List of production battery electric vehicles

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The world's two best selling all-electric cars of all-time are, the Nissan Leaf (left), with 200,000 global sales, and the Tesla Model S (right), with about 100,000, both by early December 2015.[1]

This is a list of production battery electric vehicles (all-electric cars). You may want to view this information in table format.

Cars[edit]

Current in-production cars[edit]

Full-sized cars[edit]

Cars and utility trucks of normal size and capable of 100 km/h (62 mph) highway speed that are currently available.

  • Bolloré Bluecar operates as part of the Autolib' carsharing in Paris that began service to the general public in December 2011.[2] The Bluecar was the top selling highway-capable electric car in France in 2012.[3]
  • BMW i3 - Retail sales began in Europe in November 2013.[4] The electric car is available with an optional gasoline-powered range extender that increases the range from 130 to 160 km (80 to 100 mi) to 240 to 300 km (150 to 190 mi).[5] The U.S. release took place in May 2014.[6] Global sales passed the 50,000 unit milestone in July 2016. The U.S. is the leading market with 19,388 units sold through June 2016.[7]
  • BYD e6 - Sales to the general public began in October, 2011, in Shenzhen, China.[8]
  • Chery QQ3 EV - Available only in China
  • Chevrolet Spark EV - The Spark EV was released in the U.S. in selected markets in California and Oregon in June 2013.[9] GM also plans to sell the Spark EV in limited quantities in Canada, South Korea and select European markets.[10][11]
  • Fiat 500e - Deliveries began in California in July 2013.[12]
  • Ford Focus Electric - U.S. Deliveries for fleet customers began in December 2011 and to retail customers in May 2012.[13]
  • Honda Fit EV - Production will be limited to only 1,100 units over the first three years. Deliveries to retail customers in the U.S. began in July 2012 and availability is limited to California and Oregon.[14]
  • JAC J3 EV - Available only in China.
  • Kandi Technologies KD5011 - Pure EV,[15] currently in production and sales in China. Nine other EV models by the manufacturer approved for sale in China.
  • Kia Soul EV introduced in the United States in 2014.
  • Lada Ellada launched in 2012, Lithium iron phosphate battery.
  • Mitsubishi i MiEV, launch in 2009, is available Asia, Europe and the Americas, lithium-ion battery pack with 130 kilometres (80 mi) range, and a top speed of 130 kilometres per hour (80 mph).[16] The i MiEV was the first electric car to sell more than 10,000 units, including the models badged in Europe as Citroën C-Zero and Peugeot iOn. According to Guinness World Records, the record was reached on February 2011, but several months later, the Nissan Leaf overtook the i MiEV as the best selling all-electric car.[17] Global Mitsubishi i-MiEV family sales, including the European variants, totaled about 37,600 units through June 2016.[18]
  • Nissan Leaf introduced in the United States and Japan in December 2010,[19][20] followed by several European countries throughout 2011 and 2012.[21] The Leaf, available in 46 countries, is the world's all-time top selling highway-capable all-electric car ever, with global sales of more than 228,000 units through June 2016.[18] The Venucia e30, based on the Nissa Leaf, was released in Chinese market on September 10, 2014.[22]
  • Peugeot iOn/Citroën C-ZERO France and the EU, re-badged Mitsubishi i MiEV.[23]
  • Renault Zoe, retail customer deliveries began in France in December 2012. Global sales passed the 50,000 unit milestone in June 2016. France is the leading market with 27,155 units delivered through June 2016.[7]
  • Roewe E50, available only in China.
  • Smart ED, available for leasing in the United States since early 2011. Originally converted by Zytek from 100 Smart Fortwos. Now on sale the third generation in the U.S. and Europe.
  • Tesla Model S, deliveries of the 85  kW·h premium limited edition model in the U.S. began in June 2012.[24] Global cumulative sales totaled almost 130,000 units through June 2016.[18]
  • Tesla Model X, the first production cars were delivered on September 29, 2015.[25][26] Cumulative sales totaled 7,250 units through June 2016.[27][28][29][30]
  • Toyota RAV 4 EV - Sales started in September 2012. It was developed in cooperation with Tesla Motors.
  • Volkswagen e-Up! - Retail sales began in Europe in October 2013.[31]
  • Volkswagen e-Golf
  • Wheego Whip LiFe, sales began in the U.S. in April 2011.[32] A total of 34 units have been sold by March 2012.[33]

Microcars[edit]

Low-speed vehicles[edit]

These vehicles have a top speed less than many highway speeds, and may not be street-legal without restrictions. They are known as quadricycles in Europe and as Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) in the US.

