List of production battery electric vehicles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
As of June 2015, the Nissan Leaf (left), with over 180,000 global sales, and the Tesla Model S (right), with aroung 75,000, are the world's two best selling all-electric cars of all time.

This is a list of production battery electric vehicles (all-electric cars). You may want to view this information in table format.

Cars[edit]

Current in-production cars[edit]

Full-sized cars[edit]

Cars and utility trucks of normal size and capable of 100 km/h (62 mph) highway speed that are currently available.

  • Bolloré Bluecar operates as part of the Autolib' carsharing in Paris that began service to the general public in December 2011.[1] The Bluecar was the top selling highway-capable electric car in France in 2012.[2]
  • BMW i3 - Retail sales began in Europe in November 2013.[3] The electric car is available with an optional gasoline-powered range extender that increases the range from 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) to 240 to 300 km (150 to 190 mi).[4] The U.S. release took place in May 2014.[5] Global sales passed the 25,000 unit milestone in May 2015.[6]
  • Chevrolet Spark EV - The Spark EV was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013.[8] GM also plans to sell the Spark EV in limited quantities in Canada, South Korea and select European markets.[9][10]
  • Ford Focus Electric - U.S. Deliveries for fleet customers began in December 2011 and to retail customers in May 2012.[12]
  • Honda Fit EV - Production will be limited to only 1,100 units over the first three years. Deliveries to retail customers in the U.S. began in July 2012 and availability is limited to California and Oregon.[13]
  • Kandi Technologies KD5011 - Pure EV,[14] currently in production and sales in China. Nine other EV models by the manufacturer approved for sale in China.
  • Mitsubishi i MiEV, launch in 2009, is available Asia, Europe and the Americas, lithium-ion battery pack with 130 kilometres (80 mi) range, and a top speed of 130 kilometres per hour (80 mph).[15] The i MiEV was the first electric car to sell more than 10,000 units, including the models badged in Europe as Citroën C-Zero and Peugeot iOn. According to Guinness World Records, the record was reached on February 2011, but several months later, the Nissan Leaf overtook the i MiEV as the best selling all-electric car.[16] As of early March 2015, and accounting for all variants of the i-MiEV, including the two minicab versions sold in Japan, over 50,000 units have been sold worldwide since 2009.[17]
  • Nissan Leaf introduced in the United States and Japan in December 2010,[18][19] followed by several European countries throughout 2011 and 2012.[20] The Leaf, available in 46 countries, is the world's all-time top selling highway-capable all-electric car ever, with global sales of over 180,000 units by mid early June 2015.[21] The Venucia e30, based on the Nissa Leaf, was released in Chinese market on September 10, 2014.[22]
  • Renault Zoe, retail customer deliveries began in France in December 2012. With cumulative sales of 14,986 units through May 2012, the Zoe is the top selling all-electric car in France accounting for registrations since 2010.[24] Global sales passed the 25,000 unit milestone in May 2015.[6][25]
  • Smart ED, available for leasing in the United States since early 2011. Originally converted by Zytek from 100 Smart Fortwos. Now on sale the third generation in the U.S. and Europe.
  • Tesla Model S, deliveries of the 85  kW·h premium limited edition model in the U.S. began in June 2012.[26] Global cumulative sales passed the 75,000 unit milestone in June 2015.[27]

Microcars[edit]

Low-speed vehicles[edit]

These vehicles have a top speed less than many highway speeds, and may not be street-legal without restrictions. They are known as quadricycles in Europe and as Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) in the US.

  • Renault Twizy Z.E.; a two-seat electric car with a 4 or 13 kilowatts (5.4 or 17.4 hp) electric motor. Top speed is 80 km/h (50 mph) and range is up to 100 km (62 mi). Launched in Europe in March 2012, became the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during the first half of 2012 with more than 6,000 units sold in just three months on the market.[35]
  • Columbia ParCar Corp <http://www.parcar.com>
  • CityEl three-wheeled EV, produced in Germany.[citation needed]
  • citEcar produced by Road Rat Motors in Gainesville, Florida <http://www.RoadRatMotors.com> with vehicles ranging from 2 to 29 passengers.[citation needed]
  • Dynasty EV a neighborhood electric vehicle
  • Organic Transit ELF a pedal-assisted, electric, velomobile of "tadpole" format. <http://www.organictransit.com/> Manufactured in Durham, North Carolina, USA.
  • EuAuto Mycar manufactured in Southern China, sold in Hong Kong, limited to roads with speed limit at or below 50 km/h (31 mph)
  • Global Electric Motorcars, LLC (GEM) quite common in California.
  • Kenguru - pronounced "kangaroo" is a 4-wheeled 1-person electric vehicle designed for disabled use: with no seat, drivers drive from their wheelchairs, and enter/exit from the rear door (the only door). The maximum speed of the Kenguru is 45 km/h (28 mph). Steering is via motorcycle-style handlebar or joystick and a 5 in (130 mm)-diameter steering wheel in a future model. It is designed by Hungary-based company Kenguru Car Ltd, and is currently manufactured in USA by Community Cars, after Kenguru Car Ltd stopped manufacturing the car.
  • Mahindra e2o, launched in the Indian market in March 2013.[36] Range of 80 to 120 km (50 to 75 mi) and a top speed of 82 km/h (51 mph).
  • Miles Electric Vehicles LSVs for fleet and neighborhood use
  • Oka NEV ZEV Low Speed Electric Vehicle made in Russia, sold in USA.
  • Open Since the beginning of this[when?] year also sold in Japan as Girasole, with higher speed and wider range as the Open.[citation needed]
  • Star EV a specialist in golf carts who also offers a wide selection of electric vehicles ranging from 2 to 14 passengers. Made by Suzhou Eagle Electric Vehicle Manufacturing Co.,Ltd. in China (www.eagleelectricvehicle.com)
  • Twike three-wheeled EV with pedal assist option. Produced in Germany.
  • Miles XS500 Electric Vehicle Production Electric Vehicle from Miles Electric Vehicles.

