Metrovalencia

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Metrovalencia
Isologo de Metrovalència.svg
Overview
Owner FGV
Locale Valencia, Spain
Transit type Rapid transit
Light metro
Tram
Number of lines

9[1]

  • 6 metro lines (L1, L2, L3, L5, L7, L9)
  • 3 tram lines (L4, L6, L8)
Number of stations

137[1]

  • 35 underground stations
  • 102 surface stations
Chief executive Mario Flores Lanuza
Operation
Began operation 8 October 1988 (as FGV)
5 May 1995 (as MetroValencia)
Number of vehicles 108[1]
Technical
System length

156.4 km (97.2 mi)[1]

  • 27.3 km (17.0 mi) underground
  • 129.1 km (80.2 mi) surface
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Electrification 750 V DC
1500 V DC, overhead wire
Map of Metrovalencia

Mapa metrovalencia.svg

Metrovalencia[a] is a modern amalgamation of former FEVE narrow gauge diesel and electric operated suburban/regional railways. It is a large suburban network that crosses the city of Valencia, with all trains continuing out to far-flung suburbs. It also has destinations on lines that make it more closely resemble commuter trains. The unique system combines light railway, metro and several tram operations north of the Túria riverbed park with line 4. Trains of lines 1, 3, 5 and 9 have automatic train operation (ATO) in 25.3 kilometers of underground system.[2] Tram lines 4, 6 and 8 are operated by modern trams.[3]

This network consists of more than 156.4 kilometres (97.2 mi) of route, of which 27.3 kilometres (17.0 mi) is underground.[1]

The system authority Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana (FGV) uses bilingual signage in Valencian and Spanish.

Operations[edit]

Lines[edit]

Line Terminals Year opened[4] Service type Length[1] Stations[1] Passengers in 2014[5]
Línia 1 de Metrovalència.svg Bétera – Villanueva de Castellón 1988 Underground + Regional train 72.145 km
(44.829 mi)
40 17,690,417
Línia 2 de Metrovalència.svg Llíria – Torrent Avinguda 1988 Underground + Regional train 39.445 km
(24.510 mi)
33
Línia 3 de Metrovalència.svg Rafelbunyol – Aeroport 1995 Underground + Regional train 24.691 km
(15.342 mi)
26 19,329,165
Línia 4 de Metrovalència.svg Mas del Rosari/Ll. Llarga/Fira – Dr. Lluch 1994 Tramway 16.999 km
(10.563 mi)
33 4,920,404
Línia 5 de Metrovalència.svg Marítim-Serreria – Aeroport 2003 Underground 13.293 km
(8.260 mi)
18 14,648,527
Línia 6 de Metrovalència.svg Tossal del Rei – Marítim Serrería 2007 Tramway 3.571 km
(2.219 mi)
21 2,522,669
Línia 7 de Metrovalència.svg Marítim Serrería – Torrent Avinguda 2015 Underground 15.497 km
(9.629 mi)
16
Línia 8 de Metrovalència.svg Marina Real Juan Carlos I – Marítim Serrería 2015 Tramway 1.230 km
(0.764 mi)
4
Línia 9 de Metrovalència.svg Alboraya-Peris Aragó – Riba-roja de Túria 2015 Underground + Regional train 24.859 km
(15.447 mi)
22

Notes: In 1998, Line 2 was combined with Line 1; it became a separate branch again in 2015. Lines 7 to 9 were created in 2015 by splitting existing branch lines, with the only new stations for these lines consisting of the extension from Manises to Riba-roja de Túria.

The network includes five unmanned stations: Rocafort, Fuente del Jarro, Massarojos, Benaguasil 1 and Font de l´Almaguer.[6]

Technical data[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

In 2012, an estimated 63,103,814 passengers used the service, a decline of 2.8% from the 65,074,726 who had used it in 2011. The 2011 figures had shown a 5% decline compared to 2010. On average 172,887 passengers a day used the service in 2012 with the busiest day being 18 March, the final day of the Fallas festival, when 482,960 passengers used the service. The three most used stations on the network were all in the centre of Valencia: Xàtiva, beside Valencia's main train station, with 4,769,628 passengers in 2012, Colón, in one of Valencia's main shopping streets, with 4,189,736 passengers and Àngel Guimerà, an interchange station for lines 1,4 and 5 situated beside Valencia old town, with 2,461,012 users. The fourth and fifth busiest stations were Túria, next to Valencia's main bus station, with 2,035,521 and Facultats, serving the University of Valencia, with 1,951,080 users. The remaining stations in the top eight were Plaça de Espanya (1,807,538 passengers), Amistat (1,552,281) and Mislata (1,505,106). The first two of these were located in areas near Valencia centre, while Mislata was the main station for the satellite town of the same name.[5]

History[edit]

Lines 1 and 5 at Torrent Avinguda Station. Differences between the old line (1) and the new line (5) can be seen in this picture
Many stations have an artistic exhibit in the entrance hall. This one is in Benimaclet.

