|Created by||Kim Young-bum for Mnet|
|Directed by||Ahn Joonyoung|
|Presented by||Lee Seung-gi|
|Opening theme||"Nekkoya (Pick Me)" by Produce 48|
|Country of origin||South Korea|
|No. of episodes||12|
|Running time||140–160 minutes|
240 minutes (Finale)
|Original release||June 15 –|
August 31, 2018
|Preceded by||Produce 101 Season 2|
|Followed by||Produce X 101|
Produce 48 (Korean: 프로듀스 포티 에잇) is a 2018 reality competition show on MNET. It was a large-scale project in which the public "produces" a girl group by voting for members out of a pool of 96 contestants from South Korea and Japan, as well as voting for the group's concept, name and debut single. The show was a collaboration between the Mnet series Produce 101 and the JPop idol group AKB48. The winning 12 contestants, with no nationality caps, as voted only by Korean viewers, would promote as a group for two years and six months. The program itself is primarily in Korean, however staff and trainer instructions were translated onsite by interpreters. The show announced the final 12 members who made it into, as well as the official name of the group IZ*ONE during the finale on August 31, 2018.
Produced by AKATV (the company that also produced the second season of Produce 101) for MNET, the show premiered on June 15, 2018, and concluded on August 31, 2018, with 12 episodes. It was directed by An Junyung, who also directed the first two seasons of Produce 101.
Concept and format
Produce 48 brought together 96 girls from idol groups and entertainment companies in Japan and South Korea to form a 12-person Korean-Japanese group that would promote for two and a half years. Formed as a collaboration between Mnet and Yasushi Akimoto, the project planned to adopt the AKB48's concept of "idols you can meet and greet" and be able to perform in a designated theatre. Members of the group are able to promote under their own agencies concurrently, as the show, and the groups' promotions thereafter, are recorded in batches.
The show started with 96 contestants, who were initially grouped into several classes. Episodic competitions were featured in which girls performed in teams on various songs, and were voted by the studio audience, with the winning teams receiving a number of bonus votes to apply to their overall vote count. The viewer-submitted votes were then applied and the girls were ranked, with certain episodes being elimination rounds to reduce the remaining number of contestants.
Of the 96 contestants, 57 of them were from South Korean idol groups and companies, and the other 39 were from Japanese idol groups, consisting of current members of AKB48 and their sister groups. The final 12 were selected regardless of nationality.
Promotions and broadcast
The concept for Produce 48 was revealed at the 2017 Mnet Asian Music Awards in Japan on November 29, 2017, following a joint performance by AKB48 and South Korean artists Weki Meki, Chungha, Pristin, Idol School, and Fromis 9. In February 2018, Mnet stated that it would not use the speculated format of having 48 girls from South Korea and 48 girls from Japan competing separately, or that six members of each country would be selected.[unreliable source?]
The first teaser for the show was released on April 11, 2018. On April 22, the series' theme song "Nekkoya (Pick Me)" (내꺼야 (Pick Me)) was recorded by the contestants of the show with HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki as center. The winners of the previous series, I.O.I and Wanna One, made appearances at the recording. Produce 48's contestants performed the theme song on Episode 570 of M Countdown in May 2018.
The show premiered on June 15, 2018, on Mnet in South Korea and Mnet Japan. It is also being broadcast in Japan on BS Sky PerfecTV. CJ E&M is also live streaming the series on their TVing Global service. The series was broadcast on tvN Asia in Hong Kong, Singapore, Macau, Malaysia, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Cambodia and Myanmar where it premiered on June 21, 2018.
