Sofia Metro

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Sofia Metro
Sofia Metro Logo.svg
Krasno Selo metrostation.jpg
The platform of Krasno Selo Metro Station at the day of the opening of line M3 (26 August 2020)
Overview
Native nameBulgarian: Софийско метро
OwnerCity of Sofia
LocaleSofia, Bulgaria
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4[1]
Number of stations43[1][2]
Daily ridership350,000[3]
Chief executiveStoyan Bratoev
Websitewww.metropolitan.bg
Operation
Began operation28 January 1998 (1998-01-28)[1]
Operator(s)Metropoliten JSC
Number of vehicles72
Technical
System length48.0 km (29.8 mi)[1][2]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification825 V DC (third rail, M1/M2/M4)
1500 V DC (overhead lines, M3/M5)
Average speed40 km/h (25 mph)[4]
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)[5]
System map

Sofia Metro-Map.png

The Sofia Metro (Bulgarian: Софийски метрополитен, translit. Sofiyski metropoliten, also colloquially called Софийско метро, translit. Sofiyskо metro) is the rapid transit network servicing the Bulgarian capital city Sofia. It began operation on 28 January 1998.[1] As of August 2020, the Sofia Metro consists of four interconnected lines, serving 43 stations, with a total route length of 48.0 kilometres (29.8 mi)[1][6][7][2] being among the top 20 of the most extensive European metro systems, ranking 19th as of 2020. The Metro links the densely populated districts of LyulinMladost (M1 line – Red) and NadezhdaLozenets (M2 line – Blue), and serves the Sofia Airport.[8][9]

History[edit]

Planned since the 1960s, construction of the Metro was not officially launched until the late 1990s mainly because the city did not experience an urgent need for an underground system in addition to the stalled construction due to lack of sufficient funding. Another factor was the depth at which the construction works had to be carried out: being one of the oldest cities in Europe, Sofia contains many historical layers underneath its central areas. Evidence of antiquity can be clearly seen at the Serdika Station which exhibits a wealth of unearthed Thracian and Roman ruins and modern architecture. During the construction of the enormous complex of the National Palace of Culture two stations forming part of the then future M2 line and their connecting tunnels were built.

The construction of the system began from the route that sees the highest volumes of passenger traffic, that can easily reach up to 38,000 at rush hour.[10]

Lines[edit]

Due to an increased population, there are a large number of passengers heading toward the city center during weekday mornings, and away from the city centre in the weekday evenings. The necessity of efficient public transport in the direction of the largest passenger flows, transport, and Sofia's environmental problems precipitated the start of the construction of the Sofia Metro. Following the ratification of a technical and economic report on the metro by the Council of Ministers of Bulgaria, and the subsequently approved General City Plan, the general scheme for the development of the lines should consist of three diameters with extensions in the periphery, with a total length of 62 kilometres (39 mi), 63 metro stations, and a 1.1 million daily passenger capacity at the final stage of implementation.[11]

Line Icon Opened Current length
(km [mi])
Current stations U/C length
(km [mi])
U/C stations Planned length
(km [mi])
Planned stations
M1 Sofia-metro-lines-01.svg 1998 14.8 (9.2) 16 0 (0.0) 17.7 (11.0) 19[citation needed]
M2 Sofia-metro-lines-02.svg 2012 11.4 (7.1) 13 0 (0.0) 18 (11.2) 18[citation needed]
M3 Sofia-metro-lines-03.svg 2020 7.8 (4.8) 8 4 (2.5) 4 17.8 (11.1) 18[citation needed]
M4 Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg 2015 26.1 (16.2) 20 26.1 (16.2) 20[citation needed]
Total: 48.0 (29.8) 43 4 (2.5) 4 79.6 (49.5) 75[citation needed]

M1 line (Red)[edit]

M1 line
All stations are wheelchair accessible
Obelya Depot
Slivnitsa
Bus interchange
Lyulin
Tram interchange
Zapaden Park
Tram interchange
Suhodolska River
Vardar
Tram interchange
Konstantin Velichkov
Tram interchange
Opalchenska
Serdika
Tram interchange
SU St. Kliment Ohridski
Trolleybus
Vasil Levski Stadium
Tram interchange
Joliot-Curie
Tram interchange
Novachitsa River
G.M.Dimitrov
Bus interchange
Musagenitsa
Darvenishka River
Mladost 1
Trolleybus
Aleksandar Malinov
Akademik Aleksandar
Teodorov - Balan
Banishka River
Business Park Sofia
Sofia Park
Banishka River
Malinova Dolina
Station names in italics
are not confirmed.
Detailed track map
Down arrow M1M4 Up arrow
Moderno predgradie
(proposed)
Mainline rail interchange
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Dragoman/Radomir/Bankya
 
