Burnt Oak

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Burnt Oak
Burnt Oak is located in Greater London
Burnt Oak
Burnt Oak
Burnt Oak shown within Greater London
Population 587,172 
OS grid reference TQ205915
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EDGWARE
Postcode district HA8
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
LondonCoordinates: 51°36′33″N 0°15′32″W / 51.6093°N 0.2588°W / 51.6093; -0.2588

Burnt Oak is a suburb in the Edgware district of North London. It is situated in the London Borough of Barnet.

History[edit]

The name Burnt Oak was first used in 1754[1] and from then until the 1850s referred to no more than a field on the eastern side of the Edgware Road (Watling Street). Nor is there evidence that the name implies anything except that the field had once contained a burnt oak tree. In May 1844 Burnt Oak field was sold to a Mr Essex, and by the 1860s plans were in place to build three residential streets: North Street, East Street, and South Street. The application of the field name to the area seems to have followed from this new estate and was in use by the end of the 19th century. However, the area was generally known as Red Hill until the opening of Burnt Oak tube station.

There were a handful of shops by the 1890s. There was a post office and grocery run by George and William Plumb, a bakery run by Caller & Poole, as well as James Huggett the greengrocer. A tramway along the Edgware Road to Cricklewood opened in 1905, but the population remained small, by 1921 still only around 1,000.

Burnt Oak tube station on the Northern line of London Underground was opened on 27 October 1924. It was first open on weekdays with a small booking hall suitable for a rural area. As it was on farmland south-east of the community in Edgware Road, London Transport constructed a new road, Watling Avenue. In the same year news leaked out that the London County Council was to build a housing estate (Watling Estate), which was ready for its first occupants in April 1927.[2] With this and other private estates the area was provided with a new station by 1928, and the population by 1931 had grown to 21,545. Along both sides of Watling Avenue shops were built along with a number of schools to serve the area, such as Woodcroft and Goldbeaters.

In September 1931 Jack Cohen opened the first Tesco store Tesco at 54 Watling Street, Burnt Oak.[3][4][5] This first Tesco shop was not on the site of the present Tesco on Burnt Oak Broadway, but in smaller premises round the corner on Watling Avenue (now a Savers).

In 1930, Dominican nuns established St Rose's Convent on Orange Hill Road which led to the foundation of St James' Catholic High School in 1934. In 1936 Watling Market opened with a hundred covered shops and stalls, and the Co-op opened its department store at the junction of Stag Lane and Burnt Oak Broadway (now a Peacocks). [6]

Watling Estate[edit]

Main article: Watling Estate

The Watling Estate was one of 12 London County Council cottage estates built between the wars to provide Homes fit for Heroes.[2]

LCC Cottage estates 1918-1939
Estate name Area No of dwellings Population 1938 Population density
Pre 1914
Norbury 11 218 867 19.8 per acre (49/ha)
Old Oak 32 736 3519 23 per acre (57/ha)
Totterdown Fields 39 1262 - 32.4 per acre (80/ha)
White Hart Lane
Tower Gardens
98 783 5936 8 per acre (20/ha)
1919-1923
Becontree 2770 25769[a] 115652 9.3 per acre (23/ha)
Bellingham 252 2673 12004 10.6 per acre (26/ha)
Castelnau 51 644 2851 12.6 per acre (31/ha)
Roehampton Estate
Dover House Road Estate
147 1212 5383 8.2 per acre (20/ha)
1924-1933
Downham 600 7096 30032 11.8 per acre (29/ha)
Mottingham 202 2337 9009 11.6 per acre (29/ha)
St Helier 825 9068 39877 11 per acre (27/ha)
Watling 386 4034 19110 10.5 per acre (26/ha)
Wormholt 68 783 4078 11.5 per acre (28/ha)
1934-1939
Chingford[b] 217 1540 - 7.1 per acre (18/ha)
Hanwell (Ealing) 140 1587 6732 11.3 per acre (28/ha)
Headstone Lane 142 n.a 5000
Kenmore Park 58 654 2078 11.3 per acre (28/ha)
Thornhill
(Royal Borough of Greenwich)
21 380 1598 18.1 per acre (45/ha)
Whitefoot Lane (Downham) 49 n.a n.a.
Source: Yelling,1995
Rubinstein, 1991, Just like the country.
  1. ^ Source says 2589- transcription error
  2. ^ Part of a larger PRC estate around Huntsman Road


Demography[edit]

The area is known for its variety of multicultural shops, reflecting the established Indian, Turkish and Nigerian communities. It has recently also attracted a community of Eastern Europeans, mainly from Romania, Poland and Bulgaria.

The 2011 census showed that for the Burnt Oak ward in Barnet, 47% of the population was white (30% British, 14% Other, 3% Irish). 13% was Black African and 12% Other Asian. Religiously, 50% was Christian and 18% Muslim.[7]

Transport[edit]

Burnt Oak is well served by buses. Routes 32, 114, 142, 204, 251, 292, 302, 305, and Unobus routes 614 and 644 all meet at the junction of Watling Avenue, Stag Lane and Burnt Oak Broadway. The old route 52 was split into a shorter 52 (between Willesden Junction and Victoria and new route 302 (from Mill Hill Broadway to Kensal Rise via Burnt Oak) in 1992. Night bus route N5 runs between Trafalgar Square and Edgware via Burnt Oak.

Northern Line trains on the Edgware Branch of the line serve Burnt Oak tube station.

Geography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher; Keay, Julia; and Keay, John (2011). The London Encyclopaedia (3rd Edition), p. 116. Pan Macmillan. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b Appraisal 2007.
  3. ^ Maurice Corina: “Pile It High Sell It Cheap: The Authorised Biography of Sir Jack Cohen”, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1971
  4. ^ Andrew Hosken: “Nothing Like a Dame: The Scandals of Shirley Porter”, Granta, 2007 [1]
  5. ^ Sarah Ryle: “The Making of Tesco: A story of British Shopping”, Random House, 2013 [2]
  6. ^ Just like the country(b) 1991.
  7. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/burnt-oak-e05000044
Bibliography