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Ghodaghodi lake, Kailali
Location of Kailali District
|• Type||Coordination committee|
|• Body||DCC, Kailali|
|• Total||3,235 km2 (1,249 sq mi)|
|• Density||240/km2 (620/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:45 (NPT)|
|Main Language(s)||Tharu, Nepali language, Doteli|
Kailali District (Nepali: कैलाली जिल्लाListen (help·info)), a part of Sudurpashchim Province in Terai plain, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. The district, with Dhangadhi as its district headquarters, covers an area of 3,235 square kilometres (1,249 sq mi) and has a population (2011 census) of 775,709 (616,697 in 2001 census).
Before the reunification of Nepal by Gorkha King PN Shah, this district was the part of Doti Kingdom. Nepal lost it to the East India Company after the Anglo-Nepalese war (1814-1816) between the then Kingdom of Nepal and the East India Company followed by territorial concessions of Sugauli Treaty. Later on after the treaty of 1860, Nepal recovered this land along with Kanchanpur, Banke and Bardiya.
Geography and climate
|Climate zone||Elevation range||% of area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||59.3%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
At the time of the 2011 Nepal census, Kailali District had a population of 775,709. Of these, 41.1% spoke Tharu, 27.8% Nepali, 18.7% Doteli, 6.2% Achhami, 1.4% Magar, 0.9% Maithili, 0.8% Hindi and 0.5% Bajureli as their first language. The largest ethnic group is Khas/Chhetri makes 35% of total population. Tharu make 30% of total population, Thakuri makes 11% of total population. And Bahun and Sanyasi/giri makes 11% of total population and khas dalit makes 8% of total population. Madheshi makes 3% of total population. Magars makes 1.5% and Tamangs make 1%.
- Dhangadhi Sub-Metropolitan City
- Lamki Chuha Municipality
- Tikapur Municipality
- Ghodaghodi Municipality
- Bhajani Municipality
- Godawari Municipality
- Gauriganga Municipality
- Janaki Rural Municipality
- Bardagoriya Rural Municipality
- Mohanyal Rural Municipality
- Kailari Rural Municipality
- Joshipur Rural Municipality
- Chure Rural Municipality
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- 2011 Nepal Census, Social Characteristics Tables
- "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Districts of Nepal". Statoids.
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