Romanian legislative election, 2016

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Romanian legislative election, 2016
Romania
← 2012 11 December 2016 Next →

All 329 seats in the Chamber and all 136 seats in the Senate
Turnout 39.44%
  Majority party Minority party Third party
  Conferinta de presa la sediul PSD Arad - 22.05 (7) (14465750525).jpg Alina Gorghiu - Crin Antonescu (8760663906) (cropped).jpg Nicușor Dan candidatura bgiu.jpg
Leader Liviu Dragnea[1] Alina Gorghiu Nicușor Dan
Party PSD PNL USR
Leader since 22 July 2015 18 December 2014 21 August 2016
Leader's seat DTeleorman STimiș DBucharest
Last election 59 S, 33.52%
150 D, 36.41%
50 S, 28.41%
100 D, 24.27%
Seats won 67 S / 154 D 30 S / 69 D 13 S / 30 D
Seat change Increase 8 S / Increase 4 D Decrease 20 S / Decrease 31 D New
popular vote 3,204,864 D 1,412,377 D 625,154 D
Percentage 45.48% D 20.04% D 8.87% D

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  EPP Congress 5719 (8099356346).jpg Victor Ponta la semnarea declaratiei politice privind infiintarea USL 2.0 - 14.11 (4) (15621866127) (cropped 2).jpg EPP Summit; Meise, Dec. 2013 (11449226465) (cropped 2).jpg
Leader Hunor Kelemen Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu Traian Băsescu
Party UDMR ALDE PMP
Leader since 26 February 2011 19 June 2015 27 March 2016
Leader's seat DHarghita SBucharest SBucharest
Last election 9 S, 5.11%
18 D, 4.37%
Seats won 9 S / 21 D 9 S / 20 D 8 S / 18 D
Seat change Steady 0 S / Increase 3 D New New
popular vote 435,969 D 396,386 D 376,891 D
Percentage 6.19% D 5.62% D 5.35% D

Prime Minister before election

Dacian Cioloș
Independent

Prime Minister-designate

Sorin Grindeanu
PSD

Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Romania

Legislative elections were held in Romania on 11 December 2016.[2] They were the first held under a new electoral system adopted in 2015, which saw a return to the proportional electoral system last used in the 2004 elections. The new electoral legislation provides a norm of representation for deputies of 73,000 inhabitants and 168,000 inhabitants for senators, which decreased the number of MPs.[3] A total of 466 parliamentary seats (308 deputies, 18 minority deputies, and 134 senators) were contested, compared with the 588 parliamentarians elected in 2012. The diaspora was represented by four deputies and two senators, elected by postal vote.[4] The elections saw a turnout of 39.5%, lower than in 2012 but slightly higher than in the 2008 elections.

New electoral system[edit]

The legislative election of 2016 unfolded differently compared to 2012 and 2008. On 24 February 2015, the Electoral Code Commission decided in principle for the future electoral law to return to party-list proportional representation, thereby relinquishing the first-past-the-post (uninominal) voting system as introduced in 2008.[5] The option of turning the Parliament of Romania into a perfectly bicameral parliament, with some 300 deputies being elected on a closed list and 100 senators being elected by a single-round uninominal majority vote, had been discussed for years[6] and even agreed upon between the ruling Social Democratic Party and the opposition.[7] The new electoral law promulgated by President Klaus Iohannis on 20 July 2015 however didn't retain uninominal constituencies for the Senate. Closely sticking to the commission's recommendations, the new electoral law completely returned to party-list proportional representation.[8]

With a representation norm of one deputy per 73,000 inhabitants and one senator per 168,000 inhabitants,[9] a total of 308 deputies were elected, to which are added the 18 deputies of minorities, 134 senators and 6 MPs of diaspora (two senators and four deputies).[10] All in all this totals to a number of 466 MPs, five fewer than in 2008 and 122 fewer than in 2012.[8] While for single-party lists the electoral threshold is kept at 5%, a higher threshold of 8–10% is introduced for electoral alliances. For the first time the Romanian electors residing abroad were able to cast their vote via mail, in a reaction to the flawed procedures at the 2014 presidential election.[8]

Parties[edit]

Although the image of Victor Ponta and his Social Democratic Party (PSD) was badly affected by corruption scandals and a recent wave of protests, the party remains one of the two major parties in Romania. Besides the PSD, the Romanian party system however went through a number of substantial regroupings.