- Vocal trainers:
- Dance trainers:
- Bae Yoon-jeong
- Choi Young-jun
- May J Lee
- Rap trainer:
- Special MC's:
One-day Dance Judge: Kahi (Episode 1-2)
One-day Healing Mentor: Bora (Episode 11)
|eliminated in the final episode|
|eliminated in the third elimination (Episode 11)|
|eliminated in the second elimination (Episode 8)|
|eliminated in the first elimination (Episode 5)|
|withdrawn from the show|
|List of the 96 Produce 48 contestants|
|Jang Wonyoung (장원영)||Sakura Miyawaki (宮脇咲良)||Jo Yuri (조유리)||Choi Yena (최예나)||An Yujin (안유진)|
|Nako Yabuki (矢吹奈子)||Kwon Eunbi (권은비)||Kang Hyewon (강혜원)||Hitomi Honda (本田仁美)||Kim Chaewon (김채원)|
|Kim Minjoo (김민주)||Lee Chaeyeon (이채연)||Han Chowon (한초원)||Lee Gaeun (이가은)||Miho Miyazaki (宮崎美穂)|
|Juri Takahashi (高橋朱里)||Miyu Takeuchi (竹内美宥)||Miu Shitao (下尾みう)||Park Haeyoon (박해윤)||Miru Shiroma (白間美瑠)|
|Kim Nayoung (김나영)||Sae Murase (村瀬紗英)||Kim Doah (김도아)||Moe Goto (後藤萌咲)||Jang Gyuri (장규리)|
|Huh Yunjin (허윤진)||Kim Sihyeon (김시현)||Wang Yiren (왕이런/王怡人)||Na Goeun (나고은)||Lee Sian (이시안)|
|Ko Yujin (고유진)||Son Eunchae (손은채)||Erii Chiba (千葉恵里)||Mako Kojima (小嶋真子)||Yoon Haesol (윤해솔)|
|Bae Eunyeong (배은영)||Chiyori Nakanishi (中西代梨)||Tomu Muto (武藤十夢)||Minami Sato (佐藤美波)||Saho Iwatate (岩立沙穂)|
|Noe Yamada (山田野絵)||Nanami Asai (浅井七海)||Kim Sohee (김소희)||Kim Minseo (김민서)||Vivian Murakawa (村川緋杏)|
|Kim Hyunah (김현아)||Kim Suyun (김수윤)||Lee Haeun (이하은)||Misaki Aramaki (荒巻美咲)||Kim Choyeon (김초연)|
|Lee Yujeong (이유정)||Aoi Motomura (本村碧唯)||Park Minji (박민지)||Yu Minyoung (유민영)||Park Seoyoung (박서영)|
|Wang Ke (왕크어/王珂)||Cho Kahyeon (조가현)||Jurina Matsui (松井珠理奈)||Ikumi Nakano (中野郁海)||Hwang Soyeon (황소연)|
|Shin Suhyun (신수현)||Kang Damin (강다민)||Shinobu Mogi (茂木忍)||Erina Oda (小田えりな)||Yoon Eunbin (윤은빈)|
|Choi Yeonsoo (최연수)||Natsumi Matsuoka (松岡菜摘)||Park Chanju (박찬주)||Park Jinny (박진희)||Kim Dayeon (김다연)|
|Rena Hasegawa (長谷川玲奈)||Cho Ahyeong (조아영)||Lee Seunghyeon (이승현)||Yuuka Kato (加藤夕夏)||Kim Dahye (김다혜)|
|Mina Imada (今田美奈)||Serika Nagano (永野芹佳)||Hong Yeji (홍예지)||Lee Chaejeong (이채정)||Park Jieun (박지은)|
|Manami Ichikawa (市川愛美)||Alex Christine (알렉스 크리스틴)||Sae Kurihara (栗原紗英)||Cho Yeongin (조영인)||Yuka Asai (浅井裕華)|
|Ahn Yewon (안예원)||Kokoro Naiki (内木志)||Kim Yubin (김유빈)||Cho Sarang (조사랑)||Choi Soeun (최소은)|
|Ayana Shinozaki (篠崎彩奈)||Won Seoyeon (원서연)||Miku Tanaka (田中美久)||Cocona Umeyama (梅山恋和)||Amane Tsukiashi (月足天音)|
|Azusa Uemura (植村梓)|
|No.||Title||Original air date|
|1||"Episode 1"||June 15, 2018|
|The contestants enter the studio, where seats are arranged in a pyramid numbered from 1 to 96. Each contestant is introduced according to their company or group, with their self-predicted rankings shown on a monitor above the stage. After all 96 girls are seated, Jeon So-mi and Kang Daniel, the first place winners of the past two seasons, enter as special MC's to explain the rules of the competition. They reveal that top producers Han Sung-soo and Yasushi Akimoto will be involved in producing the debut album of the final group, which will be composed of 12 members. The contestants then perform in front of the mentors for evaluation. Each individual is given a letter grade from A to F based on their overall talents, organizing them into temporary classes for training. At the end, the popularity ranking is shown with HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki taking first place.|
|2||"Episode 2"||June 22, 2018|