Demonstration fleets[edit]

  • BMW ActiveE Field testing in the U.S. began in January 2012, after the Mini E trial ended.[37] Available only in select markets.[38]
  • Toyota eQ/Scion iQ EV - Toyota announced that the iQ EV/eQ production would be still more limited, to about 100 units for special fleet use in Japan and the U.S. only.[39] The first 30 units were delivered to the University of California, Irvine in March 2013 for use in its Zero Emission Vehicle-Network Enabled Transport (ZEV-NET) carsharing fleet. Toyota announced that 90 out of the 100 vehicles produced globally will be placed in American carsharing demonstration projects.[40]

Cars planned for production[edit]

  • Alex eroadster is a lightweight composite 2 seater sports car made in Ireland.[41] It weighs in at approx. 700Kgs including its lithium ion batteries. It is powered by 2 axial flux motors delivering up to 80Kw to the rear wheels. Currently in the design phase the first prototype is due to be completed by July 2016.

One of the earlier version have passed EEC crash test in early May 2010.[citation needed]

  • Callidai Car - A car created by Callidai Motor Works, Chennai, India for wheelchair users - to drive while seated on their wheelchair. This is a Battery powered car and can seat one more passenger besides the driver. Has a maximum speed of 30 Kmph and has a retractable, motorised ramp in the rear to permit entry and exit of driver and passenger. There is a first prototype which will be field tested by a customer. The second and final prototype with better performance should be available in the market in 2013. The price is expected to be about Rs. 3.50 lakhs ex-Chennai.[43]
  • EDay. An Australian designed electric car to be built in China and released in 2012, for less than $10,000[45]
  • Electrovaya plans to sell the Maya 300 a full electric car in Canada and USA by Summer 2009[46]
  • Hybrid Technologies[47]
    • LiV DASH
    • AFS Trinity hybrid prototype is a modified Saturn Vue, estimated cost $33,000-40,000.
  • Lightning Car Company is currently developing its eponymous Lightning based on a pre-existing internal combustion-powered sports car, and plans to use NanoSafe cells and Hi-Pa Drive in-wheel motors.
  • Mass-EV[49] is developing[when?] in Reading, UK by Turbo Electric Ltd. This car is targeted to be on sale 2011 at a price of £7,000 to the public and charges directly from the UK socket. [dated info] Roughly the size of a Ford Focus C-Max, will do in excess of 100 miles and motorway speeds. With trailer generator was projected to travel in excess of 500 miles on one tank of petrol.[citation needed]
  • Phoenix Motorcars based in Ontario, California, plans to build both a mid-sized SUV and an SUT (Sports Utility Truck) with 130-mile (210 km) range for $45,000 using NanoSafe batteries from Altairnano. 500 cars are planned for delivery in early 2008 to fleet customers. A consumer version is planned for release in late 2008. Over 250-mile (400 km) range version also in development.
  • Rimac Concept One[52]
  • Subaru Stella Electric Vehicle - Deliveries beginning in Japan in July 2009.[55]
  • Switch Vehicles planned for 2012 delivery as a kit car. Three-wheeled four-seater. Estimated cost $15,000.[56]
  • Tesla Model X - Production was initially scheduled to start by the end of 2013, but later was postponed to commence by late 2014 in order to focus "on a commitment to bring profitability to the company in 2013" and also to achieve their production target of 20,000 Model S cars in 2013.[57][58] Tesla expects small number deliveries at the end of 2014 with volume production planned for 2015.[59]
  • Tesla Model 3 - Coming in 2017.
  • Veeco RT, a 2-seater reverse trike, planned for 2013 production. Developed in Portugal as a partnership between manufacturer "VE—Fabricação de Veículos de Tracção Eléctrica, Lda. " and the Lisbon Engineering Institute (ISEL).
  • VentureOne Trike with hybrid and EV options. Three-wheeled vehicle registered as a motorcycle in the USA. Not required to be FMVSS tested.[citation needed]
  • Venturi Fétish marketed as the world's first electric sports two-seater. Monaco
  • Volkswagen e-Golf - Retail deliveries in Germany are scheduled to being in the second quarter of 2014.[60]

Discontinued cars[edit]

