List of active separatist movements in Asia

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This is a list of currently active separatist movements in Asia. Separatism includes autonomism and secessionism. What is and is not considered an autonomist or secessionist movement is sometimes contentious. Entries on this list must meet three criteria:

  1. They are active movements with current, active members.
  2. They are seeking greater autonomy or self-determination for a geographic region (as opposed to personal autonomy).
  3. They are the citizen/peoples of the conflict area and not comes from other country.

Under each region listed is one or more of the following:

Azerbaijan[edit]

Breakaway state:

 Artsakh

Bangladesh[edit]

Chittagong Hill Tracts

Bangabhumi (বঙ্গভূমি)

Burma/Myanmar[edit]

Flag of Rakhine.svg Arakan

Flag of Chin State.svg Zo Asia

Flag of Kachin State.svg Kachin

Flag of the Karen National Union.svg Kawthoolei

Flag of Kayah State.svg Karenni

Kokang

Flag of Mon State.svg Mon State

Flag of the Shan State.svg Shan States

Wa nationality flag.png Wa State

Flag of Bnei Menashe.svg Zale'n-gam

Flag of Zomi Re-unification Organisation.svg Zogam

Cyprus[edit]

Self-declared state:

 Northern Cyprus

China[edit]

The China People's Republic of China (China, PRC) considers itself the sole legitimate state representing China. The PRC's territory consists of Mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau. The PRC also claims the ROC-controlled area to be its territory. The PRC established the Special Administrative Region in Hong Kong and Macau under one country, two systems policy.

The Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan, ROC) also identifies itself as the sole legitimate state representing China. The ROC's territory consists of the island of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu, and nearby islands. The ROC also constitutionally claims the PRC-controlled area to be its territory.

Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Tibet

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region[7][8]

Georgia[edit]

Breakaway states:

Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.svg

Abkhazia

 South Ossetia

Proposed autonomous movements:

Armenia Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti

India[edit]

Kashmir

Khalistan

Nagaland

Tripura

Manipur

Assam

Bodoland

Kamtapur

Indonesia[edit]

Aceh

  • Proposed state: Flag of Free Aceh Movement.svg Republic of Aceh
    • Militant organisation: Free Aceh Movement (negotiated peace with the Indonesian government in 2005, and now it is a civil movement, but the separatism still has supporters)

Kalimantan

South Moluccas

Minahasa[17][18]

  • Proposed state: Gerakan Kemerdekaan Minahasa

West Papua

Riau

  • Proposed state: Flag of Riau Independists.svg Riau
    • Advocacy group: Gerakan Riau Merdeka[19]

Iran[edit]

Azerbaijan (Iran)

Turkmen Sahra

Khūzestān

Iranian Kurdistan

Balochistan

Iraq[edit]

See: Minorities in Iraq

Proposed states:

 Kurdistan

 Assyria

Flag of Iraq Turkmen Front.svg Turkmeneli

Sinjar[citation needed]

Japan[edit]

Flag of Hokkaido Prefecture.svg Hokkaido[23][24]

Flag of Okinawa Prefecture.svg Okinawa

Korea[edit]

Laos[edit]

ChaoFa

Member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

Malaysia[edit]

 Kelantan

Sarawak Sarawak[25][26]

  • Proposed state: Sarawak
  • Advocacy group: Borneo Heritage Foundation (BHF), Sarawak For Sarawakian Big Team (S4S Big Team), Sarawak Association of People's Aspirations (SAPA), Sarawak Sovereignty Movement, Sabah Sarawak Keluar Malaysia (SSKM), Sarawak Liberation Movement[25][27]

Sabah Sabah[25][26]

Nepal[edit]

Madhesh

Pakistan[edit]

Flag of Balochistan.png Balochistan

Flag of Sindh.svg Sindh[30]

Flag of Gilgit Baltistan.svg Gilgit-Baltistan

Palestine[edit]

See: International recognition of Palestine/currently mostly occupied by Israel as part of the Palestinian territories

Flag of the State of Judea.png State of Judea

Philippines[edit]

Bangsamoro Region

Cordillera Administrative Region

National Capital Region

Russia[edit]

 Altai Republic

 Buryatia

  • Ethnic Group: Buryats
    • Proposed State:  Buryatia
    • Political party:All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture

 Khakassia

Siberian regionalism

 Sakha Republic

Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva

  • Ethnic group: Tuvans
  • Proposed state: Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva
    • Political parties: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva"

Sri Lanka[edit]

 Tamil Eelam

Syria[edit]

Flag of Rojava.svg Rojava

Proposed states:

Flag of Druze.svg As-Suwayda

ArameanFlag.png Aram[citation needed][original research?]

 Assyria

Official Flag of Syrian Turkmen.jpg Syrian Turkmen

Tajikistan[edit]

Badakhshan

Thailand[edit]

Flag of Pattani.svg Patani

Turkey[edit]

Flag of Kurdistan.svg Northern Kurdistan[46]

Vietnam[edit]

South Vietnam South Vietnam

Uzbekistan[edit]

Flag of Karakalpakstan.svg Karakalpakstan

Yemen[edit]

Flag of South Yemen.svg South Yemen

Flag of Hadramout.svg Hadhramaut

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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