List of heads of government of Russia

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Sergei Witte
Vladimir Lenin
Viktor Chernomyrdin
Mikhail Mishustin

Approximately 38 people have been head of the Russian government since its establishment in 1905.

The Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire, created in November 1905, was preceded by a number of cabinet-like institutions. Oldest of them was the Supreme Privy Council, created in 1726 by the empress Catherine I. Considering weakness of her and her successor's powers, the Council acted as government of the Russian Empire until 1731. Its successor departments such as the Cabinet of Her Imperial Majesty (1731–41), the Conference at the Highest Court (1756–62), the Imperial Council (1762) and finally the Council at the Highest Court (1768–1801) remained mostly advisory bodies to the monarch.

The ministerial reform of 1802 introduced the Committee of Ministers, which competence was limited to interagency issues. The Committee was not responsible for the activities of individual ministries and for the coherence of their policies. Beginning with Count Aleksandr Romanovich Vorontsov, the eldest of the officers was de facto chairman of the committee. Eight years after the inauguration of the manifest, the first de jure office holder was Count Nikolay Rumyantsev.[1] According to the tradition established over time, the chairmanship of the Committee was the last honorary position, to which elderly respected officials were appointed.

The Council of Ministers was unofficially formed in October 1857, as a result of Emperor Alexander II's reforms; its first session began on 19 (31) December 1857. Before the actual formation of that body on 12 (24) November 1861, the Emperor himself was in charge. The Council of Ministers consisted of chairmen of the State Council and the Committee of Ministers, as well as high-ranking officers appointed by the Emperor. The first session ended on 11 (23) December 1882, after the number of files to the Council greatly decreased.[2][3]

The imperial Council of Ministers was re-established in late 1905, as a part of the large-scale government reform caused by the First Russian Revolution. All ministries and departments became parts of a single national administration. The Committee of Ministers functioned simultaneously with the second session of the Council of Ministers for six more months; Count Sergei Witte participated on both entities until the abolition of the committee on 23 April (5 May) 1906.

By the order of Emperor Nicholas II, the second session of the Council of Ministers began on 19 October (1 November) 1905, following the formation of the State Duma. Shortly after the February Revolution and the inception of the Russian Provisional Government on 2 (15) March 1917, Georgy Lvov from the Constitutional Democratic Party became Minister-Chairman, who was succeeded by Alexander Kerensky in July.

In November 1917 the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Bolshevik faction of Russian social democrats led by Vladimir Lenin. The Council of People's Commissars of the Russian Soviet Republic became the new governmental body, which was chaired from 1917–24 by Lenin. That body was renamed Council of Ministers following a decree of the Supreme Council on 23 March 1946. The same was made in other republics of the Soviet Union.

After the fall of the Soviet Union, Boris Yeltsin, as the President of the Russian Federation, was appointed as the extraordinary head of government of the Russian Federation. The latter body took the name "Council of Ministers — Government of Russia", the chairman of which became Viktor Chernomyrdin, replacing acting chairman Yegor Gaidar. According to the new constitution ratified on 25 December 1993, the "Government" (Russian: Правительство, romanizedPravitelstvo) is the official name of the Russian cabinet. Since then, the head of that office takes the formal title "Chairmen of the Government" or colloquially "Prime Minister."

Current Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin took the office on 16 January 2020.

The youngest head of government by his accession to office was Sergey Kiriyenko (1998), at age 35, and the oldest Ivan Goremykin (1914), at age 74.

Russian Empire (1721–1917)[edit]

Early collegial institutions without a single leader[edit]

Since the 18th century, a modern system of public administration was going to be created in Russia, including the formation of bodies such as the Supreme Privy Council and the Committee of Ministers whose powers are similar to the powers of the modern Russian Government. In the period from 1726 to 1905 there was no official title for the leader of the government. The chief ministers (principal ministres) of certain Emperor of All Russia nonetheless led the government de facto, but de jure the head of government was a monarch.[4]