↑Opened 2003↑
to Depot
 
↓Opened 1998↓
0'
Slivnitsa
2'
Lyulin
4'
Zapaden Park
Suhodolska
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Pernik-Kulata/Kyustendil
7'
Vardar
9'
Konstantin Velichkov
 
↓Opened 1999↓
11'
Opalchenska
 
↓Opened 2000↓
13'
Serdika Bulbank parking
Serdika II
M2 to Obelya/Vitosha
 
 
↓Opened 2009↓
15'
17'
Vasil Levski Stadium Stadium parking
21'
Joliot-Curie Interpred parking
WTC
Novachitsa
23'
G.M.Dimitrov
24'
Musagenitsa
Darvenishka
26'
Mladost 1
00'
00'
 
↓Opened 2012↓
 
29'
Mladost 3
31'
Parking
 
↓Opened 2015↓
33'
Druzhba
36'
Iskarsko shose Train station parking Mainline rail interchange
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Ihtiman/Karlovo
38'
Sofiyska Sveta gora
40'
Sofia Airport Airport parking Sofia Airport
Terminal 2
Airport branch end
00'
 
↓Opened 2015↓
 
28'
Aleksandar Malinov
30'
Banishka
32'
Business Park Sofia Parking
Mladost branch end

The first 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) long section of M1 line consisting of five stations linking Slivnitsa Boulevard through Lyulin and K. Velichkov Boulevard was inaugurated on 28 January 1998. Opalchenska station entered into service on 17 September 1999 and Serdika station situated on St Nedelya Square followed on 31 October 2000, extending the total system length to 8.1 kilometres (5.0 mi). The operational section of the line was further extended with a 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) long section, reaching Obelya housing estate in April 2003.

The extension of M1 line continued in 2005 with the start of the construction of 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) of tunnels and three stations linking St Nedelya Square and the Interped World Trade Center in Izgrev (station Frédéric Joliot-Curie). 2006 saw the start of the construction of another section of the same line (consisting of 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi) of tunnels and three stations) linking Izgrev and Mladost I housing estate. The completion of the first three stations was projected for the autumn of 2007, however as a result of various delays it was the second section from the first line (Vasil Levski stadium – Mladost 1) that first entered into service on 8 May 2009, operating for a brief period of time separately from the north-west portion of the line. The remaining section between Serdika and Vasil Levski stadium station finally entered into service on 7 September 2009[12] establishing an uninterrupted link between Obelya and Mladost 1 stations.

The construction of the stretch from Mladost I to Business Park Sofia station (2.62 kilometres (1.63 mi), three underground stations) began on 25 April 2013, and was completed on 8 May 2015.[7][13] It cost BGN 85,767,683 (EUR 43,852,320), VAT exclusive, and serves the majority of the second most densely populated area in Sofia.[14][15]

Station Image In service since Exits Intermodality Location
Slivnitsa

(Сливница)

Slivnitsa Metrostation.jpg 28 January 1998 4 Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg

first station of the section, shared with M4

On the intersection of Slivnitsa Blvd and Pancho Vladigerov Blvd
Lyulin

(Люлин)

Lyulin Metrostation.jpg 28 January 1998 4 On Tsaritsa Yoanna Blvd in Lyulin
Zapaden Park

(Западен парк)

Zapaden park.jpg 28 January 1998 8 On the intersection of Tsaritsa Yoanna Blvd and Dr. Petar Dertliev Blvd
Vardar

(Вардар)

Vardar Metrostation.jpg 28 January 1998 6 On the intersection of Tsaritsa Yoanna Blvd and Vardar Blvd
Konstantin Velichkov

(Константин Величков)

K.Velichkov Metrostation.jpg 28 January 1998 3 On the intersection of Todor Aleksandrov Blvd and Konstantin Velichkov Blvd
Opalchenska

(Опълченска)

