Public holidays in Indonesia

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The following table indicates declared Indonesian government national holidays for the year 2018 only—cultural variants also provide opportunity for holidays tied to local events. Beside official holidays, there are the so-called "libur bersama" or "cuti bersama", or joint leave(s) declared nationwide by the government. In total there are 15 public holidays, and 9 "cuti bersama" or joint holidays.

2018 public holidays[edit]

Date
(2018, Gregorian)
Date
(Original observance)
English name Local name Remarks
1 January Gregorian 1 January New Year's Day Tahun Baru Masehi New Year of Gregorian calendar
16 February Chinese 1st day of 1st month Chinese New Year Tahun Baru Imlek Public holiday since 2003.
17 March Balinese Saka Kasa 1 Pawukon 40 Day of Silence Hari Raya Nyepi Public holiday since 1983.
Tahun Baru Saka
30 March Liturgical Good Friday Wafat Isa Almasih the Friday before Easter Sunday (the first Sunday after the first Paschal Full Moon following the vernal equinox)
Jumat Agung
1 April Liturgical Easter Sunday Paskah The resurrection of Jesus
14 April Islamic Rajab 27 Ascension of the Prophet Isra Mi'raj Nabi Muhammad
1 May Gregorian 1 May Labour Day Hari Buruh Internasional Public holiday since 2014.
10 May Liturgical Ascension of Jesus Christ Kenaikan Isa Almasih
29 May Buddhist Every May of Vaisakha Buddha's Birthday Hari Raya Waisak Public holiday since 1983.
1 June Gregorian 1 June Pancasila Day Hari Lahir Pancasila Public holiday since 2017,
marks the date of Sukarno's 1945 address on Pancasila upon the members of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence
15-16 June Islamic Shawwal 1-2 Eid al-Fitr Hari Raya Idul Fitri
Lebaran Mudik
17 August Gregorian 17 August Independence Day Hari Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia Anniversary of the proclamation of independence read by Mr. Soekarno and Mr. Hatta in 1945
22 August Islamic Dhu al-Hijjah 10 Feast of the Sacrifice Hari Raya Idul Adha Date varies according to the Islamic calendar
Lebaran Haji
11 September Islamic Muharram 1 Islamic New Year Tahun Baru Islam 1440 Hijriah 1st day of the Muharram, the beginning of the New Islamic year
20 November Islamic Rabi' al-awwal 12 Birth of the Prophet Maulid Nabi Muhammad Birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
25 December Liturgical 25 December Christmas Hari Raya Natal

2018 Commons Leave[edit]

Commons leave (Cuti bersama) is a collective leave day in Indonesia. It was introduced by the Indonesian government as a means of stimulating tourism within the country and increasing the efficiency of public servants. The holiday is counted in public servants' overall leave. Most private companies and businesses follow suit by adjusting employees' annual leave in line with government policy. During major religious holidays such as Eid-al-Fitr (Idul Fitri or Lebaran at the end of the Ramadan fasting month), the joint-holiday can span an entire working week.

Date
(2018, Gregorian)
English name Local name Remarks
June 14, 15, 18, 19 Eid al-Fitr Commons Leave Cuti Bersama Idul Fitri The date is moveable according to the holiday.
December 24 Christmas Commons Leave Cuti Bersama Natal The date is moveable according to the day of the week.

