Bokaro Steel City

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Bokaro Steel City
Planned City  · Urban Agglomeration
Bokaro Steel City is located in Jharkhand
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City is located in India
Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15Coordinates: 23°40′N 86°09′E / 23.67°N 86.15°E / 23.67; 86.15
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Bokaro
Founded by Steel Authority of India
Named for Steel Manufacturing Sector/Gas Exploration
Government
 • Type Corporate
 • Body Steel Authority of India
Area
 • Total 183 km2 (71 sq mi)
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (As of 2011)
 • Total 564,319
 • Rank 4th in Jharkhand , 86th in India
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 827 0xx
Telephone code (+91)- 06542
Vehicle registration JH 09
Website www.bokaro.nic.in

Bokaro Steel City is a city located in East India in the state of Jharkhand. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro district. It is one of the most populous cities in the state of Jharkhand. The city has always been multiethnic and cosmopolitan with residents from every state of India as well as abroad.

The city stands at an elevation of 210 metres (690 feet) above sea level and has an area of 2,883 square kilometres (1,113 square miles). Bounded on the east by Dhanbad and Purulia, on the west by Ramgarh and Hazaribagh , on the north by Giridih and on the south by Ranchi. It is accessible through National Highway NH 23.

Jagannath Temple, Sector 4-D, Bokaro Steel City
Jagannath Temple, Sector 4-D, Bokaro Steel City

History[edit]

Earlier the region was known as Manbhum. The area became prominent with the establishment of Steel Plant with the collaboration of the Soviet Union. Later, the city was planned and developed with sectors 1 to 12 . Each sector is further divided into Sub-Sectors A, B, C, D, E, F and G. Interestingly, sector 7 and 10 do not exist . Each Sector has shopping centres as well as playgrounds, schools and recreational areas. The entire city is planned with avenues and residential areas as well as commercial areas. The streets are lined with trees and pedestrian paths. Such a planned city is unmatched by any city in Jharkhand and very few cities in India.[1]

Sector 4, Bokaro Steel City
Sector 4, Bokaro Steel City

Currently, the city or Urban Agglomeration comprise Bokaro Steel City, Chas and Chira Chas , Balidih . The City Centre is the primary shopping district of the City with a Market Complex at each Sector and locality.

Demographics[edit]

Chira Chas- Suburban Bokaro Steel City
Chira Chas- Suburban Bokaro Steel City

As of the 2011 India census, Bokaro Steel City Urban agglomeration was the 86th largest urban agglomeration and fourth largest city in Jharkhand.[2] The demographic of the city is cosmopolitan with people from various regions of India living in the City as well as many Russians and Chinese residents.

As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a population of 564,319.[3] Bokaro Steel City Urban agglomeration is composed of Bokaro Steel City, Chas Municipal corporation and Bandhgora.[4]

Education[edit]

The city has attracted students from neighbouring states to study in the city. St. Xavier's School at Sector 1 was the first school in Bokaro Steel City. Other schools are DPS Bokaro, Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Holy Cross School, Ayyappa School, The Pentecostal Assembly School amongst others. The city has also evolved as a centre for Engineering and Medical Entrance coaching with institutes such as FIIT-JEE, Akash Institute etc. having an established presence in the city.

The city had lacked in higher education. As a result, most students either study outside the state at renowned universities in India and abroad. Currently, there are a few colleges in the city such as Women's College, City College, Imam-ul-Haque Law College, and Guru Gobind Engineering and Management College.

Economy[edit]

The city has the presence of Steel Authority of India Ltd., Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, Electrosteel Castings amongst others.

