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Visa policy of Russia

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Entry stamp
Exit stamp
Entry and exit passport stamps issued at Saint Petersburg port.

The visa policy of Russia deals with the requirements which a foreign national wishing to enter Russia must meet to obtain a visa, which is a permit to travel to, enter and remain in the country. Visa exemptions are based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. Citizens of countries without such an agreement with the Russian Federation must obtain a visa in advance from one of the Russian diplomatic missions or visa centres.

Visa exemption[edit]

Visa policy of Russia

Ordinary passports[edit]

The citizens of the following 40 countries and territories are eligible to visit Russia with a valid passport and without obtaining a visa in advance.[1] These rules generally apply to holders of ordinary passports, rules for holders of diplomatic passports and other travel documents may differ.

From 2014, citizens of the countries, except Belarus, who have the right to a visa-free entry to Russia must not stay longer than 90 days per every 180 days. Resetting the allowed period by leaving and re-entering the country is no longer allowed. Overstaying is punishable by a three-year entry ban.[2][3]

Unlimited period[edit]

90 days[edit]

1 – internal passport/national identification card accepted.

Stateless persons who were citizens of the Soviet Union and now reside in the following countries are visa-exempt:

Non-commercial purposes[edit]

60 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

30 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

1 – if holding a letter of guarantee/invitation and a tourist voucher.

15 days for tourist groups[edit]

  •  China (Only for group tourism (from 5 to 50 persons) organized by accredited Chinese travel agencies)

14 days for non-commercial purposes[edit]

Simplified entry to Russia via Vladivostok[edit]

Location of Primorsky Krai in Russia

In 2016 foreign citizens will be allowed to stay for up to 8 days.[4] The list of countries will be approved by decree of the Russian government.

The draft agreement assumes that foreign citizens before entry into the administrative center of Primorsky Krai Vladivostok will fill in a special electronic questionnaire. After verification of the questionnaire by competent authorities of the Russian Federation foreigners will receive notice providing the entry visa. [5] A simplified visa scheme was supposed to be in place to be made effective on July 1, 2016, but was postponed due to the lack of regulations passed by the State Duma.[6] The electronic visa will be free and valid, initially, for entry through the Vladivostok International Airport or the sea passenger terminal of Vladivostok.[7][8][9]

Visa-free zones[edit]

Local border traffic

  •  Latvia — 90 days within 6 month for holders of border traffic permit [14][15]
  •  Norway — 15 days for holders of border traffic permit.[16]
  •  Poland — 30 days but not more than 90 days within 180 for holders of border traffic permit.[17] The agreement was suspended indefinitely from 4 July 2016.[18][19]

Diplomatic and service category passports[edit]

  Russian Federation
  Diplomatic and service category passports
  Diplomatic passports only

Holders of diplomatic or service category passports (official, service, special, consular) of the following countries may enter Russia without a visa:[20][21]

* - diplomatic and service passports for Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia

D — diplomatic passports
S — service passports
O — official passports
Sp — special passports
C — consular passports

APEC Business Travel Card[edit]

Holders of passports issued by the following countries who possess an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) containing the "RUS" code on the reverse that it is valid for travel to Russia can enter visa-free for business trips for 90 days within 180 days.[20][22][23]

ABTCs are issued to nationals of:[24]

Visa on arrival[edit]

72-hour stay for Kaliningrad visits[edit]

From 1 February 2002 citizens of Schengen states, United Kingdom and Japan may visit the Kaliningrad region as tourists and obtain a 72-hour visa at the border check points of Bagrationovsk, Mamonovo and Khrabrovo Airport if travelling through one of the approved travel agencies. The Russian Government was planning to cancel this service in 2015, but after appeals management of Kaliningrad region and the MFA of Russia, this possibility has been extended to 2015.[25] Addressing parliament the Minister of Foreign Affairs reported about extension of service for 2016.[26]

Ferry ship passengers[edit]

Since May 2009 international tourists entering by regular ferry via several ports have been able to stay in Russia visa-free for up to 72 hours, provided that they spend the night on-board or in accommodation specifically approved by the travel agency.[27]

In addition tourists entering by tourist cruise ships can only leave the ship on tours organized by the cruise company, when entering Russia through the ports of Anadyr, Kaliningrad, Korsakov, Novorossiysk, Sevastopol,[28] Sochi, St.Petersburg, Vladivostok, Vyborg.[29]

