Q (New York City Subway service)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Broadway Express
"Q" train symbol
MTA NYC Subway Q train at 96th St.jpg
A Q train of R160s at 96th Street
Map of the "Q" train
Northern end 96th Street
Southern end Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Stations 29
34 (including late night Broadway Local service)
Rolling stock 210 R160A/Bs (21 trains)[1]
Depot Coney Island Yard
Started service 1878; 140 years ago (1878) (predecessor, along with current Franklin Avenue Shuttle)
August 1, 1920; 97 years ago (1920-08-01) (current Q service)
Route map
( N   R 
rush
hours
)  Q  Down arrow
96th Street
86th Street
72nd Street
 F  trains continue to Queens
Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
 F  trains continue south
 N  R  W  trains continue to Queens
57th Street–Seventh Avenue
 Q 
switches to local
during late nights
49th Street
Handicapped/disabled access
northbound
only
Times Square–42nd Street
34th Street–Herald Square
28th Street
23rd Street
14th Street–Union Square
Eighth Street–New York University
Prince Street
 Q 
switches to local
during late nights
Canal Street
 W  trains continue south
 B  D  trains continue north
 R 
trains continue
to Brooklyn
 R 
trains continue
north to Manhattan
Myrtle Avenue
DeKalb Avenue
 D ​ ​ N ​ ​ R 
trains
continue south
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
Seventh Avenue
 S  trains continue north
( S  Up arrow)
Prospect Park
Parkside Avenue
Church Avenue
Beverley Road
Cortelyou Road
Newkirk Plaza
Avenue H
Handicapped/disabled access
southbound
only
Avenue J
Avenue M
Kings Highway
Avenue U
Neck Road
Sheepshead Bay
( B  Up arrow)
Brighton Beach
Ocean Parkway
 N  trains continue north
 D  trains continue north
 F  trains continue north
West Eighth Street–NY Aquarium
 D   N  Up arrow
Up arrow  F  Q 
Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue
Legend

Lines used by the "Q" train
Other services sharing tracks with the "Q" train
Unused lines, connections, or service patterns
 Q 
Termini of services

Cross-platform interchange

Platforms on different levels

The Q Broadway Express is a rapid transit service in the B Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.

The Q operates at all times between 96th Street/Second Avenue in the Upper East Side of Manhattan and Stillwell Avenue in Coney Island, Brooklyn. Daytime service makes express stops in Manhattan and local stops in Brooklyn; late night service makes local stops along its entire route.

The Q was originally the Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT)'s 1 service; beginning in 1920, it ran along the BMT Brighton Line in Brooklyn and the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. In the past, the Q has run many different service patterns in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens, both local and express, including QB service on the Manhattan Bridge and QT service via the Montague Street Tunnel. From 1988 to 2001, Q service ran along the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan, with a bullet colored orange. The Q also ran in Queens at various points, including to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard on the BMT Astoria Line, Forest Hills–71st Avenue on the IND Queens Boulevard Line, and 21st Street–Queensbridge on the IND 63rd Street Line. In 2017, the Q was rerouted along the Second Avenue Subway.

History[edit]

1878-1920: Original railroad[edit]

The predecessor to the subway service known as the Q today was the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway. On July 2, 1878, this steam railroad began operations on what what would become the BMT Brighton Line, from Prospect Park to the Brighton Beach Hotel in Brighton Beach, which opened at the same time. The Brighton Beach Hotel was located on Coney Island by the Atlantic Ocean at the foot of modern-day Coney Island Avenue. Passengers could make connections with the horsecars of the Brooklyn City Railroad at the Prospect Park terminal.[2][3]:9

