List of production battery electric vehicles

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This is a list of battery electric vehicles that are currently mass-produced, formerly produced, and planned. It only include vehicles exclusively uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs, with no secondary source of propulsion (e.g. hydrogen fuel cell, internal combustion engine, etc.).

Current production models[edit]

Highway-capable automobiles[edit]

This section lists highway-capable battery electric automobiles capable of 100 km/h (62 mph) highway speed.

Outside the Chinese market[edit]

This table lists current production highway-capable battery electric automobiles originated from outside the Chinese market.

Model Calendar year produced Body style Manufacturer Marque origin
Aspark OWL 2021 Coupé Aspark Japan
Audi e-tron 2018 Crossover SUV Audi Germany
Audi e-tron GT 2021 Sedan Audi Germany
Audi Q4 e-tron 2021 Crossover SUV Audi Germany
BMW i3 2013 Hatchback BMW Germany
BMW i4 2021 Liftback BMW Germany
BMW iX 2021 Crossover SUV BMW Germany
BMW iX3 2020 Crossover SUV BMW Germany
BrightDrop EV600 2022 Van General Motors United States
Cadillac Lyriq 2022 Crossover SUV General Motors United States
Chevrolet Bolt EUV 2021 Crossover SUV General Motors United States
Chevrolet Bolt EV 2016 Hatchback General Motors United States
Citroën ë-Berlingo 2021 Van Stellantis France
Citroën ë-C4 2021 Crossover SUV Stellantis France
Citroën ë-Jumper/Relay 2021 Van Stellantis France
Citroën ë-Jumpy/Dispatch/SpaceTourer 2021 Van Stellantis France
Cupra Born 2021 Hatchback SEAT Spain
Dacia Spring Electric 2021 Hatchback Dacia/Renault Romania
DS 3 Crossback 2019 Crossover SUV Stellantis France
Fiat e-Ducato 2021 Van Stellantis Italy
Fiat e-Scudo/e-Ulysse 2022 Van Stellantis Italy
Fiat New 500 2020 Hatchback Stellantis Italy
Ford F-150 Lightning 2022 Pickup truck Ford United States
Ford Mustang Mach-E 2020 Crossover SUV Ford United States
Genesis Electrified G80 2021 Sedan Genesis Motor South Korea
Genesis Electrified GV70 2022 Crossover SUV Genesis Motor South Korea
Genesis GV60 2021 Crossover SUV Genesis Motor South Korea
GMC Hummer EV 2022 Pickup truck and SUV General Motors United States
Honda e 2020 Hatchback Honda Japan
Hyundai Ioniq 5 2021 Crossover SUV Hyundai South Korea
Hyundai Ioniq Electric 2016 Liftback Hyundai South Korea
Hyundai Kona Electric 2019 Crossover SUV Hyundai South Korea
Hyundai Porter2 Electric 2019 Pickup truck Hyundai South Korea
Jaguar I-Pace 2018 Crossover SUV Jaguar Land Rover United Kingdom
Kia Bongo EV 2020 Pickup truck Kia South Korea
Kia EV6 2021 Crossover SUV Kia South Korea
Kia Niro EV/e-Niro 2018 Crossover SUV Kia South Korea
Kia Ray EV 2012 MPV/minivan Kia South Korea
Kia Soul EV 2014 Crossover SUV Kia South Korea
Lexus UX 300e 2020 Crossover SUV Toyota Japan
Lotus Evija 2020 Coupé Lotus Cars United Kingdom
Lucid Air 2021 Sedan Lucid Motors United States
Mazda MX-30 2020 Crossover SUV Mazda Japan
Mercedes-Benz EQA 2021 Crossover SUV Daimler AG Germany
Mercedes-Benz EQB 2021 Crossover SUV Daimler AG Germany