|After the contestants are grouped according to their grades, the mentors announce that they will be performing on M Countdown with Produce 48's theme song "Nekkoya (Pick Me)", which has a Korean and a Japanese version. Their line distribution and positioning on stage will be determined by their grades, with A having the most while F are backup dancers. The contestants are given three days to memorize the choreography and the lyrics to both versions of the song, after which they will undergo a re-evaluation and have their grades reassigned. The contestants film themselves performing the song individually - once in Korean and once in Japanese. Each video is then watched and evaluated by the mentors. The girls are then given their new grades and asked to move into their new practice rooms. The episode ends with an A-class contestant being moved down to F, a first in Produce history.|
|3||"Episode 3"||June 29, 2018|
|The contestants move to their new groups, after which the new A class girls compete for the center position in "Nekkoya (Pick Me)". Each girl is given one minute to appeal to the lower classes, who proceed to vote for their center pick. HKT48's Sakura Miyawaki is chosen to be the center. After the live performance on M Countdown, the girls have their first meeting with producer Lee Seung-gi. Lee explains that the next event is a group battle: contestants are organized into 16 teams of 5-6 members; 2 teams compete against each other on a pop song. The options are "High Tension" by AKB48, "Peek-a-Boo by Red Velvet", "Very Very Very" by I.O.I, "Short Hair" by AOA, "Love Whisper" by GFriend, "Like Ooh-Ahh (Japanese version)" by Twice, "Mamma Mia (Japanese version)" by Kara, and "Boombayah" by Blackpink. The teams practice and then perform the songs, with each individual being voted on separately by the studio audience, and with the members on the winning team for their song receiving a bonus of 1000 votes.|
|4||"Episode 4"||July 6, 2018|
|The rehearsals and performances of the rest of the teams are shown. Afterwards, the contestants are shown their rankings based purely on their individual votes without the group bonus. HKT48's Nako Yabuki takes first place, and is further revealed to have taken first place overall as her team won the group battle.|
|5||"Episode 5"||July 13, 2018|
|Lee Seung-gi gives words of advice to the girls. I.O.I members from the previous Produce 101 contest meet with the girls and host a dance battle, where in AKB48's Moe Goto is crowned the "Dancing Queen". The girls vote on the top 11 "visual centers", in which Wang Yi-ren takes 1st place. With online votes included, the ranks of the girls are announced from 57th place to 1st place; Lee Ga-eun is voted 1st while Minami Sato is voted 58th. The girls that are ranked 59-92 are eliminated from the competition.|
|6||"Episode 6"||July 20, 2018|
|Trainer Soyou met the girls this time. The trainees are tasked to perform live in groups based on positions they want to debut in: vocal/rap or dance. There are five songs for vocals and rap (Girls' Generation's "Into The New World", BTS' "The Truth Untold", Heize's "Don't Know You", Blackpink's "Ddu-Du Ddu-Du" and Wanna One's "Energetic") and four songs for dance (Fitz and the Tantrums' "HandClap", Ariana Grande's "Side to Side", Demi Lovato's "Sorry Not Sorry" and Little Mix's "Touch"). Each song has a member limit and would be picked by each trainee, starting from the 13th trainee. The top 12 trainees are the last to pick and can choose filled groups. The remaining trainees would be given extra songs (Jax Jones' "Instruction" for dance and BoA's "Merry Chri" for vocal/rap). The winner for each song will receive a 5,000 vote bonus, and the overall winner for each of the two categories will receive a 100,000 vote bonus. Also, for the next round of general voting, only 30 contestants will move on. Bora shows up as a special MC for the position battle. Vocal/rap and dance teams are shown and after each performance, they are ranked in their groups.|