  • AC Propulsion TZero very fast two-seat sportster prototype. four produced.
  • Baker Electric
  • Chevrolet S10 EV (some sold to fleets, available on secondary market as refurbished vehicles) S-10 with EV1 powertrain, over 100 produced only about 60 sold to private owners and survived.
  • Chrysler TEVan (1993–1995) and second generation EPIC (1998–1999)
  • Citroën Berlingo Electrique (1999–2005)
  • Citroën Saxo Electrique
  • Coda Sedan, sales began in California in March 2012
  • Corbin Sparrow
  • Detroit Electric (1907–1939)
  • Elcat (1985–2002, almost all vehicles in second-hand use)
  • Enfield 8000 (1971)
  • Fiat Panda Elettra
  • Fisker Karma
  • Ford Ranger EV (1998–2003) some sold, most leased. Several hundred were produced for lease only, almost all were recovered and most destroyed. Ford has announced[citation needed] reconditioning and sale of a limited quantity to former lease holders by lottery: there are still a few Production Ford Ranger Electric pickup trucks on the road today[61]
  • Ford Think Neighbor (NEV) (2002)
  • General Motors EV1 Gen I (1996–1997) used VRLA batteries, Gen II (1999–2003) used NiMH batteries.
  • Henney Kilowatt (1958–1960) the first modern (transistor-based) electric car, capable of highway speeds of up to 60 mph and outfitted with modern hydraulic brakes. Fewer than one hundred of them were produced before production was discontinued in 1960.
  • Honda EV Plus (199?-1999) (several hundred produced for lease only, all recovered and most destroyed)
  • Nissan Altra lithium-powered hatchback; never offered (even by lease) to consumers.
  • Nissan Hypermini (1999-2001)
  • Optimal Energy Joule, a multipurpose five-seat electric car with a top speed of 135 km/h (84 mph) and a range of 300 km (190 mi).
  • Peugeot 106 ev
  • Pivco City Bee
  • REVA Indian-built city car, since 2001 more than 4,000 cars were sold worldwide by March 2011 and was available in 26 countries.[62][63] Sales in the UK, where it was sold as the G-Wiz and became its main market, ended by late 2011.[64] Production ended in 2012 and was replaced by the Mahindra e2o.[65]
  • Sebring-Vanguard CitiCar (1974–77) This car had a plastic body, aluminum frame, lead acid batteries, top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) and a range of about 50 miles (80 km).
  • Sinclair C5
  • Solectria Force - conversion of Geo Metro, not currently in production
  • Škoda Eltra, also sold as (1992–1993) derived from Škoda Favorit, top speed of 80  km/h and a range of about 80 km, using lead – acid batteries[66]
  • Studebaker Electric - produced from 1902 to 1912 in South Bend, Indiana
  • Škoda/Tatra Beta (1994–1997) about 100 produced, using nickel-cadmium batteries[67][68]
  • Tesla Roadster, li-ion powered sports car by Tesla Motors with 245 mi (394 km) range, 125 mph (201 km/h) top speed and 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.7 seconds acceleration.
  • Think City - Norwegian import by Ford, lease only, all recovered and returned to Norway. Think Global produced 200 Th!nk City cars in 2008. Think North America produced 400 cars manufactured in the US in 2011 and sold them at a reduced price after going through bankruptcy in 2011.
  • ThoRR was a 100% electric sports car which used a chassis based on the Lotus Super 7. The car's concept focussed on a simple and light-weight design.[69]
  • Toyota RAV4 EV (1st generation) leased and sold on US east and west coast, out of production, supported. A different car is now produced under the same name.
  • US Electricar factory conversion of 1994 Geo Prizm or Chevrolet S10, see discussion group[70]
  • Volkswagen Golf CITYStromer (1995–1998) Volkswagen has built 200 electric versions of the Golf 3
  • Volkswagen Jetta CITYStromer
  • Wrightspeed X1 an Ariel Atom sports car modified to use an all-electric powertrain. Production has been cancelled.
  • ZAP Xebra an enclosed three-wheel electric vehicle (2006–2009)
  • ZENN, based on the Microcar MC2
  • Zytek Lotus Elise

Unknown production status[edit]

Medium and light duty trucks and vans[edit]

  • AUSA Multiservice M 50 18KW EV Utility truck (600 kg payload)[75]

Heavy duty trucks[edit]

Motorcycles and scooters[edit]

Buses[edit]

