Kensington (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||62,784 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Felicity Buchan (Conservative)|
|Created from||Kensington and Chelsea;|
Regent's Park and
|Replaced by||Kensington and Chelsea;|
Regent's Park and
|Created from||Kensington North;|
Kensington is a constituency[n 1] in Greater London which first existed between 1974 and 1997 and was recreated in 2010.[n 2] Since 2019, it has been represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Felicity Buchan of the Conservative Party.
At the snap June 2017 general election Emma Dent Coad gained the seat from incumbent Conservative Victoria Borwick by the slenderest margin in England, 20 votes, and Kensington which had previously existed (in its first creation) between 1974 and 1997 gained its first Labour MP. Dent Coad was defeated at the 2019 United Kingdom general election by Buchan, by the narrow margin of 150 votes.
The constituency formed for the 2010 election comprises the northern and central parts of the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in and around Kensington and aligns similarly with the boundary of the Royal Borough of Kensington prior to its merger with the Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea. It has the electoral wards:
- Abingdon, Brompton, Campden, Colville, Courtfield, Earls Court, Golborne, Holland, Norland, Notting Dale, Pembridge, Queen's Gate, and St Helens[n 3]
From 1974 to 1983 the constituency comprised the electoral wards:
- Golborne, Holland, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
From 1983 to 1997 the constituency comprised the electoral wards:
- Avondale, Campden, Colville, Golborne, Holland, Kelfield, Norland, Pembridge, Queen's Gate and St Charles.
The first incarnation of a Kensington constituency in Westminster was for the February 1974 general election, derived from the fairly safe Labour seat of Kensington North, and the overwhelmingly Conservative Kensington South; this was abolished for the 1997 general election. The seat was mostly replaced by Regent's Park and Kensington North which was, until its 2010 abolition, represented by Labour MPs, specifically, won three times during the Blair Ministry, and partially replaced by Kensington and Chelsea which was held by Malcolm Rifkind (Conservative) until his resignation at the 2015 general election.
- Summary of results (first creation)
The old seat returned Conservative MPs from 1974 up to and including its last general election in 1992. At its sole by-election in 1988 the seat was won by its smallest majority, a highly marginal 3.4% – a by-election which saw a majority turnout and a Labour splinter party candidate, for the Social Democratic Party (UK, 1988) achieve fourth place attracting 5% of the vote yet standing in the year of the formal amalgamation of the main SDP splinter group with the Liberal Party to form the Liberal Democrats who stood as the Social and Liberal Democrats and seven years after the formation of the official SDP-Liberal Alliance.
The constituency was recreated by adopting the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies of the Boundary Commission at the 2010 general election, combining elements of the two constituencies.
- Summary of results (second creation)
The 2015 result was a narrower result than 2010 and gave the seat the 126th most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority. The runner-up party remained the Labour Party and the Liberal Democrats' share of the vote fell by 13.9% to 5.6% of votes cast.
In the June 2017 election, three recounts occurred, the first two producing extremely close results with the latter producing a Labour majority of only 20+ votes. After the two recounts due to fatigue among the staff the counting was suspended to allow them to "rest and recuperate". The third recount gave Labour a majority of 20, the first time the constituency had become a Labour seat since its creation, and made it the Labour Party's most vulnerable seat.
Kensington is mostly residential — housing varies between the expensive apartments with manicured garden squares or terraces of South Kensington, that has some of the most exclusive real estate in the world and, by contrast, North Kensington and Ladbroke Grove have, for the most part, dense social housing, tower blocks in output areas[clarification needed] with high rankings in the 2000-compiled[clarification needed] Index of Multiple Deprivation. Kensington High Street is an upmarket shopping hub, Kensington Palace is the residence of members of the Royal Family, and Kensington Palace Gardens is the site of many embassies and a few private residences of very affluent homeowners. South Kensington also borders Hyde Park and includes the Science Museum, the Natural History Museum and the Victoria and Albert.