Entry to the port of St. Petersburg by regular ferry can be done only from the ports of Tallinn (Estonia) or Helsinki (Finland). It is also possible to travel visa-free for 72 hours from the port of Stockholm with the stop in Helsinki.[30][31]

Visa-free transit[edit]

Direct airside transit[edit]

Passengers travelling through international airports do not need a visa for a transit of less than 24 hours, provided a confirmed onward ticket is held and the traveller remains in the international transit area (without clearing passport control).[citation needed]

Only five Russian airports have an international transit area:

Saimaa canal[edit]

In accordance with a treaty between Russia and Finland, though there are passport controls at borders, a visa is not required for just passing through the Russian part of the Saimaa canal without leaving the vessel.[32]

Closed cities[edit]

Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[33]

Crimea[edit]

As of 2014 the disputed territory of Crimea is under Russian control and Russia enforces its visa policy there.[34] However, Ukraine requires that foreigners should comply with Ukrainian visa regime including obtaining a Ukrainian visa if one is necessary. Otherwise, it may entail sanctions for "support of the temporary occupation of the Ukrainian territory".[35]

Future changes[edit]

Russian government has instructed the Foreign Ministry to sign an agreement on visa-free regime with the following countries:

Visa-free agreements have already been signed with the following countries but are not yet ratified or applied:

  •  Bolivia 90 days within 180 for ordinary passports.[41]
  •  El Salvador 90 days within 180 for ordinary passports, signed but is not yet ratified.[42]
  •  Oman 90 days for diplomatic, service, special passports[43]
  •  Qatar 90 days for diplomatic passports[44]
  •  Senegal 90 days for diplomatic and service passports, signed but is not yet ratified.[45]

Agreements[edit]

Russian Federation has visa-free agreements with 117 jurisdictions.
In the table agreements in force and signed but not ratified (are allocated red) agreements.

Visa[edit]

Russian visa

The Russian visa is a machine-readable document, which is placed in the passport. It contains a transcription of the name in the Cyrillic script and all fields are indicated in Russian and English. The indication of nationality and entry requirements however is only written in Russian. The machine-readable strip contains the name based on romanization of the Cyrillic name, and does not necessarily reflect the name as it was written in the Roman script (example in the figure: Christoph --> (Cyrillic) Kpиcтoф --> (transcription; roman) Kristof). Contrary to guidelines for machine-readable documents, the issuing country abbreviation (RUS) is shown at the positions 2-4 (e.g. starting V>RUS), and the surname starts immediately in the second field: VSURNAME>>GIVENNAME. A photo is required in a Russian visa.

Types of visa[edit]

Depending on the purpose of entry into the Russian Federation and the purposes of stay, visas are categorized as:

  • Private
  • Business
  • Tourist
  • Educational
  • Working
  • Humanitarian
  • Entry (for receiving shelter or to obtain citizenship in Russia)[158]

Diplomatic visa[edit]

A diplomatic visa shall be issued to a foreign citizen holding a diplomatic passport.
A diplomatic visa is issued:

  • to foreign heads of state, foreign heads of government, members of the foreign official delegations, family members of such persons traveling with them or accompanying them - for a period of up to one year.
  • to diplomatic agents of diplomatic missions and consular officials of consular establishments, the staff of representations of the international organizations in the Russian Federation which have the diplomatic status in the Russian Federation, to family members of specified persons for a period of up to one year.
  • to foreign diplomatic and consular couriers for the term of business trip.
  • to officials of the foreign states who have the official status in the Russian Federation have the right to a diplomatic visa and who come for a working visit to diplomatic missions or consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation or to the international organizations or their representations in the Russian Federation, for a period of up to one year.