Opalchenska Metrostation.jpg 17 September 1999 6 On the intersection of Todor Aleksandrov Blvd and Opalchenska St
Serdica

(Сердика)

Serdika stantion.jpg 31 October 2000 12 Sofia-metro-lines-02.svg Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg On the Intersection of Todor Aleksandrov Blvd and Knyaginya Maria Luisa Blvd
Sofia University Sveti Kliment Ohridski

(СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“)

Metrostation-Sofia-University-4.JPG 7 September 2009 13 Sofia-metro-lines-03.svg Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg On Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd in front of Sofia University
Vasil Levski Stadium

(Стадион „Васил Левски“)

Vasil Levski Stadium Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2009 2 In the north-eastern tip of Borisova gradina park, near the Vasil Levski National Stadium
Frédéric Joliot-Curie

(Фр. Жолио Кюри)

Joliot-Curie Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2009 2 Yug Bus Station On Dragan Tsankov Blvd in Iztok
G.M.Dimitrov

(Г. М. Димитров)

G.M.Dimitrov Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2009 4 On the intersection of G.M.Dimitrov Blvd and Dragan Tsankov Blvd
Musagenitsa

(Мусагеница)

Musagenitsa.JPG 8 May 2009 1 On the western end of the Prof. Marko Semov Blvd bridge
Mladost I

(Младост I)

Metrostation Mladost 1.JPG 8 May 2009 5 Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg

last station of the section, shared with M4

On the intersection of Jerusalem St and Andrey Sakharov Blvd
Aleksandar Malinov

(Александър Малинов)

Alexander Malinov Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2015 6 On the intersection of Aleksandrov Malinov Blvd and Andrey Lyapchev Blvd in Mladost II and Mladost III
Akad. Aleksandar Teodorov-Balan

(Акад. Александър Теодоров-Балан)

Al. Teodorov Balan Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2015 6 On the intersection of Aleksandrov Malinov Blvd and akad. Al. Teodorov-Balan Blvd in Mladost II and Mladost III
Business Park

(Бизнес Парк)

Business park Sofia Metrostation.jpg 8 May 2015 4 Park and ride facility On ALeksandar Malinov Blvd, adjacent to Business Park Sofia in Mladost IV
Sofia Park (София парк) proposed near Sofia Park (ж.к. "София парк") and Sofia Ring Road[16]
Malinova Dolina (Малинова долина) proposed near Sofia Ring Mall and Sofia Ring Road[17]

M2 and M4 lines (Blue/Yellow)[edit]

M2 and M4 lines
All stations are wheelchair accessible
Mainline rail interchange
Moderno predgradie
(proposed)
Obelya
Lomsko shose
Up arrow cont. as M2
Down arrow cont. as M4
Slivnitsa
Beli Dunav
Lyulin
Nadezhda
Zapaden Park
Han Kubrat
Vardar
Knyaginya Maria Luiza
Konstantin Velichkov
Central Railway Mainline rail interchange
Opalchenska
Lavov most
Serdika
Serdika II
NDK
SU St. Kliment Ohridski
European Union
Vasil Levski Stadium
James Bourchier
Joliot-Curie
Vitosha
G.M.Dimitrov
Musagenitsa
Mladost 1
M1
Aleksandar Malinov
Mladost 3
Akademik Aleksandar
Teodorov - Balan
Inter Expo Center –
Tsarigradsko shose
Business Park Sofia
Druzhba
Iskarsko shose Mainline rail interchange
Sofiyska Sveta gora
Sofia Airport Sofia Airport
Detailed track map
line end
-8'
Vitosha
Paradise Mall parking
 
↑Opened 2016↑
-6'
James Bourchier Parking
-4'
European Union CCS Mall parking
built 1981
opened 2012
-2'
NDK NDK parking
built 1981
opened 2012
Serdika Bulbank parking
M1 to Slivnitsa/Business Park Sofia
 
0'
Serdika II
2'
Lavov most
3'
Central Railway Station
Parking Sofia Central Station Central Bus Station Sofia
5'
Knyaginya Maria Luiza
National Railways.jpg
BDŽ National Rail
to Pernik-Kulata/Kyustendil
National Railways.jpg
BDŽ National Rail
to Dragoman/Radomir/Bankya
00'
Future extension
 
