Women in warfare and the military in the 19th century

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Active warfare throughout history has mainly been a matter for men, but women have also played a role, often a leading one. While women rulers conducting warfare was common, women who participated in active warfare was rare. The following list of women in war and their exploits from about 1800 up to about 1899.

For women in warfare in the United States at this time, please see Timeline of women in war in the United States, Pre-1945.

Only women active in direct warfare, such as warriors, spies, and women who actively led armies are included in this list.


Timeline of women in warfare in the 19th century worldwide (except the present USA)[edit]

1800s[edit]

1810s[edit]

1820s[edit]

1830s[edit]

  • 1831: Countess Emilia Plater creates her own group to fight in the Polish November Uprising. She becomes commanding officer of a company of infantry in the rank of captain. She dies from illness contracted during a forced march in December 1832. Several other women served openly as soldiers during this Polish rebellion against Russia, although not many are named; Soltyk reported that a beautiful girl of eighteen fought at the Russian crossfier at the Vola trenches in Warsaw the 4th September 1831, and he added that "there where not one troop of our army, where not one or more of these heroines fought."[citation needed]
  • 1838-1839: Johanna Martens serve in the Dutch army dressed as a man to be near to her lover, a soldier.[37]
  • January 20, 1839: Sergeant Candelaria Perez fights in the Battle of Yungay.[citation needed]

1840s[edit]

1850s[edit]

1860s[edit]

1870s[edit]

1880s[edit]

1890s[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]