St Margarets, London
Independent shops and cafes in Crown Road, St Margarets
|Population||3,872 2011 Census: loosely associated electoral ward|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
St Margarets is a suburb and neighbourhood in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, about 9 miles (14 km) west-southwest of central London. It is bounded by the Thames Tideway to the north-east, and the River Crane to the north-west and north where the land tapers between these rivers.[n 1] Land and buildings closer to Richmond Bridge than the eponymous railway station are, traditionally distinctly, known as East Twickenham. Both places go by their post town and traditional parish, Twickenham quite often; in the 19th century the south of St Margarets was marked on maps as Twickenham Park.
Uniquely in London among the few places prefixed Saint it is named after a house. Specifically it is named after a large house together with appurtenant land of an 18th century Scottish-English aristocrat, rather than a church which began in 1930.
The place hosted, in the south-east, remnants of the site of an encampment of the barons and their men in 1261. This refers to a minor civil war of the last three weeks of June or so – a power struggle between the crown (ministry of Henry III of England) and the aristocracy, a few uprisings later cemented into constitutional change led by de Montford. The net result of the uprisings was a settled parliamentary system enabling limits to the monarch's powers to tax and departure from such edicts as the Provisions of Oxford and Westminster.
Saint Margarets takes its name from the former Saint Margaret's House, the second guise of which stood from 1827 to 1853. It was the country house of Archibald Kennedy, 1st Marquess of Ailsa (12th Earl of Cassilis), and for a few final decades became the home of the Earl of Kilmorey. Their names can be found in such streets as Kilmorey Gardens and Ailsa Road.
Today's developed suburb dates from the arrival of the railway. The new railway station was preliminarily "Ailsa Crossing" as it passed through the estate, but it became "St Margarets" before opening.
A memorial was unveiled in April 2017 to the 6000 Belgian refugees many of the adults of whom lived and worked locally during the First World War. It is on the west bank of the Thames at Warren Gardens, next to the site of the Pelabon Munitions Works.
St Margarets Fair is held each July in Moormead Park by the River Crane, a channel from its larger stream, on the western limits.
Gordon House is a Grade II-listed Georgian mansion on the river Thames at St Margarets. Like St Margaret's House it was owned by Lord Kilmorey. The house has a Robert Adam wing, added in 1738. For many years, it was used as part of Brunel University. In recent years the house has been redeveloped by Octagon Developments, with the former chapel and coachhouse converted to private homes.
The Kilmorey Mausoleum has been moved several times, and is now on the northern edge of St Margarets. It was built in the 1850s by the 2nd Earl of Kilmorey and contains the bodies of the Earl and his mistress, Priscilla Anne Hoste. Now a Grade II* listed building, it was built to resemble an ancient Egyptian monument. It is jointly maintained by Richmond upon Thames Council and English Heritage. The mausoleum is occasionally open to the public.
The Roman Catholic Church of St Margaret of Scotland on St Margarets Road was built to a modern design of the architect Austin Winckley and opened in 1969. In 1999 it became a Grade II listed building. Its forerunner stood on site from 1938, after the relevant mission begun in an adjoining house in 1930. Twickenham and Isleworth as broad encompassing areas have had no other churches named after the saint.
In Anglicanism, two late-19th-century-founded Anglican church parishes serve the area. The place represents the north-west third of Saint Stephen's and the eastern two-fifths of All Souls, if the Crane is taken as the northern limit.
Local commerce and townscape
Two main streets have a range of shops, cafés and bars/pubs serving food. Twickenham Studios are at the heart of the village and have recently announced plans to expand their presence in St Margarets.
The high street has well-frequented local, independent businesses.
Most roads are residential, some of which tree-lined. The most common house type is semi-detached; some detached, mainly those of three or four storeys have been subdivided. To the east of the "village" is the relatively verdant-setting houses and many classical flats (apartment buildings) of Twickenham Park.
Direct neighbours comprise:
- East Twickenham/Cambridge Park to the south-east.
- Richmond across the river to the east (accessible across Twickenham Bridge, Richmond Bridge and Richmond Lock Footbridge)
- Twickenham from the west through to the south.
- Old Isleworth and the Ivybridge estate, Isleworth is to the north and northwest in the adjoining London Borough of Hounslow.
Between Richmond Lock and Kew Bridge is the first reach of the Thames proceeding upstream out of Central London with green, wooded expanses on both sides: Kew Gardens, associated golf course, and Syon Park which are all lightly wooded.
In modern station-centric terms St Margarets is quite narrowly cut through, as to about 2⁄5, by the busy Chertsey Road (A316), which connects central London to the M3 motorway.[n 2] Much of south St Margarets is in a controlled parking zone (CPZ), which restricts parking to residents and holders of vouchers.