00'
Ilyantsi branch
Lev Tolstoy
Svoboda
Iliyansko shose
Ilyantsi Parking
Ilyanysi branch end
7'
Han Kubrat
Suhodolska
9'
Nadezhda
11'
Beli Dunav Parking
13'
Lomsko shose
↑Opened 2012↑
 
15'
Obelya Open-air parking Public buses in Sofia
Kakach
Moderno predgradie
(proposed)
Mainline rail interchange
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Dragoman/Radomir/Bankya
 
↑Opened 2003↑
Down arrow RED line
to Depot
 
↓Opened 1998↓
-13'
Slivnitsa
-11'
Lyulin
-8'
Zapaden Park
Suhodolska
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Pernik-Kulata/Kyustendil
-6'
Vardar
-4'
Konstantin Velichkov
 
↓Opened 1999↓
-2'
Opalchenska
 
↓Opened 2000↓
0'
Serdika Bulbank parking
Serdika II
M2 to Obelya/Vitosha
 
 
↓Opened 2009↓
3'
5'
Vasil Levski Stadium Stadium parking
8'
Joliot-Curie Interpred parking
WTC
Novachitsa
10'
G.M.Dimitrov
12'
Musagenitsa
Darvenishka
14'
Mladost 1
00'
00'
 
↓Opened 2015↓
 
16'
Aleksandar Malinov
18'
Banishka
20'
Business Park Sofia Parking
Mladost branch end
00'
 
↓Opened 2012↓
 
16'
Mladost 3
18'
Parking
 
↓Opened 2015↓
20'
Druzhba
23'
Iskarsko shose Train station parking Mainline rail interchange
National Rail National Railways.jpg
to Ihtiman/Karlovo
25'
Sofiyska Sveta gora
27'
Sofia Airport Airport parking Sofia Airport
Terminal 2
Airport branch end

The second and fourth lines of the Sofia Metro links the districts of Obelya, Nadezhda, the city centre and Lozenets to the south of the city.[18] Half of the construction cost was covered by the European Union, with the remaining part funded by the state and city budgets.[18] Construction of the 6.4 km (4.0 mi) section between Nadezhda interchange and Lozenets district via Central railway station and the National Palace of Culture started on 14 December 2008. Work on the section between Obelya residential District and Nadezhda started in February 2010. Both sections of the line entered into service on 31 August 2012.[18]

NDK and European Union stations and their connecting tunnels were partly completed during the construction of the National Palace of Culture and the redevelopment of the surrounding area in the late 1970s and early 1980s.

The construction of Mladost 3 and Inter Expo Center - Tsarigradsko chaussée stations began on 15 February 2009 and was completed on 25 April 2012. The further extension to Sofia Airport comprising two underground and two overground stations and a length of 4.968 kilometres (3.087 mi) began in 2013,[13][19][20][21] and was completed on 2 April 2015 at the cost of BGN 136,757,630 (EUR 69,923,066), VAT exclusive.[8][9] This extension was briefly operated as a branch of M1 line, but was soon[when?] transferred to M2 line, moving that line's terminus from Obelya to Sofia Airport.

On 20 July 2016, the line was extended southward with 1.3 km (0.81 mi) and one station, Vitosha, located at Hladilnika neighbourhood.[2] The construction took 2 years.

Provisions have been made for the construction of future branch to Iliyantsi, starting from the existing junction located between Knyaginya Maria Luiza and Han Kubrat stations.

Splitting the line to M2 and M4[edit]

On 26 August 2020, the second line was split into two portions: the M2 line, running from Vitosha station to Obelya station and the M4 line, running from Obelya to Sofia Airport. The trains continue to run the length of both lines but on maps and other metro signage the M4 line is gradually being introduced. The split is in preparation to the future construction of the Moderno predgradie station, that is supposed to permanently separate the lines and will allow them to have independent timetables.

