List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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Map of world by intentional homicide rate for 2015

List of countries by intentional homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.[1][note 1] The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[2] UNODC data is used in the main table below.[1] In some cases it is not as up to date as other sources. See farther down as to why its data is used over other sources.

Intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[3] They may also be under-reported for political reasons.[4][5][page needed]

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[6] UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013").[7][8] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[9]

Definition[edit]

UNODC statistics only include the intentional killing of others outside of war. Deaths occurring during situations of civil unrest are a grey area.

This is how intentional homicide is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its Global Study on Homicide report:[10]

Within the broad range of violent deaths, the core element of intentional homicide is the complete liability of the direct perpetrator, which thus excludes killings directly related to war or conflicts, self-inflicted death (suicide), killings due to legal interventions or justifiable killings (such as self-defence), and those deaths caused when the perpetrator was reckless or negligent but did not intend to take a human life (non-intentional homicide).

Though some discrepancies exist in how specific categories of intentional killings are classified, the definitions used by countries to record data are generally close to the UNODC definition, making the homicide rates highly comparable at the international level.[11] UNODC uses the homicide rate as a proxy for overall violence, as this type of crime is one of the most accurately reported and internationally comparable indicators.[12]

Figures from the Global Study on Homicide are based on the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset, which is derived from the criminal justice or public health systems of a variety of countries and territories.[13] The homicide rates derived from criminal justice data (typically recorded by police authorities) and the public health system data (recorded when the cause of death is established) may diverge substantially for some countries.[14] The two sources usually match in the Americas, Europe and Oceania, but there are large discrepancies for the three African countries reporting both sources.[15] For the 70 countries in which neither source was made available, figures were derived from WHO statistical models.[14]

Deaths resulting from an armed conflict between states are never included in the count.[16] Killings caused by a non-international armed conflict may or may not be included, depending on the intensity of hostilities and whether it is classified as 'civil unrest' or a clash between organized armed groups.[16]

UNODC's global study[edit]

All data in this section comes from the Statistics Online website of the Research and Analysis Branch of UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime).[17]

By region[edit]

United Nations geoscheme with region names used in table here.

Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

UNODC murder rates, most recent year[1][note 2]
Region Rate Count
  Americas 16.3 157,000
  Africa 12.5 135,000
  World 6.2 437,000
  Europe 3.0 22,000
  Oceania 3.0 1,100
  Asia 2.9 122,000

By country[edit]

The regions and region names in the table are based on the United Nations geoscheme since the table sources are United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports.[18][19]

There is a total yearly count of homicides for each country. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.
Subregion names are based on the United Nations geoscheme.
Row numbers on the left are fixed.

Table[edit]

UNODC murder rates (per 100,000 inhabitants). Most recent year UNODC has published





1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219

Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Rate Count Region Subregion Year
listed