Main article: Electric bus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Lord (2011-12-05). "Autolib’ electric car sharing service launches in Paris, France". Sustainable Guernsey. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  2. ^ Yoann Nussbaumer (2013-01-16). "+115% pour les ventes de voitures électriques en France pour 2012" [Electric car sales in France increased 115% in 2012] (in French). Automobile Propre. Retrieved 2013-02-09. 
  3. ^ Jay Cole (2013-11-15). "BMW Delivers First i3 Electric Vehicles In Germany Today". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  4. ^ Jay Cole (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 Range Extender To Offer Up to 87 More Miles, Decreases Performance". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  5. ^ Damon Lowney (2013-07-29). "BMW i3 gets official worldwide [UPDATE]". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-07-29. 
  6. ^ a b Jeff Cobb (2015-06-15). "Three More Plug-in Cars Cross 25,000 Sales Milestone". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  7. ^ "First Pure-Electric Vehicle now available for Consumers in China". BYD Energy. 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  8. ^ John Voelcker (2013-06-20). "First 2014 Chevrolet Spark EVs Now At CA, Oregon Dealers". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  9. ^ "Chevrolet Spark EV priced below $25,000 with tax incentives; Oregon and Canada added to markets". Green Car Congress. 2012-11-27. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  10. ^ Mike Szostech. "Chevy Spark EV will be sold in Europe Too". My Electric Car Forums. Retrieved 14 February 2013. 
  11. ^ Brent Snavely (2013-07-18). "Chrysler electric vehicle chief: Fiat 500e is 'just the first step'". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  12. ^ "June 2012 Dashboard". HybridCars.com. 2012-07-05. Retrieved 2012-07-05. 
  13. ^ Zach McDonald (2012-07-20). "Honda Registers First Fit EV Delivery". Plugincars.com. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 
  14. ^ http://en.kandivehicle.com/Default.aspx
  15. ^ "Mitsubishi Begins Sales of i-MiEV to Individuals in Hong Kong; First Individual Sales Outside of Japan". Green Car Congress. 2010-05-20. Retrieved 2010-05-21. 
  16. ^ Guinness World Records (2012). "Best-selling electric car". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2013-01-22. 
  17. ^ Bill Moore (2015-03-19). "Mitsubishi Firsts". EV World. Retrieved 2015-03-19. 
  18. ^ "Nissan Rolls Out Leaf Electric Car In Japan". Associated Press. 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 
  19. ^ John O'Dell (2010-12-03). "Nissan Leaf Officially On Sale in U.S. Dec. 11; Japan Launch Set for Dec. 20". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 2010-12-03. 
  20. ^ "Order Books Open for Nissan LEAF in Europe". Nissan. 2010-07-30. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  21. ^ "Renault-Nissan Alliance Sells Its 250,000th Electric Vehicle" (Press release). Paris/Yokohama: Renault-Nissan Alliance. 2015-06-24. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  22. ^ "東風日産の中国自主ブランド、ヴェヌーシア…初のEV 「e30」を発売". Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  23. ^ March 16, 2010 (2010-03-16). "Same Electric Car + Different Brands = $18,000 Price Difference?". Gas 2. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  24. ^ Autoactu.com. "Chiffres de vente & immatriculations de voitures électriques en France" [Sales figures & electric car registrations in France] (in French). Automobile Propre. Retrieved 2015-07-02.  See "Ventes de voitures électriques en 2015/2014/2013/2012/2011."
  25. ^ Groupe Renault (June 2015). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2015-06-28.  Includes passenger and light utility variants. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (mai 2015)" to download the files "XLSX - 187 Ko" for CYTD 2015 sales through May, and open the tab "Sales by Model". Cumulative sales worldwide totaled 26,296 units
  26. ^ John Boudreau (2012-06-22). "In a Silicon Valley milestone, Tesla Motors begins delivering Model S electric cars". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2012-06-22. 
  27. ^ Jeff Cobb (2015-06-16). "Tesla Due To Sell 75,000th Model S This Month". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-07-02. 
  28. ^ Christoph Rauwald (2013-10-23). "VW Calls Germany’s 1 Million Electric-Car Goal Achievable". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  29. ^ Blanco, Sebastian (2011-12-17). "Wheego delivers first LiFe vehicle in time for Earth Day". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  30. ^ Jim Motavalli (2012-03-14). "Can The Tiny Wheego Win The Electric Car Race?". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  31. ^ http://www.mon-aixam-electrique.com/
  32. ^ "SMERA specifications". Lumeneo.fr. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  33. ^ "Sakura-Maranello4-Electric-Car". Greencarsite.co.uk. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  34. ^ Commuter Cars Performance
  35. ^ Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM) (2012-06-27). "L'étonnant succès du Renault Twizy en Allemagne" [The surprising success of the Renault Twizy in Germany] (in French). Moteur Nature. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  36. ^ "Mahindra launches electric car 'e20' priced at Rs 5.96 lakh". The Indian Express. 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  37. ^ Jim Motavalli (2012-01-12). "The Mini-E's True Believer Gets the Keys to the First BMW ActiveE". PluginCars. Retrieved 2012-01-13. 
  38. ^ Jim Motavalli (2010-09-27). "BMW ActiveE Electric Car Headed for U.S. Trial". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  39. ^ "Toyota beefs up green vehicles, plans electric car for this year, fuel cell vehicle by 2015". Toledo Blade. Associated Press. 2012-09-24. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  40. ^ UC Irvine Press Release (2013-03-21). "UC Irvine’s car-sharing program charges ahead". University of California, Irvine. Retrieved 2013-03-28. 
  41. ^ http://businessetc.thejournal.ie/car-made-in-ireland-electric-alex-eroadster-2179107-Jun2015/
  42. ^ www.colmach.com
  43. ^ "Indian Wheelchair electric car". 
  44. ^ Paul Stenquist (2013-04-01). "A New Electric Car With an Old Name". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-04-04. 
  45. ^ "New $10,000 electric car on a charge". 
  46. ^ "Canada's Maya 300: the first lithium-ion full electric car sold in North America! - Green Wheels". Auto123. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  47. ^ "The Electric Lemon – Li-Ion Motor Corporation". blyon.com. 2009-12-29. 
  48. ^ {http://wheels.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/09/09/a-plug-in-electric-for-hyundais-home-market/}
  49. ^ "Turbo Electric Ltd". Turbo-electric.com. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  50. ^ Eric Loveday (2013-12-30). "US Rollout Update: Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  51. ^ Daimler Media. "Daimler Outlook". Daimler. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  52. ^ http://www.autoguide.com/auto-news/2012/05/rimac-concept-one-open-for-order-production-limited-to-88.html