  • Steel Authority India Limited- The economy of the City is primarily dependent on the integrated steel plant established by the Steel Authority of India . The Bokaro Steel Plant was established with the collaboration of the Soviet Union when the First Prime Minister of India Jawahar lal Nehru decided to establish a Steel Plant in the region.Bokaro Steel Plant expansion[5] to extend its capacity from 7.5 Metric Tonnes before 2011.
  • Bokaro Steel City
    Bokaro Steel City
    Electrosteel Castings Limited- A Kolkata-based water pipe manufacturer acquired 2,500 acres (10 square kilometres) of land 18 kilometres (11 miles) from the city and has erected its 2.2 MTPA steel plant. The company has invested close to Rs 80 Bn (USD 1.6 Bn) on this project which was operational from 2010.[6][7]
  • ONGC Bokaro operates the Bokaro Coal Bed Methane (CBM) block BK-CBM-2001/1 with 80 per cent stake while the remaining 20 per cent is with Indian Oil Corp (IOC). It plans to invest ₨ 823 Crores from 2017-18 to achieve a peak production of 0.9 million standard cubic meters per day.[8]
ONGC, Bokaro Steel City
ONGC, Bokaro Steel City
  • Dalmia Cement Bharat Limited (DCBL) operates a 1.5 Million Tonne cement plant at Bokaro utilising slag supply from Bokaro Steel Plant.[9]
  • SAIL-POSCO JV Steel Plant: Steel minister Sri Virbhadra Singh has announced another new steel plant for Bokaro as part of a joint venture with Posco and SAIL by using FINEX technologies for high quality steel. The capacity of the plant will be 1.5 mt, establish in BSP periphery of 500 acres (2.0 km2).[10][11][12]
  • Bokaro Power Supply Company Ltd is a joint venture between DVC and SAIL in 50:50 ratio incorporated on 18.9.2001. It produces 180 MW of monthly power generation with the primary consumer being the Bokaro Steel Plant.[13]
Bokaro Steel City- Railway Station
Bokaro Steel City- Railway Station
  • ArcelorMittal[14][15] is looking to set up a 12 million tonne greenfield plant in Bokaro. The company is now looking for 8,000 acres (32 km2) of land but primarily take 2,500-acre (10 km2) of land at Petarwar/Kasmar (in Bokaro district) just 20 kilometres (12 miles) from the city, nearby on NH-23. The company has been allocated 32–35 million cubic meter of water to be drawn from the Tenughat dam. In another move ArcelorMittal are to use the spare land of SAIL by establishing a new steel plant of 3–4 ml/ton capacity of 50:50 JV with PSU in BSL premises itself by the investment of $2.7 billion. The project is current stalled for over 11 years after signing of MOU.[16]
  • Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd,[17][18][19] which signed an MoU on 5 February 2003, has identified 1,300 acres (5.3 km2) for its project. Monnet Ispat will invest over Rs 140 billion for the project and is building a 280-mW power plant. This project is also stalled for over 13 years now and most likely be scrapped.[20][21]

Transport[edit]

Air

Bokaro Airport is used only by chartered aircraft of SAIL for visiting dignitaries. Steel Authority of India Limited has expressed its readiness to allow the use of its airport for the purpose. According to Union Secretary, this airport will be revamped for starters[22] The nearest commercial airport is at Ranchi, named Birsa Munda Airport, at a distance of 120 km.

Railway

Bokaro Steel City Railway Station lies at the edge of Jharia Coalfield and serves the residents of Bokaro Steel City and the surrounding mining-industrial area. It is an A category station, boasting of several amenities including AC/Non-AC retiring rooms, waiting halls, cloak rooms, water coolers, food court, charging points, foot over bridge, computerised ticket reservation counters, canteens, book-stall, etc.[23] Many trains cross the station leading to direct connectivity to Delhi, Kolkata and neighbouring states.

Roadways

Bokaro Steel City is well connected through roadways and it has one government bus stand which is located at Naya More,near Co-operative colony which newly constructed by SAIL at Sector-12A where several buses travel via Bokaro connecting to major cities through National Highway-18 and National Highway NH 23. Bokaro Steel City has local transportation facilities such as autos,taxis,cabs and newly introduced electric rickshaw facilities which are available 24/7 hrs at very affordable price.[24]

Sports and culture[edit]

Mohan Kumar Mangalam Stadium

With a Cosmopolitan Culture, the residents of the city celebrate festivals which celebrate the cultural diversity of the county. The city celebrates Diwali, Durga Puja, Dusherra,Jagganath Rath Yatra, Christmas.