Service visa[edit]

A service visa is issued to the foreign citizen having a service passport.
A service visa is issued:

  • to members of foreign official delegations, family members of such persons traveling with them or accompanying them - for a period of up to one year.
  • to administrative and technical and service personnel of diplomatic missions, consular employees and service personnel of consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation, representations of the international organizations in the Russian Federation and to family members of such persons for a period of up to one year.
  • to military personnel of armed forces of the foreign states and family members of such persons for a period of up to one year. Extension of term of stay in the Russian Federation by issuance of the multiple entry visa for a period of validity of the foreign trade contract registered in accordance with the established procedure, but no more than for five years is allowed to the military personnel of armed forces of the foreign states driving to the Russian Federation for implementation of international treaties of the Russian Federation and (or) decisions of public authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of military and technical cooperation, and family members of such persons.
  • to foreign state officials who have the official status in the Russian Federation have the right to be issued a service visa and those who travel for a working visit to diplomatic missions or consular establishments of the foreign states in the Russian Federation or in the international organizations or their representations in the Russian Federation, for a period of up to one year.

Ordinary visa[edit]

Depending on the purpose of entry of the foreign citizen into the Russian Federation and the purpose of his stay in the Russian Federation ordinary visas are subdivided on private, business, tourist, educational, working, humanitarian and entry visas to the Russian Federation for temporary residence or citizenship ceremony

  1. An ordinary private visa is issued for a period of up to three months or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to the Russian Federation for a short visit on the basis of an invitation letter.
  2. An ordinary business visa is issued for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to the Russian Federation for a business trip.
  3. An ordinary tourist visa is issued for a period of up to one month or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to six months to foreign citizens traveling to the Russian Federation as tourists, if holding an invitation letter by a Russian tour operator. Invitations can be issued by many hotels on request (sometimes for a fee) or through various online services associated with Russian tour operators.
    An ordinary tourist group visa is issued for a period of up to one month to foreign citizens traveling to the Russian Federation as a tourist in an organized tourist group (not less than five people), of holding a confirmation by an organization in the unified federal register of tour operators.
  4. An ordinary student visa is issued for a period of up to one year to foreign citizens traveling to the Russian Federation for training in the educational institution.
  5. An ordinary work visa is issued to foreign citizens visiting the Russian Federation for work purposes for a period of validity of the employment contract or civil contract for performance of work (rendering services), but no more than for one year.
  6. An ordinary humanitarian visa is issued for a period of up to one year or on the basis of the principle of reciprocity for a period of up to five years to foreign citizens visiting the Russian Federation for a scientific, cultural, political or a sport visit, religious communication and contacts, pilgrimage, charity, delivery of humanitarian aid.
  7. An ordinary entry visa to the Russian Federation for receiving a shelter is issued to foreign citizens for a period of up to three months if holding a decision of the federal executive authority authorized on implementation of functions on control and supervision in the sphere of migration on recognition of this foreign citizen as a refugee on the territory of the Russian Federation.
  8. An ordinary entry visa to the Russian Federation to obtain citizenship of the Russian Federation is issued to foreign citizens for a period of up to one year if holding a decision on recognition of such foreign citizen as a native speaker of Russian.

Transit visa[edit]

A Transit visa is issued for a period of up to ten days to the foreign citizen for transit through the territory of the Russian Federation.

Visa of temporary living person[edit]

A visa of temporarily living person is issued for four months to the foreign citizen to whom entry into the Russian Federation is allowed for temporary residence, within a quota of delivery of permissions to temporary residence.

Applying for visa[edit]

All types of Russian entry visas are received through Russian embassies and consulates. Provided all the documents are ready, the process usually takes no more than 3-10 workdays for Russian travel visa.[159]

Russian Tourist Visa requirements:[160]

  • Original passport
  • One photo (colour, passport size photo)
  • Tourist invitation
  • Russian Consulate Application Form

The Russian Consulate requires the visa application form to be printed on A4 paper with right and bottom margins of 5mm. A failure to meet these requirements invalidates the form.

Exit[edit]

Russia requires that an alien who needs a visa on entry be in possession of a valid visa upon exit. To satisfy this formal requirement, exit visas sometimes need to be issued. Russia requires an exit visa if a visitor stays well past the expiration date of their visa. They must then extend their visa or apply for an exit visa and are not allowed to leave the country until they show a valid visa or have a permissible excuse for overstaying their visa (e.g., a note from a doctor or a hospital explaining an illness, missed flight, lost or stolen visa). In some cases, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can issue a Return-Home certificate that is valid for ten days from the embassy of the visitor's native country, thus eliminating the need for an exit visa.[161][162][163]

A foreign citizen granted a temporary residence permit in Russia needs a temporary resident visa to take a trip abroad (valid for both exit and return). It is also colloquially called an exit visa.

