List of active separatist movements in Asia

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Afghanistan[edit]

Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)

Azerbaijan[edit]

Breakaway state:

 Nagorno-Karabakh

Azerbaijan is geographic in Asia but politically in Europe

Bangladesh[edit]

Bengali Hindus

Burma/Myanmar[edit]

Arakan

Zo Asia

Kachin

Kawthoolei

Karenni

Mon State

Nagaland

Northern Arakan

Shan States

Wa State

Zale'n-gam

Zogam

Cyprus[edit]

Breakaway state:

 Northern Cyprus

Cyprus is geographic in Asia but politically in Europe

Georgia[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg

Abkhazia

 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

Azerbaijan Borchali Azerbaijanis

China[edit]

The  People's Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the two special administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region

Xinjiang

Hong Kong

Taiwan

In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People's Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part.

India[edit]

Assam

Jammu and Kashmir

Manipur

Mizoram

Nagaland

Tripura

Indonesia[edit]

Kalimantan

Minahasa[16][17]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

Riau[18]

  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua

Iran[edit]

Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: South Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[21]

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

 Kurdistan

Balochistan

Iraq[edit]

See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:

 Kurdistan

Ba'athist Iraq

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar

Israel[edit]

Proposed states:

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Occupied territories:

 Palestine

Japan[edit]

Hokkaido [26][27]

Okinawa

Laos[edit]

Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Lebanon[edit]

Hezbollah

Malaysia[edit]

Sarawak Sarawak[28][29]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[28][30]

Sabah Sabah[28][29]

Nepal[edit]

Madheshstan

Pakistan[edit]

Balochistan [32]

Palestine[edit]

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Philippines[edit]

Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[40]

Russian Federation[edit]

Main article: Secession in Russia

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Western Kurdistan

Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg Free Syria

Proposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

Aram

 Assyria

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)

Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[47]

Western Armenia#Current situation[48]

Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Vietnam[edit]

'Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina

Yemen[edit]

Aden

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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