Ministry of Justice (Ukraine)
|Міністерство юстиції України|
Coat of arms of Ukraine
|Parent agency||Cabinet of Ministers|
The Ministry of Justice of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство юстиції України) is the main body in the system of central bodies of the executive power that provides realization of a state legal policy. It is often abbreviated as Мiniust [України]. It is one of the oldest ministerial offices in Ukraine tracing its history back to the beginning of 20th century.
- Ensuring realization of the state legal policy and the policy in the sphere of adaptation of the legislation of Ukraine to the legislation of the European Union.
- Preparation of propositions in conducting legal reforms and promoting development of a legal science.
- Ensuring the protection of rights and freedoms of a human and a citizen in the specific field.
- Preparation of propositions in improvement of legislation, its systematization, development of projects of legal acts and international agreements of Ukraine in legal affairs, conducting a legal expertise of projects of legal acts, state registration of legal acts, maintaining the Unified state registry of such acts.
- Planning by the proposals of other central bodies of executive power of legislative proceedings and actions in adaptation of the legislation of Ukraine to the legislation of the European Union.
- Coordination of actions in implementation of the National program in adaptation of the legislation of Ukraine to the legislation of the European Union.
- Organization of implementing the decisions of judges and other authorities (officials) according to the laws, working with human resources, expert support of justice.
- Organization of notary performance and the authorities in registration of acts of civil status.
- Developing a legal informativeness and forming in citizens a legal outlook.
- Fulfilling an international legal cooperation.
The ministry consists of the central body of ministry headed by its leadership composed of a minister, his/hers first deputy, and other deputies in assistance to the minister. To the central body of ministry also belongs the government official in affairs of the European Court of Human Rights, who represents Ukraine in the mentioned international institution. The ministry regulates and controls activities of notaries in Ukraine.
There are several state departments and agencies that are assigned to the leadership of the ministry, each deputy of which is also assigned a territorial representation of local authorities of justice.
- State Archive Service of Ukraine
- State Executive Service of Ukraine
- State Penitentiary Service of Ukraine
- State Registration Service of Ukraine
- State Service of Ukraine for protection of personal data
List of Ministers of Justice and historical outlook
|Name of parent agency||Chairman of government||Name of minister||Term of Office|
|General Secretariat of Ukraine||Volodymyr Vynnychenko||Valentyn Sadovsky||June 28, 1917||August 13, 1917|
|Mykhailo Tkachenko||November 12, 1917||January 23, 1918|
|Council of People's Ministers||January 23, 1918||February 1918|
|Vsevolod Holubovych||Serhiy Shelukhin||February 1918||April 29, 1918|
|Council of Ministers (1918)||Fedir Lyzohub||Mikhail Chubinsky||April 30, 1918||August 24, 1918|
|Aleksei Romanov||August 1918||October 25, 1918|
|Andrei Vyazlov||October 25, 1918||November 14, 1918|
|Sergei Gerbel||Viktor Reinbot||November 14, 1918||December 14, 1918|
|Council of People's Ministers||Volodymyr Chekhivsky||Serhiy Shelukhin (acting)|
|Hryhoriy Syrotenko||February 13, 1919|
|Serhiy Ostapenko||Dmytro Markovych||February 13, 1919||April 9, 1919|
|Borys Martos||Andriy Livytskyi||April 9, 1919||August 5, 1921|
|Temporary Peasant-Worker's Government||Georgy Pyatakov||Aleksandr Khmelnitskiy||November 28, 1918||May 1919|
