Russians in the United Kingdom
15,160 (2001 Census)
32,000 (2009 ONS estimate)
49,043 (2011 Census)
35,172 (2011 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|London, South East England, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Cardiff|
|Judaism · Russian Orthodox Church.|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Russian community in the United Kingdom consists mainly of British citizens of Russian heritage as well with expatriates and migrants from Russia who reside in the United Kingdom. Russians have lived the United Kingdom since the 19th century.
Settlement and population numbers
The 2001 UK Census recorded 15,160 Russian-born residents. Estimates published by The Guardian suggest that the resident Russian-born population in London was over 150,000 in 2014. The rise in population has led to jocular nicknames for London such as "Londongrad" and "Moscow-on-the-Thames".
In London and the South East there are a number of Russian schools aimed at transmitting Russian language and culture to the children of Russian immigrant parents.
Many Russians also came to UK from the Baltic states, after they joined the EU in 2004. The total number of people of Russian descent is close to 300,000.
The Russian Embassy School in London is a Russian international school in the UK's capital city.
This is a list of Russian expatriates in the United Kingdom and Britons of Russian ancestry including Jews.
Arts and Literature
- Ali Bastian, actress
- Martin Benson, actor
- Lady Colin Campbell, writer and biographer
- Jill Craigie, film director, screenwriter, feminist
- Marita Crawley, playwright
- Theodore Dalrymple, author
- Vernon Dobtcheff, actor
- Amanda Donohoe, actress
- Sergei Fyodorov, Russian icon painter
- Georgette Heyer, novelist
- Rachel Johnson, sister of Boris Johnson
- Edward Judd, actor
- Ben Kingsley, actor
- Theodore Komisarjevsky, theatrical director and designer 
- Lilia Kopylova, renowned dancer 
- Jocelyn Lane, actress and model
- Tania Mallet, actress, James Bond girl in Goldfinger
- Richard Marner, actor
- Dame Helen Mirren, actress. Winner of an Academy Award for Best Actress, four SAG Awards, four BAFTAs, three Golden Globes, four Emmy Awards, and two Cannes Film Festival Best Actress Awards
- Warren Mitchell, actor 
- Sophia Myles, actress 
- Seva Novgorodsev, BBC Russian Service radio presenter
- Sergei Pavlenko, portrait painter
- Muriel Pavlow, actress
- Ingrid Pitt, horror film actress
- Stephen Poliakoff, playwright, director 
- Oleg Prokofiev, artist, sculptor, and poet 
- Oliver Reed, actor
- Charlotte Ronson, fashion designer
- George Sanders, actor
- John Sergeant, journalist
- Carolyn Seymour, actress
- Dinah Sheridan, actress
- Paul Sheriff, Academy Award-winning art director
- Victoria Tennant, actress
- Sir Peter Ustinov, actor. Winner of two Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor, a BAFTA award, a Golden Globe, three Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Award
- Sabra Williams, actress
- Michael Winner, film director
- Christian Wolmar, author
- Evgeny Lebedev, businessman
- Vladimir Raitz, founder of the Horizon Holiday Group
- Sir Stuart Rose, Chief Executive of Marks & Spencer
- Vladimir Peniakoff, Lieutenant-Colonel of the British Army, Distinguished Service Order, Military Cross
- Pavel Chichagov, Commander and an Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy under Alexander I. The son of the son of Admiral Vasili Chichagov and his English wife.
- Rudolf Abel - Soviet Colonel and Spy during the Cold War, born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne as Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher.
- Carl Barat, musician, co-founder of the band The Libertines
- Pete Doherty, musician, co-founder of the band The Libertines
- Mick Jones, musician, co-founder of the band The Clash
- Albert Coates, Russian-born conductor and composer
- Alina Ibragimova, violinist 
- Paul Kossoff, musician, member of the band Free. Father was of Russian-Jewish descent 
- Nina Rautio, Russian- born soprano  and vocal teacher
- Katie Melua, singer
- Mark Ronson, music producer
- Samantha Ronson, DJ
- Gavin Rossdale, musician
- Amy Winehouse, singer
- Nick Clegg, Former Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
- Susan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield, member of the House of Lords, scientist, writer, and broadcaster
- Boris Johnson, Former Mayor of London
- Jo Johnson, brother of Boris Johnson, Member of Parliament, and journalist
- Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea, Anglo-Russian statesman and leader of the movement for Army Health and War Office reform after the Crimean War. His mother was the Russian noblewoman Countess Catherine Vorontsov who was daughter of the Russian diplomat to the United Kingdom Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov. The current Earl of Pembroke is a direct descendant.