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Monarch
Members of the Supreme Privy Council of the Russian Empire (1726–1730)
Portrait of Alexander Danilovich Menshikov1.jpg Count and Prince Alexander Danilovich Menshikov
(1673–1729)
8 February
1726
8 September
1727
Catherine I
Catherine I of Russia by Nattier.jpg
(1725–1727)
Peter II
Peter II by anonymous (1800s, Hermitage).jpg
(1727–1730)
Anna
Louis Caravaque, Portrait of Empress Anna Ioannovna (1730).jpg
(1730–1740)
Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin.jpg Count Fyodor Matveyevich Apraksin
(1661–1728)
8 February
1726
10 November
1728
Chancelor G.I.Golovkin by I.Nikitin (1720s, Tretyakov gallery).jpg Count Gavriil Ivanovich Golovkin
(1660–1734)
8 February
1726
6 May
1727
Генрих Иоганн Фридрих (Андрей Иванович) Остерман.jpg Count Andrey Ivanovich Osterman
(1686–1747)
8 February
1726
6 May
1727
Князь Дмитрий Михайлович Голицын (1665 — 1737).jpg Prince Dmitry Mikhaylovich Golitsyn
(1665–1737)
8 February
1726
6 May
1727
Johann Gottfried Tannauer 05.jpg Count Pyotr Andreyevich Tolstoy
(1645–1729)
8 February
1726
6 May
1727
Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp by anonymous (Kuskovo, 18th c.).jpg Count Karl-Fridrikh Golshteyn-Gottorpsky
(1700–1739)
8 February
1726
(or March 1726)[5]
25 July
1727
Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg Prince Alexey Grigoryevich Dolgorukov
(?–1734)
3 February
1728
4 March
1730
Dolgorukov Vasiliy Lukich (painted portrait).jpg Prince Vasily Lukich Dolgorukov
(1670–1739)
6 April
1729
4 March
1730
Dolgorukov Vasily Vladimirovich.jpg Prince Vasily Vladimirovich Dolgorukov
(1667–1746)
19 January
1730
4 March
1730
Golitsyn M M 1675-1730.jpg Prince Mikhail Mikhailovich Golitsyn
(1675–1730)
19 January
1730
4 March
1730
Cabinet ministers of the Russian Empire (1731–1741)
Chancelor G.I.Golovkin by I.Nikitin (1720s, Tretyakov gallery).jpg Count Gavriil Ivanovich Golovkin
(1660–1734)
10 November
1731
20 January
1734
Anna
Louis Caravaque, Portrait of Empress Anna Ioannovna (1730).jpg
(1730–1740)
Генрих Иоганн Фридрих (Андрей Иванович) Остерман.jpg Count Andrey Ivanovich Osterman
(1686–1747)
20 January
1734
10 November
1740
Minikh.jpg Count Khristofor Antonovich Minikh
(1683–1767)
10 November
1740
3 March
1741
Ivan VI
Ivan VI Antonovich (Oranienbaum).jpg
(1740–1741)
Генрих Иоганн Фридрих (Андрей Иванович) Остерман.jpg Count Andrey Ivanovich Osterman
(1686–1747)
(2nd time)
3 March
1741
25 November
1741
Conferency ministers at the Highest Court of the Russian Empire (1756–1762)
Stepaapraxin.jpg Stepan Fyodorovich Apraksin
(1702–1758)
14 March
1756
1 October
1757
Elizabeth
Elizabeth of Russia by V.Eriksen.jpg
(1741–1762)
Peter III
Coronation portrait of Peter III of Russia -1761.JPG
(1762)
M P Bestuzhev-Ryumin.jpg Count Mikhail Petrovich Bestuzhev-Ryumin
(1688–1760)
14 March
1756
2 October
1757
Michail Michajlovitj Golitsyn color.jpg Prince Mikhail Mikhaylovich Golitsyn
(1684–1764)
14 March
1756
17 December
1757
Chancellor bestuzhev.jpg Count Alexey Petrovich Bestuzhev-Ryumin
(1693–1768)
14 March
1756
14 February
1758