|7||"Episode 7"||July 27, 2018|
|The remaining teams are shown and are ranked in their groups first and then overall in the categories. Han Cho Won emerged as the winner in the vocal/rap category and Murase Sae emerged as the winner in the dance category, both of them earning the bonus 100,000 votes.|
|8||"Episode 8"||August 3, 2018|
|Trainer Cheetah announces the beginning of the next evaluation prior to the second round of eliminations, meaning that all 58 girls that have survived so far will continue to practice for the performances, but not all of them may get to perform. The evaluation is revealed to be a concept evaluation where viewers chose group formations from a poll online. Trainer Cheetah introduces the six songs: Contemporary Girls Pop "1000%" (OREO), R&B/Hip-Hop "I Am" (Full8loom, Jake K, and Jin Lee), New Jack Swing "To Reach You" (Mask Rider), Moombahton/Trap "Rumor" (EDEN), Tropical Pop Dance "Rollin' Rollin'" (Wonderkid and Shin Kung) and Pop Dance "See You Again" (Lee Daehwi). The second round of eliminations takes place during the second half of the episode with the remaining 58 contestants from each company are seen entering the main studio. Names of the top 30 trainees are called by Lee Seung-gi one by one starting from rank 29. The contenders for 1st place were Ahn Yu-jin, Jang Won-young, Nako Yabuki and Kang Hye-won. It is then announced that Jang Won-young ranked at 1st place. Meanwhile, the contenders for 30th place were Miyu Takeuchi, Son Eun-chae, Go Yu-jin and Erii Chiba. It is announced that Miyu Takeuchi ranked at 30th, just escaping elimination.|
|9||"Episode 9"||August 10, 2018|
|Lee Seung-gi announced that since there's an uneven number of members after the last eliminations, groups with more than five people (Rollin' Rollin', To Reach You, Rumor and I AM) need to vote on who stays. Lee Chae-yeon is kicked out from I Am team, Moe Goto is kicked out from Rollin' Rollin' Team, Miu Shitao is kicked out from Rumor Team, and Miyawaki Sakura and Kim Min-joo are kicked out from To Reach You Team. Then, the trainees who are kicked out of their respective songs need to move to the songs with less than five members (See You Again, 1000%). Starting from the song that has the trainee with the highest rank, See You Again team gets to choose which trainee they want in their team first thanks to Kang Hye-won, who was 3rd, in which they selected Miyawaki Sakura. The rest of the trainees automatically joined 1000% team. Then, Lee Seung-gi visits the girls to give them advice and answer to their questions. The girls then divide their parts and competed for the positions they wanted and had also went to the studio of the producer's of their respective songs to check if the positions were matched well with the contestants. Right after that, they faced an evaluation in front of Lee Seung-gi, their trainers and the songs' composers and choreographers. No performances are aired in this episode.|
|10||"Episode 10"||August 17, 2018|
|This episode shows the live performances for all six concept evaluations. Rollin' Rollin' group (composed of Miru Shiroma, Hitomi Honda, Jang Won-young, Kim Do-ah and Kim Na-young) are declared the winners of the concept evaluation, resulting in a total benefit of 130,000 votes (20,000 per member and 50,000 for the first in the group). To Reach You group came in 2nd, Rumor came in 3rd, See You Again group came in 4th, 1000% group came in 5th and I AM group came in last. All six groups performed on MCountdown.|
|11||"Episode 11"||August 24, 2018|