Earls Court, Brompton, Holland Park and Notting Hill have their own characters. Earls Court is less affluent than its neighbours; while it is undergoing rapid gentrification and includes its own areas for the super-rich, there are still old hotels and bedsits around the site of the former Earls Court Exhibition Centre, which extends into the historically marginal Hammersmith constituency. Notting Hill is an affluent, highly cosmopolitan area which hosts the Notting Hill Carnival, led by the area's Afro-Caribbean community. It fell on hard times in the twentieth century, being associated with low-rent flats and multiple-occupancy homes, but has since been gentrified.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Brandon Rhys-Williams||Conservative|
|1988 by-election||Dudley Fishburn||Conservative|
|1997||constituency abolished: see Kensington and Chelsea|
|2010||Sir Malcolm Rifkind||Conservative|
|2017||Emma Dent Coad||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour||Emma Dent Coad||16,618||38.0||4.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Sam Gyimah||9,312||21.3||9.1|
|Brexit Party||Jay Aston||384||0.9||New|
|Touch Love Worldwide||Harriet Gore||47||0.1||New|
|Workers Revolutionary||Scott Dore||28||0.1||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||0.2|
|Labour||Emma Dent Coad||16,333||42.2||11.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Annabel Mullin||4,724||12.2||6.6|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||John Lloyd||49||0.1||0.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||10.6|
Kensington was the last constituency to be declared in the 2017 general election. The result was extremely close in Kensington, which had been considered a safe Conservative seat. After three counts on 8 and 9 June, which appeared to show Labour majorities of between 36 and 50, counting was suspended due to fatigue. The result was announced later on 9 June.
|Liberal Democrats||Robin McGhee||1,962||5.6||−14.0|
|Animal Welfare||Andrew Knight||158||0.5||New|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Toby Abse||115||0.3||−0.3|
|New Independent Centralists||Roland Courtenay||23||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Robin Meltzer||6,872||19.6|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Eddie Adams||197||0.6|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Christopher Shirley||2,770||9.0||−8.2|
|Natural Law||Anthony W. Hardy||90||0.3||New|
|Anti-Federalist League||Anne Bulloch||71||0.2||New|
Elections in the 1980s
|Rainbow Alliance – Payne & Pleasure||Cynthia Payne||193||0.82||New|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||61||0.26||New|
|London Class War Candidate||John Duignan||60||0.25||New|
|Anti Left-Wing Fascist||Brian Goodier||31||0.13||New|
|Free Trade Liberal – Europe Out!||Thomas McDermott||31||0.13||New|
|Fair Wealth & Health||Roy Edey||30||0.13||New|
|Leveller Party||William Scola||27||0.11||New|
|Peace – Stop ITN Manipulation||John Connell||20||0.08||New|
|Independent Janata Party||Kailash Trivedi||5||0.02||New|
|Public Independent Plaintiff Party||Muriel Hughes||30||0.1||New|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||C Hopewell||356||1.1||New|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- The remaining electoral wards in the Royal Borough involved: Cremorne, Hans Town, Redcliffe, Royal Hospital, and Stanley were lost to the cross-borough Chelsea and Fulham.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Labour wins Kensington seat for first time ever". The Independent. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- Crewe, Ivor (1983). British Parliament Constituencies – a statistical compendium. faber and faber. ISBN 0-571-13236-7.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
- "The end of the election has been delayed". 9 June 2017.
- "Labour Target Seats 2022". Election Polling. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Local statistics – Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 1)
- "Kensington Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- "Kensington parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "General Election May 2015 – Kensington constituency". rbkc.gov.uk.
- Rawlinson, Kevin (13 March 2015). "Victoria Borwick selected as Conservative candidate for Kensington" – via The Guardian.
- "Jack Bovill for Hammersmith in the 2017 general election". Who Can I Vote For? by Democracy Club.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1983-87 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Obituary: Nicholas Albery". The Daily Telegraph. 13 June 2001. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- "Election leaflet for Robert Lefever, Liberal candidate for Kensington, February 1974 general election". University of Warwick. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)