  • Renault Twizy Z.E.; a two-seat electric car with a 4 or 13 kilowatts (5.4 or 17.4 hp) electric motor. Top speed is 80 km/h (50 mph) and range is up to 100 km (62 mi). Launched in Europe in March 2012, became the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during the first half of 2012 with more than 6,000 units sold in just three months on the market.[38]
  • Columbia ParCar Corp <http://www.parcar.com>
  • CityEl three-wheeled EV, produced in Germany.[citation needed]
  • citEcar produced by Road Rat Motors in Gainesville, Florida <http://www.RoadRatMotors.com> with vehicles ranging from 2 to 29 passengers.[citation needed]
  • Dynasty EV a neighborhood electric vehicle
  • Organic Transit ELF a pedal-assisted, electric, velomobile of "tadpole" format. <http://www.organictransit.com/> Manufactured in Durham, North Carolina, USA.
  • EuAuto Mycar manufactured in Southern China, sold in Hong Kong, limited to roads with speed limit at or below 50 km/h (31 mph)
  • Global Electric Motorcars, LLC (GEM) quite common in California.
  • Kenguru - pronounced "kangaroo" is a 4-wheeled 1-person electric vehicle designed for disabled use: with no seat, drivers drive from their wheelchairs, and enter/exit from the rear door (the only door). The maximum speed of the Kenguru is 45 km/h (28 mph). Steering is via motorcycle-style handlebar or joystick and a 5 in (130 mm)-diameter steering wheel in a future model. It is designed by Hungary-based company Kenguru Car Ltd, and is currently manufactured in USA by Community Cars, after Kenguru Car Ltd stopped manufacturing the car.
  • Mahindra e2o, launched in the Indian market in March 2013.[39] Range of 80 to 120 km (50 to 75 mi) and a top speed of 82 km/h (51 mph).
  • Melex Low Speed Electric Vehicle made in Poland, in production since 1971.
  • Miles Electric Vehicles LSVs for fleet and neighborhood use
  • Oka NEV ZEV Low Speed Electric Vehicle made in Russia, sold in USA.
  • Open Since the beginning of this[when?] year also sold in Japan as Girasole, with higher speed and wider range as the Open.[citation needed]
  • Star EV a specialist in golf carts who also offers a wide selection of electric vehicles ranging from 2 to 14 passengers. Made by Suzhou Eagle Electric Vehicle Manufacturing Co.,Ltd. in China (www.eagleelectricvehicle.com)
  • Twike three-wheeled EV with pedal assist option. Produced in Germany.
  • Miles XS500 Electric Vehicle Production Electric Vehicle from Miles Electric Vehicles.

Demonstration fleets[edit]

Cars planned for production[edit]

One of the earlier version have passed EEC crash test in early May 2010.[citation needed]

  • Audi A1 e-tron Production of A1 e-tron was reported to be cancelled.
  • Colmach type 1 - Roadster / stainless steel / In development, to be manufactured in Southern California.[citation needed][45]
  • Callidai Car - A car created by Callidai Motor Works, Chennai, India for wheelchair users - to drive while seated on their wheelchair. This is a Battery powered car and can seat one more passenger besides the driver. Has a maximum speed of 30 Kmph and has a retractable, motorised ramp in the rear to permit entry and exit of driver and passenger. There is a first prototype which will be field tested by a customer. The second and final prototype with better performance should be available in the market in 2013. The price is expected to be about Rs. 3.50 lakhs ex-Chennai.[46]
  • Detroit Electric SP.01 with sales scheduled to begin in the U.S. in August 2013.[47]
  • EDay. An Australian designed electric car to be built in China and released in 2012, for less than $10,000[48]
  • EVTraxer EC homogulated chassis
  • Electrovaya plans to sell the Maya 300 a full electric car in Canada and USA by Summer 2009[49]
  • Hybrid Technologies[50]
    • LiV DASH
    • AFS Trinity hybrid prototype is a modified Saturn Vue, estimated cost $33,000-40,000.
  • Hyundai BlueOn will be launched in South Korea late in 2012, with just 2,500 units.[51]
  • Infiniti LE
  • Liberty Electric Cars is re-engineering Range Rovers to produce electric 4×4's that will have a range of 200 miles (320 km) and retail for £95,000.
  • Lightning Car Company is currently developing its eponymous Lightning based on a pre-existing internal combustion-powered sports car, and plans to use NanoSafe cells and Hi-Pa Drive in-wheel motors.
  • Mass-EV[52] is developing[when?] in Reading, UK by Turbo Electric Ltd. This car is targeted to be on sale 2011 at a price of £7,000 to the public and charges directly from the UK socket. [needs update] Roughly the size of a Ford Focus C-Max, will do in excess of 100 miles and motorway speeds. With trailer generator was projected to travel in excess of 500 miles on one tank of petrol.[citation needed]
  • Mercedes A-Class E-Cell
  • Mercedes-Benz B-Class Electric Drive - Sales are scheduled to start in the U.S. by mid 2014.[53]
  • Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG Electric Drive - Sales were scheduled to begin in June 2013.[54]
  • Obvio! 828E and 012E
  • Phoenix Motorcars based in Ontario, California, plans to build both a mid-sized SUV and an SUT (Sports Utility Truck) with 130-mile (210 km) range for $45,000 using NanoSafe batteries from Altairnano. 500 cars are planned for delivery in early 2008 to fleet customers. A consumer version is planned for release in late 2008. Over 250-mile (400 km) range version also in development.
  • Rimac Concept One[55]
  • Quimera GT car - scheduled for release in 2012, the first all-electric gt racing car. The car has a top speed of 300  km/h.[citation needed]
  • SIM-Drive - SIM-LEI[56] and SIM-WIL[57] prototypes, 4-seater planned for 2013
  • SSC Ultimate Aero EV - Planned for Q4 of 2009
  • Subaru Stella Electric Vehicle - Deliveries beginning in Japan in July 2009.[58]
  • Switch Vehicles planned for 2012 delivery as a kit car. Three-wheeled four-seater. Estimated cost $15,000.[59]