The normal service from St Margarets station is four stopping-service trains per hour to and from Waterloo. Both Richmond and Twickenham stations are a short bus journey from most parts of the suburb and have status as major stops on the transport network – meaning semi-fast and somewhat fast services call at those stations.
Two bus routes run through St Margarets: the 110 (Hounslow – Hammersmith) and the H37 (Hounslow – Richmond). Other nearby bus routes are 33, R68, R70 and 490 coming from central Twickenham along Richmond Road; all of these, except 33, go past Richmond station.
|Samantha Bond||Actress||Brought up in Barnes and here. With husband, actor Alexander Hanson, resident.|||
|Milton Jones||Comedian||Lives in St Margarets.|||
|Sophie Raworth||Newsreader and journalist||Lives in St Margarets.|||
|Lynn Faulds Wood||1948–2020||Television presenter and cancer campaigner||With John Stapleton, journalist and presenter, resident.|||
|Arnold Gerschwiler||1914–2003||Figure skating coach at Richmond Ice Rink||Lived in Ailsa Road for 53 years.|
|Simon Hoggart||1946–2014||Broadcaster and journalist||Lived in Sandycoombe Road|||
|Henrietta Howard||1734–1767||Influential courtier and mistress to King George II||George II built her a residence, Marble Hill House (now a museum) in Marble Hill Park.|||
|Garry Marsh||1902–1981||Stage and film actor||Born in St Margarets.|||
|J. M. W. Turner||1775–1851||English Romantic painter, printmaker and watercolourist||Had built country retreat on Sandycoombe Road also known as Turner's House, open to the public.|||
Footnotes and references
- This border has slightly deviated in several local government boundary changes.
- Note in terms of boroughs, river divides and also in pre-subdivided Church of England/Catholic 'ancient' parishes, at least half of all land north of this road is part of Isleworth. However all of the west half of that zone, the Ivybridge part of Isleworth, is combined with the rest in today's Church of England unit the parish of All Souls, which considers itself to be in or to represent "St-Margarets-on-Thames". It has its church north-west of St Margarets Road in the unequivocal part of St Margarets.
- A City of Villages: Promoting a sustainable future for London's suburbs (PDF). SDS Technical Report 11. Greater London Authority. August 2002. ISBN 1-85261-393-9. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
- "Review of Greater London, the London boroughs and the City of London: London Borough of Hounslow Report no 652". Local Government Boundary Commission for England. 10 February 1992. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 144–146. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Lord Cassilis' Grounds – Guide to London's Georgian Thames". Panorama of the Thames. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Earl Cassilis, Marquis of Ailsa, Twickenham Park". www.twickenhampark.co.uk. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
- "History". St Margarets Estate Residents Association. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
- "Belgian WWI Memorial commemoration in East Twickenham". St Margarets Community Website. 29 May 2017.
- St Margarets Fair
- Historic England (21 May 1973). "Gordon House Maria Grey Training College (1240076)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "The Earl of Kilmorey". Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
- "Gordon House today". Kilmorey Mausoleum. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
- Historic England (3 November 1995). "The Kilmorey Mausoleum, including enclosure wall, railings and gate (1240128)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Rachel Bishop (14 June 2013). "Egyptian tomb was damaged by repairs". Richmond and Twickenham Times. p. 4.
- "Home page". Kilmorey Mausoleum. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Historic England (5 May 1999). "Church of St Margaret of Scotland (1387183)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- 'Twickenham: Roman catholicism', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3 (London, 1962), pp. 161–162.
- 'Twickenham: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3 (London, 1962), pp. 161–161.
- 'Isleworth: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3 (London, 1962), pp. 122–129.
- Parish map of St-Margarets-on-Thames (Church of All Souls); Church of England. 2021
- map of CPZ in south St Margarets Author: London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
- Clare Buchanan (15 January 2014). "St Margarets resident Samantha Bond misses out on star baker". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
- Siân Ranscombe (20 February 2015). "Milton Jones on hecklers, Geoff Hurst and Arsenal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 February 2018.
- Tom Ambrose (7 March 2014). "Watchdog returns, with St Margarets presenters taking the lead". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- James Adlam (12 September 2003). "A legendary figure in the world of ice skating". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
- Tom Ambrose (6 January 2014). "St Margarets mourns renowned journalist Simon Hoggart". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "History and Stories: Marble Hill House". English Heritage. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- "Search Results for England & Wales Births 1837–2006". Find My Past.
- International Television Almanac, vol. 12, p. 194
- "Home". Turner's House. Retrieved 9 July 2020.