Major regroupings[edit]

Leading center-left Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the Centre Right Alliance (ACD) of the Conservative Party (PC) and National Liberal Party (PNL) contested the 2012 legislative election under the joint ticket of the Social Liberal Union (USL).[11] They won an absolute majority to form a government headed by prime minister Victor Ponta.

During the legislature, PC and PNL however increasingly distanced themselves from each other with the PC – despite its name – embracing social liberalism[citation needed] and being affected by corruption scandals involving its leader, Dan Voiculescu, who was subsequently sentenced to prison for money laundering. In turn, the PNL dropped out of the coalition government in February 2014.[12] Formerly affiliated with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), the party applied for membership in the European People's Party (EPP) to be later admitted a full member.[13] Increasingly orienting to the right, the PNL suffered a split, as a faction centered around Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu left to become the Liberal Reformist Party (PLR) which eventually merged with the PC to form the Romanian Alliance of Liberals and Democrats, eponymous with the European party.[14][15]

Subsequently, the PNL joined forces with the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), which itself had suffered a split, when Traian Băsescu left to form the new party People's Movement.[16] Ahead of a complete merger, PDL and PNL formed the Christian Liberal Alliance,[17] which successfully fielded Klaus Iohannis in the November 2014 presidential election.[18] The two parties fully merged on 17 November 2014 under the name of National Liberal Party (PNL).

In June 2015, left-wing National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR) which before had polled in the Centre Left Alliance with the Social Democrats, absorbed the remainders of dissolved populist PP-DD,[19] after that party's founder Dan Diaconescu was convicted for extortion.[20] UNPR president Gabriel Oprea advanced the variant of launching an independent list in the legislative election as one of two options.[21] While aiming for 10% at the upcoming national vote,[22] the party also reaffirmed its commitment to the Centre Left Alliance with the PSD.[23] However, in July 2016, UNPR joined the right-leaning People's Movement Party led by former president Traian Băsescu, despite protests from some UNPR members.[24][25] Oprea, himself under investigation for abuse of power, resigned from the party and declared his intention to leave politics.[26]

Further developments[edit]

Conservative MEP Maria Grapini accused PC of betrayal after fusion with PLR.[27] The People's Movement Party, formed around former President Traian Băsescu after splitting from PDL, was rocked by the arrest of its leader Elena Udrea in Microsoft licensing corruption scandal[28] and is losing popularity.

A new nationalist party, United Romania Party (PRU), was founded by MP Bogdan Diaconu on 17 August 2014 and became official by court decision on 17 February 2015.

Another new and unpredictable element in this election is the rise of the Union for the Salvation of Romania [USR], a party recently created from its base in Bucharest as the Union for the Salvation of Bucharest. Led by Nicușor Dan, a mathematics professor, this is a reformist group of newcomers to politics committed to rooting out corruption. Recent polling data shows the USR poised to exceed its goal of 10 per cent of the popular vote.

The largest political formation of an ethnic minority, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, has a chance to be represented in the parliament.

Parties to be entered in the election and their leaders[29]1
PSD (Liviu Dragnea) PNL (Alina Gorghiu) ALDE[30] (Daniel Constantin, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu) UDMR (Hunor Kelemen) USR (Nicușor Dan) PMP (Traian Băsescu) PRU (Bogdan Diaconu) AN (Marian Munteanu) PER (Dănuț Pop) PRM (Emil Străinu) PSR (Constantin Rotaru)

Opinion polls[edit]