Costs for visa[edit]

Some Russian embassies and consulates, but not all, require visa applications to be submitted in person to visa processing centres instead of directly to the consular section. Costs differ per administration center.

Fingerprinting[edit]

From January 2015 visa applicants from the United Kingdom, Denmark, Myanmar and Namibia will be obliged to provide fingerprint scans. After a trial period it will be decided whether to expand this to other countries as well.[164]

Visitor statistics[edit]

According to the Federal Security Service and the Federal State Statistics Service.
Most visitors arriving to Russia were from the following countries of nationality:[165][166]

History[edit]

General Rules[edit]

The law "On the legal status of foreign citizens in the USSR" was used by the Russian Federation. Action extended from 1 January 1993. Chapter III of the law "entry into the USSR and exit from the USSR Foreign citizens" was replaced adopted the Federal Law No.114-FZ 1996 "On the Order of Exit from the Russian Federation". The law was repealed with the adoption of the Federal Law 115-FZ on 25 Jul 2002 On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation. The laws establishes that as a general rule all foreign citizens and stateless persons need visas for entry and exit from the territory of Russia and the period of temporary stay (90 days within 180). It also establishes a number of exceptions addressing certain groups of travelers. It should be noted that the basis of the legal status of foreign citizens and stateless persons are secured primarily by the Constitution of the Russian Federation 1993 - Art. 62 and Art. 63.[167]

According to the Russian Constitution, international treaties of Russia override the domestic legislation. Russia has concluded a number of bilateral or multilateral treaties on visa abolishing or simplification and is seeking to negotiate new such treaties. The visa policy Russia applies the principle of reciprocity, the principle of specular.

Visa-free entry to Russia via Vladivostok
Vladivostok again received, 106 years since it was last cancelled, the status of "porto franco" (free port) in 2015. Federal Law №212- FZ "On the free port of Vladivostok"[168] signed by the President of the Russian Federation of 13 July 2015, entered into force 12 October 2015. Among other simplifications of government procedures it will introduce visa-free regime. In 2016 foreign citizens will be allowed to stay of 8 days.[4] The list of countries will be approved by decree of the Government. It was originally planned to provide a visa-free regime, but the draft agreement didn't pass coordination in government departments. The new draft agreement assumes that foreign citizens before entry into Vladivostok will fill in the special electronic questionnaire. After verification of the questionnaire by competent authorities of the Russian Federation foreigners will receive the notice of providing the entry visa. Electronic Authorization will be applied only after ensuring readiness of check points, modernizations of IT infrastructures systems occurs.[5] Simplified visa regime has to earn since July 1, 2016, the electronic visa will be free, it will be valid for arriving to the international airport Knevichi and in the sea passenger terminal of Vladivostok.[7]

Visa-free 72-hour transit
In September, 2013 the president of Russia has sent the bill of introduction of 72-hour visa-free transit to parliament. The list of the airports and the list of the states which citizens will be able to use visa-free transit in the tourist purposes, will be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation after ratification. In 2014 the parliament has suspended ratification of the bill for an indefinite term.[169]

Crimea
In April 2014 Crimea’s Tourism Minister proposed a visa-free regime for foreign tourists staying at Crimean resorts for up to 12 days and a 72-hour visa-free stay for cruise passengers.[170] Visa-free access for Chinese citizens was proposed in June 2014.[171] Visa-free entrance in cruise courts to Sevastopol began to be carried out from September 2015[28] Other of the proposals has been not realized.

International events[edit]

Art events
Participants and members of delegations coming to participate in the musical events are either provided with a simplified visa regime (e.g. Eurovision Song Contest 2009) or the right of visa-free entry (e.g. International Tchaikovsky Competition 2015).[172]
Currently (September 2015) the law providing permanent visa abolition for participants and jury members of art competitions is being planned by the Government of Russia. The focus of this regulation will be on the International Tchaikovsky Competition.[173]

Economic events
Participants of the 1st Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok did not require a visa. Entrance was allowed with passport and the accreditation certificate only.[174]