|Amidst the eliminations, the girls undergo make-up lessons, attend a therapy session to share about their current feelings with the special participation of Bora. They are also asked to pick a contestant that they would've voted as producers with Yuehua's Choi Yena taking 1st place and Pledis Entertainment's Lee Ga-eun and Woollim Entertainment's Kwon Eunbi taking 2nd and 3rd place, respectively. At the elimination, Lee Seung-gi reveals that only 20 trainees will advance to the final stage. Miyazaki Miho, Kang Hye-won, Lee Chae-yeon and Miyawaki Sakura are called up as the contenders for 1st, revealing Miyawaki Sakura as the first place. The contenders for 20th place are then called up: FNC Entertainment's Park Hae-yoon and Banana Culture's Kim Na-young. Park Hae-yoon survives from being eliminated. With the top 20 confirmed, Lee Seung-gi announces the next and final mission: the debut song evaluation. He introduces "We Together" (produced by Han Sung-soo, Pledis Entertainment's producer) and "You're in love, right? (produced by Akimoto Yasushi, AKB48's producer) as the final line-up's debut songs. He explains that they will be split into two teams of 10, each team composed of one main vocal and nine sub vocals. The girls choose their positions beginning with rank 20 up to 1, with the higher ranked girls being given the advantage of replacing the lower ranked girls and bumping them into another position. After positions are confirmed, the girls begin practicing the choreography and memorizing the lyrics in preparation for the final stage.|
|12||"Episode 12"||August 31, 2018|
The episode begins showing the girls' audition tapes, as well as their final confessional interviews. Throughout the episode, the trainees currently ranked and aiming for the 12th are revealed to encourage people to vote. The debut evaluation starts off with the eliminated trainees joining the top 20 for a performance of "You're Mine". Lee Seung-gi then reveals the group name as Iz*One. The episode then flashes back to the guerilla concert held by the top 20 girls in Japan, where they performed the theme song from the show, with NGT48's Yamada Noe acting as the MC. The episode also shows the last preparations for the two final songs, showing the clip for the two contenders for center position and announcing the final center on stage. WM Entertainment's Lee Chae Yeon is chosen for "We Together" and Yuehua Entertainment's Choi Ye Na for "You're in Love, Right?". Lee Seung-gi had also showed the contenders for 12th position during the live voting which were Miyu Takeuchi, Kim Chae Won, Han Cho Won and Hitomi Honda. The girls are also showed recording a final song sang by all the top 20 trainees titled "While Dreaming", with lyrics describing their journey through the show. The trainees share their final thanks to the trainers and also watch their audition tapes, and finally, reading letters they had written to themselves from earlier episodes.Voting soon comes to a close, and ranking announcements begin. The ranking announcement started from the contestant who ranked at 11th place which was Urban Work's Kim Min-joo followed by Woolim's Kim Chae-won at 10th, AKB48's Honda Hitomi at 9th, 8D Creative's Kang Hye Won at 8th, Woolim's Kwon Eun Bi at 7th, HKT48's Yabuki Nako at 6th, Starship's Ahn Yu Jin at 5th, Yuehua's Choi Ye Na at 4th, and Stone Music's Jo Yu Ri at 3rd, confirming them for debut. Then, HKT48's Miyawaki Sakura and Starship's Jang Won-young are called up as contenders for 1st, with Won-young taking the first place, confirming her position as Iz One's center. The contenders for 12th place were Cube's Han Cho-won, Pledis' Lee Ga-eun, AKB48's Miyazaki Miho and WM's Lee Chae-yeon. It was then announced that the 12th and final spot for Iz One went to Chae-yeon.