On August 19, 1878, service was extended north from Prospect Park along what is today the BMT Franklin Avenue Line used by the Franklin Avenue Shuttle, to Atlantic Avenue west of Franklin Avenue, a location known as Bedford station on what is today the Atlantic Branch of the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR).[3]:11 A physical connection existed between the Brighton, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway and the LIRR. By mutual agreement trains of the Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island Railway ran on LIRR trackage west to its terminal at Flatbush Avenue and Atlantic Avenue, providing a connection to Downtown Brooklyn and ferries to Manhattan. LIRR trains also operated to Brighton Beach from Flatbush Avenue and from its own terminal in Long Island City, with ferry access to Midtown Manhattan. Initially, service operated during the summer season only. At the end of the 1882 summer season, the LIRR abrogated its agreement allowing Brighton Line trains to access its Flatbush Avenue terminal and beginning with the 1883 summer season, only Brooklyn, Flatbush and Coney Island trains operated between Bedford Terminal and Brighton Beach.

In 1896, a short elevated extension of the Brighton Beach Line (since reorganized as the Brooklyn & Brighton Beach Railroad) opened to the corner of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street in the north. This extension connected to the Fulton Street Line of the Kings County Elevated Railroad, allowing rapid transit trains on Fulton Street to operate along the Brighton Line. These trains ran from Brighton Beach, up the Franklin Avenue and Fulton Street lines to the Brooklyn side of the Brooklyn Bridge, where walking or transferring to a cable car service connection over the bridge allowed access to New York City Hall at Park Row in Manhattan. In 1900, elevated trains were through-routed to Park Row without need to change trains.[4]:279 By 1903, a surface extension of the Brighton Beach Line on what is now Brighton Beach Avenue permitted through service from Park Row, Manhattan west to Culver Depot at Surf Avenue near West 8th Street, much nearer to the growing amusement center known then as West Brighton and now simply as Coney Island.[3]:21

In 1908, a massive grade crossing elimination project was completed with a 4-track line from south of Church Avenue station to Neptune Avenue near the Coney Island Creek, permitting true local and express service, as pioneered on the New York City Subway that opened in 1904.[3]:22 The Brighton Beach line was also converted to electrified third rail. Brighton Beach local and express service was extended to a new West End terminal at Stillwell and Surf Avenues, the location of the Coney Island terminal for the BMT Southern Division, in May 1919.[5]

1920-1950: Subway Service Begins[edit]

R1 BMT 1.gif
Original 1 designation for BMT Brighton Line service

On August 1, 1920, subway service on the BMT Brighton Line, now owned by the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT), officially began with the openings of a two-track underground subway between Prospect Park and DeKalb Avenue and the Montague Street Tunnel between Brooklyn and Manhattan.[4]:285 This subway service was labeled 1 by the BMT starting in 1924. 1 Brighton Express service operated during the daytime every day except Sunday between Brighton Beach and Times Square-42nd Street in Manhattan via the Montague Street Tunnel and the BMT Broadway Line. 1 Brighton Local service operated between Coney Island and 57th Street–Seventh Avenue via the north side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge and the Broadway Line.[6] During late nights, all trains used the tunnel. Three years later, the Brighton Locals and Expresses switched Manhattan access methods with the express using the bridge when it ran and local service using the tunnel except in the evenings and on Sunday, when it too used the bridge. During the 1930s, limited morning rush hour service ran via the south side tracks of the Manhattan Bridge and the Nassau Street Loop to Chambers Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line. On June 29, 1950, trains began running there during the evening rush as well.

On October 17, 1949, the IRT Astoria Line in Queens, up to this point operated by the Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), was converted to BMT operation. 1 Local trains were extended via the 60th Street Tunnel and the BMT Astoria Line to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard during rush hours. Number 2 Fourth Avenue Local trains also ran here at all times.

1950-1960[edit]

On April 27, 1950, 1 Local trains operated through to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard all day on weekdays and Saturdays. On June 26, 1952, 1 Express trains were extended to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on weekdays after the morning rush hour and all day on Saturdays.