Sporting events
Prior to the adoption of a special law, participants and members of delegations arriving to sporting events, could count on a visa-free entry or visa facilitation (determined by law for each event which has to pass ratification in parliament and to be signed by the president). On 13 May 2013 the presidential decree on the abolition of visas for athletes, coaches, team leaders and members of foreign official delegations, as well as judges from the international sports competitions came into effect. It envisages entry on the basis of passport and accreditation certificate.[175] The order of the President or the Government of Russia is sufficient for visa abolition or simplification of registration of visas.
Visas were abolished for participants of the 2013 Summer Universiade,[176] the 2014 ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships in Moscow, the 2014 World Judo Championships in Chelyabinsk and the 16th FINA World Championships in Kazan.[177] Participants of the XVI World Aquatics Championships in the Masters category were exempted from visa fees.[178]

The right to enter Russia without a visa was also given to visitors during thee 2014 Winter Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics in Sochi if they were in a possession of tickets for the event.[179]

Players of 2016 IIHF World Championship will be able to obtain visas on arrival for the fans will be simplified procedure for issuing visas.[180]
This experiment is planned to be extended to the visitors of the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup and of the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[181][182]

2018 FIFA World Cup Holders of tickets for matches of the championship will be able to enter Russia in 2018 without a visa with personalized card of viewer (also known as the passport of a fan or fan-ID) and national passport from 4 June to 25 July 2018.
Foreigners participating in events and athletes included in the lists of FIFA, will have to obtain visas, but in a simplified manner. In particular, visas for this category of citizens will be issued within 3 working days from the date of filing and without consular fees. This procedure will be applied until 31 December 2018. Foreigners involved in activities and not participating in sporting events, will travel to and from Russia by an ordinary multiple-entry work visas that will be issued for a period of 1 year. Foreigners, attracted by the FIFA, its subsidiaries and contractors, confederations, national football associations, the Russian football Union, organizing Committee "Russia-2018" will be entitled to work in Russia without obtaining a patent.[183]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Visa Information - Russia". Timatic. IATA. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Russia brings in new travel rules for nationals of visa-free countries, including Armenia
  3. ^ Visa-free stay in Russia limited to 90 days during 6 months
  4. ^ a b http://tass.ru/ekonomika/2368238
  5. ^ a b http://ria.ru/politics/20160111/1358268617.html
  6. ^ http://primamedia.ru/news/society/29.06.2016/515286/vvedenie-vo-vladivostoke-uproschennogo-vizovogo-rezhima-otkladivaetsya.html
  7. ^ a b http://ria.ru/economy/20160314/1389404064.html
  8. ^ http://rg.ru/2016/03/16/reg-dfo/rossiia-vvedet-besplatnye-elektronnye-vizy-dlia-inostrancev.html
  9. ^ http://minvostokrazvitia.ru/press-center/news_minvostok/?ELEMENT_ID=4011&sphrase_id=30038
  10. ^ The intergovernmental agreement on visa-free exchanges between the USSR and Japan (in Russian)
  11. ^ http://mininvest.admsakhalin.ru/bezviz_obmen
  12. ^ http://ria.ru/world/20150723/1143152396.html#ixzz3gfw9vCIS
  13. ^ http://чукотка.рф/en/authorities/visa-registration/
  14. ^ More visa-free traveling in the Baltic
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Visa-free zone between Norway and Russia
  17. ^ EU makes visa exception for Kaliningrad
  18. ^ http://www.gov39.ru/news/101/102771/
  19. ^ @[2]
  20. ^ a b [3]
  21. ^ http://www.kdmid.ru/docs.aspx
  22. ^ The Law of the President of the Russian Federation of 05.06.2012 № 777 " On the order of entry into the Russian Federation and exit from the Russian Federation, foreign citizens - holders of cards for business and business trips to the countries - participants of the forum" Asia - Pacific Economic Cooperation"
  23. ^ http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/15578
  24. ^ ABTC Summary
  25. ^ http://kaliningrad.mid.ru/-/prekrasaetsa-vydaca-kratkosrocnyh-turisticeskih-viz-eksperiment-prodlen?redirect=
  26. ^ http://www.mid.ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/1852611
  27. ^ http://www.travel.ru/law/173026.html
  28. ^ a b http://en.portnews.ru/news/187193/
  29. ^ "Information For Cruise Ship Passengers". Petersburg CITY. Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  30. ^ https://stpeterline.com/visa-free-rule
  31. ^ "Russian visa: how to visit Russia visa-free?". Tripsget Travel Blog. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-04-28. 
  32. ^ Treaty between the Russian Federation and the Finnish Republic on leasing to the Finnish Republic of the Russian part of Saimaa canal and adjoining territory and on the conditions of navigation through Saimaa canal, article 6, paragraph 3.
  33. ^ "Russian Federation Country Specific Information - Entry/Exit Requirements for U.S. Citizens". Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  34. ^ Foreigners need visas to travel to Crimea
  35. ^ Ukraine insists on right of issuing Crimean visa
  36. ^ http://ips.pravo.gov.ru/?docbody=3&nd=102163012
  37. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201508140014
  38. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604280018
  39. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201512210003
  40. ^ http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201510220019
  41. ^ http://vz.ru/news/2016/4/12/804924.html
  42. ^ http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=2456401
  43. ^ http://www.mid.ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2052898?p_p_id=101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw&_101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw_languageId=en_GB
  44. ^ http://www.mid.ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2014232
  45. ^ http://www.mid.ru/foreign_policy/international_contracts/2_contract/-/storage-viewer/spd_md.nsf/webngr/page-5/0ADD8CC578E3632743257F1000296805
  46. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Abkhazia on mutual visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Abkhazia (in Russian)