 Burundi 6.02 635 Africa Eastern Africa 2016
 Comoros 7.70 60 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Djibouti 6.48 60 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Eritrea 8.04 390 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Ethiopia 7.56 7,552 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Kenya 4.87 2,363 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Madagascar 7.69 1,863 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Malawi 1.70 279 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Mauritius 1.82 23 Africa Eastern Africa 2016
 Mayotte (France) 5.93 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Mozambique 3.40 849 Africa Eastern Africa 2011
 Réunion (France) 1.82 15 Africa Eastern Africa 2009
 Rwanda 2.52 293 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Seychelles 12.74 12 Africa Eastern Africa 2010
 Somalia 4.31 599 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 South Sudan 13.90 1,504 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Uganda 11.52 4,473 Africa Eastern Africa 2014
 Tanzania 6.95 3,746 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Zambia 5.30 853 Africa Eastern Africa 2015
 Zimbabwe 6.67 981 Africa Eastern Africa 2012
 Angola 4.85 1,217 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Cameroon 4.17 880 Africa Middle Africa 2012
 Central African Republic 19.76 913 Africa Middle Africa 2016
 Chad 9.04 1,266 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Republic of the Congo 9.32 466 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 13.55 10,322 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Equatorial Guinea 2.31 27 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Gabon 8.04 155 Africa Middle Africa 2015
 Sao Tome and Principe 3.36 6 Africa Middle Africa 2011
 Algeria 1.36 542 Africa Northern Africa 2015
 Egypt 2.51 2,207 Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Libya 2.50 156 Africa Northern Africa 2015
 Morocco 1.24 431 Africa Northern Africa 2015
 Sudan 5.16 1,702 Africa Northern Africa 2008
 Tunisia 3.05 332 Africa Northern Africa 2012
 Botswana 15.04 303 Africa Southern Africa 2010
 Lesotho 41.25 897 Africa Southern Africa 2015
 Namibia 17.14 388 Africa Southern Africa 2012
 South Africa 33.97 19,016 Africa Southern Africa 2016
 Swaziland 17.29 208 Africa Southern Africa 2010
 Benin 6.18 654 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Burkina Faso 0.37 67 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Cape Verde 11.49 62 Africa Western Africa 2016
 Ivory Coast 11.63 2,688 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Gambia 9.13 181 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Ghana 1.68 423 Africa Western Africa 2011
 Guinea 8.82 1,067 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Guinea-Bissau 9.55 169 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Liberia 3.23 135 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Mali 10.90 1,905 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Mauritania 9.94 416 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Niger 4.44 788 Africa Western Africa 2012
 Nigeria 9.85 17,843 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Senegal 7.38 1,105 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Sierra Leone 1.71 124 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Togo 9.00 668 Africa Western Africa 2015
 Anguilla (UK) 27.66 4 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Antigua and Barbuda 10.33 10 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Aruba (Netherlands) 1.93 2 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Bahamas 28.40 111 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Barbados 10.91 31 Americas Caribbean 2015
 British Virgin Islands (UK) 8.37 2 Americas Caribbean 2006
 Cayman Islands (UK) 8.45 5 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Cuba 4.99 572 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Dominica 8.40 6 Americas Caribbean 2011
 Dominican Republic 15.18 1,616 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Grenada 10.25 11 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Guadeloupe (France) 8.01 36 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Haiti 10.04 1,033 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Jamaica 47.01 1,354 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Martinique (France) 2.78 11 Americas Caribbean 2009
 Montserrat (UK) 19.88 1 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Puerto Rico (US) 18.51 679 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 34.23 18 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Saint Lucia 19.27 34 Americas Caribbean 2014
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 36.46 40 Americas Caribbean 2016
 Trinidad and Tobago 30.88 420 Americas Caribbean 2015
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 5.93 2 Americas Caribbean 2014
 United States Virgin Islands (US) 49.26 52 Americas Caribbean 2012
 Belize 37.60 138 Americas Central America 2016
 Costa Rica 11.90 578 Americas Central America 2016
 El Salvador 82.84 5,257 Americas Central America 2016
 Guatemala 27.26 4,520 Americas Central America 2016
 Honduras 56.52 5,150 Americas Central America 2016
 Mexico 19.26 24,559 Americas Central America 2016
 Nicaragua 7.37 453 Americas Central America 2016
 Panama 9.67 390 Americas Central America 2016
 Bermuda (UK) 12.96 8 Americas Northern America 2016
 Canada 1.68 611 Americas Northern America 2016
 Greenland (Denmark) 5.31 3 Americas Northern America 2016
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 15.93 1 Americas Northern America 2009
 United States of America 5.35 17,250 Americas Northern America 2016
 Argentina 5.94 2,605 Americas South America 2016
 Bolivia 6.30 686 Americas South America 2016
 Brazil 29.53 61,283 Americas South America 2016
 Chile 3.46 620 Americas South America 2016
 Colombia 25.50 12,402 Americas South America 2016
 Ecuador 5.85 959 Americas South America 2016
 French Guiana (France) 13.15 30 Americas South America 2009
 Guyana 18.37 142 Americas South America 2016
 Paraguay 9.29 617 Americas South America 2015
 Peru 7.67 2,435 Americas South America 2016
 Suriname 8.35 43 Americas South America 2008
 Uruguay 7.69 265 Americas South America 2016
 Venezuela 56.33 17,778 Americas South America 2016
 Kazakhstan 4.81 853 Asia Central Asia 2015
 Kyrgyzstan 4.49 267 Asia Central Asia 2016
 Tajikistan 1.61 126 Asia Central Asia 2011
 Turkmenistan 4.20 225 Asia Central Asia 2015