The 60th Street Tunnel Connection opened on December 1, 1955, connecting the Broadway Line to the IND Queens Boulevard Line. 1 Local trains were rerouted to this new connector to Forest Hills–71st Avenue in Forest Hills, Queens. They were replaced on the BMT Astoria Line by 1 Express trains on weekdays. On May 4, 1957, trains running express in Brooklyn started running to Astoria on Saturdays as well, but made local stops in Manhattan as the local trains in Brooklyn now ran to Chambers Street via the BMT Nassau Street Line. The final portion of the Broadway Line's express tracks, between Times Square–42nd Street and 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, was placed in service on May 2, 1957. 1 Brighton Express trains ran local in Manhattan on Saturdays while Brighton Locals ran express here during evenings and on Sundays. This lasted only until the next service change. On October 24, 1957, Brighton Local trains ran via the Manhattan Bridge and local in Manhattan, all day on Sundays as well as evenings and midnight hours. Brighton Express 1 service on weekdays began using the express tracks between Times Square–42nd Street and 57th Street–Seventh Avenue.

A December 1957 strike shut down much of the BMT Division. Brighton Local 1 trains ran in two sections, from Coney Island via tunnel to 57th Street-Seventh Avenue and from Whitehall Street to Jamaica–179th Street on the IND Queens Boulevard Line. Due to the differing unions predominating on the various divisions, the IND was completely knocked out of service, while the IRT ran virtually normal service. The BMT was about half affected, with makeshift service patterns being set up for the duration of the strike.

On May 28, 1959, 1 Brighton Express trains midday on weekdays were cut back to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue and made local stops in Brooklyn midday. Nassau Specials returned, running via the Montague Street tunnel during the morning rush and via the Manhattan Bridge during the evening rush. As part of the same service change, Brighton Local trains (beginning June 6) ran to Franklin Avenue on Saturdays. This was not seasonal and ran the entire day, being quite distinct from the Sunday service which still operated.

1960-1969[edit]

R27endq.gif|R27endqb.gif|R27endqt.gif

R27 rollsigns for the Q, QB and QT

On November 15, 1960, with the arrival of the R27 subway cars, 1 service on the Brighton Line was relabeled. Brighton Express service was designated as Q, Brighton Local via the Montague St Tunnel as QT, and Brighton Local via the Manhattan Bridge as QB. Single letters were used to refer to express lines and double letters for local lines, a practice that began thirty years earlier with the Independent Subway System (IND), however, no QQ designation was ever used. Despite these new designations, subway communications continued to refer to the services as "Brighton Local" and "Brighton Express".

On January 1, 1961, Q Brighton Express service was cut back from Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue on weekdays. Saturday daytime service continued to run to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard.[7] QT service ran to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard on weekdays; on Saturdays, it ran via the Franklin Avenue Line to Franklin Avenue in Brooklyn instead. The QB provided off-peak service between Coney Island and Astoria, via Brighton Local and the Manhattan Bridge. Sunday service between Franklin Avenue and Brighton Beach was discontinued on this date, with Sunday service now provided solely by the Franklin Avenue Shuttle between Prospect Park and Franklin Avenue-Fulton Street. Service between Brighton Beach and Franklin Avenue was merged into the Franklin Avenue Shuttle service on October 14, 1961, and all non-shuttle service between was discontinued in February 1963. The Fourth Avenue Local (RR) now provided Broadway Line service along the Queens Boulevard line on weekdays, and the West End Express (T) was extended from 57th Street-Seventh Avenue to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard during rush hours. This service change essentially swapped the northern terminals of the Brighton Local and RR, and between the Brighton Express and (T). Prior to this both Brighton Line-Broadway services operated via the 60th Street Tunnel to Queens. By having the Brighton Express Q terminate at 57th Street-Seventh Avenue, this change served to keep one Brighton Line service unaffected in the event of a massive delay in the 60th Street Tunnel.[7]

From February 10 to November 2, 1964, the Brighton Express tracks were closed for platform extensions. Skip-stop service was instituted along the Brighton Line.