  47. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Albania on mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  48. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Angola on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  49. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Argentine Republic on visa-free trips on diplomatic, official or service passports (in Russian)
  50. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Argentinian Republic on visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Argentinian Republic (in Russian)
  51. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Armenia on mutual visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Armenia (in Russian)
  52. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan (in Russian)
  53. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain on mutual abolition of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic, service and special passports (in Russian)
  54. ^ a b c d Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Belarus, the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic , the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on mutual visa-free trips of citizens (in Russian)
  55. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Benin on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  56. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Bolivia on visa-free trips on diplomatic, official or service passports (in Russian)
  57. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of Plurinational State of Bolivia on visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Plurinational State of Bolivia (in Russian, in Spanish)
  58. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Council of Ministers Bosnia and Herzegovina on terms of mutual trips of citizens The Russian Federation and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina (in Russian)
  59. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Botswana on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  60. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  61. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil about refusal from visa requirements for short trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Brazil (in Russian)
  62. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Brunei Darussalam concerning the abolition of visa formalities for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports in the implementation of short trips in the form of an exchange of notes between the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation and the Embassy of Brunei Darussalam (in Russian)
  63. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Brunei Darussalam concerning the abolition of visa formalities for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports in the implementation of short trips in the form of an exchange of notes between the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation and the Embassy of Brunei Darussalam (Scan in English, in Russian)
  64. ^ a b c d e f g h Agreement between the European Community and the Russian Federation on the facilitation of the issuance of visas to the citizens of the European Union (in Russian)
  65. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Bulgaria on mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  66. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Burkina Faso on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  67. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cape Verde on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  68. ^ Engaged in the agreement between the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the government of the People's Republic of Kampuchea on visa-free regime for citizens of both countries, sourcause official trips on diplomatic or service passports (in Russian)
  69. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Chile on visa-free trips on diplomatic passports (in Russian)
  70. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Chile on the abolition of visas for holders of service Russian passports and official Chilean passports (in Russian)
  71. ^ Agreement Between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Chile on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Chile (in Russian)
  72. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the government of the people's Republic of China about simplification of trips of citizens (in Russian)
  73. ^ About the Group Tourism Visa-free Agreement between China and Russia (in Chinese)
  74. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Colombia on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic, service or official passports (in Russian)
  75. ^ Agreement between the government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Republic of Colombia on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Colombia (in Russian)
  76. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Congo on visa-free trips for holders of diplomatic and official passports (scan in Russian)
  77. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Costa Rica on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and service oassports (in Russian)
  78. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Croatia on mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Croatia (in Russian)
  79. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cuba on mutual trips of citizens of both countries (in Russian)
  80. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports .rtf (in Russian)
  81. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark on simplification of issue of visas to citizens of the Kingdom of Denmark of the Russian Federation (in Russian)
  82. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Dominican Republic on mutual abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  83. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Ecuador on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and official Russian and diplomatic, official and special passports of Ecuador (in Russian)
  84. ^ Memorandum between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on visa-free trips on diplomatic , service and special passports (in Russian)
  85. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of El Salvador on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports of the Russian Federation and the diplomatic and official passports of the Republic of El Salvador. It concluded by an exchange of notes (in Russian)
  86. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on visa-free trips for diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  87. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Fiji on mutual abolition of visa requirements for citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Fiji (in Russian)