 Uzbekistan 3.00 831 Asia Central Asia 2008
 China 0.62 8,634 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 Hong Kong 0.38 28 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 Macao 0.16 1 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 North Korea 4.40 1,110 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 Japan 0.28 362 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 Mongolia 5.66 171 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 South Korea 0.70 356 Asia Eastern Asia 2016
 Taiwan 0.82 192 Asia Eastern Asia 2015
 Brunei 0.49 2 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2013
 Cambodia 1.84 268 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
 East Timor 3.95 49 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Indonesia 0.50 1,292 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2016
 Laos 7.01 467 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2015
 Malaysia 2.11 627 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2013
 Myanmar 2.27 1,198 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2016
 Philippines 11.02 11,385 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2016
 Singapore 0.32 18 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2016
 Thailand 3.24 2,229 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2016
 Vietnam 1.52 1,358 Asia South-Eastern Asia 2011
 Afghanistan 6.35 1,948 Asia Southern Asia 2012
 Bangladesh 2.50 4,035 Asia Southern Asia 2015
 Bhutan 1.13 9 Asia Southern Asia 2016
 India 3.22 42,678 Asia Southern Asia 2016
 Iran 2.47 1,936 Asia Southern Asia 2014
 Maldives 0.75 3 Asia Southern Asia 2013
   Nepal 2.16 627 Asia Southern Asia 2016
 Pakistan 4.41 8,516 Asia Southern Asia 2016
 Sri Lanka 2.55 530 Asia Southern Asia 2016
 Armenia 2.98 87 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Azerbaijan 2.14 208 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Bahrain 0.52 7 Asia Western Asia 2014
 Cyprus 1.11 13 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Georgia 0.99 39 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Iraq 9.85 3,339 Asia Western Asia 2013
 Israel 1.36 110 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Jordan 1.55 145 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Kuwait 1.80 61 Asia Western Asia 2012
 Lebanon 3.99 235 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Palestine 0.69 33 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Oman 0.66 26 Asia Western Asia 2014
 Qatar 0.38 9 Asia Western Asia 2014
 Saudi Arabia 1.50 472 Asia Western Asia 2015
 Syria 2.20 463 Asia Western Asia 2010
 Turkey 4.31 3,216 Asia Western Asia 2012
 United Arab Emirates 0.89 83 Asia Western Asia 2016
 Yemen 6.66 1,703 Asia Western Asia 2013
 Belarus 3.58 340 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Bulgaria 1.14 81 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Czech Republic 0.61 65 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Hungary 2.07 202 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Poland 0.67 256 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Moldova 3.19 130 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Romania 1.25 247 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Russia 10.82 15,561 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Slovakia 1.05 57 Europe Eastern Europe 2016
 Ukraine 6.34 2,845 Europe Eastern Europe 2014
 Denmark 0.98 56 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Estonia 3.19 42 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Finland 1.42 78 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Iceland 0.30 1 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Ireland 0.80 38 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Latvia 3.36 67 Europe Northern Europe 2015
 Lithuania 5.25 153 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Norway 0.51 27 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Sweden 1.08 106 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 United Kingdom 1.20 791 Europe Northern Europe 2016
 Albania 2.70 79 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Andorra 0.00 0 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.28 45 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Croatia 1.04 44 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Greece 0.75 84 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Italy 0.67 400 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Kosovo 1.60 29 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Malta 0.94 4 Europe Southern Europe 2015
 Montenegro 4.46 28 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Portugal 0.64 66 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 San Marino 0.00 0 Europe Southern Europe 2011
 Serbia 1.35 120 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Slovenia 0.82 17 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Spain 0.69 323 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Macedonia 1.59 33 Europe Southern Europe 2016
 Austria 0.52 45 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Belgium 1.85 208 Europe Western Europe 2016
 France 1.23 792 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Germany 0.88 716 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Liechtenstein 2.69 1 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Luxembourg 0.72 4 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Monaco 0.00 0 Europe Western Europe 2013
 Netherlands 0.73 123 Europe Western Europe 2016
  Switzerland 0.50 41 Europe Western Europe 2016
 Australia 0.94 227 Oceania Australasia 2016
 New Zealand 0.99 45 Oceania Australasia 2014
 Fiji 2.26 20 Oceania Melanesia 2014
 New Caledonia (France) 3.23 8 Oceania Melanesia 2009
 Papua New Guinea 10.42 713 Oceania Melanesia 2010
 Solomon Islands 3.77 19 Oceania Melanesia 2008
 Vanuatu 2.13 6 Oceania Melanesia 2015
 Guam (US) 2.51 4 Oceania Micronesia 2011
 Kiribati 7.50 8 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Marshall Islands 4.68 2 Oceania Micronesia 2013
 Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 4.67 5 Oceania Micronesia 2015
 Nauru 0.00 0 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Palau 3.11 1 Oceania Micronesia 2012
 Cook Islands 3.49 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 French Polynesia (France) 0.38 1 Oceania Polynesia 2009
 Niue 0.00 0 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Samoa 3.15 6 Oceania Polynesia 2013
 Tonga 0.95 1 Oceania Polynesia 2012
 Tuvalu 18.65 2 Oceania Polynesia 2012