M2 line[edit]

Station Image In service since Exists Intermodality Location
Obelya

(Обеля)

EstacionObeliaMetroSofia.jpg 20 April 2003 2 Sofia-metro-lines-04.svgtrains arriving from Vitosha station continue as M4 trains to Sofia Airport. Trains, arriving as M4 trains from Sofia Airport continue as M2 trains to Vitosha In Obelya over the Kakach river
Lomsko shose

(Ломско шосе)

Ломско Шосе.jpg 31 August 2012 4 On Lomsko shose Blvd in Vrabnitsa
Beli Dunav

(Бели Дунав)

Бели дунав.jpg 31 August 2012 4 Park and ride facility On Lomsko shose Blvd and Beli Dunav St, between Nadezhda and Vrabnitsa
Nadezhda

(Надежда)

Nadejda - 001.jpg 31 August 2012 2 On Lomsko shose Blvd, between Nadezhda I and Nadezhda II
Han Kubrat

(Хан Кубрат)

Кан Кубрат.jpg 31 August 2012 4 On Lomsko shose, north of nadlez Nadezhda in Triagalnika
Knyaginya Maria Luiza

(Княгиня Мария Луиза)

Княгиня Мария Луиза.jpg 31 August 2012 4 On Knyaginya Maria Luisa Blvd, south of nadlez Nadezhda in Banishora
Central Railway Station

(Централна ж.п. гара)

Централна гара.jpg 31 August 2012 15 BDZ trains, Intercity and international buses On Knyaginya Maria Luisa Blvd, in front of Sofia Central Station and Central Bus Station Sofia
Lavov Most

(Лъвов мост)

Лъвов мост.jpg 31 August 2012 4 On Knyaginya Maria Luisa Blvd, north of Lavov Most
Serdica II

(Сердика II)

Сердика 2.jpg 31 August 2012 12 Sofia-metro-lines-01.svg Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg On Knyaginya Maria Luisa Blvd, in front of Central Hali
National Palace of Culture

(Национален дворец на културата)

Национален дворец на културата.jpg 31 August 2012 11 Sofia-metro-lines-03.svg In the northern end of the park of the National Palace of Culture
European Union

(Европейски съюз)[22]

Европейски съюз.jpg 31 August 2012 6 On Cherni vrah Blvd, near Earth and Man National Museum and City Center Sofia
James Bourchier

(Джеймс Баучер)

Джеймс Баучер.jpg 31 August 2012 4 On James Bourchier Blvd in Lozenets
Vitosha

(Витоша)

Метростанция „Витоша“.jpg 20 July 2016 6 On Cherni vrah Blvd, near Paradise Center in Hladilnika
Cherni vrah (Черни връх) planned On Cherni vrah Blvd in Krastova vada
Dragalevtsi (Драгалевци) planned On Sofia Ring Road's interchange with Cherni vrah Blvd

M4 line[edit]

Station Image In service since Exits Intermodality Location
Obelya

(Обеля)

EstacionObeliaMetroSofia.jpg 20 April 2003 2 Sofia-metro-lines-02.svg

trains arriving from Vitosha station continue as M4 trains to Sofia Airport. Trains, arriving as M4 trains from Sofia Airport continue as M2 trains to Vitosha

Obelya - Mladost I section shared with M1 See M1 line
Mladost III

(Младост III)

Младост 3-вестибюл.jpg 25 April 2012 4 In Mladost III
Inter Expo Center - Tsarigradsko shose

(Интер Експо Център - Цариградско шосе)

Цариградско-вестибюл.jpg 25 April 2012 4 On Tsarigradsko shose near Inter Expo Center with a tunnel exit in Druzhba II
Druzhba

(Дружба)

Druzhba Metrostation.jpg 2 April 2015 7 Between Prof. Tsvetan Lazarov Blvd and Kapitan Dimitar Spisarevski St
Iskarsko shose

(Искърско шосе)

Iskarsko shose Metrostation.jpg 2 April 2015 6 BDZ trains on Iskarso shose Railway station On the intersection of Iskarsko shose Blvd and Krastyo Pastuhov Blvd
Sofiyska Sveta Gora

(Софийска Света гора)

Sofiyska Sveta Gora Metrostation.jpg 2 April 2015 2 In Iskar Industrial zone
Sofia Airport

(Летище София)

Sofia Airport Metro Station.JPG 2 April 2015 1 Sofia Airport, Terminal 2 The Departures gate of Sofia Airport, Terminal 2

M5 Iliyantsi branch (planned)[edit]

Station Image In service since Notes
Tolstoy (Толстой) planned will be servicing the Tolstoy housing estate
Svoboda (Свобода) planned will be servicing the Svoboda housing estate
Rozhen (Рожен) planned will be servicing area near Iliyantsi shopping center
Iliyantsi (Илиянци) planned will be servicing Iliyantsi housing estate
M5 Studentski grad branch (planned)[edit]

The Studentski grad branch is a recently planned branch, starting from Cherni vrah Blvd, passing through Vitosha quarter and entering Studentski grad and near Zimen dvorets complex. Exact route is not yet selected and construction horizon - not set.