  88. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Gabonese Republic on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  89. ^ Agreement in the form exchange of notes between Government of the Russian Federation and the Government the Republic of Guatemala on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and official passports the Russian Federation and of diplomatic, consular and official of passports the Republic of Guatemala (in Russian)
  90. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Guatemala on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Guatemala (in Russian)
  91. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government the Republic of Guinea on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  92. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana of the visa-free trips for holders of diplomatic and official Russian passports and diplomatic Guyanese passport (in Russian, in English)
  93. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Cooperative Republic of Guyana PDF. Scan. (in Russian)
  94. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government the Republic of Honduras on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports citizens of the Russian Federation and the diplomatic and the official passports citizens of the Republic Honduras (in Russian)
  95. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Honduras on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic Hondura (scan in Russian)
  96. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Special Administrative region of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China on mutual abolition of visa requirements for citizens of the Russian Federation and permanent residents of the Special Administrative region of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China (in Russian)
  97. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Hungarian Republic on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  98. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Iceland on the simplification of issuing visas to citizens of the Russian Federation and Iceland (in Russian)
  99. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of India on mutual trips for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports (in Russian)
  100. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on the waiver of visa formalities for the exercise by holders of diplomatic and official passports, short-term trips (in Russian)
  101. ^ Memorandum between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran of visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  102. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the state of Israel on waiver of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the State of Israel (in Russian)
  103. ^ Agreement Between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Jamaica on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and official passports (in Russian)
  104. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the State of Kuwait on visa-free trips for holders of diplomatic, service and special passports (in Russian)
  105. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Lao people's Democratic Republic about mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  106. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Principality of Liechtenstein on simplification of procedure of issue of visas to citizens of the Russian Federation and Principality of Liechtenstein (scan in Russian)
  107. ^ "Agreement between the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Russian Federation on mutual exemption of visa requirements". Retrieved 12 July 2016.  (in Russian, in English)
  108. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Macedonia on the conditions of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Macedonia (in Russian)
  109. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Republic of Mali on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  110. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Mauritius on mutual abolition of visa requirements (in English)
  111. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the United Mexican States on visa-free trips on diplomatic, service and official passports (in Russian)
  112. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Republic of Moldova on mutual visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Moldova (in Russian)
  113. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of Mongolia on conditions of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Mongolia (in Russian)
  114. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Montenegro on conditions of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of Montenegro (in Russian)
  115. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  116. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Mozambique on visa-free trips on diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  117. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Union of Myanmar concerning the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic, service and official passports (in Russian)
  118. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Nauru on mutual abolition of visa requirements for citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Nauru (in Russian)
  119. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Nepal concerning the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic and official passports (in Russian)
  120. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Nicaragua on visa-free trips on diplomatic, service and official passports. (in Russian)
  121. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Nicaragua on the abolition of visa requirements for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Nicaragua (in Russian)
  122. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of Democratic People's Republic of Korea on mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  123. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway on simplification of issue of visas to citizens of the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of Norway (in Russian)
  124. ^ http://www.mid.ru/foreign_policy/news/-/asset_publisher/cKNonkJE02Bw/content/id/2052898?p_p_id=101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw&_101_INSTANCE_cKNonkJE02Bw_languageId=en_GB
  125. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Panama about the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Panama (in Russian)
  126. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Paraguay on visa-free trips on diplomatic, service or official Russian Paraguayan passports (in Russian)
  127. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Paraguay on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Paraguay (in Russian)