  Parties that surpass the parliamentary threshold of 5% (except the leading party)
  Parties that do not surpass the parliamentary threshold of 5%
  Parties that maybe can surpass or not surpass the parliamentary threshold of 5%
Poll source Date Sample size PNL PDL PLR PSDUNPRPC PPDD UDMR PRM PMP PNȚCD M10 PRU Other Lead
INSCOP 1–6 Jul 2014 1,055 19.3% 11.9% 42.3% 2.8% 5.4% 3.2% 7.5% 1.2% 13.7%
CCSCC 20–26 Aug 2014 1,248 34% 5% 38% 4% 6% 2% 7% 4%
INSCOP 30 Aug–4 Sep 2014 1,058 31.5% 4.4% 42.6% 3.4% 5.8% 3.3% 7.1% 0.8% 10.1%
INSCOP 27 Nov–2 Dec 2014 1,076 41.7% 3.3% 38.8% 2.3% 5.1% 1.2% 5.6% 0.6% 2.9%
Poll source Date Sample size PNL PLR PSDUNPRPC PPDD UDMR PRM PMP PNȚCD M10 PRU Other Lead
CSOP 13–18 Dec 2014 1,044 47% 34% 2% 6% 3% 3% 13%
CSOP 27 Jan–4 Feb 2015 1,036 49% 32% 2% 6% 2% 3% 17%
INSCOP 5–10 Feb 2015 1,065 44.2% 3.3% 37.4% 1.4% 5% 1.1% 4% 0.9% 6.8%
Avangarde 18–26 Feb 2015 900 40% 5% 37% 3% 5% 4% 3% 3%
CSOP 3–10 Mar 2015 1,007 49% 31% 2% 7% 2% 2% 18%
CSCI 24–28 Mar 2015 1,073 39% 6% 37% 2% 5% 2% 3% 2%
ARP 30 Mar–3 Apr 2015 1,100 44% 3% 34% 2% 5% 2.5% 2.5% 1% 10%
CSCI 20–24 Apr 2015 1,090 42% 5% 39% 1% 4% 1% 3% 3%
Avangarde 21–29 Apr 2015 950 43% 5% 40% 1% 4% 1% 2% 2% 3%
INSCOP 23–30 Apr 2015 1,085 44.7% 2.2% 39.1% 1% 5.2% 2% 2.8% 1% 5.6%
Poll source Date Sample size PNL ALDE (PLR+PC) PSD UNPR (incl. PP–DD) UDMR PRM MP PNȚCD M10 PRU Other Lead
INSCOP 9–14 Jul 2015 1,075 44.5% 3% 37.1% 5.1% 2.1% 2.4% 1.2% 2.3% 2.3% 7.4%
CSCI 10–17 Aug 2015 1,021 41% 3% 37% 2% 5% 3% 5% 3% 1% 4%
Avangarde 1–7 Sep 2015 1,000[31] 32% 6% 34% 7% 2% 4% 2% 5% 8% 2%
INSCOP 10–15 Sep 2015 1,085 42% 2.6% 35% 5.1% 5% 1.3% 2.5% 1% 2% 1% 2.5% 7%
INSCOP 26 Nov–2 Dec 2015 1,071 40.1% 4% 36.3% 2.6% 5.2% 1.1% 4.4% 1% 2.4% 2.9% 3.8%
ARP 2–6 Dec 2015 950 35% 6.5% 34% 2.5% 4% 5% 7.5% 2.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1%
CIADO 1–5 Feb 2016 1,157 35.45% 4.57% 36.42% 23.56% 0.97%
INSCOP 21–28 Mar 2016 1,068 37.2% 5.3% 39.2% 5% 1% 5.1% 0.4% 2.2% 1.2% 3.4% 2%
Poll source Date Sample size PNL ALDE PSD PMP (incl. UNPR) UDMR USR PRU Other Lead
CIADO 1–10 Aug 2016 5,428 (urban only) 32.33% 8.2% 35.76% 7.57% 5.1% 8.1% - 2.94% 3.43%
TNS 14–23 Sep 2016 1,000 25% 7% 45% 4% 5% 10% 3% 1% 20%
ARP 17–24 Sep 2016 1,170 30% 5.5% 38% 4% 5% 9% - 8.5% 8%
CIADO 6–30 Oct 2016 4,500 29.3% 6.5% 44.6% 4.9% 5.2% 5.7% 2.5% 1.3% 15.3%
CCSB 1-7 Nov 2016 1,261 27.2% 5.2% 40.2% 5% 5.4% 11% 4.2% 1.8% 13%
TNS 11-21 Nov 2016 1,003 18% 7% 40% 7% 3% 19% 3% 3% 21%
Avangarde 20-27 Nov 2016 1000 27% 6% 43% 5% 5% 8% 3% 3% 16%
SOCIOPOL 23-30 Nov 2016 1006 25% 6% 40% 5% 5% 10% 5% 4% 15%
SOCIOPOL 3-7 Dec 2016 1002 27% 6% 41% 4% 4% 7% 5% 6% 14%
IRES 6-7 Dec 2016 1100 23% 6% 44% 6% 5% 7% 4% 5% 21%
Avangarde Synthesis Unspecified 24-31% 5-6% 40% 5-7% - 7-15% 3-5% - 9-16%

Results[edit]