M3 line (Green)[edit]

Line 3
Gorna Banya National Railways.jpg
Ovcha Kupel II
Miziya
Ovcha Kupel Tram interchange
Krasno Selo Tram interchange
Bulgaria
Medical University
NDK II NDK Metro Station
St. Patriarch Evtimiy
Orlov Most SU St. Kliment Ohridski Metro Station
Teatralna Tram interchange
Hadzhi Dimitar
Georgi Asparuhov Stadium
Trakiya
Vladimir Vazov

The 16 km (9.9 mi) long M3 line is planned to connect the Ovcha Kupel neighbourhood (in southwest Sofia) and the Vasil Levski neighbourhood (in northeast Sofia), with 16 stations in total, including two transfer stations in the city centre, with both of the already operational lines. The first 8 stations of the line entered service on 26 August 2020.[23]

There will be 8 aboveground and 11 underground stations. The project design contract was awarded to the Czech company Metroprojekt Praha a.s.[24][25][26]

In March 2014, a tender for construction of the central section of the line was announced. The section is 7 km (4.3 mi) long and includes 7 stations, two of them transfer to lines 1 and 2. With the announcement of the tender, it became clear that the initial plans for 19 stations had been partly amended and 2 of the stations, one at Doyran boulevard and another at Shipka street, will be not be built. The tunnel of the central section shall be excavated by a tunnel boring machine, while the construction of stations shall be awarded to other companies. The construction of the section shall be completed within 45 months.[27] In January 2015, a tender for 20 trains that shall serve the central section of the line was announced. Driverless train operation, with Grade of Automation 3 (GoA 3), and platform screen doors will ensure the safety of the passengers. Unlike Lines 1 and 2, where the trains collect power through a third rail, Line 3 trains will be equipped with pantographs.[28][29] CAF and Siemens applied bids in the tender for the trains,[30] with Siemens winning it.[31]

In early 2016, construction began on the third metro line of the Sofia Metro using the technology for classic underground metro with high-power support. Under construction are all metro stations in the central section, plus a few in the west and east of downtown Sofia. The third line of the Sofia Metro will have a total of 23 metro stations, as follows: 16 metro stations for the Main Line and 7 metro stations for the Eastern branch.[32][33][34]

Main Line (M3)[edit]

Station Image In service since Exits Intermodality Location
Vladimir Vazov

(Владимир Вазов)

planned Will be servicing Vasil Levski housing estate
Thrace

(Тракия)

planned Will be servicing Suhata Reka housing estate
Georgi Asparuhov Stadium

(Стадион „Георги Аспарухов”)

planned Will be servicing Stefan Karadzha housing estate near Georgi Asparuhov Stadium
Hadzhi Dimitar

(Хаджи Димитър)

Hadzhi Dimitar metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 2 Poduyane Bus Station On the intersection of Gen. Vladimir Vazov Blvd and Todorini kukli St in Hadzhi Dimitar
Teatralna

(Театрална)

Teatralna metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 2 near Poduyane Railway Station On the intersection of Evlogi i Hristo Georgievi Blvd and Madrid Blvd, near Zaimov park
Orlov Most

(Орлов мост)

Orlov Most metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 13 Sofia-metro-lines-01.svg Sofia-metro-lines-04.svg In Knyazheska gradina park. The station is connected with Sofia University Sveti Kliement Ohridski station
Sveti Patriarh Evtimiy

(Св. Патриарх Евтимий)

Patriarh Evtimiy metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 3 On Patriarh Evtimiy Sq
National Palace of Culture II

(Национален дворец на културата II)

National Palace of Culture II metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 11 Sofia-metro-lines-02.svg On the intersection of Patriarh Evtimiy Blvd and Vitosha Blvd
Medical University

(Медицински университет)

Medical University metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 5 On the intersection of Praha Blvd and Georgi Sofiyski St
Bulgaria

(България)

Bulgaria metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 7 On the intersection of Bulgaria Blvd and Akad. I. E. Geshov Blvd
Krasno Selo

