Willem Jacobus Eijk
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Utrecht
Primate of the Netherlands
Then-Archbishop Eijk in May 2007
|Archdiocese||Archdiocese of Utrecht|
|Appointed||11 December 2007|
|Installed||26 January 2008|
|Predecessor||Adrianus Johannes Simonis|
|Other posts||President of the Bishops' Conference of the Netherlands
Cardinal-Priest of San Callisto
|Ordination||1 June 1985
by Joannes Baptist Matthijs Gijsen
|Consecration||6 November 1999
by Adrianus Johannes Simonis
|Created Cardinal||18 February 2012
by Benedict XVI
|Birth name||Willem Jacobus Eijk|
22 June 1953 |
|Previous post||Roman Catholic Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden|
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Willem Jacobus "Wim" Eijk (born 22 June 1953) is a Dutch cardinal of the Catholic Church. On 11 December 2007 Pope Benedict XVI appointed Eijk the Metropolitan Archbishop of Utrecht and, on 26 January 2008 Eijk was installed in the St. Catharine's Cathedral in Utrecht. He is the 70th successor of Saint Willibrord (658–739) on the See of Utrecht. He was formerly Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden. On 18 February 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made him a cardinal.
Early life and studies
Eijk studied medicine at the University of Amsterdam and received his degree in 1978. After an intensive deliberation with then Bishop Simonis, he started at the seminary of Rolduc in Kerkrade to become a priest. From 1979 he combined his theological formation with the study of medical ethics at Leiden University.
In 1987 he completed a PhD degree in medicine, with a dissertation about euthanasia.
Eijk is an alumnus of the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas Angelicum where in 1990 he completed a PhD in philosophy with a dissertation entitled The ethical problems of genetic engineering of human beings.
Eijk also gained a master's degree and doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Lateran University of Rome. At the same time he taught moral theology at the seminary of Rolduc. From 1996, Eijk was Professor of moral theology at Lugano in Switzerland, in pontifical Faculty of Theology there. From 1997 to 2002 he was a member of the International Theological Commission.
|Ordination history of Wim Eijk|
|Principal consecrator||Adrianus Johannes Simonis (Utrecht)|
|Date of consecration||6 November 1999|
|Herman Woorts||13 February 2010|
|Ted Hoogenboom||13 February 2010|
Bishop and Archbishop
Eijk is known to be orthodox. Some consider his views relatively extreme compared to the majority of the Dutch Catholics, especially his views on abortion and homosexuality. Others have argued that he has done nothing else but restate official Roman Catholic teachings. In 2001 Wim Eijk suffered from a subdural hematoma, but he fully recovered.
In May 2008 Pope Benedict appointed Archbishop Eijk a member of the Congregation for the Clergy in addition to his duties as Archbishop of Utrecht.
On 18 February 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made Eijk a Cardinal along with 21 others. He was created Cardinal-Priest of San Callisto. In addition to his duties on the Congregation for the Clergy, on 21 April Cardinal Eijk was appointed a member of the Congregation for Catholic Education.
In 2014 Eijk decided not to invite Pope Francis to the Netherlands who therefore did not come, allegedly because of the feared lack of interest for the Pope among the Dutch public. In 2015 cardinal Wim Eijk made negative headlines after ordering the sacking of a transgender treasurer of the board of the Norbertus Parish for whole eastern Flevoland and Northern Veluwe.
- Cf. Holy See Press Office, Daily Bulletin of 11.12.2007, Rinunce e nomine, Nomina dell’Arcivescovo Metropolita di Utrecht (Paesi Bassi) (Italian)
- Reportret: Willibrord
- "Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- http://www.katholieknederland.nl/actualiteit/2007/detail_objectID616608_FJaar2007.html Biografie aartsbisschop Wim Eijk [ Actualiteit | Katholiek Nederland ]]
- http://www.communio.nl/index.php?id=19&taal=nl Accessed 16 September 2013
- "Bishop Herman Willebrordus Woorts". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Theodorus Cornelis Maria Hoogenboom". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Interview with the cardinal-designate
- RTV Utrecht – voor stad en provincie Utrecht
- nu.nl/algemeen | Wim Eijk aartsbisschop van Utrecht
- "List of new cardinals named by Pope Benedict". Reuters. 6 January 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
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|Catholic Church titles|
Johann Bernard Wilhelm Maria Möller
|Roman Catholic Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden
17 July 1999 – 11 December 2007
Gerard de Korte
Adrianus Johannes Simonis
|Roman Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht
11 December 2007 – present
|Roman Catholic Cardinal-Priest of San Callisto
18 February 2012 – present