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BursaRay logo.png
Bursa Tramvayı.jpg
Locale Bursa, Marmara, Turkey
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 2
Number of stations 38[1]
Annual ridership 91.25 million (2012)
Website Burulaş - Bursaray
Began operation 24 April 2002
Operator(s) Burulaş
Number of vehicles 122 cars (total)[2]
(48 Siemens Type B80,
30 Bombardier Flexity Swift,
44 Düwag SG2)
System length 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[1][3]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge[3]
Electrification 1,500 V DC
Average speed 34 km/h (21 mph)
24 km/h (15 mph) (Line 1 branch)[3]
Top speed 70 km/h (43 mph)[3]
50 km/h (31 mph) (Line 1 branch)[3]
System map

System map of Bursaray.

Bursaray (sometimes stylized as BursaRay) is a rapid transit system in the city of Bursa, Marmara Region, Turkey, built in 2000 by TÜVASAŞ, and operated by Burulaş. The name Bursaray is a portmanteau of Bursa, and Ray, the Turkish word for "rail". The Bursaray metro opened for passenger service on 24 April 2002. The metro system presently consists of two lines, which share a main line in the east, and branch into two lines at the western end of the system.

It is planned to expand the Bursaray system to a 50-kilometer (31 mi) network in the future.[citation needed]


24 Apr 2002: passenger trial service begins
19 Aug 2002: official opening of first line: Sehreküstü - Kücük Sanayi (Hipodrom)
02 Jan 2005: construction work begins on BursaRay Phase 1 Stage B
06 Apr 2008: extension east from Sehreküstü - Arabayatagi (i.e. BursaRay Phase 1 Stage B enters service)
28 Oct 2008: Phase 2 construction work begins
24 Dec 2010: extension: Phase 2, Kücük Sanayi (Hipodrom) - Özlüce (2.9 km), enters service
19 Sep 2011: extension: Phase 2, Özlüce - Üniversite (3.6 km)
15 Dec 2011: extension: Phase 2, Organize Sanayi (1050 Konutlar) - Emek (2.5 km)
19 Mar 2014: extension: Phase 3, Arabayatagi - Otosansit (4.4 km)
27 Mar 2014: extension: Phase 3, Otosansit - Gürsu (2.0 km)
05 Jun 2014: extension: completion of Phase 3, Gürsu - Kestel[4] (1.5 km)


The Bursaray system is made up of two lines that operate on 38.9 kilometers (24.2 mi) of route, serving 38 stations (7 of which are underground stations).[1][3]

The track gauge is similar to all Turkish metro systems (such as in Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir and Adana); the entire network consists of standard gauge rail of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in).[3]

Station platforms are 120 meters (390 ft) long, and 92 centimeters (3.02 ft) high; most stations use island platforms.[3]

Rolling stock[edit]

A total of 48 cars of the B80 type (27.7-meter (91 ft) long) were delivered by Siemens[2] (in collaboration with the local company TÜVASAŞ). Siemens TS supplied the signalling automation systems and the power supply system.

Later the fleet was enlarged with 30 Bombardier[2] Flexity Swift light rail cars (similar to those on the U5 line on the Frankfurt U-Bahn) from Bombardier. After that, Burulas purchased 44 used 'Sneltram' DÜWAG SG2 (Duewag T-cars) from Rotterdam;[2] 25 of which were placed in service while the other 19 were used to provide spare parts as needed.

All the system's cars are air-conditioned. On Line 1 only units of three-car trains are used; four-car trains are used on Line 2.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "BURSARAY GÜZERGAHI" [BURSARAY ITINERARY] (in Turkish). Burulaş Bursa Ulaşım Toplu Taşım İşletmeciliği Turizm San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. [Burulaş Bursa Transportation Mass Transit Administration Tourism Industry. Ve Tic. Inc.] Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  2. ^ a b c d "BursaRay Rotterdam Araçları ve Burulaş (ÖZEL HABER)" [BursaRay Rotterdam Vehicles to Burulaş (SPECIAL NEWS)]. RayHaber (in Turkish). 24 November 2012. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "BURSARAY TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [BURSARAY TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Burulaş Bursa Ulaşım Toplu Taşım İşletmeciliği Turizm San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. [Burulaş Bursa Transportation Mass Transit Administration Tourism Industry. Ve Tic. Inc.] Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  4. ^ "BursaRay Kestel etabında son üç istasyon da hizmete açıldı" [BursaRay Kestel extension opens the last three stations]. Cihan (in Turkish). 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°11′N 29°03′E / 40.183°N 29.050°E / 40.183; 29.050