Senate[edit]

Seat distribution in the Senate of Romania after the 11 December 2016 legislative election:
  PSD: 67 seats
  ALDE: 9 seats
  UDMR: 9 seats
  USR: 13 seats
  PNL: 30 seats
  PMP: 8 seats
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 3,221,786 45.68 67 +8
National Liberal Party 1,440,193 20.42 30 –20
Save Romania Union 629,375 8.92 13 New
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 440,409 6.24 9 0
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 423,728 6.01 9 New
People's Movement Party 398,791 5.65 8 New
United Romania Party 207,977 2.95 0 New
Greater Romania Party 83,568 1.18 0 0
Ecologist Party of Romania 77,218 1.09 0 0
Our Romania Alliance 66,774 0.95 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party 32,808 0.47 0 0
Humanist Power Party (Social-Liberal) 3,066 0.04 0 New
New Romania Party 2,349 0.03 0 New
National Unity Bloc 739 0.01 0 New
Green Party 719 0.01 0 New
PACT 719 0.01 0 New
Our Vrancea Party 652 0.01 0 New
Democratic Roma Party 648 0.01 0 New
Republican Party of Romania 52 0.00 0 New
Independents 21,395 0.30 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 205,973
Total 7,258,939 100 136 –40
Registered voters/turnout 18,403,044 39.44
Source: BEC

Chamber of Deputies[edit]