  53. ^ "Japanese Electric Car Goes 207 Miles on a Single Charge". 2011-05-18. Retrieved 2011-05-22. 
  54. ^ "SIM-WIL: SIM-Drive’s 351KM-range EV with 5.4 Second 0 – 100KM/H Performance". 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  55. ^ Masemola, Thami (June 4, 2009). "Subaru STELLA plug-in EV to launch in Japan". worldcarfans.com. Retrieved 2009-06-15. 
  56. ^ Switch Vehicles (November 28, 2011). "Switch Vehicles Website". switchvehicles.com. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  57. ^ Ronald D. White (2013-03-08). "Tesla plans to repay loans early, delays Model X". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  58. ^ Jay Cole (2013-03-09). "Tesla Delays Model X Production To "Late" 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  59. ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (2013-08-07). "Record sales, upbeat Q2 earnings for electric car maker Tesla". Gigaom. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  60. ^ Damon Lowney (2013-09-10). "2015 Volkswagen e-Up! shows EV commitment at Frankfurt this season". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  61. ^ "Production Ford Ranger Electric pickup truck discussion group". 
  62. ^ Praveena Sharma (2011-03-17). "Govt subsidy may rev up Reva sales". Daily News & Analysis India. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  63. ^ "Mahindra REVA: Petrol-free REVA". REVA Electric Car Company. Retrieved 2012-02-25.  Click on Sales and Service Locator
  64. ^ Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2011-02-16). "EXCLUSIVE: What Killed The Electric Car? For G-Wiz, Other Electric Cars". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  65. ^ David Ferris (2013-03-04). "India’s Only Electric Car Revamped to Woo Drivers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-11. 
  66. ^ "Elektromobily Škoda". Electroauto.cz. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  67. ^ "Elektromobily Tatra". Electroauto.cz. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  68. ^ "Tři etapy rozvoje elektrických vozidel v České republice". Odbornecasopisy.cz. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  69. ^ Blain, Loz (April 24, 2008). "ThoRR, the fully electric open-wheeler". gizmag. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  70. ^ "US Electricar owners discussion group". Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  71. ^ http://www.histomobile.com/dvd_histomobile/histomo/97/2770.asp Histomobile[dead link]
  72. ^ "Arton Birdie photo". Carsbase.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  73. ^ Hi-Pa Drive Ford F150, Hi-Pa Drive, retrieved 2009-04-24 
  74. ^ "Marussia". Amt.nl. 2008-12-24. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  75. ^ "AUSA: El mayor fabricante del mundo de volquetes, carretillas todoterreno, autohormigoneras y multiservicio." (in English (Spanish available)). ausa.com. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  76. ^ "ZeroTruck Powered by UQM Electric Propulsion System Debuts at AFVI Expo in Las Vegas". Businesswire.com. 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2010-12-11. 
  77. ^ "EV WORLDwire: Santa Monica Introduces Electric Zero Truck Into City Fleet". Evworld.com. 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2009-10-25. 
  78. ^ "Ford technical data sheet" (PDF). Media.ford.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  79. ^ "Kangoo website". Renault. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  80. ^ "Renault Maxity - PVI, leader de la traction électrique pour véhicules industriels". Pvi.fr. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  81. ^ "Smith Edison data sheet" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  82. ^ "VOLTEIS - electric car présente la Volteis X4: le premier véhicule 4×4 tout électrique" (in English (French available)). volteis.com. 2010. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  83. ^ "26 tons chassis garbage truck from PVI". Pvi.fr. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  84. ^ "Electric Midlum". Pvi.fr. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  85. ^ "adlymoto.com". adlymoto.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  86. ^ "Adly models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  87. ^ "adlymoto.com". adlymoto.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  88. ^ "Adly FC-25 II 2nd Gen E-bike". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  89. ^ "Adly e-Bike 2nd Generation". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  90. ^ "adlymoto.com". adlymoto.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  91. ^ "Adly FC-25 E-Bike Fun Cruiser". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  92. ^ "Adly e-Bike Fun Cruiser". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  93. ^ a b "adlymoto.com". adlymoto.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  94. ^ Aspes. "Gamma modelli". Aspesitalia.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  95. ^ "Aspes models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  96. ^ "Aspes Elios". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  97. ^ "Aspes Sibilla". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  98. ^ Aspes. "EcoSport eBike (MAN) | Aspes". Aspesitalia.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  99. ^ Aspes. "EcoSport eBike (LADY) | Aspes". Aspesitalia.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  100. ^ "BMW Motorrad USA". Bmwmotorcycles.com. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  101. ^ "BMW Motorrad International". Bmw-motorrad.com. 2011-09-21. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  102. ^ "BMW Motorrad : Urban Mobility : C Evolution". Bmwmotorcycles.com. 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  103. ^ "BMW Motorrad Saisonstart 2012". Bmw-motorrad.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  104. ^ "Boxx - The 1 meter Vehicle | BOXX". Boxxcorp.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  105. ^ "Boxx Corp Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  106. ^ "Brammo Electric Motorcycle : Models : Brammo Empulse, Enertia Plus, Engage, Encite and Enertia". Brammo.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  107. ^ [1][2]
  108. ^ [3]: 10.0 2012[4]
  109. ^ "Brammo Empulse 10.0". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  110. ^ "Brammo Empulse 6.0". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  111. ^ "Brammo Empulse 6.0". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  112. ^ "Brammo Empulse 8.0". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  113. ^ "Brammo Empulse 8.0". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  114. ^ "Brammo Enertia : 2010 Electric Motorcycle of the Year". Brammo.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  115. ^ "Brammo Enertia". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  116. ^ "Brammo Enertia". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  117. ^ "Brammo Enertia". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  118. ^ "Enertia Plus Electric Motorcycle". Brammo.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  119. ^ "Brammo Enertia Plus". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  120. ^ "Brammo Enertia Plus". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  121. ^ "Engage Electric Motorcycle". Brammo.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  122. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com