Mercedes-Benz EQC 2021 Crossover SUV Daimler AG Germany
Mercedes-Benz EQS 2021 Sedan Daimler AG Germany
Mercedes-Benz EQV 2020 MPV/minivan Daimler AG Germany
Mini Electric/Cooper SE 2020 Hatchback Mini/BMW United Kingdom/Germany
Mitsubishi Minicab MiEV 2011 Van Mitsubishi Motors Japan
Nissan Ariya 2021 Crossover SUV Nissan Japan
Nissan e-NV200 2014 Van Nissan Japan
Nissan Leaf 2010 Hatchback Nissan Japan
Opel/Vauxhall Combo-e 2021 Van Stellantis Germany/United Kingdom
Opel/Vauxhall Corsa-e 2019 Hatchback Stellantis Germany/United Kingdom
Opel/Vauxhall Mokka-e 2020 Crossover SUV Stellantis Germany/United Kingdom
Opel/Vauxhall Movano-e 2021 Van Stellantis Germany/United Kingdom
Opel/Vauxhall Vivaro/Zafira-e 2021 Van Stellantis Germany/United Kingdom
Peugeot e-208 2019 Hatchback Stellantis France
Peugeot e-2008 2020 Crossover SUV Stellantis France
Peugeot e-Boxer 2021 Van Stellantis France
Peugeot e-Rifter 2021 Van Stellantis France
Peugeot e-Traveller 2021 Van Stellantis France
Pininfarina Battista 2020 Coupé Automobili Pininfarina Germany/Italy
Polestar 2 2020 Liftback Volvo Cars Sweden
Porsche Taycan 2019 Sedan and shooting brake Porsche Germany
Renault Kangoo Z.E./Kangoo E-Tech Electric 2011 Van Renault France
Renault Master Z.E./Master E-Tech Electric 2018 Van Renault France
Renault Mégane E-Tech Electric 2022 Crossover SUV Renault France
Renault Zoe 2012 Hatchback Renault France
Rivian R1S 2022 SUV Rivian United States
Rivian R1T 2022 Pickup truck Rivian United States
Škoda Enyaq iV 2020 Crossover SUV Škoda Auto Czech Republic
smart EQ forfour 2017 Hatchback Daimler AG Germany
smart EQ fortwo 2017 Hatchback Daimler AG Germany
Subaru Solterra 2022 Crossover SUV Subaru (produced by Toyota) Japan
Tata Nexon EV 2021 Crossover SUV Tata Motors Cars India
Tata Tigor EV/X Pres-T EV 2019 Sedan Tata Motors Cars India
Tesla Model 3 2017 Sedan Tesla, Inc. United States
Tesla Cybertruck 2022 Pickup truck Tesla, Inc. United States
Tesla Model S 2012 Liftback Tesla, Inc. United States
Tesla Model X 2015 Crossover SUV Tesla, Inc. United States
Tesla Model Y 2020 Crossover SUV Tesla, Inc. United States
Toyota bZ4X 2022 Crossover SUV Toyota Japan
Toyota Proace City Electric 2021 Van Toyota (produced by Stellantis) Japan
Toyota Proace Electric 2021 Van Toyota (produced by Stellantis) Japan
Volkswagen e-Crafter 2018 Van Volkswagen Germany
Volkswagen e-Up! 2013 Hatchback Volkswagen Germany
Volkswagen ID.3 2020 Hatchback Volkswagen Germany
Volkswagen ID.4 2020 Crossover SUV Volkswagen Germany
Volkswagen ID.5 2022 Crossover SUV Volkswagen Germany
Volvo C40 Recharge 2021 Crossover SUV Volvo Cars Sweden
Volvo XC40 Recharge 2020 Crossover SUV Volvo Cars Sweden

Chinese-market origin[edit]

This table lists current production highway-capable battery electric automobiles originated from the Chinese market, which is larger in terms of the number of models. This includes vehicles produced by Chinese manufacturers, which their availability may be limited to China or may be available in international markets by export. This also includes vehicles developed by foreign manufacturers that are only offered in the Chinese market.

