Expressways in South Korea

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Expressway arteries throughout South Korea
Approaching Seoul from Incheon Airport
Highway bus lane on Gyeongbu Expressway in the Republic of Korea

Expressways in South Korea (Hangul대한민국의 고속도로; Hanja大韓民國의 高速道路; RRDaehanmingukui gosokdoro), officially called as National expressways (Hangul고속국도; Hanja高速國道; RRGosokgukdo), were originally numbered in order of construction. Since August 24, 2001, they have been numbered in a scheme somewhat similar to that of the Interstate Highway System in the United States; the icons of the South Korean Expressways are notably similar to those in the United States because they are shaped like U.S. Highway shields and colored like Interstate shields with red, white and blue, the colors of the flag of South Korea.

  • Arterial routes are designated by two-digit numbers, with north-south routes having odd numbers, and east-west routes having even numbers. Primary routes (i.e. major thoroughfares) have 5 or 0 as their last digit, while secondary routes end in other digits.
  • Branch routes have three-digit route numbers, where the first two digits match the route number of an arterial route.
  • Belt lines have three-digit route numbers where the first digit matches the respective city's postal code.
  • Route numbers in the range 70–99 are not used in South Korea; they are reserved for designations in the event of Korean reunification.
  • The Gyeongbu Expressway kept its Route 1 designation, as it is South Korea's first and most important expressway.

List of expressways[edit]