(Красно Село)

Krasno Selo metrostation.jpg 26 August 2020[35] 4 On the intersection of Tsar Boris III Blvd and Zhitnitsa St
Ovcha kupel (Овча купел) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel 1 housing estate
Moesia (Мизия) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel housing estate
Ovcha kupel II (Овча купел II) Under Construction (2020) Will be servicing Ovcha Kupel 2 housing estate
Gorna banya (Горна баня) Under Construction (2020) will be servicing Gorna Banya housing estate

M6 branch to Slatina[edit]

Station Image In service since Notes
Voenna Akademiya (Военна академия) planned will be servicing Poduyane and Yavorov housing estates
Geo Milev (Гео Милев) planned will be servicing Geo Milev and Reduta housing estates
Slatina (Слатина) planned will be servicing Slatina and Hristo Smirnenski housing estates
Asen Yordanov (Асен Йорданов) planned will be servicing the area near "CSKA Cherveno Zname" sports center
Arena Armeec (Арена Армеец) planned will be servicing the Arena Armeec sports hall and Sofia Tech Park
Poligona - The Mall (Полигона - Дъ Мол) planned will be servicing the area near The Mall (Sofia) and Poligona housing estate

Fares and ticketing[edit]

The price of a single ticket is 1.60 lev, equivalent to ~0.82 euro. It can be issued either by a cashier, or by a vending machine. When obtained, the single ticket must be validated within 30 minutes at a validator. Pre-paid RFID (MIFARE Classic) card also could be bought (at a price of 2 levs) with minimum 10 pre-paid rides (at a price of 12 levs for 10 pre-paid rides). Daily and monthly cards are also available.[36]

Rolling stock[edit]

The system uses two types of rolling stock, both made in Russia.

The older train sets, type 81-717/714, have been manufactured by Metrovagonmash in Mytishchi near Moscow and consisted of 48 carriages in total. They were delivered in 1990 – some 8 years prior to the opening of the first section of the system. In 2020 the first train sets of this type were refurbished and went into service.[37]

The second generation of rolling stock, type 81-740/741 "Rusich", have also been manufactured by Metrovagonmash. The delivery of this type commenced in 2005. With line M2 now in service, 40 more trains of this type were delivered by the end of 2013.[18]

The third generation of rolling stock, Siemens Inspiro 20 three-car sets were delivered in 2018 and are serving the M3 line.[38]

Ridership[edit]

Sofia Metro ridership
Year Passengers per day Change Metro Stations
1998 10,000[39] Initial 5
1999 40,000[citation needed] 6
2000 70,000[39] Increase70.0 7
2001 80,000[citation needed] 7
2002 90,000[40] Increase28.6 7
2003 80,000[10] Decrease11.1 8
2004 75,000[citation needed] 8
2005 70,000[41] Decrease12.5 8
2006 80,000[citation needed] 8
2007 90,000[42] Increase28.6 8
2008 76,000[43] Decrease15.6 8
2009 201,000[44] Increase264.5 14
2010 187,000[45] Decrease7.0 14
2011 190,000[46] Increase1.6 14
2012 350,000[47] Increase84.2 27
2013 280,000[48] Decrease20.0 27
2014 320,000[48] Increase14.3 27
2015 335,000[49] Increase4.7 34
2016 350,000[49](proposed) Increase4.5 35
2017 350,000[3] Steady 35
2018 350,000[3] Steady 35
2019 350,000[3] Steady 35
2020 43