Alexandr Borisovich Buturlin.gif Count Alexander Borisovich Buturlin
(1694–1767)
14 March
1756
17 October
1760
RusPortraits v3-003 Le Comte Pierre Ivanowitch Chouvaloff.jpg Count Peter Ivanovich Shuvalov
(1711–1762)
14 March
1756
4 January
1762
Alexey Antropov 016.jpg Count Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov
(1714–1767)
14 March
1756
20 January
1762
Troubetskoy Nikita Yuryevich.jpg Prince Nikita Yuryevich Trubetskoy
(1699–1767)
14 March
1756
20 January
1762
RusPortraits v3-063 Graf Aleksandr Ivanovich Shuvalov, 1710-1771.jpg Count Alexander Ivanovich Shuvalov
(1710–1771)
14 March
1756
20 January
1762
Coronation portrait of Peter III of Russia -1761.JPG Grand Duke Peter Fyodorovich Romanov
(subsequently Emperor Peter III)
(1728–1762)
14 March
1756
28 January
1762
Yakov Petrovich Shakhovskoy.jpg Prince Yakov Petrovich Shakhovskoy
(1705–1777)
16 September
1760
25 December
1761
Неплюев.jpg Ivan Ivanovich Neplyuev
(1693–1773)
16 September
1760
20 January
1762
Vorontsov Roman by Serdyukov.jpg Count Roman Illarionovich Vorontsov
(1707–1783)
28 December
1761
20 January
1762
Members of the Imperial Council of the Russian Empire (1762)
Georg Ludwig von Holstein-Gottorp.png Prince Georg-Ludwig Golshteyn-Gottorpsky
(1719–1763)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Peter III
Coronation portrait of Peter III of Russia -1761.JPG
(1762)
Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.jpg Count Pyotr August Friedrich Golshteyn-Beksky
(1696–1775)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Minikh.jpg Count Khristofor Antonovich Minikh
(1683–1767)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Troubetskoy Nikita Yuryevich.jpg Prince Nikita Yuryevich Trubetskoy
(1699–1767)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Alexey Antropov 016.jpg Count Mikhail Illarionovich Vorontsov
(1714–1767)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg Aleksandr Nikitich Vilbua
(1713–1788)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Volkonsky Mikhail Nikitich.jpg Prince Mikhail Nikitich Volkonsky
(1713–1788)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Melgunov A.P. 2.jpg Aleksey Petrovich Melgunov
(1722–1788)
28 January
1762
28 June
1762
Heads of Council Affairs at the Highest Court (Highest Council) of the Russian Empire (1768–1801)
Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg Stepan Fyodorovich Strekalov
(1728–1805)
17 November
1768
1776 Catherine II
Profile portrait of Catherine II by Fedor Rokotov (1763, Tretyakov gallery).jpg
(1762–1796)
Samoylov Alexander Nikolaevich.jpg Count Alexander Nikolayevich Samoylov
(1744–1814)
1776 1787
Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg Ivan Andreyevich Weydemeyer
(1752–1820)
1787 18 November
1796
Vladimir Borovikovsky 001 (portrait of Gavrila Derzhavin).jpg Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin
(1743–1816)
18 November
1796
22 November
1796
Paul I
Borovikovskiy PtPavla1GRM.jpg
(1796–1801)
Lesser Coat of Arms of Russian Empire.svg Ivan Andreyevich Weydemeyer
(1752–1820)
(2nd time)
18 November
1796
26 March
1801