Model Calendar year produced Body style Manufacturer Marque origin
Aiways U5 2019 Crossover SUV Aiways China
Aiways U6 2021 Crossover SUV Aiways China
Arcfox Lite 2017 Microcar hatchback BAIC Group China
Arcfox α-S 2021 Sedan BAIC Group China
Arcfox α-T 2020 Crossover SUV BAIC Group China
Audi Q2L e-Tron 2019 Crossover SUV Audi Germany
Audi Q5 e-tron 2021 Crossover SUV Audi Germany
Baojun E100 2017 Microcar hatchback SAIC-GM-Wuling China
Baojun E200/Wuling Nano EV 2018 Microcar hatchback SAIC-GM-Wuling China
Baojun E300/KiWi EV 2020 Microcar hatchback SAIC-GM-Wuling China
Bestune E01 2021 Crossover SUV FAW Group China
Bestune NAT 2021 MPV/minivan FAW Group China
BJEV EC3 2016 Hatchback BAIC Group China
BJEV EC5/Senova X25 2019 Hatchback BAIC Group China
BJEV EU5/Beijing EU5 2018 Sedan BAIC Group China
BJEV EU7/Beijing EU7 2019 Sedan BAIC Group China
Buick Velite 6 2019 Station wagon General Motors (SAIC-GM) United States
Buick Velite 7 2020 Crossover SUV General Motors (SAIC-GM) United States
BYD Dolphin 2021 Hatchback BYD Auto China
BYD e1 2019 Hatchback BYD Auto China
BYD e2 2019 Hatchback BYD Auto China
BYD e3 2019 Sedan BYD Auto China
BYD e5 2016 Sedan BYD Auto China
BYD e6 2011 MPV/minivan BYD Auto China
BYD Han 2020 Sedan BYD Auto China
BYD Qin 2012 Sedan BYD Auto China
BYD Song 2015 Crossover SUV BYD Auto China
BYD Song Max 2017 MPV/minivan BYD Auto China
BYD T3 2015 MPV/minivan BYD Auto China
BYD Tang 2015 Crossover SUV BYD Auto China
BYD Yuan 2019 Crossover SUV BYD Auto China
Changan BenBen EV/BenBen E-Star 2015 Hatchback Changan Automobile China
Changan CS15EV/CS15 E-Pro 2017 Crossover SUV Changan Automobile China
Changan CS55 EV 2020 Crossover SUV Changan Automobile China
Changan Ruixing EM80 Van Changan Automobile China
Chery Arrizo 5e 2017 Sedan Chery Automobile China
Chery eQ 2014 Hatchback Chery Automobile China
Chery eQ1 2016 Microcar hatchback Chery Automobile China
Chery eQ2 2018 Sedan Chery Automobile China
Chery eQ5 2020 Crossover SUV Chery Automobile China
Chery QQ Ice Cream 2021 Microcar hatchback Chery Automobile China
Chery Tiggo e 2019 Crossover SUV Chery Automobile China
Chevrolet Menlo 2020 Station wagon General Motors (SAIC-GM) United States
Ciimo M-NV 2021 Crossover SUV Dongfeng Honda China-Japan
Ciimo X-NV 2020 Crossover SUV Dongfeng Honda China-Japan
Denza EV/400/500 2014 Liftback Denza China
Denza X 2019 Crossover SUV Denza China