2018 Bali Provincial Holidays[edit]

Date
(2018, Gregorian)
Date
(Original observance)
English name Local name Remarks
January 15-16 Balinese Saka Kapitu 14 Hari Raya Suci Siwa Ratri
March 16 Balinese Saka Kesanga Tilem Hari Raya Suci Tawur Kesanga Agung Parts of Nyepi procession.
March 17 Balinese Pakuwon Saniscara Umanis Watugunung Saraswati Day Hari Raya Suci Saraswati I The date is overlap with Nyepi.
March 18 Balinese Saka Kedasa 2 Hari Raya Suci Ngembak Geni Parts of Nyepi procession.
March 21 Balinese Pakuwon Buda Keliwon Sinta Hari Raya Suci Pagerwesi I
May 29 Balinese Pakuwon Anggara Wage Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Galungan I
May 30 Balinese Pakuwon Buda Keliwon Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Galungan I
May 31 Balinese Pakuwon Wrespati Umanis Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Umanis Galungan I
June 8 Balinese Pakuwon Sukra Wage Kuningan Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Kuningan I
June 9 Balinese Pakuwon Saniscara Keliwon Kuningan Hari Raya Suci Kuningan I
October 13 Balinese Pakuwon Saniscara Umanis Watugunung Saraswati Day Hari Raya Suci Saraswati II
October 17 Balinese Pakuwon Buda Keliwon Sinta Hari Raya Suci Pagerwesi II
December 25 Balinese Pakuwon Anggara Wage Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Penampahan Galungan II
December 26 Balinese Pakuwon Buda Keliwon Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Galungan II
December 27 Balinese Pakuwon Wrespati Umanis Dunggulan Hari Raya Suci Umanis Galungan II

Other observances[edit]

In addition to the official holidays, many religious, historical, and other traditional holidays populate the calendar, as well as observances proclaimed by officials and lighter celebrations. These are rarely observed by businesses as holidays.