  • Italics are planned line.
# Type Name Section Total Length(km)
1 Main Gyeongbu Expressway Yangjae IC (Seoul) – Guseo IC (Busan) 416.1 km
10 East – West Trunk Namhae Expressway West Yeongam IC(Yeongam) - Haeryong IC(Suncheon) 106.8 km
West Suncheon IC (Suncheon) – Deokcheon IC (Busan) 166.3 km
102 East – West Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 1 Sanin JC (Haman) – Naeseo JC – Changwon JC (Changwon) 17.9 km
104 East – West Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 2 Nangjeong JC (Gimhae) – Sasang IC (Busan) 20.6 km
105 South – North Branch (of 10) Namhae Expressway Branch 3 JinhaeGijang 15.3 km
12 East – West Muan–Gwangju Expressway Muan Airport IC (Muan) – Unsu IC (Gwangju) 41.3 km
Gwangju–Daegu Expressway Munheung JC (Gwangju) – Okpo JC (Dalseong) 176.0 km
14 East - West Hamyang–Ulsan Expressway HamyangUlsan 144.6 km
15 South – North Trunk Seohaean Expressway Mokpo IC (Muan) – Geumcheon IC (Seoul) 336.6 km
151 South – North Branch (of 15) Seocheon–Gongju Expressway East Seocheon JC (Seocheon) – West Gongju JC (Gongju) 61.4 km
153 South – North Branch (of 15) Pyeongtaek–Siheung Expressway PyeongtaekSiheung 40.3 km
16 East – West Ulsan Expressway Eonyang JC (Ulju) – Ulsan IC (Ulsan) 14.3 km
17 South – North Pyeongtaek–Hwaseong Expressway Oseong IC (Pyeongtaek) – Bongdam IC (Hwaseong) 26.7 km
Suwon–Munsan Expressway SuwonPaju 83.0 km
171 South – North Branch (of 17) Osan–Hwaseong Expressway West Osan JC (Osan) – Annyeong IC (Hwaseong) 2.5 km
Yongin–Seoul Expressway Heungdeok IC (Yongin) – Heolleung IC (Seoul) 22.9 km
20 East – West Trunk Iksan–Pohang Expressway Iksan JC (Iksan) – Jangsu JC (Jangsu) 61.0 km
Palgongsan IC (Daegu) – Pohang IC (Pohang) 69.4 km
202 East – West Branch (of 20) Iksan–Pohang Expressway Branch Pohang 24.0 km
25 South – North Trunk Honam Expressway West Suncheon IC (Suncheon) – Nonsan JC (Nonsan) 194.2 km
Nonsan–Cheonan Expressway Nonsan JC (Nonsan) – Cheonan JC (Cheonan) 82.0 km
251 South – North Branch (of 25) Honam Expressway Branch Nonsan JC (Nonsan) – Hoedeok JC (Daejeon) 54.0 km
253 South – North Branch (of 25) Gochang–Damyang Expressway Gochang JC (Gochang) – Daedeok JC (Damyang) 42.5 km
27 South – North Suncheon–Wanju Expressway East Sunchen IC (Suncheon) – Wanju JC (Wanju) 117.8 km
29 South – North Sejong–Pocheon Expressway SejongGuri 50.6 km
GuriPocheon 71.1 km
30 East – West Trunk Dangjin–Yeongdeok Expressway Dangjin JC (Dangjin) – Nakdong JC (Sangju) - Yeongdeok 305.5 km
301 South – North Branch (of 30) Sangju–Yeongcheon Expressway Sangju – Yeongcheon 93.9 km
32 East – West Asan–Cheongju Expressway AsanCheongju 48.8 km
35 South – North Trunk Tongyeong–Daejeon Expressway Tongyeong IC (Tongyeong) – Biryong JC (Daejeon) 215.3 km
Jungbu Expressway Biryong JC (Daejeon) – Hanam JC (Hanam) 117.2 km
37 South – North Second Jungbu Expressway Express Line of 35 (Majang JC (Icheon) – Sangok JC (Hanam)) 31.1 km
40 East – West Trunk Pyeongtaek–Jecheon Expressway West Pyeongtaek JC (Pyeongtaek) – Jecheon JC (Jecheon) 127.4 km
45 South – North Trunk Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway Naeseo JC (Changwon) – Yangpyeong IC (Yangpyeong) 301.7 km
451 South – North Branch (of 45) Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway Branch Hyeonpung JC (Dalseong) – Geumho JC (Daegu) 30.0 km
50 East – West Trunk Yeongdong Expressway Seochang JC (Incheon) – Gangneung JC (Gangneung) 234.4 km
52 East – West Gwangju–Wonju Expressway Gwangju, GyeonggiWonju 57.0 km
55 South – North Trunk Jungang Expressway Samnak JC (Busan) – Chuncheon IC (Chuncheon) 388.1 km
551 South – North Branch (of 55) Jungang Expressway Branch Daedong JC (Gimhae) – Yangsan JC (Yangsan) 18.1 km
60 East – West Trunk Seoul–Yangyang Expressway Deokso-Sampae IC (Namyangju) – East Hongcheon IC (Hongcheon) - Yangyang 150.2 km
65 South – North Trunk Donghae Expressway Haeundae IC (Busan) – Pohang 100.9 km
Samcheok – Donghae IC (Donghae) – Hajodae IC (Yangyang) – Sokcho 122.6 km
100 Belt Seoul Ring Expressway Pangyo JC (Seongnam) – Hanam JC (Hanam) – Uijeongbu IC (Uijeongbu) -
Ilsan IC (Goyang) – Jangsu IC (Incheon) – Pangyo JC – (Loop)
128.0 km
110 Metropolitan Area Second Gyeongin Expressway Airport Town Square JC (Incheon) – Sammak IC (Anyang) – Seongnam 70.0 km
120 Metropolitan Area Gyeongin Expressway Incheon IC (Incheon) – Sinwol IC (Seoul) 23.9 km
130 Metropolitan Area Incheon International Airport Expressway Bungno JC (Goyang) – Airport Town Square JC (Incheon) 36.5 km
300 Belt Daejeon Southern Ring Expressway Seodaejeon JC (Daejeon) – Biryong JC (Daejeon) 20.9 km
400 Belt Capital Region Second Ring Expressway Bongdam IC (Hwaseong) – Dongtan JC (Hwaseong) 17.8 km
IncheonGimpo 28.5 km
Pocheon - Yangpyeong IC (Yangpyeong) 46.5 km
500 Belt Gwangju Ring Expressway GwangjuJangseong 10.3 km
600 Belt Busan Ring Expressway GimhaeBusan - Yangsan - Busan 48.8 km
700 Belt Daegu Ring Expressway DaeguChilgok - Daegu 32.4 km

Numbering scheme until 2001[edit]

A numbering scheme of expressways in South Korea changed in 2001. Before 2001, roads are numbered as order of its approval (although not exactly same). This list below is the lines by the old scheme. Note that name, origin and terminus of some lines are changed with numbering scheme.