First four lines[edit]

On 8 October 1988 the tunnel through which line 1 crosses Valencia was opened between Sant Isidre and Ademuz (now Empalme), which connected the line with southbound trains from València-Jesús to Castelló de la Ribera (now Villanueva de Castellón) at Sant Isidre. Line 2 went from València-Sud to Llíria, with some trains terminating in Paterna.

In May 1994 the tranvia line 4 opened. Valencia was the first city in Spain to use this mode of transport in modern era. Originally line 4 was 9.7 kilometres (6.0 mi) long and had 21 stations. The line connected the suburban lines with high demand zones such as the Polytechnic University, the new university campus and the Malvarosa beach, which the former line Empalme - Pont de Fusta - El Grau had connected before. One year later, in May 1995, line 3 was extended from El Palmaret in Alboraria to Alameda. The extension reused the older railway line Pont de Fusta-Rafelbunyol, of which part was scrapped (between Pont de Fusta - Sant Llorenç - El Palmaret), and the rest was switched from 750 V to 1500 V.

Further alterations followed five years later. On 16 September 1998, line 2 was merged with line 1, and Line 3 was extended from Alameda to Avinguda del Cid in the west and Torrent in the south with some trains only going as far as Jesús. Half a year later, on 20 May 1999, line 3 was extended from Avinguda del Cid to Mislata-Almassil.

Lines 5 and 6, and more extensions[edit]

In April 2003, the new line 5 was opened. This line took over the previous line 3 connection from Alameda to Torrent, together with a newly constructed branch from Alameda to Ayora 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi). (Although some very early morning trains still travel from Machado to Torrent, this is not represented on maps.) One year later, the new line 5 was extended, together with line 1, from Torrent to Torrent Avinguda, a distance of 2.3 kilometres (1.4 mi). On October 3, 2005, Bailén station was opened on line 5. This station is between Colón and Jesús, and has connections with València-Nord, the main railway station of València. Furthermore, Bailen is close to the Plaça d'Espanya station on line 1. In October 2005, line 4 was extended to Mas del Rosari, and on 20 December 2005 to Lloma Llarga-Terramelar.

On 2 April 2007, Line 5 was extended to the East to a new station Marítim-Serrería (originally planned as Jerónimo Monsoriu).

On 18 April 2007, Line 5 extended to the airport (Aeroport Station) in the west and to the Port (Neptú Station) in the east, this last section from Marítim-Serreria to Neptú is a tram section; the trains go from Aeroport to Marítim-Serrreria and then a tram operates between Marítim-Serreria and Neptú. Line 3 was extended to the Airport as well to cover the schedule limitations of line 5 to Aeroport station.

On 22 September 2007, Line 6 was opened, linking the neighbourhoods of Orriols and Torrefiel to the metro system for the first time. Additionally a new station "Torre del Virrei" was added to Line 1. It is situated between the stations of "L'Eliana" and "La Pobla de Vallbona".

On 12 December 2010, the two overground line 4 stations in the municipality of Alboraya, Alboraya and Palmaret, were replaced by the subterranean stations of Alboraya - Peris Aragó and Alboraya - Palmaret. On Line 1, the station of Jesus was renamed Joaquin Sorolla, while the Hospital station was renamed Safranar.

On 6 March 2015, a 4-station extension to Riba-roja de Túria was opened. This followed the path of a regional train line, which had been closed in 2005.[7]

In April 2015, the metro map was redrawn, with several of the branches split into separate lines, increasing the number of lines to 9.[8]

Accidents[edit]

Accident occurred on 9 September 2005

Between 2002 and the first quarter of 2012, 83 accidents had occurred on the network, costing the lives of 56 people.[9]

On 9 September 2005, two trains crashed into each other on Line 1. Nobody was killed, but according to early reports 35 people were injured, 4 of whom were taken to hospital, their condition described as serious. The first train had been stationary waiting for a red signal. The second used its emergency brakes to avoid a collision, but was hit by a third train. The force of the impact severely damaged the drivers' cabs at the front of the last train and at the rear of the second train. The crash occurred between Paiporta and Picanya about 5 km south-east of the city centre. The 3729 and 3730 EMUs are now a single EMU with 3729A and the 3730A cars, the 'B' cars were severely damaged and are currently at València-Sud workshop, waiting to be scrapped.

The date 3 July 2006 was a dark day for the Valencia metro. In a severe accident, a two-car EMU derailed between Jesús and Plaça d'Espanya stations. At least 43 people were killed and 52 injured. It was the worst metro accident in Spanish history.

Future service[edit]

Three more lines are planned to be opened in upcoming years. The Tavernes Blanques - Natzaret metro line is under construction and partially completed, though as of June 2012, work is halted due to the Spanish economic crisis.

Terminals Service type Comments
Tavernes Blanques (South) - Natzaret Underground + tramway Under construction. Completion date TBD.
Faitanar/Bonaire - La Fe/Silla Underground + tramway Project.
Port Saplaya - Marítim Serrería Tramway Project.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Local pronunciation:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Metrovalencia at Wikimedia Commons