The top 12 contestants chosen through popularity online voting at Produce 101's homepage and audience's live voting, shown at the end of each episode. This ranking determined the 12 trainees who will form the unit girl group.
The top 12 contestants as posted on the Mnet official website after each of the major voting periods.
|No.||Ep. 1||Ep. 2||Ep. 3||Ep. 5||Ep. 8||Ep. 9||Ep. 11||Ep. 12|
|1||Sakura Miyawaki||Lee Ga-eun||Lee Ga-eun||Lee Ga-eun||Jang Won-young||Miho Miyazaki||Sakura Miyawaki||Jang Won-young|
|2||Ahn Yu-Jin||Ahn Yu-jin||Ahn Yu-jin||Ahn Yu-jin||Nako Yabuki||Sakura Miyawaki||Miho Miyazaki||Sakura Miyawaki|
|3||Jang Won-young||Kwon Eun-bi||Sakura Miyawaki||Jang Won-young||Kang Hye-won||Kang Hye-won||Lee Chae-yeon||Jo Yu-ri|
|4||Jurina Matsui||Jang Won-young||Jang Won-young||Sakura Miyawaki||Ahn Yu-jin||Miyu Takeuchi||Kang Hye-won||Choi Ye-na|
|5||Lee Ga-eun||Sakura Miyawaki||Kwon Eun-bi||Kwon Eun-bi||Kwon Eun-bi||Lee Ga-eun||Lee Ga-eun||Ahn Yu-jin|
|6||Jang Gyu-ri||Choi Ye-na||Moe Goto||Moe Goto||Kim Min-ju||Miu Shitao||Miyu Takeuchi||Nako Yabuki|
|7||Choi Ye-na||Wang Yi-ren||Choi Ye-na||Nako Yabuki||Sakura Miyawaki||Nako Yabuki||Jang Won-young||Kwon Eun-bi|
|8||Lee Si-an||Moe Goto||Miyu Takeuchi||Wang Yi-ren||Lee Ga-eun||Jang Won-young||Miru Shiroma||Kang Hye-won|
|9||Miru Shiroma||Noe Yamada||Wang Yi-ren||Choi Ye-na||Han Cho-won||Hitomi Honda||Nako Yabuki||Hitomi Honda|
|10||Jo Yu-ri||Lee Chae-yeon||Lee Chae-yeon||Lee Chae-yeon||Jo Yu-ri||Ahn Yu-jin||Miu Shitao||Kim Chae-won|
|11||Wang Yi-ren||Miyu Takeuchi||Noe Yamada||Miyu Takeuchi||Huh Yun-jin||Kwon Eun-bi||Hitomi Honda||Kim Min-joo|
|12||Mako Kojima||Jurina Matsui||Jurina Matsui||Hitomi Honda||Hitomi Honda||Lee Chae-yeon||Kwon Eun-bi||Lee Chae-yeon|
The finale was held on August 31, 2018, and was broadcast live. Lee Seung-gi announced the unit girl group name, Iz*One (Hangul: 아이즈원). In the light of the trial appeal for the season's voting manipulation scandal on November 18, 2020, it was revealed that contestants Lee Ga-eun (announced 14th) and Han Cho-won (announced 13th) were ranked in places 5th and 6th, respectively. 
|#||Episode 12 (Total votes)|
|3||Jo Yu-ri||294,734||Stone Music|
|8||Kang Hye-won||248,432||8D Creative|
|11||Kim Min-joo||227,061||Urban Works|
|Title||Details||Peak chart positions||Sales|
|30 Girls 6 Concepts||
|Produce 48 – Final||
|"Pick Me" (내꺼야; Nekkoya)||2018||—[A]||—||—[B]||Non-album single|
|"Rollin' Rollin'"||66||66||—||30 Girls 6 Concepts|
|"To Reach You" (너에게 닿기를)||57||61||—|
|"See You Again" (다시 만나)||80||79||—|
|"We Together" (앞으로 잘 부탁해)||—[C]||—||—||Produce 48 – Final|
|"Suki ni Nacchau Darō?" (好きになっちゃうだろう？)||—[D]||—||—|
|"Yume wo Miteiru Aida" (꿈을 꾸는 동안) (Korean version)||—[E]||—||—|
|"Yume wo Miteiru Aida" (夢を見ている間) (Japanese version)||—||—||—|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.|
In the table below, the blue numbers represent the lowest ratings and the red numbers represent the highest ratings.