Route number Route name Origins
(former)
Terminal
(former)
Approval
Former Current English Korean
1 1 Gyeongbu 경부선 Seoul Busan 8 April 1969
2 120 Gyeongin 경인선 Seoul Incheon 2 September 1967
3 25, 251 Honam 호남선 Daejeon Suncheon 21 April 1970
3-2 253 Gwangju Bypass 광주외곽선 Jangseong Damyang 27 August 1997
4 50 Yeongdong 영동선 Yongin Gangneung 31 August 1971
5 65 Donghae 동해선 Sokcho Donghae 23 August 1973
6 10, 102 Namhae 남해선 Busan Suncheon 8 December 1971
6-2 104 Namhae 2nd Branch 남해제2지선 Busan Gimhae 22 June 1978
6-3 10 Masan Bypass 마산외곽선 Changwon Haman 27 August 1997
7 45, 451 Guma 구마선 Daegu Masan 19 March 1976
8 16 Ulsan 울산선 Ulju Ulsan 22 June 1978
9 12 88 Olympic 88올림픽선 Dalseong Damyang 22 June 1978
10 35 Jungbu 중부선 Hanam Cheongwon 29 May 1985
10-2 37 2nd Jungbu 제2중부선 Hanam Icheon 27 August 1997
11 15, 50, 110 Seohaean 서해안선 Incheon Muan 25 July 1991
12 50 Singal–Ansan 신갈~안산선 Yongin Ansan 14 July 1988
13 300 Daejeon Southern Ring 대전남부순환선 Daejeon Daejeon 14 July 1988
14 55 Jungang 중앙선 Daegu Chuncheon 20 October 1989
15 110 2nd Gyeongin 제2경인선 Anyang Incheon 25 July 1991
16 15 Seoul–Ansan 서울~안산선 Seoul Ansan 29 April 1992
17 35 Daejeon–Tongyeong 대전~통영선 Daejeon Tongyeong 29 April 1992
18 45 Jungbu Naeryuk 중부내륙선 Yeoju Dalseong 29 April 1992
19 55 Busan–Daegu 부산~대구선 Busan Daegu 29 April 1992
19-2 551 Branch of Busan–Daegu 부산~대구선 지선 Gimhae Yangsan 29 April 1992
20 130 Incheon International Airport 인천국제공항선 Goyang Incheon 27 September 1993
21 25 Cheonan–Nonsan 천안~논산선 Cheonan Nonsan 1 July 1996
22 30 Daejeon–Dangjin 대전~당진선 Daejeon Dangjin 1 July 1996
23 30 Cheongju–Sangju 청주~상주선 Cheongwon Sangju 1 July 1996
24 40 Pyeongtaek–Eumseong 평택~음성선 Pyeongtaek Eumseong 27 August 1997
25 151 Gongju–Seocheon 공주~서천선 Gongju Seocheon 27 August 1997
26 20 Iksan–Jangsu 익산~장수선 Iksan Jangsu 27 August 1997
27 22,[1] 20 Gimcheon–Pohang 김천~포항선 Gimcheon Pohang 27 August 1997
27-2 20 Branch of Gimcheon–Pohang 김천~포항선 지선 Daegu Yeongcheon 27 August 1997
101 100 Seoul Ring 서울외곽순환선 Seongnam Seongnam 14 January 1988

Access restrictions[edit]

Motorcycling restrictions[edit]

Overhead sign at a South Korean expressway entrance
Motor vehicles only sign and no motorcycles sign in South Korea at an expressway entrance

Since June 1, 1972, all motorcycles except police motorcycles are prohibited from driving on expressways in South Korea, regardless of engine displacement. Before 1972, motorcycles with an engine displacement greater than 250 cc were permitted on expressways.[2][3]

Since March 15, 1992, all motorcycles except police motorcycles have been banned from certain other roads designated for motor vehicles only.[4][5][6] These roads are marked by a circular blue sign with a white silhouette of a car.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abandoned
  2. ^ (Korean) Prohibit the driving on Expressways for Three-wheeled Vehicles and Motorcycles May 23, 1972, Dong-a Ilbo
  3. ^ (Korean) Prohibit the driving on Expressways for Three-wheeled Vehicles etc May 24, 1972, Maeil Business Newspaper
  4. ^ (Korean) Article 58 the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for December 14, 1991, Enforced from to March 15, 1992)
  5. ^ (Korean) Article 63 of the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for May 31, 2005 and April 28, 2006, Enforced from to June 1st 2006)
  6. ^ (Korean) Article 63 of the South Korea Road Traffic Law(Revised for June 8, 2011, Enforced from to December 9, 2011)

External links[edit]