QB Train (1967-1979).svg
1967-1979 bullet

On November 26, 1967, the Chrystie Street Connection opened, connecting the Brighton Line in Brooklyn to the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan via the Manhattan Bridge. The bridge's south side tracks, which formerly connected to the BMT Nassau Street Line, were now connected to the Broadway Line express tracks, severing the Nassau Street Loop. The bridge's north side tracks, which formerly connected to the Broadway Line, now connected to the Sixth Avenue Line express tracks. Originally, the D, running via Sixth Avenue Express and QJ, running via the BMT Nassau Street Line and Montague Street Tunnel were to replace all three Q services on the Brighton Line. The Q and QT were eliminated, but due to riders' opposition to the expected loss of all Broadway Line service, the QB was retained, now running rush hours only in the peak direction, via Brighton Local, the Manhattan Bridge and Broadway Express in Manhattan, between Coney Island and 57th Street-Seventh Avenue. The color scheme introduced for subway lines that day included a red QB bullet. A short-lived NX service also provided rush-hour service between Brighton Beach and Coney Island and the Broadway Line, running via the BMT Sea Beach Line to Manhattan. This service was discontinued on April 15, 1968, after less than five months.[8] The RR replaced Q, QB and QT service to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard in Queens.

1970-1989[edit]

QB Train (1979-1985).svg
1979-1985 bullet

In 1979, the MTA released a revised coloring scheme for subway routes based on trunk line; the QB service was assigned the color sunflower yellow, with black text, because it used the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. It now used a diamond-shaped bullet because it ran rush hours only.[9][10] On May 5, 1985, the double-letter naming scheme for local services was dropped; the QB was renamed the Q the next day.[11]

Starting on April 26, 1986, the Brighton Line's local tracks underwent reconstruction between Prospect Park and Newkirk Avenue, requiring the suspension of express service; at the same time, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge started, which would disrupt subway service until 2004. The bridge's north side tracks (leading to the Sixth Avenue Line) closed. The Q now ran weekdays from 7 AM to 8 PM between 57th Street-Seventh Avenue and Brighton Beach, using a circle bullet. Because the Manhattan Bridge's north side tracks closed, the D and Q ran on the bridge's south side tracks, running via Broadway Express to 57th Street-Seventh Avenue. To substitute for the suspended Brighton Line express service, the Q ran skip-stop service with the D between Newkirk Avenue and Sheepshead Bay. D trains served Neck Road, Avenue M and Avenue H; the Q skipped those stops, serving Avenue U and Avenue J, while both lines served Kings Highway.[12] By 1987, as reconstruction on the Brighton Line progressed, the weekday skip-stop pattern expanded to Prospect Park, with D trains serving Beverley Road while Q trains served Cortelyou Road and Parkside Avenue, with Church Avenue as a mutual station.[13]

NYCS-bull-trans-Q orange.svg
1988–2001 bullet[a]

On December 11, 1988, the Bridge's north side tracks reopened and the south side tracks closed, and the reconstruction project on the Brighton Line ended. The Q became the weekday Brighton Express to Brighton Beach and was rerouted via the north side of the bridge and the IND Sixth Avenue Line to 57th Street, Midtown Manhattan. Because it ran on the Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan, the route now used an orange bullet. On October 29, 1989, the IND 63rd Street Line opened and the B, Q, and JFK Express were extended to 21st Street–Queensbridge in Long Island City. On weekday evenings and late nights, a shuttle train ran between 21st Street–Queensbridge and Broadway–Lafayette Street. The weekday evening shuttle was replaced by the B on September 30, 1990. The F replaced the late night shuttle in 1993.[14]

1990–2009[edit]

On April 30, 1995, the north side of the Manhattan Bridge closed during middays and weekends, in addition to the already-closed south side. During these hours, D service was cut below 34th Street-Herald Square. In its place, the Q ran between Coney Island and 21st Street-Queensbridge, via Brighton Local, the Montague Street Tunnel, Broadway Express (switching between the local and express tracks at Canal Street) and the BMT 63rd Street Line. Rush hour and evening service was unchanged. Normal service resumed on November 12, 1995.[15]