Committee of Ministers (1802–1905)[edit]

The Committee of Ministers was established on 20 September 1802 in the course of Alexander I's ministerial reform. All the ministers were independent from each other and were responsible for the activities of their departments individually. The Committee was not responsible either for the activities of individual ministries, or for the coherence of their policies. During the first years of the existence of the Committee, its meetings were chaired by the Emperor, and in his absence - by the ministers alternately, starting with the senior in rank, each for 4 sessions. In 1810, the chairmanship was given to the chancellor and chairman of the State Council Count N.P. Rumyantsev.

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Monarch
Chairmen of the Committee of Ministers of the Russian Empire (1802–1905)
Rumyan.jpg Count Nikolay Petrovich Rumyantsev
(1754–1826)
1810 1812 Alexander I
Alexander I of Russia by G.Dawe (1826, Peterhof).jpg
(1801–1825)
Nikolai Saltykov.jpg Count and Prince Nikolay Ivanovich Saltykov
(1736–1816)
29 March
1812[6]
9 September
1812 (disputed)[note 1]
16 May
1816
Orest Kiprensky 055.jpg Count Sergey Kuzmich Vyazmitinov (disputed)[note 2]
(1744–1819)
9 September
1812
15 October
1816
P.V.Lopukhin by S.Shukin (1801).jpg Prince Pyotr Vasilyevich Lopukhin
(1753–1827)
25 May
1816[7]
6 April
1827
Nicholas I
Franz Krüger - Portrait of Emperor Nicholas I - WGA12289.jpg
(1825–1855)
Kochubey Viktor Pavlovich.jpg Prince Viktor Pavlovich Kochubey
(1768–1834)
29 April
1827[8]
3 June
1834
Nikolay Nikolayevich Novosiltsev.jpg Count Nikolay Nikolayevich Novosiltsev
(1761–1838)
11 July
1834[9]
8 April
1838
Егор Ботман - портрет князя И.В. Васильчикова.jpg Prince Illarion Vasilyevich Vasilchikov
(1776–1847)
9 April
1838[10]
21 February
1847
Levashov V V.jpg Count Vasily Vasilyevich Levashov
(1783–1848)
31 December
1847[11]
23 September
1848
Chernyshov Alexander.jpg Prince Alexander Ivanovich Chernyshyov
(1785–1857)
1 December
1848[12]
5 April
1856[12]
Alexander II
Александр-ІІ.-Портрет-Н.-Лаврова.jpg
(1855–1881)
Orlov A F-by Kruger.jpg Prince Alexey Fyodorovich Orlov
(1787–1862)
May
1857[13]
January
1861[14]
Bludov 1872.jpg Count Dmitry Nikolayevich Bludov
(1785–1864)
12 November
1861
19 February
1864
Pavel Pavlovich Gagarin.jpg Prince Pavel Pavlovich Gagarin
(1789–1872)
24 February
1864[15]
21 February
1872
Pavel Nikolaevich Ignatiev.jpg Count Pavel Nikolayevich Ignatyev
(1797–1879)
21 February
1872[16]
20 December
1879[16]
Valuyev.jpg Count Pyotr Aleksandrovich Valuyev
(1815–1890)
25 December
1879[17]
4 October
1881[17]
Alexander III
Ivan Kulikov Portrait of Alexander III.jpg
(1881–1894)
Reutern Mikhail Christoforovich (by Ge).jpg Count Mikhail Khristoforovich Reytern
(1820–1890)
4 October
1881[18]
30 December
1886[18]
Ivan Tyurin - Portrait of N.H.Bunge, 1887.jpg Nikolay Khristianovich Bunge
(1823–1895)
1 January
1887[19]
3 June
1895[19]
St. Nicholas II
Nicholas II, att. Vsevolod Strekalovskiy (1910s, Hillwood museum).jpg
(1894–1917)
Durnovo by Repin.jpg Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo
(1834–1903)
15 October
1895[20]
29 May
1903
Sergius Witte Portrait by Ilya Repin.jpeg Count Sergei Yulyevich Witte
(1849–1915)
16 August
1903[21]
6 November
1905[21]

Prime Minister of the Russian Empire (1905–1917)[edit]

The modern government type in Russia came after the establishment of the Council of Ministers on 1 November 1905, created for the "management and union action principal chiefs of departments on subjects like law and senior public administration", and modelled on the relevant institutions within the constitutional states, when all the ministries and directorates have been declared part of the unified state management.[clarification needed] The first Prime Minister was Count Sergei Witte, who was appointed on 6 November 1905.[22]

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(election)
Monarch
1 Sergei Witte ppmsca.08799 (cropped).jpg Count
Sergei Yulyevich Witte
(1849–1915)
6 November 1905 5 May 1906 Independent None St. Nicholas II
Nicholas II, att. Vsevolod Strekalovskiy (1910s, Hillwood museum).jpg
(1894–1917)
2 Ivan Logginovitch Goremykin, c. 1906 (cropped).jpg Ivan Logginovich Goremykin
(1839–1917)
1 5 May 1906 21 July 1906 Independent I
(1906)
3 Stolypin.jpg Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin
(1862–1911)
21 July 1906 18 September 1911
(Died in office)
Independent II
(Jan 1907)
III
(Oct 1907)
4 Vladimir Nikolayevich Kokovtsov.jpg Count
Vladimir Nikolayevich Kokovtsov
(1853–1943)
22 September 1911 12 February 1914 Independent
IV
(1912)
(2) Ivan Logginovitch Goremykin, c. 1906 (cropped).jpg Ivan Logginovich Goremykin
(1839–1917)
2 12 February 1914 2 February 1916 Independent
5 Штюрмер Б. (Новгородская область).jpg Baron
Boris Vladimirovich Shtyurmer
(1848–1917)
2 February 1916 23 November 1916 Independent
6 Alexander Trepov.jpg Alexander Fyodorovich Trepov
(1862–1928)
23 November 1916 20 January 1917 Independent
7 Nikolai Dimitrievitch Golitsyn.jpg Prince
Nikolai Dmitriyevich Golitsyn
(1850–1925)
20 January 1917 12 March 1917 Independent

