Székely autonomy movement

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Szekely Land as envisaged by the autonomy supporters

The Székely Land (Szeklerland) is a region of central Romania. The primary goal for the Hungarian political organisations in Romania is to achieve Szekler autonomy. The Szeklers make up about half of the Hungarians in Romania and live in an ethnic block. According to official data from the Romania's 2011 census, 609,033 persons in Mureş, Harghita and Covasna counties consider themselves Hungarian (56.8% of total population of the three counties). The Székelys (Szeklers), a Hungarian sub-group, are mainly concentrated in these three counties.

Political organizations[edit]

The most important political organisation of ethnic Hungarians in Romania is the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania, which undertakes to represent all Hungarians in Romania (i.e. not only those living in the Székely Land). The demand for Hungarian autonomy has been part of their program since 1993.[1]

In 2014, the Hungarian Civic Party signed a settlement with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania about cooperation and joint support for Hungarian autonomy.[2]

In 2014 September the Democratic Union of Hungarians presented its draft project (written jointly with the Hungarian Civic Party) for the autonomy of the Szeklerland (Tinutul Secuiesc).[3]

The Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania also stands for. [4]


Demonstration in support of Székely autonomy in Budapest on 10 March 2013

A Szeklerland based organization, the Szekler National Council held a peaceful demonstration in Odorheiu Secuiesc on March 15, 2006, in favor of autonomy[5] where 4,000[6] to 10,000[7] people took part. Five days before this, President Traian Băsescu met with Jenő Szász (the mayor of Odorheiu Secuiesc and also president of the Hungarian Civic Union), who assured the president of the peaceful character of the March 15 ceremonies and also briefly presented the UCM's vision on autonomy.[8] On March 16 Băsescu visited the town[9] and met with local and county officials. Băsescu declared that the Romanian administrative system should be more decentralized, but only in a symmetrical way, with no more autonomy given to the Székely Land than to any other region in Romania.[10]

On February 12, 2007, Hungarian President László Sólyom visited Romania and met Băsescu. The discussions included the controversial topics of minority rights and autonomy. Băsescu has pointed out that the situation of the Székely in Romania is in full compliance with the standards of the European Union. He also mentioned that a referendum for territorial autonomy would be illegal and characterized the Székely initiative not as a test of the public opinion, but as a test of Romanian laws.[11] Romania's Interior Ministry has said that organizing an informal poll is not illegal.[12]

On 10 March 2013 thousands gathered to demonstrate for Szekler autonomy.[13] László Tőkés also participated on the march.[14] The protest was called "Székely Szabadság Napja" (the day of the Szekler freedom).

In Autumn 2013, the "Great Szekler's March for Autonomy" was held with thousands of people who formed a 53-kilometer long human chain in Szeklerland.[15]

On 10 March 2014 thousands demonstrated for Szekler autonomy in Târgu Mureș.[16] The program bore the same name as the earlier "Székely Szabadság Napja" ("the day of the Szekler freedom"). .

Views of political parties[edit]

Territorial autonomy for the Székely Land was supported by the former People's Action Party, headed by former president Emil Constantinescu.[17]

In 2018 January Romanian PM Mihail Tudose threatened the Szekler community in a television interview by saying that “If they hang the Szekler flag on institutions in Szeklerland, the people who fly these flags will hang as well. Autonomy for Szeklers is out of the question.” [18]


  1. ^ "Borbély az autonómiatervezetről: ejnye, hogy megijedtünk!". 28 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  2. ^ "Jövő héten egyeztet az MPP és az RMDSZ az autonómia-tervezetről". 25 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  3. ^ "Project for Szeklerland autonomy in Romania, officially made public". Retrieved 2018-11-16. "A romániai Székelyföld autonómia statútuma" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  4. ^ "EMNT és SZNT: töretlen az erdélyi magyarság és a székelység autonómiaigénye". Retrieved 2018-11-16.
  5. ^ Manifesto of the 2006 Székely Assembly
  6. ^ (in Romanian) Cotidianul, Secuii au cerut autonomie in linişte (The Székelys Peacefully Demanded Autonomy), March 16, 2006
  7. ^ (in Romanian) Saptamana Financiara, UDMR şi restul lumii Archived 2006-04-09 at the Wayback Machine (UDMR and the Rest of the World), March 27, 2006
  8. ^ (in Romanian) Gandul,Primarul Szász l-a asigurat pe preşedintele Băsescu că "totul va fi OK", pe 15 martie, la Odorhei (Mayor Szasz Assures President Băsescu That "Everything Will Be OK", on March 15, in Odorhei), March 11, 2006
  9. ^ (in Hungarian) Article about the assembly
  10. ^ (in Romanian) Adevărul, Veţi avea autonomie cât are şi Craiova! Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine (You Will Have as Much Autonomy as Craiova!), March 17, 2006
  11. ^ (in Romanian) Romanian presidency's press release, 12 February 2007
  12. ^ International Herald Tribune Hungarian president calls for increased autonomy for ethnic Hungarians in Romania, February 12, 2007
  13. ^ "Székely Szabadság Napja 2013". 25 February 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  14. ^ "Tőkés László beszéde a Székely Szabadság Napján megszervezett autonómia-tüntetésen". 12 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  15. ^ "Thousands form human chain in Transylvania for Szeklerland autonomy". 28 October 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  16. ^ "Megtartották a Székely szabadság napját". 10 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-28.
  17. ^ Actiunea Populară, de acord cu autonomia pe criterii etnice (People's Action Agrees with Autonomy Based on Ethnic Criteria) , November 6, 2004
  18. ^ "Romania's prime minister threatens Transylvanian Hungarian politicians with hanging". Retrieved 2018-11-16.

External links[edit]