On February 22, 1998, construction on the IND 63rd Street Line cut B and Q service back to 57th Street–Sixth Avenue. Service on the 63rd Street Line was replaced by a shuttle to the BMT Broadway Line. Normal service resumed on May 22, 1999.[16]

NYCS-bull-trans-Qd.svg
Bullet used 1985-1986 for rush hour service, and 2001-2004 for express service

On July 22, 2001, the Manhattan Bridge's north side tracks closed and the south side tracks reopened. There were now two Q services. In Brooklyn, the circle Q (Q local) replaced the D as the full-time Brighton Local to Stillwell Avenue while the <Q> (Q express or Q diamond) replaced the Sixth Avenue Q as the weekday-only Brighton Express to Brighton Beach. Both Qs used the south side of the Manhattan Bridge to travel into Manhattan and then ran to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue via Broadway Express.[17] Service on the IND 63rd Street Line was replaced by a shuttle, which would be permanently replaced by the F in December 2001.

After September 11, 2001, Broadway Line service through Lower Manhattan, and R service were suspended. The Q local replaced the R between Canal Street and Forest Hills–71st Avenue, making local stops in Manhattan and Queens at all times except late nights, when it terminated at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue. Both services returned to normal on October 28, 2001. On September 8, 2002, Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (the Q's southern terminal) was closed for reconstruction and the Q local terminated at Brighton Beach. During this time, service at stations between Brighton Beach and Stillwell Avenue was replaced by an extension of the B68 bus. Q service to Stillwell Avenue resumed on May 23, 2004.[18][19]

From April 27 to November 2, 2003, the south side of the Manhattan Bridge was closed on weekends and Q service was rerouted via the Montague Street Tunnel.

On February 22, 2004, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge was completed and full service was restored. The <Q> express was discontinued and replaced with the B in Brooklyn and N in Manhattan. The Q remained unchanged.[20][21][22]

2010–present[edit]

Map of the full Second Avenue Subway (SAS), showing the planned uptown portion of the Q route, which currently terminates at 96th Street.

On June 28, 2010, the Q was extended from 57th Street–Seventh Avenue to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard via the 60th Street Tunnel and BMT Astoria Line on weekdays, stopping at 49th Street, to replace the W, which was discontinued due to budget problems.[23][24]

On December 7, 2014, the Q began operating local in Manhattan between 57th Street-Seventh Avenue and Canal Street during late nights, in order to decrease waiting time at the local stations.[25][26]

On November 7, 2016, weekday Q service was cut back from Astoria to 57th Street-Seventh Avenue, skipping 49th Street, to provide a seamless transition for the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[27] Service to Astoria was replaced by the restored W.[28][29]

On January 1, 2017, the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opened; the Q was extended from 57th Street-Seventh Avenue to 96th Street via the BMT 63rd Street Line and the IND Second Avenue Line. This extension serves Lexington Avenue–63rd Street station with a cross-platform transfer to the IND 63rd Street Line (served by the F train) before serving new stations under Second Avenue at 72nd Street, 86th Street, and 96th Street, where it originates/terminates.[30] The inaugural train on the Second Avenue Line ran on December 31, 2016, with passenger service beginning the next day. From January 1 to 9, 2017, service between 57th Street-Seventh Avenue and 96th Street ran only from 6 AM to 10 PM, with late night service terminating at 57th Street-Seventh Avenue; late night service to 96th Street began on January 9.[31][32]

Future[edit]