Date (Gregorian calendar) English name Local name Year established Remarks
Dates vary Galungan and Kuningan Galungan dan Kuningan
Dates vary Lantern Festival Cap Go Meh "Ending of 15th days celebration of Chinese New Year"
3 January Ministry of Religious Affairs Day[1] Hari Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia The founding of the Indonesian Ministry of Religious Affairs in 1946, during the First Sjahrir Cabinet
15 January Ocean Duty Day / Day of the Sea and Ocean Event[1] Hari Dharma Samudera / Hari Peristiwa Laut dan Samudera Commemorate the services and sacrifices of those who died in various battles at sea. The day is the date of the Battle of Arafura Sea in 1962.
25 January Food and Nutrition Day / National Nutrition Day[1] Hari Gizi dan Makanan / Hari Gizi Nasional The day of the founding of dietetic school Sekolah Djuru Penerang Makanan on 25 January 1951 by Poorwo Soedarmo.[1]
6 April National Fisherman Day[1] Hari Nelayan Nasional
9 April Air Force Day Hari Jadi TNI Angkatan Udara 1950 Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Air Force
21 April Kartini Day Hari Kartini "Women Emancipation Day". The birthday of Kartini, an Indonesian women's rights activist.
22 April Earth Day Hari Bumi
2 May National Education Day Hari Pendidikan Nasional 1959 Birthday of Ki Hajar Dewantara, founder of Taman Siswa and first Minister of Education during the Presidential Cabinet
11 May Day of the Military Police of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Hari POM TNI [1]
20 May National Awakening Day Hari Kebangkitan Nasional 1985 In remembrance of the 1908 formation of the first nationalist group, Budi Utomo. Since 2008 it was observed by the Indonesian Doctors' Union as Indonesian Doctors' Service Day (Hari Bakti Dokter Indonesia) as Budi Utomo's founding members are STOVIA students
29 May National Elderly Day Hari Lanjut Usia Nasional 1996 The date of the opening day of the first plenary meeting of the Investigating Committee for Preparatory Work for Independence (BPUPKI) which was led by Rajiman Wediodiningrat who was 66 at the time of the event in 1945.[2]
29 June National Family Day Hari Keluarga Nasional (Harganas) 2014 [3][4]
22 July Attorney Day Hari Kejaksaan / Hari Bhakti Adhyaksa 1961 The establishment of the Indonesian Attorney as a stand-alone institution in 1960, previously a non-departmental institutions under the Department of Justice.[5]
23 July National Children Day Hari Anak Nasional 1984 [6][1]
10 August National Veterans Day Hari Veteran Nasional 2014 [7]
National Technology Uprising Day Hari Kebangkitan Teknologi Nasional 1995 Commemorates the first flight of the IPTN N-250
14 August Indonesian Scout Movement Day Hari Pramuka Commemorates the public inauguration of the Indonesian Scout Movement in 14 August 1961, marked by the handover of the Indonesian scout standard by Presidential Decree. The movement has been established earlier on 20 May in the same year.
24 August Television Day/Anniversary of TVRI Hari Televisi/Hari Ulang Tahun Televisi Republik Indonesia The day of the opening ceremony of the 1962 Asian Games. The opening ceremony was the very first programme broadcast for the general public by TVRI (before, the Independence Day celebrations were also broadcast as a test-transmission), which was established as a Lighthouse Project for the Games. Also TVRI's annniversary.
11 September Radio Republik Indonesia Day Hari Radio Republik Indonesia Commemorates the takeover of Japanese-military operated radio stations by Indonesians
23 September / 21 August(?) National Maritime Day Hari Maritim Nasional 1964 The proposal of 21 August as National Maritime Day (the day when the Indonesian independence fighter attacked the Japanese military storage in Pulau Nyamukan (Djamuan Riff), near Surabaya, on 21 August 1945) was disputed by the Association of Indonesian Marine Youth (APMI) because at that time the Indonesian Navy has not been formed. BKR Laut, the predecessor of the Indonesian Navy, was formed later on 10 September 1945. The 23 September date refers to the first (and last) Musyawarah Maritim in 1963, and actually has been established as National Maritime Day in 1964 during the tenure of Sukarno as the president of Indonesia but was overlooked by the recent government.[8][9]
24 September National Agrarian Day/National Peasants' Day Hari Agraria Nasional/Hari Tani Nasional 1960 Commemorates the promulgation of the Agrarian Basics Act of 1960 (Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria 1960, formal name: Act No. 5 of 1960 on Basic Law on Agrarian Affairs (Undang-Undang No. 5 Tahun 1960 Tentang Peraturan Dasar Pokok-pokok Agraria))
27 September Post and Telecommunications' Service Day Hari Bakti Pos dan Telekomunikasi Commemorates the 1945 takeover of Japanese military-controlled post, telegraph and telephone systems of Java by the Indonesian revolutionary youth. However, Telkom Indonesia and Pos Indonesia do not commemorate this day anymore as their anniversaries; instead they observed their anniversaries at 6 July (to commemorate the separation of post and telecommunications public corporations in 1965) and 26 August (the opening of the first post office in Batavia by the then Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, in 1746) respectively
28 September Railway Day/Anniversary of the Indonesian State Railway Company Hari Kereta Api/Hari Ulang Tahun Perusahaan Perseroan (Persero) PT Kereta Api Indonesia Commemorates the 1945 takeover of Japanese military-controlled railway systems of Java by the Indonesian Railway Youth (Angkatan Moeda Kereta Api (AMKA, literally "Railway Youth Forces"))
1 October National Day of Pancasila Sanctity and 30 September Movement Memorial Day Hari Kesaktian Pancasila 1967 Mourning day for the events of 30 September Movement of 1965. The song Gugur Bunga is usually sung in this day
2 October National Batik Day Hari Batik Nasional 2009 The international designation of the Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2009.[10]
5 October Indonesian National Armed Forces Day Hari Tentara Nasional Indonesia The 1945 founding of Tentara Keamanan Rakyat ("People's Security Forces"), the predecessor of the TNI.
22 October National Santri Day Hari Santri Nasional 2015 The 1945 date of the declaration by Nahdlatul Ulama that the fight against the Dutch colonial forces was a holy war and obligatory for all Muslims following the declaration of the independence of Indonesia.[11] The declaration is the legal basis for the 1945 Battle of Surabaya in which many fighters are students of Islamic boarding schools (pesantren)
28 October Youth Pledge Day Hari Sumpah Pemuda 1967 Commemoration of the 1928 Youth Pledge
30 October Indonesian Finance Day Hari Oeang, Hari Keuangan Republik Indonesia The printing of the first Oeang Republik Indonesia, the first 'Indonesian rupiah' bank note, in 1946.[12]
10 November Heroes' Day Hari Pahlawan Commemoration of the 1945 Battle of Surabaya
12 November Father's Day Hari Ayah Established in 2006 following a suggestion by a group of women in Solo.[13]
12 November National Health Day Hari Kesehatan Nasional Marks the day when Sukarno officially begins the malaria eradication project by spraying DDT in the village of Kalasan (1959).[14]
14 November Mobile Brigade Day[1] Hari Brigade Mobil Founding of the Mobile Brigade in 1946.
14 November World Diabetes Day Hari Diabetes Sedunia International observance.
15 November Indonesian Marine Corps Birthday Hari Juang Korps Marinir 1951 Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Marine Corps
25 November Teachers' Day/Anniversary of the Teachers' Union of the Republic of Indonesia Hari Guru/Hari Ulang Tahun Persatuan Guru Republik Indonesia (PGRI) Commemorates the Indonesian Teachers' Congress of 24-25 November 1945 in Solo, which established the Teachers' Union of the Republic of Indonesia
29 November Anniversary of the Employees' Corps of the Republic of Indonesia Hari Ulang Tahun Korps Pegawai Republik Indonesia (KORPRI) Commemorates the establishment of the Employees' Corps of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Korps Pegawai Republik Indonesia (KORPRI)) in 1971, originally as the only trade union for civil servants, state- and regional government-owned enterprises and banks, heads of regional government, and all members of the Indonesian National Armed Forces running for government to ensure their loyalty to the New Order. Today KORPRI is the de facto trade union for all civil servants and heads of regional government (some state- and regional-government-owned enterprises and banks now has their own trade unions, and military are not allowed to run for government anymore; KORPRI is still de jure the only trade union for state- and regional government-owned enterprises)
13 December Nusantara Day Hari Nusantara 2001 The recognition of the boundary of the Indonesian archipelago, started with the announcement of the Deklarasi Djoeanda on 13 December 1957, which eventually leads to the recognition of the principles of the Nusantara in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in 1982.[15]
15 December Indonesian Army Day Hari Juang Kartika Honors the active and reserve serving men and women and veterans of the Indonesian Army
22 December Mother's Day Hari Ibu 1959

