Kensington (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Kensington in Greater London.
|Electorate||62,784 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Victoria Borwick (Conservative)|
|Created from||Kensington and Chelsea|
|Replaced by||Kensington and Chelsea|
|Created from||Kensington North & Kensington South|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Kensington is a constituency[n 1] in Greater London created in 2010 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2015 by Victoria Borwick, a Conservative.[n 2] An earlier version of the seat existed between 1974 and 1997 covered by this article.
- Abingdon, Brompton, Campden, Colville, Courtfield, Earls Court, Golborne, Holland, Norland, Notting Barns, Pembridge, Queen's Gate, and St Charles[n 3]
From 1974 to 1983 the constituency comprised electoral wards:
- Golborne, Holland, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
From 1983 to 1997 the constituency comprised electoral wards:
- Avondale, Campden, Colville, Golborne, Holland, Kelfield, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
The first incarnation of a Kensington seat in Westminster was for the February 1974 general election and which was abolished for the 1997 general election. The seat was mostly replaced by Regent's Park and Kensington North which was until its 2010 abolition served by Labour MPs, specifically, won three times during the Blair Ministry, and partially replaced by Kensington and Chelsea which was held by Malcolm Rifkind (Conservative) until his resignation at the 2015 general election.
- Summary of results (first creation)
The old seat returned Conservative MPs from 1974 up to and including its last general election in 1992. At its sole by-election in 1988 the seat was won by its smallest majority, a highly marginal 3.4% — a by-election which saw a majority turnout and a Labour splinter party candidate, for the Social Democratic Party (UK, 1988) achieve fourth place attracting 5% of the vote yet standing in the year of the formal amalgamation of the main SDP splinter group with the Liberal Party to form the Liberal Democrats who stood as the Social and Liberal Democrats and seven years after the formation of the official SDP-Liberal Alliance.
The constituency was recreated by adopting the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies of the Boundary Commission at the 2010 general election, combining elements of the two constituencies.
- Summary of results (second creation)
The 2015 result was a narrower result than 2010 and gave the seat the 126th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. The runner-up party remained the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats' share of the vote fell by 13.9% to 5.6% of votes cast.
Kensington is mostly residential — housing varies between expensive apartments with manicured gardens in architecturally stunning squares or terraces and, by contrast, North Kensington and Ladbroke Grove have for the mostpart dense social housing, tower blocks in output areas with high rankings in the 2000-compiled Index of Multiple Deprivation. Kensington High Street is an upmarket shopping hub, Kensington Palace is the residence of several members of the Royal Family, and Kensington Palace Gardens is the site of many embassies and a few private residences for the super-rich. South Kensington also borders Hyde Park and includes Science Museum, the Natural History Museum and the Victoria and Albert.
Earls Court, Brompton, Holland Park and Notting Hill have their own characters. Earls Court comparatively more run-down and cheap than its richer neighbour and while it is undergoing rapid gentrification and includes its own areas for the super-rich, it has still a minority of run-down hotels and bedsits around Earls Court Exhibition Centre, which extends into the marginal Hammersmith seat. Notting Hill is an affluent and trendy area which hosts the Notting Hill Carnival, led by the area's vibrant Afro-Caribbean community. It is a highly cosmopolitan area, but having fallen on hard times in the twentieth century, associated with dingy flats and multiple-occupancy homes but has undergone gentrification; old Victorian private houses in these areas similarly high as Fulham in price.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Brandon Rhys-Williams||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Kensington and Chelsea|
|2010||Sir Malcolm Rifkind||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Robin McGhee||1,962||5.6||−13.9|
|Animal Welfare||Andrew Knight||158||0.5||+0.5|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Toby Abse||115||0.3||−0.2|
|New Independent Centralists||Roland Courtenay||23||0.1||+0.1|
|Conservative||Sir Malcolm Rifkind||17,595||50.1||+6.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Meltzer||6,872||19.6||−0.6|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Eddie Adams||197||0.6||+0.2|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour||Mrs. Patricia Ann Holmes||11,992||38.8||+5.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris K. Shirley||2,770||9.0||−8.3|
|Natural Law||Anthony J. W. Hardy||90||0.3||N/A|
|Anti-Federalist League||Anne Bulloch||71||0.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Labour||Mrs. Patricia Ann Holmes||9,014||38.14||+4.9|
|Social and Liberal Democrats||William Howard Goodhart||2,546||10.77||−6.5|
|Social Democratic||John Martin||1,190||5.04||N/A|
|Rainbow Alliance - Payne & Pleasure||Cynthia Payne||193||0.82||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||61||0.26||N/A|
|London Class War Candidate||John Duignan||60||0.25||N/A|
|Anti Left-Wing Fascist||Brian Goodier||31||0.13||N/A|
|Free Trade Liberal - Europe Out!||Thomas McDermott||31||0.13||N/A|
|Fair Wealth & Health||Roy Edey||30||0.13||N/A|
|Leveller Party||William Scola||27||0.11||N/A|
|Peace - Stop ITN Manipulation||John Connell||20||0.08||N/A|
|Independent Janata Party||Kailash Trivedi||5||0.02||N/A|
|Labour||Benjamin Theophilus Bousquet||10,371||33.3||+3.8|
|Social Democratic||William Howard Goodhart||5,379||17.2||−4.9|
|Green||Roger Everingham Shorter||528||1.7||−0.4|
|Humanist||Lana Queenie Yvonne Carrick||65||0.2||N/A|
|Public Independent Plaintiff Party||Muriel Hughes||30||0.1||N/A|
|Labour||Benjamin Theophilus Bousquet||9,173||29.5|
|Social Democratic||William Howard Goodhart||6,873||22.1|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||C Hopewell||356||1.05|
|Labour||John Vincent Tilley||13,645||39.6||+6.4|
|Labour||John Vincent Tilley||13,293||33.2||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The remaining electoral wards in the Royal Borough involved: Cremorne, Hans Town, Redcliffe, Royal Hospital, and Stanley were lost to the cross-borough Chelsea and Fulham.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliament Constituencies - a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- 2001 Census
- Postcode Guide from Mouseprice for West Kensington (W14)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Move over Sarah and SamCam ... step up Lady Caroline of UKIP Mail Online, 14 April 2010
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Obituary: Nicholas Albery". Daily Telegraph. 13 June 2001. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Election leaflet for Robert Lefever, Liberal candidate for Kensington, February 1974 general election". University of Warwick. Retrieved 9 June 2014.