Seat distribution in the Chamber of Deputies of Romania after the 11 December 2016 legislative election:
  PSD: 154 seats
  ALDE: 20 seats
  UDMR: 21 seats
  National minorities: 17 seats
  USR: 30 seats
  PNL: 69 seats
  PMP: 18 seats
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 3,204,864 45.48 154 +4
National Liberal Party 1,412,377 20.04 69 –31
Save Romania Union 625,154 8.87 30 New
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 435,969 6.19 21 +3
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 396,386 5.62 20 New
People's Movement Party 376,891 5.35 18 New
United Romania Party 196,397 2.79 0 New
Greater Romania Party 73,264 1.04 0 0
Ecologist Party of Romania 62,414 0.89 0 0
Our Romania Alliance 61,206 0.87 0 New
Romanian Socialist Party 24,580 0.35 0 0
Party of the Roma 13,126 0.19 1 0
Democratic Forum of Germans 12,375 0.18 1 0
Democratic Union of Slovaks and Czechs in Romania 6,545 0.09 1 0
Community of the Lippovan Russians 6,160 0.09 1 0
Hellenic Union of Romania 5,817 0.08 1 0
Democratic Turkish Union of Romania 5,536 0.08 1 0
Association of Macedonians of Romania 5,513 0.08 1 0
Union of Serbs of Romania 5,468 0.08 1 0
Federation of the Jewish Communities in Romania 5,069 0.07 1 0
Union of Armenians of Romania 4,868 0.07 1 0
League of Albanians of Romania 4,640 0.07 1 0
Bulgarian Union of Banat–Romania 4,542 0.06 1 0
Union of Croatians of Romania 3,532 0.05 1 0
Association of Italians of Romania 3,486 0.05 1 0
Union of Poles of Romania 3,355 0.05 1 0
Cultural Union of Ruthenians of Romania 2,824 0.04 1 0
Humanist Power Party (Social-Liberal) 2,599 0.04 0 New
New Romania Party 1,764 0.03 0 New
Union of the Ukrainians of Romania 1,172 0.02 1 0
PACT 609 0.01 0 New
Green Party 566 0.01 0 New
Democratic Roma Party 523 0.01 0 New
National Unity Bloc 518 0.01 0 New
Our Vrancea Party 511 0.01 0 New
Independents 76,764 1.09 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 213,916
Total 7,261,300 100 329 –83
Registered voters/turnout 18,403,044 39.46
Source: BEC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chiujdea, Silvana (22 July 2015). "Liviu Dragnea, ales preşedinte interimar al PSD. ASCENSIUNEA baronului de Teleorman, dintr-un modest inginer la IUGTC Craiova, la şefia celui mai mare partid din România". Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 
  2. ^ Știrile ProTV. 31 August 2016 http://stirileprotv.ro/stiri/politic/alegeri-parlamentare-2016-guvernul-decide-data-in-care-vom-fi-chemati-la-urne-pentru-alegerea-senatorilor-si-deputatilor.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Pană, Ştefan (5 January 2016). "ANALIZĂ: 2016, anul alegerilor locale şi parlamentare. Noile reguli electorale". Mediafax. 
  4. ^ "Legea votului prin corespondenţă, promulgată de preşedinte". Gândul. 19 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Andrei, Cristian (24 February 2015). "NOUA LEGE ELECTORALĂ. Parlamentari aleşi pe liste şi campanii electorale finanţate de stat". Gândul (in Romanian). 
  6. ^ Zachmann, Sebastian (27 February 2013). "Votul pe listă revine la alegerile din 2016". Adevărul (in Romanian). 
  7. ^ "Schimbări MAJORE la viitoarele alegeri parlamentare: Se renunţă la uninominal şi se revine la votul pe liste". România TV (in Romanian). 24 February 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c Mihai Pelin; Ana-Maria Popescu (21 July 2015). "New Election Law in Romania". Radio România Internaţional. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Filimon, Paul (20 July 2015). "Legea ALEGERILOR PARLAMENTARE pe LISTE, promulgată de Iohannis". România Liberă (in Romanian). 
  10. ^ Rosca, Iulia (20 July 2015). "Presedintele Klaus Iohannis a promulgat Legea alegerilor parlamentare". HotNews.ro (in Romanian). 
  11. ^ Romanian opposition parties join forces, SE Times, 06/02/2011
  12. ^ "Romania's Liberals to leave ruling coalition, government". The Sofia Globe. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  13. ^ "EPP concerned over actions of radical Islamic militant groups and over latest political developments in Romania; welcomes five new member parties". European People's Party. 12 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "New political party in Romania". romania-insider.com. 2015-06-22. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  15. ^ "ALDE Party President welcomes establishment of new party in Romania". 
  16. ^ Grigoras, Alina (29 January 2014). "People's Movement Party aims re-launching". NineO'Clock.ro. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  17. ^ Georgescu, Serban (22 July 2014). "PNL and PDL form the Christian Liberal Alliance". nineoclock.ro. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  18. ^ "Romanians elected Klaus Iohannis their new president for the next five years". TheDiplomat.ro. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  19. ^ Novaceanu, Alina (29 June 2015). "Oprea: Am încheiat o fuziune prin absobţie cu PP-DD. Suntem un partid al uşilor deschise" (in Romanian). Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Romanian media owner and politician gets five years in jail for blackmail". romania-insider.com. 2015-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-22. 
  21. ^ Tomescu, Ioana (19 July 2015). "Gabriel Oprea: UNPR are două variante pentru viitoarele alegeri, în alianţă cu PSD sau singuri". Evenimentul Zilei (in Romanian). 
  22. ^ "UNPR's Oprea: UNPR matters in Romanian politics". Agerpres. 29 August 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  23. ^ "UNPR will support the prime minister-designate and his cabinet in Parliament". Agerpres. 11 November 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  24. ^ Carmen Vintilă (20 July 2016). "PMP și UNPR au FUZIONAT astăzi. Traian Băsescu: "Cel mai bun profil de premier sunt eu"". Evenimentul Zilei. 
  25. ^ "UPDATE Congresele reunite ale PMP și UNPR au aprobat în unanimitate fuziunea". Agerpres. 20 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "Gabriel Oprea, urmarit penal de DNA in dosarul "Audi + jacuzzi". Fostul ministru a venit la DNA cu trei garzi de corp". Retrieved 17 August 2016. 
  27. ^ Dolana, Andra (18 June 2015). "SCANDAL ÎN PC. Grapini își varsă "amărăciunea" pe Facebook. Conservatorii: Hoțul strigă hoții". România Liberă (in Romanian). 
  28. ^ Pickles, Kate (11 February 2015). "Glamorous former Romanian tourism minister and presidential candidate is detained on suspicion of money laundering". Daily Mail. 
  29. ^ "Partide care au depus la Biroul Electoral Central liste de susţinători la nivel național la alegerile pentru Senat și Camera Deputaților din data de 11 decembrie 2016 - Biroul Electoral Central". 
  30. ^ Neagu, Alina (19 June 2015). "Daniel Constantin si Calin Popescu Tariceanu au semnat protocolul de fuziune intre PC si PLR: Noua formatiune se va numi Partidul Alianta Liberalilor si Democratilor (ALDE)". HotNews.ro (in Romanian). 
  31. ^ (Bucharest only)

External links[edit]