List of Russian scientists

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Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian polymath scientist, inventor, poet and artist, the founder of Moscow State University

This list of Russian and Soviet scientists includes scientists associated with modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, and the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

Regardless of ethnicity or emigration, the list includes famous natives of Russia and its predecessor states as well as the people who were born elsewhere but spent most of their active life in Russia.


Earth scientists[edit]

Biologists and paleontologists[edit]

Main article: Russian biologists

Physicians and psychologists[edit]

Main article: Russian physicians

Economists and sociologists[edit]

Historians and archeologists[edit]

Main article: Russian historians

Linguists and ethnographers[edit]

Main article: Russian linguists


Astronomers and cosmologists[edit]

Main article: Russian astronomers


Main article: Russian physicists

Chemists and material scientists[edit]

Main article: Russian chemists

Structural engineers[edit]

Aerospace engineers[edit]

Naval engineers[edit]

Electrical engineers[edit]

Computer scientists[edit]

Main article: Russian IT developers

See also[edit]


  1. ^ M.A. Blagorazumova, "Collected Scientific Papers of the Theoretical and Clinical Departments of Volgograd Medical Institute [in Russian] (17). 1956.
  2. ^ Andrea Ruzza. Nonpsychotic mental disorder after open heart surgery. Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals October 16, 2013
  3. ^ Ukrainian doctors which changed the world.