Provisional Government/Russian Republic (1917)[edit]

After the alleged abdication of Nicholas II from the throne in favor of his brother Michael, Michael also abdicated, before the convening of the Constituent Assembly. On 14 September 1917, the Russian Republic was proclaimed. At this period, a provisional government was formed and the Prime Minister was the head of state.

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party
8 Georgy Lvov, 1919 LOC cropped.jpg Prince
Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov
(1861–1925)
15 March 1917 21 July 1917 Constitutional Democratic Party
9 Alexander Kerensky LOC 24416.jpg Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky
(1881–1970)
1 21 July 1917 14 September 1917 Socialist Revolutionary Party
2 14 September 1917 7 November 1917

Russian State (1918–1920)[edit]

The heads of government of the Russian State during the Civil War were de facto Prime Ministers in exile.

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Head of state
Пётр Васильевич Вологодский.jpg Pyotr Vasilyevich Vologodsky
(1863–1925)
I 4 November 1918 18 November 1918 Socialist Revolutionary Party The Directory
Члены Уфимской Директории.jpg
(1918)
II 18 November 1918 22 November 1919 Alexander Kolchak
KolchaksLastPhoto.jpg
(1918 — 1920)
V.N.Pepeliajev.jpg Viktor Nikolayevich Pepelyayev
(1885-1920)
22 November 1919 4 January 1920 independent

Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1917–1991)[edit]

Since the creation of the Russian Soviet Republic its cabinet was styled as the Council of People's Commissars. Between the creation of the USSR on 30 December 1922 and the formation of its own Council of People's Commissars on 6 July 1923, the Council of People's Commissars of Russia temporarily acted as the government of the USSR. On 23 March 1946, the Council of People's Commissars was renamed into the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR.

Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(election)
Head of state
10 Vladimir Lenin.jpg Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin)
(1870–1924)
8 November 1917 21 January 1924
(Died in office)
Communist Party ARCEC Lev Kamenev
Lev Kamenev 1920s.jpg
(1917)
Yakov Sverdlov
Yakov Sverdlov crop.jpg
(1917 — 1919)
Mikhail Kalinin
Калинин М. И. (1920).jpg
(1919 — 1938)
11 AlexeiRikov1924(cropped).jpg Alexey Ivanovich Rykov
(1881–1938)
2 February 1924 18 May 1929 Communist Party
12 1929-sergey syrtsov.jpg Sergey Ivanovich Syrtsov
(1883–1937)
18 May 1929 3 November 1930 Communist Party
13 Даниил Егорович Сулимов.jpg Daniil Yegorovich Sulimov
(1890–1937)
3 November 1930 22 July 1937 Communist Party
14 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-29921-0001, Bulganin, Nikolai Alexandrowitsch.jpg Nikolay Alexandrovich Bulganin
(1895–1975)
1 22 July 1937 19 July 1938[23] Communist Party
2 20 July 1938[24] 17 September 1938 I
(1938)
Aleksei Badayev
Alexey Badaev 1912.jpg
(1938 — 1944)
15 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Vasily Vasilyevich Vakhrushev
(1902–1947)
17 September 1938 2 June 1940 Communist Party
16 Khokhlov IS.jpg Ivan Sergeyevich Khokhlov
(1895–1973)
2 June 1940 23 June 1943[note 3] Communist Party
17 A. Kosygin 1967.jpg Alexey Nikolayevich Kosygin
(1904–1980)
23 June 1943 23 March 1946 Communist Party
Nikolay Shvernik
Николай Михайлович Шверник.jpg
(1944 — 1946)
18 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Mikhail Ivanovich Rodionov
(1907–1950)
1 23 March 1946 26 June 1947 Communist Party
2 26 June 1947 9 March 1949 II
(1947)
Ivan Vlasov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg
(1946 — 1950)
19 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Boris Nikolayevich Chernousov
(1908–1978)
1 9 March 1949 17 April 1951 Communist Party
2 17 April 1951 20 October 1952 III
(1951)
Mikhail Tarasov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg
(1950 — 1959)
20 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Alexander Mikhailovich Puzanov
(1906–1998)
1 20 October 1952 26 March 1955 Communist Party
2 26 March 1955 24 January 1956 IV
(1955)
21 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Mikhail Alexeyevich Yasnov
(1906–1991)
24 January 1956 19 December 1957 Communist Party
22 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Frol Romanovich Kozlov
(1908–1965)
19 December 1957 31 March 1958 Communist Party
23 Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg Dmitry Stepanovich Polyansky
(1917–2001)
1 31 March 1958 16 April 1959 Communist Party
Nikolay Ignatov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg
(1959)
2 16 April 1959 23 November 1962 V
(1959)
Nikolay Organov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg
(1959 – 1962)
24 Gennadi Voronov.jpg Gennady Ivanovich Voronov
(1910–1994)
1 23 November 1962 5 April 1963 Communist Party
Nikolay Ignatov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR (1920-1978).svg
(1962 – 1966)
2 5 April 1963 12 April 1967 VI
(1963)
Mikhail Yasnov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg
(1966 – 1985)
3 12 April 1967 23 July 1971 VII
(1967)
25 Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg Mikhail Sergeyevich Solomentsev
(1913–2008)
1 28 July 1971 15 July 1975 Communist Party VIII
(1971)
2 15 July 1975 26 March 1980 IX
(1975)
3 26 March 1980 24 June 1983 X
(1980)
26 Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg Vitaly Ivanovich Vorotnikov
(1926–2012)
1 24 June 1983 26 March 1985 Communist Party
2 26 March 1985 3 October 1988 XI
(1985)
Vladimir Orlov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg
(1985 – 1988)
27 Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg Alexander Vladimirovich Vlasov
(1932–2002)
3 October 1988 15 June 1990 Communist Party Vitaly Vorotnikov
Emblem of the Russian SFSR.svg
(1988 – 1990)
Boris Yeltsin
Борис Николаевич Ельцин.jpg
(1990 – 1991)
28 Иван Силаев (1991).jpg Ivan Stepanovich Silayev
(1930–)
1 15 June 1990 10 July 1991[note 4] Communist Party XII
(1990)
2 12 July 1991 26 September 1991
P
Boris Yeltsin in 1994.PNG Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin[note 5]
(1931–2007)
6 November 1991 25 December 1991 Independent

Russian Federation (1991–present)[edit]

  Unity
Portrait Name
(birth–death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(election)
President
P Boris Yeltsin in 1994.PNG Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin
(1931–2007)
25 December 1991 15 June 1992 Independent XII
(1990)
Boris Yeltsin
Борис Николаевич Ельцин.jpg
(1991–1999)
29 Viktor Chernomyrdin-1.jpg Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin
(1938–2010)
1 14 December 1992 9 August 1996 Our Home – Russia
I
(1993)
II
(1995)
2 10 August 1996 23 March 1998
30 Sergei Kirienko - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2000 (cropped).jpg Sergey Vladilenovich Kiriyenko
(1962–)
24 April 1998 23 August 1998 Independent
31 E Primakov 03 (cropped).jpg Yevgeny Maximovich Primakov
(1929–2015)
11 September 1998 12 May 1999 Fatherland – All Russia
32 Krievijas Revīzijas palātas priekšsēdētājs (4187361112).jpg Sergey Vadimovich Stepashin
(1952–)
19 May 1999 9 August 1999 Independent
33 RIAN archive 100306 Vladimir Putin, Federal Security Service Director.jpg Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
(1952–)
1 16 August 1999 7 May 2000 Unity
III
(1999)
Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin.jpg
(2000–2008)
[note 6]
34 Mikhail Kasyanov (2007) (cropped).jpg Mikhail Mikhaylovich Kasyanov
(1957–)
17 May 2000 24 February 2004 Independent
IV
(2003)
35 Mikhail Fradkov (Brasília, 04 April 2006).jpeg Mikhail Yefimovich Fradkov
(1950–)
1 5 March 2004 7 May 2004 Independent
2 12 May 2004 14 September 2007
36 Viktor Zoebkov cropped.jpg Viktor Alexeyevich Zubkov
(1941–)
14 September 2007 7 May 2008 United Russia
V
(2007)
(33) 2008-08-29 Владимир Путин (4).jpeg Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
(1952–)
2 8 May 2008 7 May 2012 United Russia Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev.jpg
(2008–2012)
VI
(2011)
37 Dmitry Medvedev official portrait (01) (cropped).jpg Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev
(1965–)
1 8 May 2012 7 May 2018 United Russia Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (2nd Presidency).jpg
(2012–)
VII
(2016)
2 8 May 2018 15 January 2020
38 Mikhail Mishustin (2020-07-09).jpg Mikhail Vladimirovich Mishustin
(1966–)
16 January 2020 Incumbent Independent
VIII
(2021)

