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This article is about the year 1679.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1640s 1650s 1660s – 1670s – 1680s 1690s 1700s|
|Years:||1676 1677 1678 – 1679 – 1680 1681 1682|
|1679 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2432|
|Bahá'í calendar||−165 – −164|
|English Regnal year||30 Cha. 2 – 31 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4375 or 4315
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4376 or 4316
|- Vikram Samvat||1735–1736|
|- Shaka Samvat||1601–1602|
|- Kali Yuga||4780–4781|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||233 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2222|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1679.|
- January 24 – King Charles II of England dissolves the "Cavalier Parliament" after nearly 18 years.
- March 6–May 27 – In England, the "Habeas Corpus Parliament" (or "First Exclusion Parliament") meets. It is dissolved on July 12 while in recess by Royal prerogative to prevent it passing a Bill excluding the king's brother, the Catholic James, Duke of York, from the succession to the English throne as part of the Exclusion Crisis.
- May 27 – The Parliament of England passes the Habeas Corpus Act "for the better securing the liberty of the subject".
- June 1 – Battle of Drumclog: Scottish Covenanters defeat a small government force.
- June 4 – Armenia earthquake: A tremor with a magnitude of 7.0 takes place in the Yerevan region of the Persian Empire.
- June 22 – Battle of Bothwell Bridge in Scotland: Royal forces led by the Duke of Monmouth and John Graham of Claverhouse subdue the Scottish Covenanters.
- August 7 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes.
- November 27 – A fire in Boston, Massachusetts, burns all of the warehouses, 80 houses, and all of the ships in the dockyards.
- The Tibet-Ladakh-Mughal war of 1679-1684 starts with the Tibetan invasion of Ladakh.
- European explorers discover Niagara Falls.
- The city of Duluth, Minnesota, is founded.
- The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb reimposes jizya.
- Malpas Tunnel on the Canal du Midi in Hérault, France, Europe's first navigable canal tunnel, is excavated by Pierre-Paul Riquet (165 m, concrete lined).
- January 24 – Christian Wolff, German philosopher (d. 1754)
- March 18 – Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1749)
- May 29 – Antonio Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1731)
- August 22 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (d. 1758)
- October 13 – Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (d. 1740)
- October 16 – Jan Dismas Zelenka, Bohemian composer (d. 1745)
- October 18 – Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem witch trials (d. 1716)
- November 11 – Firmin Abauzit, French scientist (d. 1767)
- date unknown – James Erskine, Lord Grange, Scottish judge (d. 1754)
- January 1 – Jan Steen, Dutch painter
- February 18 – Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (b. 1631)
- March 16 – John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)
- March 26 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
- May 3 – James Sharp, Scottish archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)
- May 26 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1636)
- June 15 – Guillaume Courtois, French painter (b. 1628)
- July 11 – William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
- August 6 – John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
- August 24 – Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
- September 17 – John of Austria the Younger, Spanish general (b. 1629)
- October 12 – William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
- October 26 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
- November 19 – Roger Conant Massachusetts governor, founder of Salem, Massachusetts (b. 1592)
- December 4 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)
- December 31 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)