|All-Ukrainian Revolutionary Committee||Christian Rakovsky||Mikhail Lebedinets||May 1919||August 1919|
|People's Commissariat of UkrSSR||Yevgeniy Tereletsky||February 20, 1920||March 3, 1921|
|Mikhail Vetoshkin||January 1922||1922|
|Vasyl Poraiko||March 5, 1927||July 10, 1930|
|Vasyl Polyakov||September 1930||1933|
|Mykhailo Mykhailyk||July 1933||January 1935|
|Panas Lyubchenko||Arkadiy Kiselyov-Kesler||January 1935||August 1936|
|Khoma Radchenko||September 1936||1937|
|Mykhailo Bondarenko||Khoma Radchenko||1937||1937|
|Demian Korotchenko||Mykola Babchenko||June 1938||1939|
|Cabinet of Ministers of UkrSSR||1946||March 1947|
|Demian Korotchenko||Denis Panasyuk||March 1947||January 1953|
|Fedir Hlukh||January 1953||1954|
|Nykyfor Kalchenko||1954||March 1957|
|Kateryna Zghurska||March 1957||1961|
|Volodymyr Shcherbytskyi||1961||April 1963|
|Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine||Vitold Fokin||Vitaliy Boiko||August 2, 1990||March 20, 1992|
|Volodymyr Kampo||March 20, 1992||April 21, 1992|
|Leonid Kuchma||Vasyl Onopenko||October 27, 1992||June 16, 1994|
|Vitaliy Masol||June 16, 1994||August 7, 1995|
|Yevhen Marchuk||Serhiy Holovatyi||September 27, 1995||May 28, 1996|
|Pavlo Lazarenko||May 28, 1996||August 21, 1997|
|Valeriy Pustovoitenko||Syuzanna Stanik||August 21, 1997||December 22, 1999|
|Viktor Yushchenko||December 22, 1999||May 29, 2001|
|Anatoliy Kinakh||May 29, 2001||May 7, 2002|
|Oleksandr Lavrynovych||May 7, 2002||November 21, 2002|
|Viktor Yanukovych||November 21, 2002||February 4, 2005|
|Yulia Tymoshenko||Roman Zvarych||February 4, 2005||September 27, 2005|
|Yuriy Yekhanurov||Serhiy Holovatyi||September 27, 2005||August 4, 2006|
|Viktor Yanukovych||Roman Zvarych||August 4, 2006||November 1, 2006|
|Oleksandr Lavrynovych||November 1, 2006||December 18, 2007|
|Yulia Tymoshenko||Mykola Onishchuk||December 18, 2007||March 11, 2010|
|Mykola Azarov||Oleksandr Lavrynovych||March 11, 2010||July 2, 2013|
|Olena Lukash||July 4, 2013||27 February 2014|
|Arseniy Yatsenyuk||Pavlo Petrenko||27 February 2014||present|
- At the end of 1917 the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party established an oppositional government in Kharkiv, the People's Secretariat, a respective secretariat of which was headed by Vladimir Lyuksemburg. Some other secretaries of that government Yevgeniy Tereletsky and Mykola Skrypnyk later also have served as ministers of justice.
- On November 28, 1919 the newly established Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine created a new government, the Temporary Workers-Peasants Government, again in the opposition to the acting government in Ukraine. On January 29, 1919 it was replaced with the People's Commissariat of the Ukrainian SSR.
- With securing of the Soviet power in Ukraine after 1920 and until 1936 the People's Commissar of Justice (Narkom) performed also the role of the Prosecutor General of the republic.
- Yevgeniy Tereletsky as the former People's Commissar of Justice in 1923 was an ambassador representing the Ukrainian SSR in the Baltic states.
- European Court of Human Rights
- Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
- Justice ministry
- Ministry of Justice (Soviet Union)
- Prosecutor General of Ukraine, Supreme Council of Justice (Ukraine)
- Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup, Interfax-Ukraine (2 December 2014)
Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners, Kyiv Post (2 December 2014)
(Ukrainian) Rada voted the new Cabinet, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
- Judges Kolesnychenko, Kuzmyshyn, Justice Minister Lavrynovych elected as Supreme Council of Justice members, Interfax-Ukraine (2 July 2013)
- Ukrainian President Appoints New Justice Minister , Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (4 July 2013)
- Official website of the Ministry of Justice