  123. ^ "BSA Motors models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  124. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/diva.asp
  125. ^ "BSA Motors Diva". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  126. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/roamer-able.asp
  127. ^ "BSA Motors Roamer Able". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  128. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/roamerplus.asp
  129. ^ "BSA Motors Roamer Nuo". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  130. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/roamer.asp
  131. ^ "BSA Motors Roamer Nxg". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  132. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/smile.asp
  133. ^ "BSA Motors Smile". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  134. ^ http://www.bsamotorsindia.com/streetrider.asp
  135. ^ "BSA Motors Street Rider". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  136. ^ ":: Eko Vehicles ::". Ekovehicle.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  137. ^ "EKO models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  138. ^ ":: Eko Vehicles ::". Ekovehicle.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  139. ^ "EKO Strike 2011". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  140. ^ ":: Eko Vehicles ::". Ekovehicle.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  141. ^ "EKO EV 60 Electric". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  142. ^ ":: Eko Vehicles ::". Ekovehicle.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  143. ^ http://www.electriccity.fr
  144. ^ "Electric City models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  145. ^ http://www.electriccity.fr/fr/scooter-electrique-ventys/10-scooter-ventys-340.html
  146. ^ "Electric City Ventys 340". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  147. ^ http://www.electriccity.fr/fr/scooter-electrique-ventys/13-scooter-ventys.html
  148. ^ "Electric City Ventys 660". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  149. ^ a b "PRODUCT « ELMOTO – E-Bike – Kleinkraftrad mit Elektroantrieb – urban lifestyle mobility". Elmoto.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  150. ^ "Elmoto Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  151. ^ "Elmoto HR-2 - Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  152. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  153. ^ "E-max models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  154. ^ "E Max Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  155. ^ a b Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  156. ^ "E-max 120S". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  157. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  158. ^ "E-max 120S-D Delivery". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  159. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  160. ^ "E-max City 80L-3W". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  161. ^ "E-max 100L 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  162. ^ "E-max 100L 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  163. ^ "E-max 110S 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  164. ^ "E-max 110S 2009". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  165. ^ "E-max 110S 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  166. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  167. ^ "E-max 120L 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  168. ^ "E-max 120L 2009". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  169. ^ "E-max 120L 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  170. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  171. ^ "E-max 190L 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  172. ^ "E-max 190L 2009". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  173. ^ "E-max 190L 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  174. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  175. ^ "E-max City 80L". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  176. ^ Christina del Avellano. "e-max ev's Germany Ltd. - High performance electric scooter". E-max-scooter.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  177. ^ "E-max 90S 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  178. ^ "E-max 90S 2009". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  179. ^ "E-max 90S 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  180. ^ "E-max 140L 2009". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  181. ^ "E-max 140L 2008". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  182. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  183. ^ "E-Ton models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  184. ^ "E-Ton Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  185. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  186. ^ "E-Ton E-MO Plus EV3E". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  187. ^ "E-Ton E-MO Plus Jr. EV3D". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  188. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  189. ^ "E-Ton E-MO EV3A". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  190. ^ "E-Ton E-MO EV3C". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  191. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  192. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  193. ^ "E-TON Power Tech Co., Ltd". E-ton.com.tw. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  194. ^ "Home | Exo Bike". Exo-bikes.eu. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  195. ^ "Exo-bikes Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  196. ^ "Electrical roller Exo Bike with unique design.. | Innovation Database". Spin-project.eu. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  197. ^ "Technical details | Exo Bike". Exo-bikes.eu. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  198. ^ "Exo-bikes Neutrino - Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  199. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  200. ^ "Hero Electric models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  201. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  202. ^ "Hero Electric Cruz". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  203. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  204. ^ "Hero Electric E-Sprint". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  205. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  206. ^ "Hero Electric Maxi". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  207. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  208. ^ "Hero Electric Optima Plus". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  209. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  210. ^ "Hero Electric Wave DX". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  211. ^ ": Hero Electric :". Heroelectric.in. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  212. ^ "Hero Electric Zion". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  213. ^ "Hero Electric Zippy". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  214. ^ "Honda Worldwide | Motorcycles". World.honda.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  215. ^ "Honda Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  216. ^ "Honda Worldwide | EV-neo". World.honda.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  217. ^ "Honda EV Neo - Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  218. ^ "Hyosung Motors USA". Hyosung Motors USA. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  219. ^ "Hyosung models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  220. ^ "Hyosung Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  221. ^ "Hyosung FC-1". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  222. ^ "Hyosung Motors America - Ridden by the world". Hyosungmotorsusa.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  223. ^ "Modellübersicht | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  224. ^ "Innoscooter models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  225. ^ "RETRO | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  226. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller Retro". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  227. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller Retro". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  228. ^ "RETRO-L | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  229. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller Retro-L". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  230. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller Retro Lithium". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  231. ^ "EM6000 | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. 1980-01-04. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  232. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller EM 6000". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  233. ^ "EM6000ML | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. 1980-01-04. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  234. ^ "Innoscooter Elektroroller EM 6000 Maxi-Lithium". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  235. ^ "InnoBike-L | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  236. ^ "InnoBike-F | InnoScooter Elektroroller - Die neue Generation der Fortbewegung". Innoscooter.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  237. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_main.html[dead link]
  238. ^ "Keeway models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  239. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_flash.html[dead link]
  240. ^ "Keeway Electric Flash". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  241. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_matrix.html[dead link]
  242. ^ "Keeway Electric Matrix". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  243. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_cityclassic.html[dead link]
  244. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_citytitanium.html
  245. ^ http://www.keewaymotor.com/electric_citytour.html[dead link]
  246. ^ "Motorrad und Motorroller. Motorr채der und Roller bis 250 ccm". Kreidler. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  247. ^ "Kreidler models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  248. ^ "Kreidler RMC-E Hiker Electro". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  249. ^ "Motorrad und Motorroller. Motorr채der und Roller bis 250 ccm". Kreidler. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  250. ^ "Motorrad und Motorroller. Motorr채der und Roller bis 250 ccm". Kreidler. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  251. ^ "Ready to Race". KTM. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  252. ^ "KTM models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  253. ^ "KTM Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  254. ^ "KTM Freeride E - Technical Details". Ktm.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  255. ^ "KTM Freeride E 2012". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  256. ^ "Technology That Moves You". Mavizen. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  257. ^ "Mavizen models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  258. ^ "Mavizen Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  259. ^ http://www.mavizen.com/TTX02.html[dead link]
  260. ^ "Mavizen TTX02 2012". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  261. ^ "Mavizen TTX02 2011". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  262. ^ "Mavizen TTX02 2010". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  263. ^ Mission Motor Company. "Mission Motors / Technology Demonstrators". Ridemission.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  264. ^ "Mission models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  265. ^ "Mission Motors Cars, motorbikes, bicycles, planes and boats, electric or hybrid". Technologicvehicles.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  266. ^ "Mission One Ple". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  267. ^ "Mission One Ple". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  268. ^ "Mission Motors / Mission R". Ridemission.com. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  269. ^ "Mission R 2012". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  270. ^ "Mission R 2011". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  271. ^ "Mission One". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  272. ^ "Mission One". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  273. ^ "CTric | MODENAS, ACE115, KRISS MR1, CT100, GT128, CT110, KRISS 120 SPORTS, PASSION SPORTS, X-CITE, ELEGAN, JAGUH, CUBPRIX". Modenas.com.my. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  274. ^ "MuZ Vertriebs GmbH". Muz.de. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  275. ^ "MZ models". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  276. ^ http://www.muz.de/en/charly/[dead link]
  277. ^ "MZ Charly Electroroller". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  278. ^ "MZ Charly". Motorcycle-catalogue.info. 2013-02-26. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  279. ^ http://www.muz.de/en/charly/charly-classic[dead link]
  280. ^ http://www.muz.de/en/charly/charly-evo-gold-look[dead link]
  281. ^ http://www.muz.de/en/charly/charly-evo-carbon-look
  282. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/mz_charly_evo_carbon_look.html
  283. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/mz_charly_electroroller_evo.html
  284. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/mz_charly_electroroller_evo.html