Acting prime ministers[edit]

Living former prime ministers[edit]

As of December 2021, there are eight living former prime ministers. The most recent death of a former prime minister was that of Yevgeny Primakov (1998–1999) on 26 June 2015, aged 85.

Name Term of office Born
Ivan Silayev 1990–1991 (1930-10-21) 21 October 1930 (age 91)
Sergey Kiriyenko 1998 (1962-07-26) 26 July 1962 (age 59)
Sergei Stepashin 1999 (1952-03-02) 2 March 1952 (age 69)
Vladimir Putin 1999–2000 and 2008–2012 (1952-10-07) 7 October 1952 (age 69)
Mikhail Kasyanov 2000–2004 (1957-12-08) 8 December 1957 (age 63)
Mikhail Fradkov 2004–2007 (1950-09-01) 1 September 1950 (age 71)
Viktor Zubkov 2007–2008 (1941-09-15) 15 September 1941 (age 80)
Dmitry Medvedev 2012–2020 (1965-09-14) 14 September 1965 (age 56)

Timeline[edit]

Mikhail MishustinDmitry MedvedevViktor ZubkovMikhail FradkovMikhail KasyanovVladimir PutinSergei StepashinYevgeny PrimakovSergei KiriyenkoViktor ChernomyrdinIvan SilayevAlexander Vlasov (politician)Vitaly VorotnikovMikhail SolomentsevGennady VoronovDmitry PolyanskyFrol KozlovMikhail YasnovAlexander PuzanovBoris ChernousovMikhail Rodionov (politician)Alexey KosyginIvan KhokhlovVasiliy VakhrushevNikolai BulganinDaniil SulimovSergey Syrtsov (politician)Alexei RykovVladimir LeninAlexander KerenskyGeorgy LvovNikolay Dmitriyevich GolitsynAlexander Fyodorovich TrepovBoris ShtyurmerVladimir Nikolayevich KokovtsovPyotr Arkadyevich StolypinIvan Logginovich GoremykinSergei Yulyevich WitteIvan Nikolayevich DurnovoNikolay Khristianovich BungeMichael von ReuternPyotr Aleksandrovich ValuyevPavel Nikolayevich IgnatyevPavel Pavlovich GagarinDmitry Nikolayevich BludovAlexey Fyodorovich OrlovAlexander Ivanovich ChernyshyovVasily Vasilyevich LevashovIllarion Vasilyevich VasilchikovNikolay Nikolayevich NovosiltsevViktor Pavlovich KochubeyPyotr Vasilyevich LopukhinNikolay Ivanovich SaltykovNikolay Petrovich RumyantsevImperial Council of the Russian EmpireConference at the Highest Court of the Russian EmpireCabinet of Ministers of the Russian EmpireSupreme Privy Council

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sources which list Vyazmitinov as Saltykov's successor state a date of 9 September 1812; other sources assert that Saltykov was in office until his death
  2. ^ Some sources (such as the Large Soviet Encyclopedia) list Vyazmitinov as committee minister, while other (such as the History of the Fatherland encyclopedia) don't mention him at all and instead list Lopukhin as the successor of Saltykov.
  3. ^ In connection with the long absence from the workplace of Ivan Khokhlov, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the republic on May 5, 1942 entrusted the duties of the chairman of the RSFSR government to his deputy Konstantin Pamfilov
  4. ^ The Council of Ministers of the RSFSR resigned before the elected President of the RSFSR, who took office on July 10, 1991
  5. ^ Headed the government as President of Russia, was not the Prime Minister.
  6. ^ Putin de facto took this position on 31 December 1999, when he became Acting President after the resignation of Boris Yeltsin. Elected President on 26 March 2000, officially took office on 7 May 2000.

