Woolwich East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Woolwich East
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater London
19181983
Number of members One
Replaced by Woolwich
Created from Woolwich

Woolwich East was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1983. Its seat was Woolwich, now in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in south-east London.

The constituency was formed for the 1918 general election, when the constituency of Woolwich was divided into Woolwich East and Woolwich West, and abolished in 1983 when it was largely replaced by a new Woolwich constituency. Between 1950 and 1974 it included North Woolwich on the north bank of the River Thames; this was then transferred to Newham South.

Throughout its 65-year existence, the constituency elected Labour MPs with the sole exception of a Conservative elected in a 1921 by-election.

Woolwich East in the County of London 1918-49
Woolwich East in the County of London 1950-74

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich wards of Burrage, Central, Glyndon, St Margaret's, and St Nicholas.

1950-1955: The Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich wards of Abbey Wood, Burrage, Central, Dockyard, Glyndon, River, St Margaret's, St Mary's, and St Nicholas.

1955-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich wards of Abbey Wood, Burrage, Central, Glyndon, River, St Margaret's, St Mary's, St Nicholas, Slade, and Winn's Common.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Abbey Wood, Eynsham, St Margaret's, St Mary's, St Nicholas, Slade, and Woolwich.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 Will Crooks Labour
1921 by-election Robert Gee Conservative
1922 Harry Snell Labour
1931 by-election George Hicks Labour
1950 Ernest Bevin Labour
1951 by-election Christopher Mayhew Labour
1974 Liberal
Oct 1974 John Cartwright Labour
1981 SDP

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

1918 General Election: Woolwich, East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Will Crooks unopposed n/a n/a
Labour win

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Woolwich East by-election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 13,724 51.3
Labour Ramsay MacDonald 13,081 48.7
Majority 683 2.6
Turnout 34,099 78.5
Unionist gain from Labour Swing N/A
  • endorsed by Coalition Government
1922 General Election: Woolwich, East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Snell 15,620 57.1
Unionist Robert Gee 11,714 42.9
Majority 3,906 14.2
Turnout 33,993 80.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
1923 General Election: Woolwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Snell 15,766 61.6 +4.5
Unionist Ernest Taylor 9,389 38.4 -4.5
Majority 5,927 23.2 +9.0
Turnout 34,429 74.4 -6.0
Labour hold Swing +4.5
1924 General Election: Woolwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Snell 16,660 58.4
Unionist D.A. Gooch 11,862 41.6
Majority 4,798 16.8
Turnout 34,935 81.6
Labour hold Swing
1929 General Election: Woolwich East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Snell 20,447 63.2 +4.8
Unionist Edward Shrapnell-Smith 11,966 36.8 -4.8
Majority 8,541 26.4 +9.6
Turnout 42,808 75.6 -6.0
Labour hold Swing +4.8

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

Woolwich East by-election, 1931
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Hicks 16,200 56.7
Conservative Edward Shrapnell-Smith 12,357 43.3
Majority 3,843 13.4
Turnout 42,886 66.6
Labour hold Swing
1931 General Election: Woolwich, East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Hicks 16,658 50.9
Conservative John Francis Finn 16,050 49.1
Majority 608 1.8
Turnout 42,857 76.3
Labour hold Swing
1935 General Election: Woolwich, East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Hicks 17,563 58.0
Conservative John Francis Finn 12,721 42.0
Majority 4,842 16.0
Turnout 42,450 71.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

1945 General Election: Woolwich, East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Hicks 18,983 70.4
Conservative Reginald Bennett 7,237 27.0
Independent Hugh Harold Wright 571 2.1
Majority 11,746 43.9
Turnout 36,851 72.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Woolwich East [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ernest Bevin 26,604 61.59 -8.8
Conservative J.D. Campbell 14,234 32.95 +6.0
Liberal Arthur Maxwell Sage 1,504 3.48 N/A
Communist R. Palme Dutt 601 1.39 N/A
Independent F. Hancock 252 0.58 N/A
Majority 12,370 28.64 -15.3
Turnout 43,195 83.31 +5.6
Registered electors 51,849
Labour hold Swing -7.4
Woolwich East by-election, 1951[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 20,801 60.73 -0.86
Conservative Richard Jon Stanley Harvey 13,449 39.27 +6.32
Majority 7,352 21.46 -7.18
Turnout 34,250
Labour hold Swing -3.59
General Election 1951: Woolwich East [1][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 26,982 63.63 +2.04
Conservative Richard Jon Stanley Harvey 15,420 36.37 +3.42
Majority 11,562 27.27 -1.37
Turnout 42,402 82.05 -1.26
Registered electors 51,679
Labour hold Swing -0.69
General Election 1955: Woolwich East [1][7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 23,275 64.29 +0.66
Conservative Henry C Crawford 12,929 35.71 -0.66
Majority 10,346 28.58 +1.31
Turnout 36,204 73.94 -8.11
Registered electors 48,964
Labour hold Swing +0.66
General Election 1959: Woolwich East [1][9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 22,353 63.88 -0.41
Conservative Edgar J Porter 12,638 36.12 +0.41
Majority 9,715 27.76 -0.82
Turnout 34,991 75.49 +1.55
Registered electors 46,349
Labour hold Swing -0.41

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Woolwich East [1][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 22,158 68.26 +4.38
Conservative David W Clarke 10,303 31.74 -4.38
Majority 11,855 36.52 +8.76
Turnout 32,461 68.98 -6.51
Registered electors 47,061
Labour hold Swing +4.38
General Election 1966: Woolwich East [1][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 22,241 71.66 +3.40
Conservative Antony W Andrews 8,798 28.34 -3.40
Majority 13,443 43.31 +6.79
Turnout 31,039 67.02 -1.96
Registered electors 46,310
Labour hold Swing +3.40

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

1970 General Election: Woolwich, East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 19,423 65.44
Conservative John Cope 10,259 35.56
Majority 9,164 30.87
Turnout 60.66
Labour hold Swing
General Election, February 1974: Woolwich, East[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Christopher Mayhew 20,967 55.89 -9.55
Conservative Barry Horn Watson 8,990 23.96 -11.60
Liberal David John Woodhead 6,301 16.80
National Front Philip Sydney Hanman 1,066 2.84
Industrial Productivity for British Exports Campaign John Richard Michael Murphy 191 0.51
Majority 11,977 31.93 +1.06
Turnout 37,515 74.22 +13.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election, October 1974: Woolwich, East[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cartwright 19,812 60.33 +4.44
Conservative Barry Horn Watson 7,387 22.50 -1.47
Liberal David John Woodhead 4,638 14.12 -2.67
National Front Malcolm Eric Leslie Skeggs 1,000 3.05 +0.20
Majority 12,425 37.84 +5.91
Turnout 32,837 64.41 -9.81
Labour hold Swing +2.96
General Election, 1979: Woolwich, East[17][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John Cartwright 21,700 58.93 -1.40
Conservative Patrick Robert John Rock 11,240 30.53 +8.03
Liberal David John Woodhead 2,998 8.14 -5.98
National Front Ian David Steven 884 2.40 -0.64
Majority 10,460 28.41 -9.43
Turnout 36,822 70.11 +5.70
Labour hold Swing -4.72

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  2. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "1951 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2015-08-12. 
  5. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  6. ^ [2]
  7. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  10. ^ [4]
  11. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  12. ^ [5]
  13. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  14. ^ [6]
  15. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  16. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  17. ^ a b c "'Woolwich East', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  18. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  19. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1979". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Coordinates: 51°29′N 0°06′E / 51.49°N 0.10°E / 51.49; 0.10