Dongfeng Aeolus EX1 2019 Hatchback Dongfeng Motor China
Dongfeng Aeolus Yixuan 2019 Sedan Dongfeng Motor China
Dongfeng EM13 2018 Van Dongfeng Motor China
Dongfeng Fengon E1 2019 Hatchback DFSK Motor China
Dongfeng Fengon E3/Seres E3 2019 Crossover SUV DFSK Motor China
Dongfeng Fengshen A60 EV/Aeolus E70 2015 Sedan Dongfeng Motor China
Dongfeng Fengxing T1 2019 Hatchback Dongfeng Liuzhou Motor China
Dongfeng Ruitaite EM10 Van Dongfeng Motor China
Dongfeng Sokon EC31/EC35/EC36 2018 Pickup truck and van DFSK Motor China
Enovate ME5 2021 Crossover SUV Enovate China
Enovate ME7 2019 Crossover SUV Enovate China
Everus VE-1 2019 Crossover SUV Guangqi Honda China-Japan
Farizon E5/E5L Van Farizon Auto China
Ford Territory EV 2019 Crossover SUV Ford (JMC-Ford) United States
GAC Aion LX 2019 Crossover SUV GAC Group China
GAC Aion S 2019 Sedan GAC Group China
GAC Aion V 2020 Crossover SUV GAC Group China
Geely Emgrand EV Sedan Geely Auto China
Geely Emgrand GSe 2018 Hatchback Geely Auto China
Geometry A 2019 Sedan Geely Auto China
Geometry C 2019 Crossover SUV Geely Auto China
Great Wall Wingle 7 EV 2018 Pickup truck Great Wall Motors China
Higer H4E 2016 Van Higer China
HiPhi X 2020 Crossover SUV HiPhi China
Honda e:NS1 2022 Crossover SUV Honda (Dongfeng Honda) Japan
Honda e:NP1 2022 Crossover SUV Honda (Guangqi Honda) Japan
Hongqi E-HS3 2018 Crossover SUV FAW Group China
Hongqi E-HS9 2020 Crossover SUV FAW Group China
Hongqi E-QM5 2022 Sedan FAW Group China
Hyundai Lafesta EV 2019 Sedan Hyundai South Korea
Hyundai Mistra EV 2021 Sedan Hyundai South Korea
IM L7 2022 Sedan IM Motors China
JAC iC5/E J7/Sehol E50A 2019 Sedan JAC Motors China
JAC iEV6E/Sehol E10X 2021 Hatchback JAC Motors China
JAC iEV7S/Sehol E20X 2017 Crossover SUV JAC Motors China
JAC iEVA50 2018 Sedan JAC Motors China
JAC iEVS4 2019 Crossover SUV JAC Motors China
JAC J3 EV 2020 Crossover SUV JAC Motors China
Jetour X70S EV 2019 Crossover SUV Chery Automobile China
Kandi K23 Hatchback Kandi China
Kandi K27 Hatchback Kandi China
Leapmotor C11 2020 Crossover SUV Leapmotor China
Leapmotor S01 2019 Coupé Leapmotor China
Leapmotor T03 2020 Hatchback Leapmotor China
Maple 30X/Geometry EX3 2020 Crossover SUV Geely Auto China
Maple 80V 2020 MPV/minivan Geely Auto China
Maxus EG10 2016 MPV/minivan SAIC Motor China
Maxus Euniq 5 2019 MPV/minivan SAIC Motor China
Maxus Euniq 6 EV 2021 Crossover SUV SAIC Motor China