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Комитет министров". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: In 86 Volumes (82 Volumes and 4 Additional Volumes). St. Petersburg. 1890–1907.
  2. ^ "Совет министров". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: In 86 Volumes (82 Volumes and 4 Additional Volumes). St. Petersburg. 1890–1907.
  3. ^ "Ministers' Council established in Russia". Presidential Library Named After Boris Yeltsin. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  4. ^ 7 царских председателей Совета министров
  5. ^ "Верховный тайный совет". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary: In 86 Volumes (82 Volumes and 4 Additional Volumes). St. Petersburg. 1890–1907.
  6. ^ Салтыков, князь Николай Иванович [Prince Nikolay Ivanovich Saltykov] (in Russian). Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  7. ^ Неизвестная Фемида : документы, события, люди [The Unknown Themis: Documents, Events, People] (in Russian). ОЛМА Медиа Групп. 2003. p. 93. ISBN 978-5-224-04224-1.
  8. ^ Кочубей, князь Виктор Павлович [Prince Viktor Pavlovich Kochubey] (in Russian). Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  9. ^ B. V. Ananych, ed. (2008). Лики России Управленческая элита Российской империи: история министерств, 1802–1917 [Ruling Elite of the Russian Empire: History of Ministries, 1802–1917] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Васильчиков Илларион Васильевич — Биографический указатель [Illarion Vasilyevich Vasilchikov – Biography] (in Russian). Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  11. ^ Vladimir Nikolayevich Balyazin; Voldemar Nikolayevich Balyazin (2008). Царский декамерон: От Николая I до Николая II. Исторические книги В.Н. Балязина (Historical Books by V. N. Balyazin) (in Russian). 2. ОЛМА Медиа Групп. p. 49. ISBN 978-5-373-01976-7.
  12. ^ a b Александр Иванович Чернышев — Биографический указатель [Aleksandr Ivanovich Chernyshov] (in Russian). Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  13. ^ Землевладельцы Панинского района. Князь Орлов Алексей Фёдорович [Landowners of the Panin Rayon. Prince Alexey Fyodorovich Orlov] (in Russian). Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  14. ^ Орлов князь Алексей Федорович [Prince Aleksey Fyodorovich Orlov] (in Russian). Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  15. ^ Павел Павлович Гагарин [Pavel Pavlovich Gagarin] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  16. ^ a b Игнатьев Павел Николаевич [Pavel Nikolayevich Ignatyev] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  17. ^ a b Валуев Петр Александрович [Pyotr Aleksandrovich Valuyev] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  18. ^ a b Рейтерн Михаил Христофорович [Mikhail Khristoforovich Reytern] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  19. ^ a b Бунге Николай Христианович [Nikolay Khristianovich Bunge] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  20. ^ Дурново Иван Николаевич [Ivan Nikolayevich Durnovo] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  21. ^ a b "Витте Сергей Юлиевич (sic!)" [Sergey Yuliyevich (sic!) Witte] (in Russian). Russian Empire. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  22. ^ Преобразован Совет министров Российской империи
  23. ^ Заседания Верховного Совета РСФСР [1-го созыва], первая сессия (15-20 июля 1938 г.): стенографический отчет [Sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR [1st convocation], first session (July 15-20, 1938): verbatim record] (in Russian). Moscow: Publishing House of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. 1938. p. 79.
  24. ^ Заседания Верховного Совета РСФСР [1-го созыва], первая сессия (15-20 июля 1938 г.): стенографический отчет [Sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR [1st convocation], first session (July 15-20, 1938): verbatim record] (in Russian). Moscow: Publishing House of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR. 1938. p. 115.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]