag of Balochistan.png Balochistan[29]

Flag of Sindhudesh.svg Sindhudesh[30]

Flag of Pashtunistan.png Pashtunistan

Kashmir

Palestine[edit]

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Philippines[edit]

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao, Visayas, Palawan, Romblon, Masbate

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[37]

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria[edit]

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Rojava

Proposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

Aram

 Assyria

Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg Syrian Turkmen

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[43]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khorezm

Vietnam[edit]

South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam

Yemen[edit]

Aden

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

Al Mahrah and Socotra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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