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hari-Hari Penting di Indonesia" [Important observances in Indonesia]. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia. 3 July 2015. Archived from the original on 8 October 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  2. ^ Ferry Agusta Satrio (29 May 2017). "29 Mei, Hari Lanjut Usia Nasional". Times Indonesia (in Indonesian). Times Indonesia. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  3. ^ Keppres no 39 tahun 2014
  4. ^ 29 Juni Ditetapkan Sebagai Hari Keluarga Nasional Tapi Bukan Hari Libur
  5. ^ Redaksi Jaksa Menyapa (22 July 2017). "Inilah Sejarah Hari Lahir Kejaksaan RI" [Here is the History of the Birth of the General Attorney of the Republic of Indonesia]. jaksa Menyapa. Jaksa Menyapa. Archived from the original on 25 October 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  6. ^ Keppres no 44 tahun 1984
  7. ^ Keppres No. 30 Tahun 2014 (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2014 Nomor 188, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5573)
  8. ^ Keppres No. 249 Tahun 1964
  9. ^ "APMI Gugat Pengusulan 21 Agustus sebagai Hari Maritim Nasional" [APMI Sues the Proposal of 21 August as National Maritime Day]. Maritime News (in Indonesian). Maritime News. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  10. ^ Keppres No. 33 Tahun 2009
  11. ^ "Keppres No. 22 Tahun 2015". Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan. Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan. 2018. Archived from the original on 8 July 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  12. ^ kemenkeu.go.id: History of Indonesian Money Archived 9 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. accessed on 6 March 2015
  13. ^ Nadya Isnaeni (12 November 2014). "Sejarah Lahirnya Hari Ayah Nasional (Story of the Origin of Father's Day)". Liputan 6 (in Indonesian). Liputan 6. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Hari Kesehatan Nasional" [National Health Day]. Pusat Promosi Kesehatan - Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (in Indonesian). Direktorat Promosi Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. 2016. Archived from the original on 13 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  15. ^ Keppres no 126 tahun 2001

Cited works[edit]

  • Iwan Gayo (1991). Buku Pintar Seri Junior. Jakarta: Upaya Warga Negara. pp. 342–345.