Country subdivisions[edit]

Rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The 2013 PDF full report (Global Study on Homicide) has a methodological annex (pages 109ff) and a statistical annex (pages 121ff). The statistical annex has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country with data from 2000–2012. Map 7.2 on page 112 is a world map showing the homicide count for each country or territory. Page 21 states estimated total homicides of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact rates and counts by regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Figure 1.16 on page 34 shows timeline graphs by subregion.
  2. ^ The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "UNODC Statistics Online". United Nations Office On Drugs and Crime. Retrieved 12 May 2018.  See the homicide submenu of the Crime and Criminal Justice menu. Click on "Homicide counts and rates (2000-2015)".
  2. ^ Richards, Patsy (27 May 1999). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). London, UK: House of Commons of the United Kingdom library, Social and general statistics section.  See page 7 for section called "Definition of the offence of homicide". See page 29 for table of nations and homicide rates for the years 1994-97. It also has further info on how homicide is defined across countries.
  3. ^ Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide studies. 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. 
  4. ^ Fry, Don. Believing the news. ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4. 
  5. ^ Vizzard, William J. Shots in the dark. ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7. 
  6. ^ Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (PDF) (report). Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67ff. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. data from 2004-2007 . The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  7. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 12.
  8. ^ Intentional homicide count and rate per 100,000 population, by country/territory (2000-2012). Data (in spreadsheet format) for UNODC report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Linked from Global Study on Homicide - Data: UNODC Homicide Statistics 2013
  9. ^ 2011 Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. "data from 2010 or latest available year". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Vienna, Austria.
  10. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 10.
  11. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 102-103.
  12. ^ "Note of clarification about the Global Study on Homicide 2013". UNODC. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2018. 
  13. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2013: Executive Summary" (PDF). UNODC. p. 19. Retrieved 9 May 2018. 
  14. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 99.
  15. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 101.
  16. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 104.
  17. ^ "Intentional homicide victims | Statistics and Data". dataunodc.un.org. Retrieved 2018-06-07. 
  18. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 7-8.
  19. ^ "Intentional Homicide Victims". UNODC. Retrieved 19 June 2018. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick. Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Recorded Crime-Victims (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  23. ^ "Canada Summary Tables". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2016-12-03. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 
  25. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico. 
  26. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. Retrieved 2016-02-15. 

External links[edit]