Wanstead and Woodford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wanstead and Woodford
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater London
19641997
Number of members One
Replaced by Chingford & Woodford Green, Ilford North, and Leyton & Wanstead
Created from Woodford

Wanstead and Woodford was a constituency in north-east London, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It existed between 1964 and 1997.

History[edit]

Wanstead and Woodford was a safe Conservative seat for the entire period of its existence.

Boundaries[edit]

1964-1974: The Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Redbridge wards of Bridge, Clayhall, Snaresbrook, Wanstead, and Woodford.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Redbridge wards of Bridge, Church End, Clayhall, Monkhams, Roding, Snaresbrook, and Wanstead.

The constituency was created by the Parliamentary Constituencies (Ilford and Woodford) Order 1960 to come into existence on the calling of the next general election, which occurred in 1964.[1] The Order adjusted the boundaries of the existing constituencies of Ilford North, Ilford South and Woodford (renamed Wanstead and Woodford), reflecting local government boundary changes made in 1956. The constituency was initially identical in area to the Municipal Borough of Wanstead and Woodford, and almost identical to the previous seat of Woodford, with only very minor boundary changes.

In 1965 the constituency became part of the London Borough of Redbridge in Greater London. This did not affect the parliamentary boundaries until the February 1974 general election.

The constituency was abolished in 1997, with its area being distributed between the new seats of Chingford and Woodford Green (Church End and Monkhams) and Leyton and Wanstead (Snaresbrook and Wanstead), or added to enlarge the existing seat of Ilford North (Bridge, Clayhall and Roding).[2]

Proposals to resurrect the constituency were revealed in the Boundary Commission review published on 13 September 2011.[3] The proposed new seat would broadly mirror the original Wanstead and Woodford seat, including the wards of Monkhams, Bridge, Church End, Roding, Snaresbrook and Wanstead with the return of Clayhall and the addition of the new wards of Cranbrook and Valentines in Redbridge to the east of the A406.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1964 Patrick Jenkin Conservative
1987 James Arbuthnot Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Chingford and Woodford Green, Ilford North & Leyton and Wanstead

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Wanstead and Woodford [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 19,580 55.3 N/A
Liberal John E. Lockwood 8,901 25.2 N/A
Labour James George Morrell 6,917 19.5 N/A
Majority 10,679 30.2 N/A
Turnout 35,398 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1966: Wanstead and Woodford [6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 19,063 56.07
Labour David E de Saxe 8,785 25.84
Liberal John C. Griffiths 6,150 18.09
Majority 10,278 30.23
Turnout 33,998
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Wanstead and Woodford[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 20,065 61.15
Labour Anthony P Barker 8,522 25.97
Liberal Richard H Hoskins 4,224 12.87
Majority 11,543 35.18
Turnout 32,811
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Wanstead and Woodford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 23,056 51.72
Liberal DJ Gilby 11,155 25.02
Labour R Darlington 10,365 23.25
Majority 11,901 26.7
Turnout 44,576
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Wanstead and Woodford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 21,209 53.2
Labour R Darlington 10,369 26.02
Liberal DJ Gilby 8,272 20.76
Majority 10,840 27.18
Turnout 39,850
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1979: Wanstead and Woodford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 26,214 63.61
Labour MG Mcnulty 8,464 20.54
Liberal A Cornish 6,535 15.86
National Front C Bond 957 2.32
Majority 17,750 43.07
Turnout 42,170
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Wanstead and Woodford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Patrick Jenkin 23,765 60.25
Liberal K. Crawford 9,411 23.86
Labour Lesley Hilton 5,334 13.52
Ecology Cynthia Warth 476 1.21 N/A
National Front Harold Marshall 456 1.16
Majority 14,354 36.39
Turnout 39,442 68.35
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1987: Wanstead and Woodford
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Arbuthnot 25,701 61.3 +1.0
Liberal John Bastick 9,289 22.1 −1.8
Labour Lesley Hilton 6,958 16.6 +3.1
Majority 16,412 39.1
Turnout 41,948 72.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.4

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Wanstead and Woodford[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Arbuthnot 26,204 60.0 −1.3
Labour Lyn Brown 9,319 21.3 +4.7
Liberal Democrat Gary P. Staight 7,362 16.8 −5.3
Green Francis M. Roads 637 1.5 N/A
Natural Law Anthony J. Brickell 178 0.4 N/A
Majority 16,885 38.64 −0.5
Turnout 43,700 78.3 +5.9
Conservative hold Swing −3.0

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (Ilford and Woodford) Order, 1960 (S.I. 1960 No. 454)
  2. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
  3. ^ "Wanstead and Woodford BC" (PDF). Initial Proposals. Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 13 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950–1973 by FWS Craig
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1950–1973 by FWS Craig
  8. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.