  128. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Peru on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic, service and special passports (in Russian)
  129. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Peru on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Peru (in Russian)
  130. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on terms of mutual trips for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports (in Russian)
  131. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Poland on mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Poland (in Russian)
  132. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Romania on mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  133. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Serbia on the conditions of mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Serbia (in Russian)
  134. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Seychelles on the abolition of visa requirements for short trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Seychelles (scan in Russian)
  135. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Singapore on mutual abolition of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports (in Russian)
  136. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the South African Republic on the waiver of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic and service/official passports (in Russian)
  137. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Korea on the abolition of visa formalities for holders of diplomatic passports (in Russian)
  138. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Korea on mutual abolition of visas for holders of service/official passports (in Russian)
  139. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Korea on mutual abolition of visa requirements (in Russian)
  140. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of South Ossetia on mutual visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and the Republic of South Ossetia (in Russian)
  141. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka on visa-free travel for holders of diplomatic and service (official) passports (in Russian)
  142. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic on visa-free travel for holders of diplomatic, service and special passports (in Russian)
  143. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Federal Council of the Swiss Confederation on simplification of issue of visas to citizens of the Russian Federation and Swiss Confederation (in Russian)
  144. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on mutual waiver of visa requirements for holders of diplomatic and service passports (in Russian, in English)
  145. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Kingdom of Thailand (in Russian)
  146. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Tunisia on the abolition of visa regime for holders of diplomatic, special or service passports (in Russian)
  147. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of the Republic of Turkey on visa-free trips on diplomatic passports (in Russian)
  148. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of Turkmenistan on mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  149. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and Government of Ukraine on visa-free trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and Ukraine (edition of 14.03.2007) (in Russian)
  150. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the United Arab Emirates on the mutual abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic passports (in Russian)
  151. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay on the abolition of visas for holders of diplomatic, service and official passports (in Russian)
  152. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay on the conditions of waiver of visa formalities for mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay (in Russian)
  153. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan on mutual trips of citizens of the Russian Federation and citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan (in Russian)
  154. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on waiver of visa requirements for mutual visits of nationals of the two countries (in Russian)
  155. ^ Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam on the conditions of mutual trips of citizens (in Russian)
  156. ^ Agreement between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Republic of Zimbabwe on visa-free regime for citizens of the Soviet Union and Zimbabwe, engaged in mutual travel for diplomatic and service passports (in Russian)
  157. ^ Decree of the Russian President "On the procedure of entry to the Russian Federation and departure from Russian Federation of persons without the citizenship, consisting in citizenship of the USSR and living in the Latvian Republic or the Estonian Republic" (in Russian)
  158. ^ FEderal law on the procedure for exiting and entring the Russian Federasion (in Russian)
  159. ^ "Getting your Russian travel visa - tips and tricks". Moscow Russia Insider's Guide. 
  160. ^ "Russia Visa requirements". SSCvisa. 
  161. ^ Visahouse.com
  162. ^ Russianvisa.org
  163. ^ Visalink-Russia.com
  164. ^ Russia to introduce fingerprint scanning for visa applicants in UK, Denmark, Myanmar, Namibia
  165. ^ http://www.russiatourism.ru/contents/statistika/statisticheskie-pokazateli-vzaimnykh-poezdok-grazhdan-rossiyskoy-federatsii-i-grazhdan-inostrannykh-gosudarstv/strany-lidiruyushchie-po-kolichestvu-pribytiy-na-territoriyu-rossiyskoy-federatsii/
  166. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/doc_2016/social/osn-01-2016.pdf top-20 2015 without CIS countries, page 126
  167. ^ "Federal Law No. 114-FZ OF August 15, 1996 On the Procedure for Exiting and Entring the Russian Federation". Retrieved 2013-12-19. 
  168. ^ http://www.rg.ru/2015/07/15/fz212-dok.html
  169. ^ http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/%28Spravka%29?OpenAgent&RN=342631-6
  170. ^ Crimea proposes lifting visas for tourists
  171. ^ Crimea visits to be visa-free for Chinese travellers — Russia tourism chief
  172. ^ http://tass.ru/kultura/1982008
  173. ^ http://www.rg.ru/2015/09/14/artisty-site-anons.html
  174. ^ http://primamedia.ru/news/447027/
  175. ^ http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/news/18099
  176. ^ http://m.vz.ru/news/2012/3/30/572035.html
  177. ^ http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2540276
  178. ^ http://www.interfax.ru/sport/431288
  179. ^ http://www.sovsport.ru/news/text-item/676821
  180. ^ http://www.gazeta.ru/sport/news/2015/09/29/n_7648529.shtml
  181. ^ http://tass.ru/sport/2264106
  182. ^ Russia to ease visa regime for World Cup fans in 2018
  183. ^ http://tass.ru/sport/3428266

External links[edit]