D-segment

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D-segment (or large cars) is defined by the European Commission[1] as the fourth segment in European market car classification. It represents 8% of the cars sold in Europe in 2017.

New entries in the segment are Lexus RC, Infiniti Q60, Alfa Romeo Giulia, Volkswagen Arteon, and Genesis G70, all premiums.

Specs and trim-levels vary a lot in these cars. The compact executive cars generally have a sporty drive and are very driver-orientated, while large family cars or mid-size cars are geared towards every-day use for transporting people and other goods. As with E-segment cars, they can come in several body-types, coupés being common with the compact executive cars, and station wagons for practical family-use.

Typical D-segment cars include compact executive cars such as Acura TLX, Alfa Romeo Giulia, Audi A4, BMW 3 Series, Cadillac ATS, Genesis G70, Infiniti Q50, Jaguar XE, Kia Stinger, Lexus IS, Lincoln MKZ, Mercedes-Benz C-class , Tesla Model 3 and Volvo S60 as well as mid-size cars such as Citroen C5, Ford Mondeo, Honda Accord, Hyundai i40, Hyundai Sonata, Kia Optima, Mazda 6, Nissan Altima, Opel Insignia, Peugeot 508, Proton Perdana, Renault Talisman, Subaru Legacy, Toyota Camry and VW Passat.

European sales figures[edit]

Standard D-segment[edit]

[2]

2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Volkswagen Passat 156,025 153,677 226,127 206,813 183,288 Decrease –11.4%
2 Škoda Superb 42,215 46,149 50,533 85,879 81,410 Decrease –5.2%
3 Opel/Vauxhall Insignia 77,127 92,694 88,544 73,161 72,347 Decrease –1.1%
4 Ford Mondeo 50,180 45,405 79,673 70,900 56,173 Decrease –20.8%
5 Renault Talisman 1,824 34,344 32,163 Decrease –6.4%
6 Toyota Avensis 34,489 28,972 33,197 34,998 25,319 Decrease –27.7%
7 Mazda Mazda6 32,538 31,032 30,519 29,226 23,090 Decrease –21.0%
8 Peugeot 508 56,324 41,797 43,301 37,104 22,842 Decrease –38.4%
9 Kia Optima 3,362 3,409 3,263 9,515 16,152 Increase +69.8%
10 Hyundai i40 29,984 25,016 25,045 20,253 15,251 Decrease –24.7%
11 Subaru Legacy/Outback 7,751 6,415 10,806 8,242 7,016 Decrease –14.9%
12 Citroën C5 24,841 18,064 13,480 9,464 4,939 Decrease –47.8%
13 Subaru Levorg 2,437 4,689 2,865 Decrease –38.9%
14 Honda Accord 4,467 3,499 1,918 49 16 Decrease –67.3%
15 Renault Laguna 17,889 16,019 7,831 134 2 Decrease –98.5%
16 Chevrolet Malibu 2,179 334 6 6 1 Decrease –83.3%
17 Suzuki Kizashi 536 281 45 1 Steady Reintroduced model
Total 625,185 542,947 Decrease –13.2%

Premium D-segment[edit]

[3]

2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Mercedes-Benz C-Class 120,285 136,474 173,011 176,038 176,915 Increase +0.5%
2 Audi A4 / S4 / RS4 128,270 124,170 124,466 162,655 146,006 Decrease –10.2%
3 BMW 3 Series 200,604 168,275 143,023 144,561 129,053 Decrease –10.7%
4 BMW 4 Series 6,687 53,948 72,769 67,983 64,710 Decrease –4.8%
5 Audi A5 / S5 / RS5 51,343 47,591 45,202 43,686 61,619 Increase +41.0%
6 Volvo V60 43,119 43,384 45,298 44,697 37,951 Decrease –15.1%
7 Alfa Romeo Giulia 10,475 24,679 Increase +135.6%
8 Jaguar XE 16,535 24,461 18,999 Decrease –22.3%
9 Volkswagen Arteon 9,798 Steady New model
10 Volvo S60 10,653 11,279 9,056 8,571 7,384 Decrease –13.8%
11 DS DS 5 19,217 12,569 11,888 9,130 5,738 Decrease –37.2%
12 Lexus IS 6,341 9,610 7,729 6,234 5,649 Decrease –9.4%
13 Infiniti Q50 367 2,426 3,020 2,698 1,777 Decrease –34.1%
14 Lexus RC 30 526 1,815 1,390 Decrease –23.4%
15 Kia Stinger 1,143 Steady New model
16 Volkswagen CC 18,118 16,064 10,215 6,750 712 Decrease –89.5%
17 Infiniti Q60 99 507 Increase +412.1%
Total 709,853 694,030 Decrease –2.2%

Current D-segment cars[edit]

2-door models[edit]

5-door models[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]