List of active separatist movements in Asia

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:


Badakhshan (Near the Wakhan Corridor)


Breakaway state:


Azerbaijan is geographic in Asia but politically in Europe


Bd banga.png Bengali Hindus


Flag of Rakhine.svg Arakan

Flag of Chin State.svg Zo Asia

Flag of Kachin State.svg Kachin

Karen National Union Flag.png Kawthoolei

Flag of Kayah State.svg Karenni


Flag of Mon State.svg Mon State

Unofficial flag of Nagaland.svg Nagaland

Rohingya nationality flag.png Northern Arakan

Flag of the Shan State.svg Shan States

Wa nationality flag.png Wa State

Flag of Bnei Menashe.svg Zale'n-gam



Breakaway state:

 Northern Cyprus

Cyprus is geographic in Asia but politically in Europe


The  People's Republic of China and the  Republic of China insist sole legitimacy of China against each other. Practically, the former is administering Mainland China and the two special administrative regions of  Hong Kong and  Macau and the latter is administering the Taiwan area.

Ethno-linguistic based administrative division map of China

Inner Mongolia

Tibet Autonomous Region


 Hong Kong[7][8]


In perspective of the laws of the Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, but practically, the movement seeks to replace the ROC with the Republic of Taiwan because Taiwan area is the only practical region administered by the ROC.

In perspective of the laws of the People's Republic of China, the Taiwan independence movement is considered as secessionism, too because the PRC considers the Taiwan area as its integral part. Taiwan


Breakaway states:

Flag of Abkhazia.svg


 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti



Jammu and Kashmir




Tamil Nadu




  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa


  • Proposed state: Riau Flag of Riau Independists.svg

South Moluccas

West Papua


Azerbaijan (Iran)

  • Ethnic group: Azerbaijan
    • Proposed state: South Azerbaijan SouthAzerbaijanFlag.gif or  Azerbaijan
    • Political party: CAMAH (South Azerbaijan National Liberation Movement), a Baku-based separatist organisation that advocates for the separation of Iranian Azerbaijan from Iran and unification with the Republic of Azerbaijan. According to them, the predominantly ethnic Persian provinces of Hamadan, Qazvin and Karaj and the whole of the ethnically mixed province of West Azerbaijan are parts of Azerbaijan.[19]

Turkmen Sahra





See: Minorities in Iraq

Breakaway state:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Purposed states:


Ba'athist Iraq


Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli



Proposed states:

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Occupied territories:



Hokkaido [24][25]



Hmong ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization




Sarawak Sarawak[26][27]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak Association of People’s Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM)[26][28]

Sabah Sabah[26][27]


Flag of Balochistan.svg Balochistan[29]

Flag of Sindhudesh.svg Sindhudesh[30]


See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea


Bangsamoro Region/Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao

Cordillera Administrative Region

  • Ethnic group: Igorot
  • Proposed autonomous area: Cordillera Autonomous Region[37]

Russian Federation[edit]

 Sakha Republic

 Siberia (North Asia)

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam


Breakaway states:

Flag of Islamic State of Iraq.svg The Islamic State

Flag of Syrian Kurdistan.svg Western Kurdistan

Flag of Syria 2011, observed.svg Free Syria

Proposed states:

Caption=1920-1936, Alawite Territory, Alawite State, and Sanjak of Latakia.svg Alawite State

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda



Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg Syrian Turkmen

Occupied territories:

Golan Heights (occupied by Israel)


See China section




Flag of Pattani.svg Patani


Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[43]


Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan


Bandera Front Alliberament Cham.svg Champa

Flag of BAJARAKA.svg Tây Nguyên

Flag of KKF.svg Cochinchina



Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

Al Mahrah and Socotra

See also[edit]


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  22. ^ Madiha Rashid al Madfai, Jordan, the United States and the Middle East Peace Process, 1974-1991, Cambridge Middle East Library, Cambridge University Press (1993). ISBN 0-521-41523-3. p. 21:"On 28 October 1974, the seventh Arab summit conference held in Rabat designated the PLO as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people and reaffirmed their right to establish an independent state of urgency."
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