Discontinued cars[edit]

  • AC Propulsion TZero very fast two-seat sportster prototype. four produced.
  • Baker Electric
  • Chevrolet S10 EV (some sold to fleets, available on secondary market as refurbished vehicles) S-10 with EV1 powertrain, over 100 produced only about 60 sold to private owners and survived.
  • Chrysler TEVan (1993–1995) and second generation EPIC (1998–1999)
  • Citroën Berlingo Electrique (1999–2005)
  • Citroën Saxo Electrique
  • Coda Sedan, sales began in California in March 2012
  • Corbin Sparrow
  • Detroit Electric (1907–1939)
  • Elcat (1985–2002, almost all vehicles in second-hand use)
  • Enfield 8000 (1971)
  • Fiat Panda Elettra
  • Fisker Karma
  • Ford Ranger EV (1998–2003) some sold, most leased. Several hundred were produced for lease only, almost all were recovered and most destroyed. Ford has announced[citation needed] reconditioning and sale of a limited quantity to former lease holders by lottery: there are still a few Production Ford Ranger Electric pickup trucks on the road today[62]
  • Ford Think Neighbor (NEV) (2002)
  • General Motors EV1 Gen I (1996–1997) used VRLA batteries, Gen II (1999–2003) used NiMH batteries.
  • Henney Kilowatt (1958–1960) the first modern (transistor-based) electric car, capable of highway speeds of up to 60 mph and outfitted with modern hydraulic brakes. Fewer than one hundred of them were produced before production was discontinued in 1960.
  • Honda EV Plus (199?-1999) (several hundred produced for lease only, all recovered and most destroyed)
  • Nissan Altra lithium-powered hatchback; never offered (even by lease) to consumers.
  • Nissan Hypermini (1999-2001)
  • Optimal Energy Joule, a multipurpose five-seat electric car with a top speed of 135 km/h (84 mph) and a range of 300 km (190 mi).
  • Peugeot 106 ev
  • Pivco City Bee
  • Renault Fluence ZE, introduced in Israel in 2011.
  • REVA Indian-built city car, since 2001 more than 4,000 cars were sold worldwide by March 2011 and was available in 26 countries.[63][64] Sales in the UK, where it was sold as the G-Wiz and became its main market, ended by late 2011.[65] Production ended in 2012 and was replaced by the Mahindra e2o.[66]
  • Sebring-Vanguard CitiCar (1974–77) This car had a plastic body, aluminum frame, lead acid batteries, top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h) and a range of about 50 miles (80 km).
  • Sinclair C5
  • Solectria Force - conversion of Geo Metro, not currently in production
  • Škoda Eltra, also sold as (1992–1993) derived from Škoda Favorit, top speed of 80  km/h and a range of about 80 km, using lead – acid batteries[67]
  • Studebaker Electric - produced from 1902 to 1912 in South Bend, Indiana
  • Škoda/Tatra Beta (1994–1997) about 100 produced, using nickel-cadmium batteries[68][69]
  • Tesla Roadster, li-ion powered sports car by Tesla Motors with 245 mi (394 km) range, 125 mph (201 km/h) top speed and 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 3.7 seconds acceleration.
  • Think City - Norwegian import by Ford, lease only, all recovered and returned to Norway. Think Global produced 200 Th!nk City cars in 2008. Think North America produced 400 cars manufactured in the US in 2011 and sold them at a reduced price after going through bankruptcy in 2011.
  • ThoRR was a 100% electric sports car which used a chassis based on the Lotus Super 7. The car's concept focussed on a simple and light-weight design.[70]
  • Toyota RAV4 EV (1st generation) leased and sold on US east and west coast, out of production, supported. A different car is now produced under the same name.
  • US Electricar factory conversion of 1994 Geo Prizm or Chevrolet S10, see discussion group[71]
  • Volkswagen Golf CITYStromer (1995–1998) Volkswagen has built 200 electric versions of the Golf 3
  • Volkswagen Jetta CITYStromer
  • Wrightspeed X1 an Ariel Atom sports car modified to use an all-electric powertrain. Production has been cancelled.
  • ZAP Xebra an enclosed three-wheel electric vehicle (2006–2009)
  • ZENN, based on the Microcar MC2
  • Zytek Lotus Elise

Unknown production status[edit]

Medium and light duty trucks and vans[edit]

  • AUSA Multiservice M 50 18KW EV Utility truck (600 kg payload)[76]

Heavy duty trucks[edit]

Motorcycles and scooters[edit]

Buses[edit]

Main article: Electric bus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  345. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2011/suzuki_crosscage.html
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  365. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2009/vectrix_vx-1.html
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  383. ^ http://www.motorcycle-catalogue.info/models/2010/hesketh_zero_s.html
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External links[edit]