The second phase of the Second Avenue Line will extend the Q to a new northern terminal at 125th Street, with planned stops at 116th Street and 106th Street, a transfer to the existing 125th Street station on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line and a connection to Harlem–125th Street station on Metro-North Railroad. This will provide residents of East Harlem with direct subway service via Second Avenue and Broadway to the Upper East Side, western Midtown, Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn, and offer connections to 4, ​5, ​6, and <6> trains and Metro-North from The Bronx, the northern suburbs and Connecticut.[33] Under the plan approved by the Federal Transit Administration, the MTA estimates to complete Phase 2 between 2027 and 2029.[34]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the Q, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:[35]

Line From To Tracks Times
all
ex.
nights
late
nights
IND Second Avenue Line 96th Street 72nd Street all    
BMT 63rd Street Line (full line) Lexington Avenue-63rd Street all
BMT Broadway Line 57th Street–Seventh Avenue Canal Street express  
local    
Manhattan Bridge south
BMT Brighton Line (full line) DeKalb Avenue Prospect Park all
Parkside Avenue Ocean Parkway local
West Eighth Street–New York Aquarium Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue all

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Station closed Station closed
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only (limited service)
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
Q service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and notes
Manhattan
Second Avenue Line
Stops all times 96th Street Handicapped/disabled access N limited rush hour service only ​​R one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only M15 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 86th Street Handicapped/disabled access N limited rush hour service only ​​R one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only M15 Select Bus Service
M86 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N limited rush hour service only ​​R one weekday a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only M15 Select Bus Service
63rd Street Line
Stops all times Lexington Avenue–63rd Street Handicapped/disabled access F all timesN limited weekday rush hour service onlyQ all timesR one a.m. rush hour trip in the northbound direction only
Out-of-system transfers with MetroCard:
4 all times5 all times except weekday late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line at 59th Street)
N all timesR all except late nightsW weekdays only (BMT Broadway Line at Lexington Avenue/59th Street)
BMT Broadway Line
Stops all times 57th Street–Seventh Avenue Elevator access to mezzanine only N all times ​​R all except late nightsW weekdays only
Stops late nights only 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access ↑ N all times Station is ADA-accessible in the northbound direction only
Stops all times Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N all times ​​R all except late nightsW weekdays only
1 all times2 all times3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line)
A all timesC all except late nightsE all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access N all times ​​R all except late nightsW weekdays only
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D all timesF all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops late nights only 28th Street N all times
Stops late nights only 23rd Street N all times M23 Select Bus Service
Stops all times 14th Street–Union Square Handicapped/disabled access N all times ​​R all except late nightsW weekdays only
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times5 all times except weekday late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops late nights only Eighth Street–New York University N all times
Stops late nights only Prince Street N all times
Manhattan Bridge Branch
Stops all times Canal Street Elevator access to mezzanine only N all times ​​R all except late nightsW weekdays only
4 late nights6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all timesZ rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops on the lower level.
Brooklyn
BMT Brighton Line
Stops all times DeKalb Avenue Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.D late nightsN late nights ​​R all timesW limited rush hour service only
Stops all times Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
D all timesN all times ​​R all timesW limited rush hour service only (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
2 weekdays and weekday late nights3 weekdays only4 all times5 all times except weekday late nights (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal
Stops all times Seventh Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Prospect Park Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
S all times (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
Stops all times Parkside Avenue
Stops all times Church Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Beverley Road
Stops all times Cortelyou Road
Stops all times Newkirk Plaza B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Avenue H Handicapped/disabled access ↓ Station is ADA-accessible in the southbound direction only
Stops all times Avenue J
Stops all times Avenue M
Stops all times Kings Highway Handicapped/disabled access B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Avenue U
Stops all times Neck Road
Stops all times Sheepshead Bay B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Brighton Beach B weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Stops all times Ocean Parkway
Stops all times West Eighth Street–New York Aquarium F all times (IND Culver Line)