Maxus T90 EV 2021 Pickup truck SAIC Motor China
Mazda CX-30 EV 2021 Crossover SUV Mazda Japan
MG ZS EV 2018 Crossover SUV SAIC Motor China
Mitsubishi Airtrek 2022 Crossover SUV GAC Mitsubishi Japan
NAC Chang Da H9 2017 Van Nanjing Automobile-SAIC Motor China
Neta N01 2018 Crossover SUV Hozon Auto China
Neta U 2020 Crossover SUV Hozon Auto China
Neta V 2020 Crossover SUV Hozon Auto China
NIO EC6 2020 Crossover SUV NIO China
NIO EP9 2016 Coupé NIO China
NIO ES6 2019 Crossover SUV NIO China
NIO ES8 2018 Crossover SUV NIO China
NIO ET7 2021 Sedan NIO China
Nissan Sylphy Z.E. 2018 Sedan Nissan Japan
ORA iQ 2018 Crossover SUV Great Wall Motors China
ORA Black Cat/Heimao 2019 Hatchback Great Wall Motors China
ORA Cherry Cat/Yingtaomao 2022 Crossover SUV Great Wall Motors China
ORA Good Cat/Haomao 2020 Hatchback Great Wall Motors China
ORA White Cat 2020 Hatchback Great Wall Motors China
Oushang A600 EV 2019 MPV/minivan Changan Automobile China
Qiantu K50 2017 Coupé Qiantu Motor China
Renault City K-ZE 2019 Hatchback Renault France
Roewe Clever 2020 Microcar hatchback SAIC Motor China
Roewe Ei5/MG 5 EV/MG EP 2017 Station wagon SAIC Motor China
Roewe Ei6 2016 Sedan SAIC Motor China
Roewe Ei6 Max 2020 Sedan SAIC Motor China
Roewe ER6 2020 Sedan SAIC Motor China
Roewe ERX5 2019 Crossover SUV SAIC Motor China
Roewe Marvel R 2018 Crossover SUV SAIC Motor China
Roewe/MG Marvel X 2020 Crossover SUV SAIC Motor China
Sehol E20X 2018 Hatchback JAC Motors China
Sehol X4 2020 Crossover SUV JAC Motors China
Singulato iS6 2019 Crossover SUV Singulato China
SRM Shineray X30LEV 2018 Van Shineray Group China
Toyota C-HR EV 2020 Crossover SUV GAC Toyota Japan
Toyota IZOA EV 2020 Crossover SUV FAW Toyota Japan
Trumpchi GE3 2017 Crossover SUV GAC Group China
Trumpchi GS4 EV 2016 Crossover SUV GAC Group China
Volkswagen e-Lavida 2019 Sedan Volkswagen Germany
Volkswagen ID.6 2021 Crossover SUV Volkswagen Germany
Weltmeister E5 2021 Sedan Weltmeister China
Weltmeister EX5 2018 Sedan Weltmeister China
Weltmeister EX6 2020 Crossover SUV Weltmeister China
Weltmeister W6 2021 Crossover SUV Weltmeister China
Wuling Hongguang Mini EV 2020 Microcar hatchback SAIC-GM-Wuling China
XPeng G3/Identity X 2018 Crossover SUV XPeng China
XPeng G9 2022 Crossover SUV XPeng China
XPeng P5 2021 Sedan XPeng China
XPeng P7 2020 Sedan XPeng China
Zeekr 001 2021 Shooting brake Geely Auto China
Zotye E200 2016 Microcar hatchback Zotye China

