Romanians in the United Kingdom

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Romanians in the United Kingdom
Total population
Romanian-born residents
83,168 (2011 Census)
310,000 (2016 ONS estimate)
Regions with significant populations
London (Mostly Northern boroughs such as London Borough of Brent)[citation needed]
English, Romanian
Romanian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic, Protestant, Atheism, None

Romanians in the United Kingdom refers to the phenomenon of Romanian people moving to the United Kingdom as citizens or non-citizen immigrants, along with British citizens of Romanian descent. The opportunities for Romanians to migrate to the UK increased when Romania joined the European Union in 2007, and a transitional cap on migration from Romania and Bulgaria expired on 1 January 2014, which saw thousands move to the UK.

History, population and settlement[edit]

The small number of Romanians that first arrived in Britain were primarily Jews fleeing persecution during the Second World War.[citation needed] The activities of the Romanian exiles started in 1941, through the effort of individuals such as Ambassador Viorel Tilea, Major George-Emil Iliescu, and legal counselor Ecaterina Iliescu. They founded the Anglo-Romanian Refugee Committee (ARRC) in 1948. The Free Romanian Orthodox Church was active in parallel to the ARRC between 1950–55, under the leadership of Father Gildau, with a Parish Committee chaired by Mihai Carciog. This later transformed transformed into the 'Romanian Orthodox Women's Association in the UK', which, in turn, became in 1965 the British-Romanian Association - also known under its Romanian name of ACARDA ("Asociatia Culturala a Romanilor din Anglia") - through the initiative of a representative group of individuals from the small Romanian community, including Ion Ratiu, Horia Georgescu, George Ross and Leonard Kirschen, Marie-Jeanne MacDonald, Gladys Wilson, Sanda Carciog and Mihai Carciog.[citation needed] Ion Ratiu was the President of the British-Romanian Association between 1965 - 1985, followed by Iolanda Stranescu Costide between 1985 until its closure in 1996, the organisation having fulfilled its aim to restore a democratic regime in Romania.

At the time of the 2001 Census, 7,631 Romanian-born people were residing in the UK.[1] [2] In the 2011 Census, the Romanian-born population grew to 83,168 people throughout the UK, with 79,687 in England & Wales,[3] 2,387 in Scotland,[4] and 1,094 in Northern Ireland.[5]

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimated that, in 2012, 101,000 Romanian-born people were resident in the UK.[6] By 2016, this estimate had risen to 310,000.[7]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2004 14,000 —    
2005 17,000 +21.4%
2006 17,000 +0.0%
2007 24,000 +41.2%
2008 42,000 +75.0%
2009 59,000 +40.5%
2010 82,000 +39.0%
2011 83,168 +1.4%
2012 106,000 +27.5%
2013 136,000 +28.3%
2014 170,000 +25.0%
2015 220,000 +29.4%
2016 310,000 +40.9%
Note: Besides for 2011 when a census of the population took place, figures are ONS estimates of the number of Romanian-born residents. Figure given is the central estimate. See the source for 95% confidence intervals.
Source: [8]


Most Romanians belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church religion and there are several Romanian Orthodox churches throughout the UK, such as those in Aberdeen, Ballymena, Birmingham, Boston, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Caterham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Luton, Northampton, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford or Poole.[9]

Notable Britons of Romanian descent[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]