Stops all times Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue Handicapped/disabled access D all times (BMT West End Line)
F all times (IND Culver Line)
N all times (BMT Sea Beach Line)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This bullet was used when the service ran via the IND Sixth Avenue Line in Manhattan. The main logo for the 2003 musical Avenue Q parodies this bullet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Korman, Joe (January 12, 2018). "BMT-IND Car Assignments". JoeKorNer. 
  2. ^ Linder, Marc; Zacharias, Lawrence S. (December 1, 1999). Of Cabbages and Kings County: Agriculture and the Formation of Modern Brooklyn. University of Iowa Press. p. 144. ISBN 9780877457145. 
  3. ^ a b c d Cudahy, Brian J. (January 1, 1999). The Malbone Street Wreck. Fordham Univ Press. ISBN 9780823219322. 
  4. ^ a b Derrick, Peter (April 1, 2002). Tunneling to the Future: The Story of the Great Subway Expansion That Saved New York. NYU Press. ISBN 9780814719541. 
  5. ^ Cudahy, Brian J. (January 1, 1995). Under the Sidewalks of New York: The Story of the Greatest Subway System in the World. Fordham Univ Press. p. 73. ISBN 9780823216185. 
  6. ^ New York City: Vol 1, New York City Guide. New York: Random House. January 1, 1939. p. 13. ISBN 9781623760557. 
  7. ^ a b "BMT Riders: Changes In Routes! January 1". Flickr.com. New York City Transit Authority. January 1961. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  8. ^ "the NX joins the N..." thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. April 1968. Retrieved May 6, 2018. 
  9. ^ Hogarty, Dave (August 3, 2007). "Michael Hertz, Designer of the NYC Subway Map". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 18, 2009. Retrieved July 4, 2009. 
  10. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Hey, What's a "K" train?". Flickr.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1985. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Brighton Line Riders: Your Guide To Service Changes On The D Q M During Rehabilitation Work April 26 Through October 26, 1986". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved February 8, 2018. 
  13. ^ "May 24, 1987 New York City Subway Map". stewartmader.com. New York City Transit Authority. May 24, 1987. Retrieved May 6, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  15. ^ Ronald Sullivan (March 26, 1995). "Bridge Repairs to Disrupt Off-Peak Subway Service". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  16. ^ "63rd Street Shuttle Timetable". thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit Authority. February 1998. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  17. ^ "Q Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. Fall 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 3, 2003. Retrieved May 6, 2018. 
  18. ^ Chan, Sewell (May 28, 2005). "And Now for the Good News From the Subway System". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  19. ^ "New York City Transit — History and Chronology". mta.info. Retrieved August 15, 2016. The newly renovated Stillwell Avenue Terminal reopens and train service returns to Coney Island after a 21-month hiatus during construction 
  20. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  21. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". February 5, 2004. Archived from the original on February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  22. ^ Son, Hugh (February 15, 2004). "ABC's of subway swap Manhattan Bridge fix changes 7 lines". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 25, 2018. 
  23. ^ "Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". mta.info. June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Evaluation of 2010 Service Reductions" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. September 23, 2011. Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  25. ^ "A Look Inside MTA New York City Transit's Sign Shop". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 17, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  26. ^ Donohue, Pete (April 24, 2014). "Q train will make more local stops come December". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 23, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Revised Broadway Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 3, 2016. 
  28. ^ Martinez, Jose (February 20, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News. Retrieved February 20, 2016. 
  29. ^ "MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 19, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  30. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E.; Wolfe, Jonathan; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Palmer, Emily; Remnick, Noah (January 1, 2017). "Opening of Second Avenue Subway: Updates". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Second Avenue Subway to Open On-Time". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 19, 2016. Retrieved December 19, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Q Service operates between Stillwell Av and 57 St-7 Av Late Nights, 10 PM to 6 AM, until Monday, Jan 9". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2017. Archived from the original on January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017. 
  33. ^ "CM-1190 Consultant Design Services for Phase 2 of the Second Avenue Subway Project" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 27, 2017. 
  34. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Phase 2 New York, New York New Starts Project Development Information Prepared December 2016" (PDF). Federal Transit Administration. December 27, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017. 
  35. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]