Hackney Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hackney Central
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of membersone
Replaced byHackney South and Stoke Newington and Hackney North
Created fromHackney
19551983
Number of membersone
Replaced byHackney North and Stoke Newington and Hackney South and Shoreditch
Created fromHackney South

Hackney Central was a borough constituency in what was then the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney, in London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Hackney Central in the Metropolitan area, boundaries 1885-1918
Hackney Central in the County of London, boundaries 1918-50
Hackney Central in the County of London, boundaries 1955-74
A map showing the wards of Hackney Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 from 1885, and abolished for the 1950 general election. It was recreated for the 1955 general election, and abolished again for the 1983 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The wards of Dalston and De Beauvoir Town, and part of Hackney ward.

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Downs, Hackney, and Kingsland, and part of West Hackney ward.

1955-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Albion, Chatham, Kenninghall, Kingsland, Kingsmead, Leabridge, Pembury, Rushmore, and Town Hall.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Hackney wards of Chatham, Downs, Kingsmead, Leabridge, Rectory, and Wick.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885-1950[edit]

Election Name Party
1885 Sir William Guyer Hunter Conservative
1892 Andrew Scoble Conservative
1900 Augustus Allhusen Conservative
1906 Sir Albert Spicer Liberal
1918 William Woolcock Coalition Liberal
1922 Arthur Lever National Liberal
1923 Leonard Benjamin Franklin Liberal
1924 Robert Gower Conservative
1929 Frederick Charles Watkins Labour
1931 John Lockwood Conservative
1935 Frederick Charles Watkins Labour
1945 Harry Hynd Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs 1955-1983[edit]

Election Name Party
1955 constituency recreated
1955 Herbert Butler Labour
1970 Stanley Clinton-Davis Labour
1983 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

1885 General Election: Hackney Central[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hunter 2,941 51.7 N/A
Liberal John Holms 2,748 48.3 N/A
Majority 193 3.4 N/A
Turnout 5,689 77.1 N/A
Registered electors 7,381
Conservative win (new seat)
1886 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Hunter 3,047 60.8 +9.1
Liberal Martin Hume 1,961 39.2 -9.1
Majority 1,086 21.6 +18.2
Turnout 5,008 67.8 -9.3
Registered electors 7,381
Conservative hold Swing +9.1

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Andrew Scoble
1892 General Election: Hackney Central[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Scoble 3,478 52.1 -8.7
Liberal John Fyfe Stewart[2] 3,193 47.9 +8.7
Majority 285 4.2 -17.4
Turnout 6,671 74.5 +6.7
Registered electors 8,951
Conservative hold Swing -8.7
1895 General Election: Hackney Central[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Andrew Scoble 3,278 52.5 +0.4
Liberal Charles Russell 2,966 47.5 -0.4
Majority 312 5.0 +0.8
Turnout 6,244 70.7 -3.8
Registered electors 8,835
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

1900 General Election: Hackney Central[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Augustus Allhusen 3,747 62.6 +10.1
Liberal Israel Hart 2,243 37.4 −10.1
Majority 1,504 25.2 +20.2
Turnout 5,990 68.9 −1.8
Registered electors 8,692
Conservative hold Swing +10.1
Albert Spicer
1906 General Election: Hackney Central[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Spicer 3,998 54.2 +16.8
Conservative Augustus Allhusen 3,382 45.8 −16.8
Majority 616 8.4 N/A
Turnout 7,380 84.1 +15.2
Registered electors 8,779
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +16.8

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

January 1910 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Spicer 4,429 53.5 -0.7
Liberal Unionist Felix Cassel 3,853 46.5 +0.7
Majority 576 7.0 -1.4
Turnout 88.6 +4.5
Liberal hold Swing -0.7
December 1910 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Albert Spicer 3,954 53.3 -0.2
Conservative Albert Henry Jessel 3,464 46.7 +0.2
Majority 490 6.6 +0.4
Turnout 79.4 -9.2
Liberal hold Swing -0.2
W. Woolcock
General Election 14 December 1918: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Liberal William Woolcock Unopposed
Liberal hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