Low-speed automobiles[edit]

These vehicles have a top speed less than many highway maximum speed limits, and some may not be street-legal without restrictions. They are known as quadricycles in Europe and as Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) in the US.


  • Aixam e City & e Coupé,[1] a European quadricycle.
  • Arcimoto FUV
  • Buddy, successor to the Kewet
  • Club Car Villager, a NEV based on a golf car design. The name may be a reference to The Villages, Florida, a retirement community planned to facilitate golf cart usage.
  • Citroën Ami, from 2020
  • CityEl three-wheeled EV, produced in Germany.[citation needed]
  • citEcar, produced by Road Rat Motors in Gainesville, Florida[2] and marketed at Bintelli Electric Vehicles.[3] These Golf Cart-based NEVs carry between 2 and 28 passengers.[4]
  • Dynasty IT, a NEV produced in Canada from 2001 to 2007 and later sold to Karakoram Motors in Pakistan.
  • Electra Meccanica SOLO – Three-wheel, single-seat, lithium-ion battery electric commuter car marketed to the U.S. and Canada.
  • EuAuto Mycar manufactured in Southern China, sold in Hong Kong, limited to roads with speed limit at or below 50 km/h (31 mph)
  • E-Z-Go 2Five, a NEV based on a golf car design.
  • Garia Monaco, a golf car based luxury NEV made in Denmark and sold in the US.[5]
  • Kyburz DXP – produced in Switzerland and sold to postal fleets and private customers. The Swiss Post's entire light delivery fleet consists of DXP vehicles.[6]
  • Mahindra e2o, also known as the REVA NXR and based on the REVAi, launched in the Indian market in March 2013.[7] Range of 80 to 120 km (50 to 75 mi) and a top speed of 82 km/h (51 mph).
  • Melex Low Speed Electric Vehicle made in Poland, in production since 1971.
  • Open Since the beginning of this[when?] year also sold in Japan as Girasole, with higher speed and wider range as the Open.[citation needed]
  • Organic Transit ELF, a hybrid velomobile designed primarily for solar and pedal powered, but an external charger is optional. Electric only range of 45 mi (72 km). A "tadpole" trike with two tires in the front. Built in Durham, North Carolina.[8] As of April, 2020, the company is bankrupt and is selling off its assets.[9]
  • Paxster, Paxster Produced by Paxster A/S A purpose build electric vehicle for delivery and last mile post distribution. Largest fleets used by the postal service in Norway and New Zealand but sold worldwide. In production since 2013.[10]
  • Polaris GEM, popular NEV sold since the 1990s. Manufactured in Anaheim, California.
  • Renault Twizy Z.E.; a two-seat electric quadricycle with a 4 or 13 kilowatts (5.4 or 17.4 hp) electric motor. Top speed is 80 km/h (50 mph) and range is up to 100 km (62 mi). Launched in Europe in March 2012, became the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during the first half of 2012 with over 6,000 units sold in three months.[11]
  • Star EV, a series of NEVs based on golf carts that carry 2 to 14 passengers. Made by Suzhou Eagle Electric Vehicle Manufacturing Co.,Ltd. in China (www.eagleelectricvehicle.com)
  • Tango, 150 mph (240 km/h) ultra-narrow electric sports cars by Commuter Cars[12]
  • Tazzari Zero, a European quadricycle.
  • Tomberlin E-Merge, (formerly ParCar), a golf car based NEV built in Leesburg, Florida.[13]
  • Toyota C+pod, a two-seater kei car
  • Twike, an electric velomobile produced in Germany.
  • Zbee Cleanmotion

Demonstration fleets[edit]

Smart electric drive police car, London, 2008

Vehicles planned for production[edit]


Former production models[edit]

Unknown production status[edit]

Medium and light duty trucks and vans[edit]

Models planned for production[edit]

Discontinued[edit]

Medium and heavy duty trucks[edit]

Motorcycles and scooters[edit]

Buses[edit]

Three-wheeler[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Passenger three wheeler in India
Passenger three-wheeler in New Delhi

Aptera Motors

Champion polyplast

Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited

Omega Seiki Mobility

Piaggio Vehicles Private Limited

Cargo[edit]

Cargo electric three wheeler
Cargo electric three wheeler in Faridabad

Altigreen Propulsion Labs Pvt Ltd[citation needed]

  • NEEV
  • NEEV HD
  • NEEV LR

Keto Motors Private Limited

  • BULKe
  • BULKe plus 2.0

Kinetic Green Energy & Power Solutions Ltd[citation needed]

  • KINETIC SAFAR STAR - 400
  • KINETIC SAFAR JUMBO - PICKUP

Lohia Auto Industries

  • Humsafar iB

Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited[citation needed]

  • Treo Zor
  • Treo Zor FB
  • Treo Zor DV

Omega Seiki Mobility[citation needed]

  • RAGE+
  • SUN-RI

E-Rickshaw[edit]

E-Rickshaw
E-Rickshaw in Delhi

Kinetic Green Energy & Power Solutions Ltd[citation needed]

  • KINETIC SAFAR SMART
  • Kinetic SAFAR SMART LFP

Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited[citation needed]

  • Treo Yaari HRT
  • Treo Yaari SFT

Omega Seiki Mobility[citation needed]

  • RIDE

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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