Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

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Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1991
Leadership
Andrian Candu, PDM
Since January 23, 2015
Structure
Seats101
Parliament of Moldova 2017.svg
Political groups
Government (50)
  •      PDM (42)
  •      PPEM (8)

Opposition (44)

  •      PSRM (24)
  •      PL (9)
  •      PCRM (6)
  •      PLDM (5)

Crossbench (7)

Elections
Last election
30 November 2014
Next election
24 February 2019
Meeting place
Interiorul Parlamentului RM (Ziua uşilor deschise).jpg
Palace of the Parliament, Chişinău, Moldova
Website
http://www.parlament.md/
Coat of arms of Moldova.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Moldova
Administrative divisions

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected deputies on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes. Nowadays this function is fulfilled by DPM deputy Andrian Candu.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova, on a proposal of the Central Electoral Commission, decides to validate or invalidate the mandate of deputy. The mandate is invalid in the case of violation of electoral legislation. The Parliament is meeting at the convening of the Speaker of the Parliament within 30 days of the elections. Parliament's mandate is prolonged until the legal meeting of the new composition. During this period the Constitution cannot be amended and organic laws cannot be adopted, amended or abrogated [1].

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the successor of the Supreme Soviet of the Moldovan SSR.

Apparatus[edit]

The Parliament staff ensures an organizational, informational and technological assistance to activity of the Parliament, the Standing Bureau, standing committees, parliamentary factions and of deputies. The structure and the personal record of the parliament staff are approved by the Parliament.

Legislative procedure[edit]

According to the Constitution of Moldova (1994), the Parliament is the supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state. The right of legislative initiative belongs to the Members of Parliament, to the Speaker (excepting proposals to revise the Constitution) and to the Government. In exercise of this right MPs and the President of the state present to Parliament draft papers and legislative proposals, while the Government presents draft papers.

Parliamentary fractions[edit]

In order to form the working bodies and to organize the activity of the parliament, deputies form parliamentary factions composed of at least 5 deputies elected on the basis of lists of electoral contestants, as well as parliamentary factions with the same numerical composition as independent deputies. The parliamentary factions are constituted within 10 days after the legal constitution of the parliament. The 101 deputies elected on November 30, 2014 voting constituted 5 parliamentary factions [2]:

Fraction Party chairman The leader of the faction Number of deputies
     Democratic Party of Moldova Vladimir Plahotniuc Marian Lupu 42
     Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova Zinaida Greceanîi Zinaida Greceanîi 24
     European People's Party of Moldova Iurie Leancă Eugen Carpov 8
     Liberal Party Mihai Ghimpu Mihai Ghimpu 9
     Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova Vladimir Voronin Inna Șupac 6
     Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova Viorel Cibotaru Tudor Deliu 5
     Non affiliated members 7

Election results[edit]

Structure of former legislatures[edit]

Moldovan Parliament 1994–1998[edit]

56 28 11 9
PDAM BePSMUE BTI BeAFPCD

Moldovan Parliament 1998–2001[edit]

40 26 24 11
PCRM Democratic Convention Dem. & Prosperous PFD

Moldovan Parliament 2001–2005[edit]

71 19 11
PCRM Braghis Alliance PPCD

Moldovan Parliament 2005–2009[edit]

56 22 12 11
PCRM AMN PDM + PSL PPCD

Moldovan Parliament April–July 2009[edit]

60 15 15 11
PCRM PL PLDM AMN

Moldovan Parliament 2009–2010[edit]

48 18 15 13 7
PCRM PLDM PL PDM AMN

Moldovan Parliament 2010–2014[edit]

42 32 15 12
PCRM PLDM PDM PL

Moldovan Parliament 2014–2018[edit]

21 25 23 19 13
PCRM PSRM PLDM PDM PL

Parliamentary committees[edit]

Permanent Bureau

Presidents of the Parliament of Moldova[edit]

Parliament Building[edit]

The Parliament Building was formerly the meeting place of the Central Committee of the Moldovan branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. It is located on Stephen the Great Boulevard formerly known as Lenin Boulevard. The architects were Alexander Cerdanțev and Grigore Bosenco. The building was damaged during civil unrest in 2009[4] and repairs were carried out in 2012 and 2013. Parliament moved back into the restored building in February 2014.[5]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of Moldova, art. 63, pag. 16.
  2. ^ Structura Parlamentului > Fracțiunile parlamentare
  3. ^ Rulers.org
  4. ^ "De ce rămân în praf şi beznă clădirile Parlamentului şi Preşedinţiei". Timpul - Ştiri din Moldova.
  5. ^ "allmoldova". Archived from the original on 2014-01-02.

External links[edit]