Metropolitan Life North Building

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Metropolitan Life North Building
Metropolitan Life North Building, Manhattan, New York City.jpg
General information
Location 11-25 Madison Avenue, Manhattan, New York 10010
Coordinates 40°44′29.6″N 73°59′11.6″W / 40.741556°N 73.986556°W / 40.741556; -73.986556Coordinates: 40°44′29.6″N 73°59′11.6″W / 40.741556°N 73.986556°W / 40.741556; -73.986556
Construction started 1928
Completed 1950
Height
Roof 137.5 m (451 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 30

The Metropolitan Life North Building, now known as Eleven Madison, is a 30-story art deco skyscraper on Madison Square Park in Manhattan, New York City, at 11-25 Madison Avenue. The building is bordered by East 24th Street, Madison Avenue, East 25th Street and Park Avenue South, and is connected by an elevated walkway to the Met Life Tower just south of it. The building replaced the Madison Square Presbyterian Church, which was designed by Stanford White of McKim, Mead and White, and had been completed only 13 years before. As part of the Metropolitan Life Home Office Complex, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 19, 1996.[1]

History[edit]

The North Building and the Met Life Tower as seen from West 24th Street off of Fifth Avenue, with Madison Square Park in the foreground

The North Building was designed in the 1920s by Harvey Wiley Corbett and Dan Everett Waid [2] as a 100-story skyscraper that would have been the tallest building in the world. However, due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and onset of the Great Depression, the construction was halted at floor 29 in 1933.[3] Metropolitan Life had originally planned to have a 100-story tower, and the existing building was constructed to be strong enough to support extra floors. Still, when construction was completed on the 25-story "base" in 1950, there were no plans to build the extra stories.[3] The original plans were to include an entrance to the 23rd Street subway station, but the entrance was ultimately built one block south, on 23rd Street, with an entrance through the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower at One Madison Avenue.

The building, which has 2,200,000 square feet (200,000 m2) of space,[2] was constructed in three stages,[2] and was finally completed in 1950. It is finished on the outside with Alabama limestone and marble detailing, and marble in the lobbies. The building features four vaulted corner entrances,[4] and its bulk is mitigated by numerous setbacks[2] and its polygonal shape.[4] The building contains 30 elevators, enough to serve the originally-planned 100 floors.

From 1994-1997, the building, which has served time as Met Life's records warehouse,[4] had its interior redesigned by Haines Lundberg Waehler and the exterior renovated, all at the cost of $300 million. It is now owned by the Sapir Organization and primarily occupied by Credit Suisse, with the Chef Daniel Humm and Will Guidara restaurant Eleven Madison Park occupying street-level retail space on Madison Avenue.[2] In early 2016, Sony Corporation of America plans to move into the building, after their lease expires at 550 Madison Avenue, which was acquired by Cherit Group.[5]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mendelsohn, Joyce. Touring the Flatiron. New York: New York Landmarks Conservancy, 1998. ISBN 0-964-7061-2-1
  3. ^ a b Gray, Christopher (May 26, 1996). "Streetscapes: Metropolitan Life at 1 Madison Avenue; For a Brief Moment, the Tallest Building in the World". The New York Times. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5. 
  5. ^ Delaporte, Gus (24 February 2014). "Sony Makes 11 Madison Avenue Deal Official". Commercial Observer. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c Alleman, Richard. The Movie Lover's Guide to New York. New York: Harper & Row, 1988. ISBN 0060960809 p.160

External links[edit]