New Paltz, New York

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New Paltz, New York
Town
Town of New Paltz
Paltz Point view from east,a view that dominates the town
Paltz Point view from east,
a view that dominates the town
Official seal of New Paltz, New York
Seal
Etymology: Palatine dialect pronunciation of Pfalz
Location in Ulster County and the U.S. state of New York.
Location in Ulster County and the U.S. state of New York.
Location of New York in the United States
Location of New York in the United States
Coordinates: 41°44′53″N 74°05′06″W / 41.74806°N 74.08500°W / 41.74806; -74.08500Coordinates: 41°44′53″N 74°05′06″W / 41.74806°N 74.08500°W / 41.74806; -74.08500
Country  United States
State  New York
County Ulster
Region Hudson Valley
Founded 1678
Government
 • Type Town Hall
 • Supervisor Neil Bettez
Area[1]
 • Total 34.31 sq mi (88.85 km2)
 • Land 33.88 sq mi (87.74 km2)
 • Water 0.43 sq mi (1.12 km2)
Elevation 239 ft (73 m)
Lowest elevation 160 ft (50 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,003
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 14,108
 • Density 416.47/sq mi (160.80/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code 12561
Area code(s) 845
FIPS code 36-111-50562
Wikimedia Commons New Paltz, New York
Website Town of New Paltz, NY

New Paltz (/ˈn ˌpɔːlts/; locally [ˈnupʰɔəɫz]) is a town in Ulster County, New York, United States. The population was 14,003 at the 2010 census.[3] The town is located in the southeastern part of the county and is south of Kingston. New Paltz contains a village also with the name New Paltz. The town is named for Palz (IPA: [ˈpalts]), the dialect name of the Rhenish Palatinate, called Pfalz (IPA: [ˈpfalts] (About this sound listen)) in standard German.

Due to the presence of what is now the State University of New York at New Paltz, it has been a college town for over 150 years.

History[edit]

The Town of New Paltz was founded in 1678 by French Huguenots by both patent from the governor and purchase from the local Esopus tribe of the Lenape people. The Huguenots were religious refugees who had immigrated via Mannheim in the German Palatinate, where they had settled after fleeing France during religious persecution. They settled in the area of the present-day village of New Paltz (on what is now known as Huguenot Street Historic District) and established their own local government.[4]

The size of the Town increased with annexation from surrounding regions in 1775 and 1809. In 1842, part of New Paltz was removed to form the Town of Esopus. More of New Paltz was removed in order to form the Towns of Rosendale (1844), Lloyd (1845), and Gardiner (1853).[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The Wallkill River flows northward through New Paltz on its way to join the Rondout Creek, which in turn feeds into the Hudson River.

A portion of the Shawangunk Ridge is in the town.

Transportation[edit]

New Paltz is accessible by a number of different roads. Interstate 87 (the New York State Thruway) is the main thoroughfare and passes through in the eastern part and houses Exit 18 for Route 299. State routes that traverse through are Route 32, Route 208, and Route 299.

The nearest train station is about 11 miles (18 km) away, in Poughkeepsie. Both Amtrak and Metro-North trains serve Poughkeepsie.

Education[edit]

New Paltz has 4 public schools, K-12 and is home to a college in the SUNY system.

The town is also home to several private schools.

Government[edit]

The town is governed by a town council composed of four at-large members and a supervisor who serve for four years. The highway superintendent and the town clerk also serve four year terms.

Sister city[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Historic places[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,612
1830 5,105 10.7%
1840 5,408 5.9%
1850 2,729 −49.5%
1860 2,023 −25.9%
1870 2,040 0.8%
1880 1,958 −4.0%
1890 2,242 14.5%
1900 2,264 1.0%
1910 3,025 33.6%
1920 2,163 −28.5%
1930 2,550 17.9%
1940 2,815 10.4%
1950 3,749 33.2%
1960 5,841 55.8%
1970 10,415 78.3%
1980 10,183 −2.2%
1990 11,388 11.8%
2000 12,830 12.7%
2010 14,003 9.1%
Est. 2016 14,108 [2] 0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
Aerial view of New Paltz at an altitude of 3,500 feet MSL, looking west

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 12,830 people, 4,455 households, and 2,347 families residing in the town. The population density was 378.4 inhabitants per square mile (146.1/km²). There were 4,679 housing units at an average density of 138.0 per square mile (53.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.16% White, 5.99% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 4.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.93% from other races, and 2.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.22% of the population.

There were 4,455 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.3% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the town, the population was spread out with 16.9% under the age of 18, 31.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 86.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,542, and the median income for a family was $55,537. Males had a median income of $38,250 versus $26,629 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,436. About 6.8% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ History of the Village of New Paltz, Retrieved February 27, 2013.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]