Notable People[edit]

Places to Visit[27][edit]

  • Garga Dam: A dam built over the river Garga and one of the popular picnic spots in the city
  • Parasnath Hills: Parasnath Hills are a range of hills located in Giridih district of Jharkhand.They are one of the two most prominent Jain pilgrimage centres, The hill is named after Parasnath, the 23rd Jain Tirthankara.
  • Rajrappa Temple: One of the most prominent Hindu pilgrim site situated 60 km from the city
  • City centre, Bokaro : It is the main shopping centre of the city
  • Jagannath Temple, The temple is a replica of the famous temple in Puri, Orissa, located in Sector IV
  • Aaiyappa Mandir is located in Sector V near Bokaro Club. It holds significant importance in the cultural and religious domain of the people from Southern India (especially Kerala) residing in Bokaro.
  • Ram Mandir: One of the oldest and most popular temples situated in Sector I/ C
  • City Park : Park situated in Sector I/ C with great variety of flora and fauna. The park also has an artificial lake, amusement park for kids and a toy train which makes it one of the prime picnic spot during winters
Ayyappa Temble, Sector 5D, Bokaro Steel City
Ayyappa Temble, Sector 5D, Bokaro Steel City
Bokaro Steel City at Night
Bokaro Steel City at Night

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bokaro". jharkhand.org. 22 Aug 2016. 
  2. ^ "View population details". Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Urban Agglomeration – Cities having population 1 lakh and above. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Provisional population totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomerations haing population above 1 lakh and above, Census 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "PM inaugurates the modernization of Bokaro Steel Plant". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Electrosteel in cash chase for Bokaro unit". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 3 July 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Electrosteel-Bokaro". The Economic Times. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "ONGC, partners to invest Rs 823 crore for gas in Bokaro block". The Economic Times. 
  9. ^ "Dalmia Cement fully acquires Bokaro Jaypee Cement plant". Business Standard India. 4 December 2014. 
  10. ^ Our Bureau (19 March 2010). "POSCO-SAIL new greenfield Plant". The Telegraph. Kolkota. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "POSCO could be junior partner in SAIL joint venture project.". www.dailypioneer.com. 
  12. ^ "SAIL, Posco to set up Rs 6,000-cr plant in Bokaro". The Financial Express. 29 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "The Official Website of BPSCL". www.bpscl.in. 
  14. ^ ArcelorMittal explores other Jharkhand sites for steel plant in Bokaro Archived 26 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "ArMittal hunts for new J'khand site in Bokaro". The Financial Express. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "ArcelorMittal's $6.5 bn Jharkhand project hangs in balance". Business Standard India. 6 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Monnet Steel & Power". The Telegraph. Kolkota. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Navtan Kumar (17 September 2010). "Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  19. ^ BMW Steel Unit In Bokaro Archived 16 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "Steel plants go slo-mo". The Telegraph. 
  21. ^ "Monnet Ispat may abort Jharkhand plan". The Hindu Business Line. 21 July 2013. 
  22. ^ A.S.R.P. MUKESH (7 August 2013). "Five of our cities to fly high". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  23. ^ Shashank Shekhar (17 August 2016). "Bokaro eyes model station tag". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "Bokaro eyes model station tag". The Telegraph. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  25. ^ "Bokaro Attractions | Bokaro Place of interest". Travel.sulekha.com. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  26. ^ Swetank (9 August 2016). "Senapati Cricket Stadium". mapio.net. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  27. ^ "What are some of the unknown facts about the Bokaro district that Bokaro residents would be proud of? - Quora". www.quora.com. Retrieved 2016-12-24. 

External links[edit]