Surkhet District

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Surkhet District

सुर्खेत जिल्ला
Surkhet district location.png
ProvinceKarnali Province - 6
Admin HQ.Birendranagar
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Surkhet
 • Total2,451 km2 (946 sq mi)
 • Total350,804
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Nepali

Surkhet District (Nepali: सुर्खेत जिल्ला, About this soundListen ) a part of Karnali province, is one of the ten districts of Karnali located about 600 kilometres (373 mi) west of the national capital Kathmandu. The district's area is 2,488.63 square kilometres (960.87 sq mi). It had 288,527 population in 2001 and 343,318 in 2011. Birendranagar is the district headquarters of surkhet and capital of the Karnali state of the new federal republic.[1]

Geography and Climate[edit]

Surkhet Valley is one the Inner Terai Valleys of Nepal. Bordering districts are Jajarkot, Dailekh, and Achham to the north, Bardiya banke district and Kailali to the south, Salyan district to the east, and Doti to the west.

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  2.2%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.

Unlike the cold weather of the Karnali mountain region and hot weather of the Outer Terai region, Surkhet has a more moderate climate. Winter temperatures drop to about 5 °C and in summer it goes up to 38 °C. Monsoon brings sufficient rainfall during the rainy season.


Some government educational institutes:

  • Mid-Western University
  • Education Campus Surkhet (TU)
  • Model College (TU)
  • Sahara Campus
  • Siddhapaila Campus
  • Jana HS School
  • Shree Krishna Sanskrit and General H.S.S
  • Amar Jyoti HS School
  • Shiva HS school

Some Notable private institutes

  • Bulbule Bheri Academy
  • Uttarganga Karnali E.M. School
  • Eager Bridge HS School
  • Usha Balvatika HS School
  • Mount Everest HS School
  • SOS Hermann Gmeiner Higher secondary School


Before its own identity as an independent district, it used to be in the district of Dailekh. Surkhet is hub to remote districts like ,Kaalikot, Jumla, Mugu, Jajarkot, and Salyan. Recently because of insurgency, many people have migrated to Surkhet from these districts.

There's also Prajula Rawal's family who happen to be pretty darn rich. Helipad,Private jets, Political Background, Huge Mansion with innumerable servants.

The majority of the people are Bahun and Chettris, and there are minorities which are Newar, Magar, Tharu, Sunaar, and Kaami. Majority of the people are Hindu. Others are Buddhists, Christians, and Muslims.


Surkhet is accessible by air service and roads from various parts of the country. Ratna highway links it to the rest of Nepal. Karnali Highway, recently constructed and being black topped, will link Surkhet to the remote Western region Karnali. Surkhet Airport near Birendranagar has scheduled flights to Kathmandu, Nepalgunj, Jumla and other districts.

Three colleges offer education up to Master's level. There are many 10+2 schools teaching science, management, humanities, rural development, education etc. Other institutions offer technical education such as veterinary, overseer, computer assistant, assistant health worker and ANM. There is a regional hospital in kalagaun. Nepal Red Cross Society, Surkhet eye hospital is main eye care service provider which is located at Budhapath in Birendranagar Municipality in Surkhet. There are many NGOs and INGOs working in this area for development. The INF Surkhet Programme is one of the oldest organizations working in the health and development sector. There are other INGOs like GTZ, DFID, DANIDA, US Aid, Oxfam.


Tourist attractions are places like Kakrebihar, Bulbule, Deutibajai, Mangalgadhi, Gothikanda, Ghantaghar, Bheri river and others with religious as well as historic values. Kakrebihar is the remains of an old Buddhist Monastery (palace), which is in the list of national heritage sites in Nepal. Bheri river is a well known destination for rafting and Paragliding has been recently started in Surkhet. Birendranagar is one of Nepal's few cities built under a master plan.


On 10 March 2017 Government of Nepal restricted old administrative structures and announced 744 new local level units as per the new constitution of Nepal 2015, [3] thus cancelled all Village development committees and introduce Gaupalika (Rural municipality) and some new urban municipalities with the old urban municipalities (made some changes in area of old municipalities).

According to new structure Surkhet district divided into 5 municipality (urban) and 4 rural municipality:

Nr. Municipality Rural Municipality Official web
1 Birendranagar Chaukune Birendranagar Chaukune
2 Bheriganga Barahatal Bheriganga Barahatal
3 Gurbha Kot Chingad Gurbhakot Chingad
4 Panchapuri Simta Panchapuri Simta
5 Lekbesi Lekbeshi


  1. ^ "स्थानीय तहहरुको विवरण" [Details of the local level bodies]. (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ "New local level structure comes into effect from today". The Himalayan Times. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
"Districts of Nepal". Statoids.

Coordinates: 28°36′N 81°38′E / 28.600°N 81.633°E / 28.600; 81.633