|Ep.||Broadcast date||Average audience share|
|1||June 15, 2018||1.132%||NR|
|2||June 22, 2018||1.913%||1.768%|
|3||June 29, 2018||1.999%||2.098%|
|4||July 6, 2018||2.833%||3.068%|
|5||July 13, 2018||2.538%||2.732%|
|6||July 20, 2018||2.479%||3.080%|
|7||July 27, 2018||2.075%||2.266%|
|8||August 3, 2018||2.397%||2.399%|
|9||August 10, 2018||2.561%||2.790%|
|10||August 17, 2018||2.594%||3.087%|
|11||August 24, 2018||2.435%||2.556%|
|12||August 31, 2018||3.085%||3.299%|
- Note that the show airs on a cable channel (pay TV), which plays part in its slower uptake and relatively small audience share when compared to programs broadcast (FTA) on public networks such as KBS, SBS, MBC or EBS.
- NR rating means "not reported". The rating is low.
- IZ*ONE released their debut EP Color*Iz on October 29, 2018. Since then, they have released one studio album, three mini albums and three Japanese singles.
Vote manipulation investigation
Following allegations of electoral fraud on the final episode of Produce X 101, 272 viewers filed a lawsuit against Mnet. On August 20, 2019, a search warrant was issued on CJ E&M offices and a text voting company by the Seoul Metropolitan Police Agency. During their first search, the police uncovered voice recordings of the staff members discussing vote manipulation on the previous seasons of the show, resulting in them extending their investigation to all four seasons of the Produce 101 series and Idol School. On November 6, 2019, producers Ahn Joon-young and Kim Yong-bum were arrested. During questioning, Ahn admitted to having manipulated the rankings for Produce 48 and Produce X 101. Police also found that Ahn had been using services from adult entertainment establishments in Gangnam paid for by various talent agencies approximately 40 times beginning from the second half of 2018, estimating to ₩100 million. On November 7, 2019, the police revealed that the final rankings of the top 20 trainees during Produce 48 and Produce X 101 had already been predetermined by the producers before the final performances were recorded and broadcast. On November 18, 2020, the trial of appeals was held for the “Produce 101” series manipulation case. The court revealed that the fourth round of voting of the show was manipulated, with trainees Lee Gaeun (14th) and Han Chowon (13th) supposed to be in the 5th and 6th place, respectively. 
- "Nekkoya (Pick Me)" did not enter the Gaon Digital Chart, but peaked at number 55 on the Mobile Chart and number 100 on the BGM Chart.
- "Nekkoya (Pick Me)" did not enter the Japan Hot 100, but peaked at number 56 on the Japan Hot 100 Download Chart.
- "We Together" did not enter the Gaon Digital Chart, but peaked at number 94 on the Download Chart.
- "Suki ni Nacchau Darō?" did not enter the Gaon Digital Chart, but peaked at number 91 on the Download Chart.
- "Yume wo Miteiru Aida (Korean Version)" did not enter the Gaon Digital Chart, but peaked at number 80 on the Download Chart.
- "'프로듀스48' PD "투표는 한국에서만...최종 12인 국적 구분 NO"". Hankook Ilbo (in Korean). June 11, 2018. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
- "한일 연습생 96명 참여"...'프로듀스48', 오늘 첫녹화 (in Korean). Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- [단독] 韓日데뷔 '프로듀스48' 걸그룹, 2년 6개월 계약 확정 (in Korean). Retrieved April 12, 2018.
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