A. Lever
General Election 1922: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Liberal Arthur Lever 9,795 46.4 n/a
Liberal Thomas Wood 6,825 32.3 n/a
Labour Arthur Lynch 4,507 21.3 n/a
Majority 2,970 14.1 n/a
Turnout 21,127 60.3 n/a
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Leonard Franklin 8,569 38.6 +6.3
Unionist Daniel Thomas Keymer 7,252 32.7 -13.7
Labour Ernest E. Hunter 6,354 28.7 +7.4
Majority 1,317 5.9 20.0
Turnout 22,175 62.8 +2.5
Liberal hold Swing +10.0
General Election 1924: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Robert Gower 11,414 42.7 +10.0
Labour Ernest E. Hunter 9,684 36.3 +7.6
Liberal Leonard Franklin 5,594 21.0 -17.6
Majority 1,730 6.4 12.3
Turnout 26,692 74.2 +11.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +13.8
General Election 1929: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Watkins 12,462 37.3 +1.0
Unionist Alfred Bossom 10,814 32.3 -10.4
Liberal Leonard Franklin 10,186 30.4 +9.4
Majority 1,648 5.0 11.4
Turnout 33,462 70.0 -4.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Lockwood 16,963 52.1 +19.8
Labour Frederick Watkins 9,295 28.5 -8.8
Liberal Leonard Franklin 6,316 19.4 -11.0
Majority 7,668 23.6 28.6
Turnout 32,574 67.8 -2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +14.3
General Election 1935: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Watkins 15,322 51.6 +23.1
Conservative John Lockwood 14,375 48.4 -3.7
Majority 957 3.2 26.8
Turnout 29,707 60.6 -7.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +13.4

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Hynd 14,810 67.2 +15.6
Conservative R.R. Harris 4,889 22.2 -26.2
Liberal Samuel Woolf Magnus 2,348 10.6 n/a
Majority 9,921 45.0 +41.8
Turnout 22,047 65.7 +5.1
Labour hold Swing +18.9

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 26 May 1955: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Herbert Butler 27,012 61.74
Conservative James Allason 15,212 34.77
Communist John R Betteridge 1,530 3.50
Majority 11,800 26.97
Turnout 43,754 66.11
Labour hold Swing
General Election 8 October 1959: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Herbert Butler 25,407 61.50
Conservative John C T Waring 15,905 38.50
Majority 9,502 23.00
Turnout 66.03
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 15 October 1964: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Herbert Butler 23,110 66.32
Conservative H Martin L Morton 11,376 33.68
Majority 11,376 32.65
Turnout 34,844 57.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election 31 March 1966: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Herbert Butler 21,466 63.76
Conservative H Martin L Morton 7,440 22.10
Liberal Cecil V Gittins 4,762 14.14
Majority 14,026 41.66
Turnout 33,668 57.54
Labour hold Swing +4.5

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Clinton-Davis 17,380 64.4
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood 9,339 34.6
Independent Aftab Qureshi 252 0.9
Majority 8,041 29.8
Turnout 50.77
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Clinton-Davis 18,705 61.81
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood 6,302 20.82
Liberal MG Snow 5,256 17.37
Majority 12,403 40.98
Turnout 62.70
Labour hold Swing
General Election 10 October 1974: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Clinton-Davis 17,650 68.89
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood 4,797 18.72
Liberal MG Snow 3,174 12.39
Majority 12,853 50.17
Turnout 52.80
Labour hold Swing
General Election 3 May 1979: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Clinton-Davis 16,506 59.34
Conservative Nicholas Bennett 7,718 27.75
Liberal Elikkos Georghiades 1,835 6.60
National Front Ronald May 1,418 5.10
Workers Revolutionary Mark Johnson 340 1.22
Majority 8,788 31.59
Turnout 46,464 59.87
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  2. ^ Kennedy, Thomas Cummins (2001). British Quakerism, 1860-1920: The transformation of a religious community. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 144. ISBN 9780198270355.
  3. ^ The Law Journal - Volume 86 (1938)