1824 in Australia
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- Governor of New South Wales- Major-General Sir Thomas Brisbane
- Lieutenant-Governor of Tasmania - Colonel George Arthur
- 5 March - The first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Francis Forbes arrives in Sydney.
- 7 May - The Supreme Court of Tasmania, the first of all the State Supreme Courts, is established by Letters Patent.
- 17 May - The Supreme Court of New South Wales is created by Letters Patent.
- 25 August - The Legislative Council of New South Wales sits for the first time.
- 21 October - Joshua John Moore was the first person to take out a ticket-of-occupation for the land which later became the site of Canberra
- Name change from ' New Holland ' to ' Australia ', recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, received official sanction by the United Kingdom.
Exploration and settlement
- 12 September - Lieutenant Henry Miller formally appointed to established a penal colony at Moreton Bay resulting in the founding of Brisbane on the Brisbane River (Miller had arrived in Moreton Bay a couple of months prior to the formal appointment)
- 20 September – James Bremer arrives in Port Essington, in the Northern Territory, but rejects the recommended site as a settlement due to its lack of fresh water. Bremer claims the north coast of Australia from 129° to 135° longitude as British territory. On 21 October Bremer's party establishes a settlement at Fort Dundas on Melville Island.
- 28 September - John Oxley recommends a new settlement be founded at Brisbane after finding Moreton Bay unsuitable.
- 16 December - Explorers Hamilton Hume and William Hovell arrive in the area the Aborigines call Corayo on a bay called Jillong.
Arts and literature
- 14 October - W. C. Wentworth and Robert Wardell begin publication of The Australian, the first independent newspaper in Australia.
- 5 August - Convict and cannibal Alexander Pearce is hung for his crimes.
- "THE FOUNDERS OF BRISBANE.". The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 28 April 1923. p. 19. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- Cameron, Angus, ed. (1985). "Part One: Facts and Figures: An Australian Historical Chronology". The Australian Almanac: 800 Pages Crammed with Australian and World Facts: Politics, the Arts, Geography, History and Much More. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. p. 8. ISBN 0-207-15108-3.
- "Melville Island – Culture and History". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 25 November 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2013.
- Munday, Rosemary, ed. (1991). "How Australia Began: Significant Dates in Australian History". The Bulletin Australian Almanac & Book of Facts 1992. Sydney: Australian Consolidated Press. p. 2. ISSN 1038-054X.
- Cameron, Angus, ed. (1986). "Part One: Capital City Chronologies. A History of Brisbane". The Second Australian Almanac: An 800-page Databank Crammed with Essential Information for Every Australian. North Ryde, NSW: Angus & Robertson. p. 44. ISBN 0-207-15232-2.