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "General Info about Sofia Metro". MetroSofia.com. 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Sofia subway launches 1.3 km section with one station". See News. 20 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d [1]
  4. ^ "Открит е нов участък от софийското метро – МС "Цариградско шосе" – МС "Летище София" (in Bulgarian). Метрополитен София. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Открит е нов участък от софийското метро – МС "Цариградско шосе" – МС "Летище София" (in Bulgarian). Метрополитен София. Archived from the original on 27 January 2016. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Председателят на комисията Жозе Мануел Барозу ще пререже лентата на втория лъч на подземната железница" [We want the [European Commission (EC)] 800 million for the third metro line] (in Bulgarian). Строител. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Subway Extension to Business Park Sofia Opens". Novinite. 8 May 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Subway Trains to Sofia Airport Start Running at 1 pm on April 2". novinite.com. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b "Sofia airport metro link opens". Railway Gazette International. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.
  10. ^ a b Metropolitan Sofia – General Information
  11. ^ "Metropolitan Sofia – General Scheme". Archived from the original on 16 July 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  12. ^ "Sofia Metro links east and west Sofia suburbs". Sofia Echo. 7 September 2009.
  13. ^ a b Stoyanov, Assen (2 March 2015). "Testing begins on Sofia metro extensions". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  14. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Construction
  15. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 S. Branch Supervision
  16. ^ Спаси метрото
  17. ^ "Sofia Municipal Expert Spatial Development Council (MESDC)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d "Free rides celebrate opening of Sofia metro Line 2". Railway Gazette International. 31 August 2012.
  19. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Construction Positions 1 & 2
  20. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Construction Position 3
  21. ^ Public Procurement Agency Portal - L1 N. Branch Supervision
  22. ^ http://media.snimka.bg/s1/0817/027878246.jpg
  23. ^ https://www.novinite.com/articles/203047/When+will+the+Third+Sofia+Metro+Line+be+Launched%3F
  24. ^ O.P. Transport: Third Metro Diameter Archived 20 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Bulgarian) BNT, 29 November 2011. Retrieved 30 Sep 2012.
  25. ^ Metroprojekt – History (2011–Future) Archived 30 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine Metroprojekt.cz – Retrieved 30 September 2012.
  26. ^ METRORAIL 2013 Presentation Archived 30 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine Metroprojekt.cz
  27. ^ "ОБЯВЛЕНИЕ ЗА ПОРЪЧКА" (in Bulgarian). metropoliten via AOP.
  28. ^ "Кметът на гр. София провери напредъка в изпълнението на участък "Младост 1 – бул. Цариградско шосе"" (in Bulgarian). Metropoliten. Archived from the original on 6 June 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  29. ^ "Третият лъч на метрото зад стъкло срещу инциденти" (in Bulgarian). Trud Newspapers. 14 January 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  30. ^ "CAF and Siemens compete for Sofia metro deal". think-railways.com. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  31. ^ ""Метрополитен" избра "Сименс" за влаковете по трети метродиаметър" (in Bulgarian). infrastructure.bg. 22 August 2015.
  32. ^ Метрото за „Слатина“ ще тръгва от „Орлов мост“ и ще стига до The Mall
  33. ^ Разклонението на третия метролъч ще тръгва от "Орлов мост" и ще стига до The Mall
  34. ^ 243 млн. лв. за строителство на 12 метростанции и 12 километра трасе през 2017 г.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h "Откриват третата линия на столичното метро на 26 август". Economy.bg (in Bulgarian).
  36. ^ "Information for citizens". Metropolitan. Archived from the original on 30 August 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
  37. ^ "Stolica.bg - Обновени и модерни метровлакове тръгват през март по линии 1 и 2".
  38. ^ Newag and Siemens present first Sofia Line 3 metro train
  39. ^ a b Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 61 — ISBN 954-91420-1-9
  40. ^ Стоян Братоев Софийски метрополитен. — София: Нота Бене, 2004. — p. 14 — ISBN 954-91420-1-9
  41. ^ "Метрото ще вози милион пътници". Standart. 18 July 2005.
  42. ^ "Паркинги на три етажа в метрото". fakti.bg. 30 March 2007.
  43. ^ "Намаляват пътниците в градския транспорт". money.bg. 18 February 2009.
  44. ^ "Столичното метро постави рекорд - 201 хиляди пътници за един ден". BNT. 21 December 2009.[permanent dead link]
  45. ^ "Колата измести градския транспорт". monitor.bg. 24 April 2010. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014.
  46. ^ "400 хиляди пътници на ден ще пътуват с метро от 2012 година". TV7. 19 June 2011. Archived from the original on 3 August 2013.
  47. ^ "Между 15 и 20% от стойността на метрото са за системите за управление". stroitelstvo.info. 3 December 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014.
  48. ^ a b Столичното метро ще се движи на по-чести интервали от април
  49. ^ a b New Sofia Metro Station Opens, Adding 15 000 Passengers - See more at: http://www.novinite.com/articles/175553/New+Sofia+Metro+Station+to+Open%2C+Adding+15+000+Passengers#sthash.TmfyPRaE.dpuf

External links[edit]