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Country of origin USSR
First flight 1967
Designer OKB-1,[1] V. M. Melnikov
Manufacturer Voronezh Mechanical Plant[2]
Application Upper Stage
Associated L/V N-1, Proton-K, Proton-M, Zenit
Predecessor S1.5400[1]
Status In Production
Liquid-fuel engine
Propellant LOX / RG-1
Cycle Oxidizer Rich Stage Combustion[3]
Chamber 1
Thrust (vac.) 79.46 kilonewtons (17,860 lbf)[4]
Isp (vac.) 353 sec[4]
Burn time up to 600s[4]
Dry weight 300 kilograms (660 lb)[2]
Used in
Block D

The RD-58 (manufacturer designation 11D58) was a rocket engine, developed in the 1960s by OKB-1, now RKK Energia. The project was managed by Mikhail Melnikov, and it was based on the previous S1.5400 which was the first stage combustion engine in the world.[1] The engine was initially created to power the Block D stage of the Soviet Union's abortive N-1 rocket.[5] Derivatives of this stage are now used as upper stages on some Proton and Zenit rockets.[6] An alternative version of the RD-58 chamber, featuring a shorter nozzle, was used as the N-1's roll-control engine.

The Buran spacecraft used two descendants of the RD-58 as its main engines.

The RD-58 uses LOX as the oxidizer and kerosene as fuel. It features a single gimbaled chamber, radial centrifugal pumps with auxiliary booster pumps, and an oxygen-rich preburner. Recent modifications include a lightweight carbon-composite nozzle extender.

The current version of the engine is the RD-58M (manufacturer designation 11D58M), which has slightly reduced thrust, but increased isp. An even newer version is under development and is known as the RD-58MF (manufacturer designation 11D58MF). It will reduce thrust to 49.03 kilonewtons (11,020 lbf) to keep the same length but increase expansion ratio to 500:1. This will enable it to gain 20s of isp (to an expected 572s). It will eventually fly on the Blok DM-03.[7] This new version of the engine will be built in the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant.[8][9]


  1. ^ a b c "Engines". RSC Energiya Official Page. RSC Energiya. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  2. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "Block D upper stage". russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  3. ^ Kiselev, Anatoli I.; Medvedev, Alexander A.; Menshikov, Valery A. (2012). "Section 2.2.2 Carrier rocket booster units". Astronautics: Summary and Prospects. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 304–305. ISBN 978-3709106488. 
  4. ^ a b c "DESCRIPTION OF ZENIT-2SLB, ZENIT-3SLB, ZENIT-3SLBF INTEGRATED LAUNCH VEHICLES". Land Launch User's Guide (Revision B) (PDF). Space International Services. 2014-10-01. p. 29. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  5. ^ "RD-58". Astronautix. Retrieved July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Zenit-3SL". Spaceflight 101. Retrieved July 2014. 
  7. ^ "The propulsion system. 11D58MF". Ecoruspace. Retrieved 2015-05-30. 
  8. ^ "Research and development". www.krasm.com (in Russian). JSC Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant. Retrieved 2015-06-10. 
  9. ^ "2014-02-28 Our Krasnoyarsk Krai "Krasmash. Future projects"". www.krasm.com (in Russian). JSC Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant. Retrieved 2015-06-10.