- Isaiah Berlin, renowned social and political theorist, and historian
- Konstantin Novoselov, Nobel Prize-winning physicist
- Andre Geim, Nobel Prize-winning physicist
- Ronald Hutton, historian
- Martyn Poliakoff, CBE, FRS chemist
- Robert Skidelsky, economic historian
- Alexandra Tolstoy, businesswoman, fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
- Nikolai Tolstoy, historian
- Sir John Vane, Nobel Prize-winning pharmacologist
- Paul Vinogradoff, historian-medievalist
- Nicholas Zernov, Orthodox theologian
- "Nationality and country of birth by age, sex and qualifications Jan - Dec 2013 (Excel sheet 60Kb)". www.ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- "Born Abroad: Other European ex-USSR", BBC News, 2005-09-07, retrieved 2009-09-19
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- "How the Ukraine crisis is affecting Russians in Moscow-on-Thames". The Guardian. April 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "300,000 Russians in the UK, "Londongrad" a prime location", WorkPermit.com, 2006-12-19, retrieved 2009-09-10
- Buksh, Ayshea (2007-02-12), "Russians get back to their roots", BBC News, retrieved 2009-09-19
- "Martin Benson". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2010-03-29.
- Lane, Harriet (2001-02-04). "Mrs Robinson, I presume". The Guardian. London.
- Byatt (1975), p. 291.
- "Boris Johnson: I am descended from a Russian slave". Daily Mail. London. 2008-03-10.
- "Richard Marner". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2004-03-24.
- Stewart, Will (2010-03-07). "Helen Mirren and the epic secret that links her to Russia's greatest author Leo Tolstoy". Daily Mail. London.
- Husband, Stuart (2007-08-05). "Curtain call for Miss Myles". The Guardian. London.
- Mann, Noelle (1998-08-26). "Obituary: Oleg Prokofiev". The Independent. London.
- Autobiography Give me ten seconds by John Sergeant: Macmillan 2001. On page 19: "Horatio [Cook, John's maternal grandfather] was a loyal Englishman but also deeply Russian ... he could pass without difficulty as a Russian and in Odessa he married the daughter of a priest ... my mother would later boast that because of the orthodox tradition ... she could lay claim to ancestors going back a thousand years to the beginning of Christianity in Russia."
- Bray, Roger (2010-09-09). "Vladimir Raitz obituary". The Guardian. London.
- Armstrong, Simon (28 November 2015). "Rudolf Abel: The Soviet spy who grew up in England". BBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Trahair, Richard C. S.; Miller, Robert L. (2009). Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage, Spies, and Secret Operations. New York, NY: Enigma Books. p. 99. ISBN 1936274256.
- Variety Club - Jewish Chronicle colour supplement "350 years"". The Jewish Chronicle. 2006-12-15. pp. 28–29.
- "My Life In Travel: Katie Melua". The Independent. London. 2005-02-26.
- "1911 census reveals David Beckham's rag and bone man ancestor . . . and who lived in your house before WW1". Daily Mail. London. 2009-01-13.
- Watt, Nicholas (2015-05-08). "Nick Clegg: Nick Clegg resigns as Lib Dem leader". The Guardian. London.
- Barratt, Nick (2007-12-22). "Family detective: Nick Clegg". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Family detective". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2006-12-30.
- Rincon, Paul (5 October 2010). "Materials breakthrough wins Nobel". BBC News. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- "Sir John Vane". The Daily Telegraph. London. 2004-11-22.
- Wikisource:1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Vinogradoff, Paul
- Sherlock, Grant (2009-01-08). "Statue for rugby's Russian prince". BBC News.