  285. ^ http://www.muz.de/en/charly/3wheel-charly
  286. ^ http://www.mz-roller.de/en/e-power-max/
  287. ^ a b http://www.nextpower.es/Productos-Nextpower.htm
  288. ^ NextPower
  289. ^ http://www.nextpower.es/Productos-BelerLitium-Nextpower.htm
  290. ^ http://www.nextpower.es/Productos-RetroLitium-Nextpower.htm
  291. ^ http://www.nextpower.es/Productos-MilanLitium-Nextpower.html
  292. ^ http://www.oxygenworld.it/content/models#datasheet
  293. ^ http://www.oxygenworldinc.com/us-cargoscooter-models-and-specifications.html
  294. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/oxygen.html
  295. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/oxygen_cargoscooter.html
  296. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/oxygen_cargoscooter_long_range.html
  297. ^ http://www.peugeotscooters.co.uk/peugeot-scooters-list.php
  298. ^ http://www.peugeotscooters.com/lang=en/
  299. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/239/peugeot
  300. ^ http://www.peugeotscooters.co.uk/peugeot-scooters-detail.php/e-Vivacity-3-5/
  301. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/peugeot_vivacity_electric.html
  302. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/details/937/peugeot-e-vivacity-price-and-specifications
  303. ^ http://www.quantya.com/PAGES/eng_home.shtml
  304. ^ http://www.quantyabikes.co.uk/products/
  305. ^ http://www.quantyausa.com/store-models.php
  306. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/quantya.html
  307. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/280/quantya
  308. ^ http://www.quantya.com/PAGES/eng_quantyaparx.shtml
  309. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/quantya_evo1_track_quantayaparx.html
  310. ^ http://www.quantyabikes.co.uk/junior-mmx/
  311. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/quantya_mmx_junior.html
  312. ^ http://www.quantyabikes.co.uk/vrone/
  313. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/quantya_vrone.html
  314. ^ http://www.quantyausa.com/detail-strada.php
  315. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/quantya_evo1_strada.html
  316. ^ http://www.quantya.com/PAGES/eng_track.shtml
  317. ^ http://www.quantyabikes.co.uk/evo1-track/
  318. ^ http://www.quantyausa.com/detail-track.php
  319. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/quantya_evo1_track.html
  320. ^ http://www.quantya.com/PAGES/eng_mmx.shtml
  321. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/quantya_mmx.html
  322. ^ http://www.quantyabikes.co.uk/squter-p1/
  323. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/quantya_squter_p1.html
  324. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/quantya_strada.html
  325. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/quantya_track.html
  326. ^ http://www.rieju.es/en/electric
  327. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/rieju.html
  328. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/484/rieju
  329. ^ http://www.rieju.es/en/electric/mius
  330. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/rieju_mius_40.html
  331. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/rieju_e-bicy_alu.html
  332. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/rieju_e-bicy_folding.html
  333. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2008/rieju_e-bicy_r126.html
  334. ^ http://www.sachs-bikes.cc/pro_list.asp?tid=66&small_tid=0
  335. ^ http://www.sachs-bikes.cc/pro_list.asp?tid=65&small_tid=0
  336. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/sachs.html
  337. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/438/sachs
  338. ^ http://www.sachs-bikes.cc/show_product.asp?id=240
  339. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/sachs_prima_e.html
  340. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2008/sachs_oliver_electro.html
  341. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/suzuki.html
  342. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/suzuki_burgman_fuel_cell.html
  343. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/suzuki_burgman_fuel_cell.html
  344. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/suzuki_crosscage.html
  345. ^ a b http://www.swaygomotor.com/swaygo/
  346. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/swaygo.html
  347. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2012/swaygo_575_evr-1.html
  348. ^ http://www.taurismoto.de/de/index_elektro.php
  349. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/tauris.html
  350. ^ http://www.taurismoto.de/de/modell_elektro_detail.php?ID=109
  351. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/tauris_blitz_e-scooter.html
  352. ^ http://www.taurismoto.de/de/modell_elektro_detail.php?ID=116
  353. ^ http://www.vectrix.com/products/
  354. ^ http://vectrixeurope.com/
  355. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/vectrix.html
  356. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/264/vectrix
  357. ^ a b http://www.vectrix.com/products/vx-1
  358. ^ http://vectrixeurope.com/vx-1-li
  359. ^ http://www.vectrix.com/products/vx-2
  360. ^ http://vectrixeurope.com/vx-2
  361. ^ http://www.vectrix.com/products/vx-3
  362. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/vectrix_vx-1.html
  363. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/vectrix_vx-1.html
  364. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2009/vectrix_vx-1.html
  365. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/vectrix_vx-1e.html
  366. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2009/vectrix_vx-1e.html
  367. ^ http://www.yamaha-motor.eu/eu/products/electric-vehicles/index.aspx
  368. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/yamaha.html
  369. ^ http://www.technologicvehicles.com/en/partner/325/yamaha
  370. ^ http://www.yamaha-motor.eu/eu/products/electric-vehicles/commuters/ec-03.aspx?view=features
  371. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/yamaha_ec-03.html
  372. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/
  373. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/brands/hesketh.html
  374. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-ds/specs.php
  375. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/hesketh_zero_ds.html
  376. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/hesketh_zero_ds.html
  377. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-mx/specs.php
  378. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/hesketh_zero_mx.html
  379. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/hesketh_zero_mx.html
  380. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-s/specs.php
  381. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/hesketh_zero_s.html
  382. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/hesketh_zero_s.html
  383. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-x/specs.php
  384. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/hesketh_zero_x.html
  385. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/hesketh_zero_x.html
  386. ^ http://www.zeromotorcycles.com/zero-xu/specs.php

External links[edit]